Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan Technical Audit 2004-2001 by isJvo8d0

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									                  Pulu Keeling
                  National Park




Management Plan 2004-2011
     Technical Audit




   Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
Introduction
Pulu Keeling National Park (PKNP) is the Commonwealths smallest national park and is located in
humid tropical zone of the Indian Ocean approximately 2900 km north west of Perth. The Park includes
the entire land mass of North Keeling Island (covering 1.2 square kilometres) as well as a central
lagoon and a marine zone extending 1.5 km around the island. The entire Park is listed as a wetland of
international importance under the Ramsar convention on wetlands.

North Keeling Island is leased to the Director of National Parks (Director) by the Cocos (Keeling)
Islands Shire Council (CKISC). The lease agreement requires that management plans for the Park
establish and continue a Pulu Keeling National Park Community Management Committee (PKNPCMC),
comprising the Director (or Directors nominee), three members nominated by the Director and six
members nominated by the CKISC. The PKNPCMC generally meets twice a year and has the functions
to:
     Provide the Director with its view in relation to the preparation and amendment of management
        plans for the Park; and
     Advise the Director in relation to matters arising under or connected with the management of
        the Park.

The PKNP management plan was passed through Parliament and came into force in 2004. It is a seven
year plan, and work has commenced on the preparation of a new 10 year management plan to guide
the management of the Park from 2011 to 2021.

Technical Audit rationale and terms of reference
An audit of the management plan helps assess if its aims were achieved and if prescriptions were
carried out and how they contributed to achieving the plans aims. This helps to formulate aims and
prescriptions (actions and policies) for the next management plan. As management plans are passed
by Parliament, an effective level of reporting on their implementation is also expected.

The aim of Section 9 of the PKNP management plan is: ‘To evaluate progress in implementation of this
Management Plan and to conduct a final technical audit of the implementation of the Plan’. Prescription
9.2 states that ‘Within 6 years of the commencement of this Management Plan, the Assistant Secretary,
Parks Australia North, in consultation with the PKNPCMC, will establish a Technical Audit Committee’.
Prescription 9.3 states that ‘In time to contribute to the development of the next Management Plan, the
committee will undertake a technical audit of this Management Plan with the following terms of
reference:
- to consider each prescribed management action and determine whether or not it was carried out:
- to evaluate the performance of each prescribed action in relation to the objective or objectives it
    was intended to serve;
- in the case of any prescribed action that was not implemented, or which failed to achieve the
    desired outcome, to determine the cause;
- to report the results of the audit to the Director together with an overall assessment of the delivery
    of the Management Plan in relation to its objectives; and
- in light of this Management Plan’s performance, to recommend tho the Director any changes to the
    objectives and prescribed actions that should be considered during the preparation of the next
    Plan.




              Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
Technical Audit methods
The PKNP management plans audits methods are largely the same as those used for the 2008
Christmas Island National Park (CINP) management plan audit. The CINP audit was based on work
across Parks Australia and advice from the University of Queensland (who prescribe the IUCN
management effectiveness framework), to identify effective ways to implement and report on detailed
and prescriptive plans.

The audit is based on a combination of qualitative (Park staff assessments) and quantitative information
(e.g. scientific research, data). Management plan prescriptions were assessed to determine if they had
been ‘Completed’, ‘Partially Completed’ or ‘Not Commenced’. Assessing and assigning one of these
categories was in some cases difficult. This was due to:
(i) Many prescriptions being policies rather than actions that may not have been enacted during the
     life of the plan (e.g. the issue of specific permits).
(ii) Some prescriptions being difficult to assign as being completed or partially completed. If a
     prescription was ongoing and implemented/adopted over the plan’s life or was a continuing policy
     (even if not triggered e.g. issue of specific permits) it was considered complete.

A Status and Trend indicator (described below) was assigned to each section. The Status ‘Concerned’
was assigned where it was considered there was a threat or issue that was yet not critical or of concern
but had the potential to be in the life of the next plan and needed to be monitored.
                      Status                                      Trend

                      Healthy             Trend stable
                      (Green)




                    Concerned             Trend getting worse
                     (Yellow)




                      Critical            Trend getting better
                      (Red)


                     Unknown
                      (White)


This Technical Audit consists of:
     the management plans aims and performance indicators
     Status/Trend indicators of measures associated with the aims and performance indicators
     where possible, a quantitative and qualitative summary of how we went against those aims
     the number of prescriptions that were considered Completed’, ‘Partially Completed’ or ‘Not
        Commenced’
     some recommendations/changes for the new plan


              Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
      Technical Audit of the management plan

      The management plans aims and prescriptions are contained with seven sections (Sections 3 to 9) of
      the management plan. These sections are based on the Directors Strategic Planning and Performance
      Assessment Frameworks Key Result Areas, KRA 1: Natural Heritage Management; KRA 2: Cultural
      Heritage Management; KRA 4: Visitor Management and Park Use; KRA 5: Stakeholders and
      Partnerships and KRA 6: Business Management.

      3. Zoning and IUCN Category

      As required under the EPBC Act, the management plan must assign the Park to an IUCN Category and
      allows the plan to divide the Park into zones and assign each zone to an IUCN Category. The Park was
      divided into (a) terrestrial zone (including the lagoon), IUCN category I(a) strict nature reserve and (b)
      marine zone (comprising waters below high water mark), IUCN category (II) national park.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Maintain the IUCN categories (Strict Nature Reserve & National Park) assigned in the current
        management plan. Consider naming the next management plan “Pulu Keeling Strict Nature Reserve”,
        to reflect the assigned IUCN category (for the terrestrial area) and not promote visitor access
        expectations normally associated with a national park.

       Prescriptions
 Completed (including                   Partially      Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                               completed
 2                                      0              0
Aim: To have a zoning scheme for Pulu Keeling National Park that provides for appropriate use of the Park, while
protecting its natural and cultural features
     Performance Indicators               Status/trend Rationale
   Compliance of zone                                 Management and permitted activities complied with the
    management with the                                assigned IUCN categories.
    Australian IUCN reserve
    management principles                    Green     Access to and use of the Park’s terrestrial areas was
                                                       managed primarily for nature conservation and scientific
                                                       research with some limited opportunities for educational
                                                       use/visitation. Minimal infrastructure is provided.

                                                       The Park’s marine areas were managed in accordance with
                                                       the IUCN national park category. The conservation of the
                                                       marine environment was the primary focus, but visitor access
                                                       and activities such as fishing were provided for under permit.


      4. Natural Heritage Management

      4.1. Terrestrial Flora

      Overview

      Visitors were only able to legally access the Park under permit and with Park staff. Visitors were
      generally restricted to beaches and existing walking routes. Quarantine arrangements were maintained
      and included cleaning of equipment and continued prohibition of boat access to terrestrial areas of the



                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
      Park. No new invasive plants were detected but the distribution and abundance of some existing
      introduced plants, particularly coral berry (Rivana humilis) appears to have increased. A survey
      program (Island Wide Survey) which includes a weed mapping component was initiated in late 2009
      and will be used as a baseline for future weed management programs.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Implement programs for monitoring and mapping native vegetation and weed distribution and
        abundance changes and determining and as needed mitigating the impacts of weeds

        Prescriptions
  Completed (including             Partially        Not commenced & reasons why
  ongoing)                         completed
  6. No one applied for the        1                0
  relevant permits (to collect
  ironwood or plant propagules)
Aim: To protect and manage the native vegetation communities of North Keeling Island and prevent the introduction of
invasive species
  Performance indicators           Status/trend     Rationale
   Disturbance and extent of                       No new weed species were detected. However, some
      weed coverage                                 increases in the distribution and abundance of existing weeds
   Number and identity of new                      were thought to be occurring. The 2009 Island Wide Survey
      weeds                            Yellow       results will provide a baseline for future weed monitoring and
                                                    management and identified that weeds were estimated to
                                                    cover approximately 40% of the understorey of the island. A
                                                    program to monitor and assess/manage weed impacts on
                                                    native vegetation commenced in 2010


      4.2. Terrestrial Fauna

      Overview

      Incidents relating to the taking of EPBC listed seabirds continued to occur as seabirds were
      occasionally detected on the southern Atolls, but it could not be determined if the taking was from the
      Park although it was suspected. Monitoring of Red-footed boobies from 2004 to 2009 estimated that
      their population remained steady at an estimated 30,000 breeding pairs and Buff-banded rail estimated
      that their population remained steady from 2004 to 2009 at an estimated 1000 individuals.

      Visitors were only able to legally access the Park under permit and with Park staff. Quarantine
      arrangements for access to the terrestrial area of the Park were maintained, including cleaning of
      equipment before landing and continued prohibition of boat landings. No new invasive animal species
      were known to have been introduced. A program (Island Wide Survey) to monitor crazy ants (which
      were present prior to preparation of the plan in 2004) was initiated in late 2009. Key findings of the
      survey were that crazy ants were present at super-colony densities at 11% of the 138 (15 of the 138)
      recorded waypoint sites and scale insects were not detected. Crazy ant impacts on PKNP have not
      been fully assessed and the criteria used to determine a super-colony (i.e. a count of more than 37 ants
      at waypoint sites) is based on that used on Christmas Island.

      The rescue of injured and orphaned seabirds from the Park by staff continued.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan



                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
       Strategies for reducing and/or assessing risks of rehabilitated and returned seabirds introducing
        disease and pathogens into wild seabird populations.
       Implement a structured program for monitoring native (including land crabs) and invasive species
        particularly crazy ants and scale insects. As needed, include actions for mitigating the impacts of
        crazy ants and other invasive species.
       Include enabling statements for removing and relocating species, including EPBC listed species, for
        conservation purposes (e.g. establishing Buff-banded rail colonies on the southern atolls, relocating
        seabirds within the Indian Ocean basin etc).

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including                  Partially     Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                              completed
 8                                     0             0
Aim: To protect and manage native fauna and the natural functioning ecosystems of which they are a part, and
prevent the introduction of exotic or feral species
 Performance indicators                 Status/trend Rationale
  Abundance of selected                             Surveys indicated that the Red-footed booby population was
    seabird and terrestrial species                  stable although taking of seabirds from the Park is still thought
  Number and abundance of                           to be occurring. Monitoring of Buff-banded rail populations
    exotic or feral species                          indicated that they appear stable. However, as PKNP contains
                                            Yellow   their only populations, a catastrophic event (e.g. cyclone,
                                                     disease outbreak) could threaten their existence.

                                                       There were no known new invasive species introduced but
                                                       crazy ant super-colonies were detected.


      4.3. Marine Flora and Fauna

      Overview

      Legal visitor access to the Park’s marine area was limited to persons with a permit. Fishing was
      permitted but no regulations for fishing have been adopted and fish catch data is collected as part of
      permit conditions. Illegal access to the Park’s marine areas was thought to be occurring.

      Monitoring of marine species, particularly marine turtles, regularly occurred. All the data from these
      surveys (which included satellite tracking and track surveys) hasn’t been fully analysed but it shows that
      turtles continue to nest on PKNP and that these populations move between, and appear to rely on
      seagrass habitat in, the southern atolls

      Fish and reef-check studies were conducted. These studies identified that there was a relatively high
      degree of hybridisation within fish species at PKNP and that the reef systems were largely intact.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Investigate means of protecting marine habitat, particularly for turtles, in the southern atolls such as
        establishing a marine protected area or conservation zone.
       Enable fish catch/bags limits to be adopted, including WA bag limits.

     Prescriptions
 Completed (including                Partially         Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                            completed


                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
 11                                3                0
Aim: To protect and manage flora and fauna and preserve their habitats in their natural condition
 Performance indicators            Status/trend     Rationale
  Impacts of recreational fishing                  Available evidence from studies shows that the marine
  Numbers of incidents                             habitats and species populations are largely intact and
    involving illegal anchoring                     healthy. Setting of fishing bag limits may need to be
                                       Green        considered in the future.


       4.4. Research and Monitoring

       Overview

       The following research and monitoring programs identified in the management plan were carried out by
       PKNP staff (with support from CINP staff) or consultants funded by the Director or independent
       researchers supported by PKNP staff. (i) Red-footed booby surveys. (ii) Monitoring of crazy ants and
       scale insects through the Island Wide Survey (IWS) and other monitoring prior to the IWS, (iii) Buff-
       banded rail studies. (iv) Marine turtle surveys (v) reef-check surveys, including studies of hybridisation
       of fish species (vi) Insect survey. The Round Island Petrel has not been sighted since the 1980s so
       population studies were irrelevant.

       The Director funded some research programs but many, including fish hybridisation studies and many
       marine turtle studies, were conducted by external researchers under permit from the Director (i.e. not
       funded or fully funded by the Director). Developing an effective Geographic Information System (GIS)
       was only partially completed due to staffing and/or lack of other support.

       Although not a research priority in the plan, a desktop Ecological Character Description (ECD) was
       prepared as part of a DEWHA project to prepare ECDs for all of Australia’s Ramsar wetlands.

       Recommendations/changes for the next plan
        Remove reference to the PKNPCMC providing advice specifically on research issues (i.e. as the
         PKNPCMC can provide advice on any Park management issue)
        Strategies for monitoring and managing the ecological character of the Ramsar site using the ECDs
         and other data as a baseline.

     Prescriptions
 Completed (including                  Partially          Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                              completed
 13                                    2                   1. The advice of/liaison with PKNPCMC was not specifically
                                                           sought in relation to research priorities. However, advice was
                                                           sought on general Park management issues including the
                                                           preparation of the next management plan.
Aims: To conduct and support research which will lead to a better understanding of the natural and cultural heritage of
the Park; to provide information that will contribute to effective management of the Park and surrounding region; and to
identify and changes in the Park environment, which will provide an indication of the effectiveness of management and
which may be linked to the condition of the environment
  Performance indicators               Status/trend           Rationale
    Management actions,                                      Although the research priorities identified in the plan were
     approaches or policies                                   largely achieved and helped to assess the status of
     modified in light of research                            biodiversity, securing funding or providing in-kind support for
     findings                                                 their implementation was an issue of concern and may
                                                              continue to be in the future.


                       Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
                                          Yellow

      5. Cultural Heritage Management

      5.1 Cultural Heritage Management

      Overview

      The plan’s visitor access/use prescriptions and permit conditions appeared to be effective at minimising
      visitor impacts on cultural heritage, including the conservation of the SMS Emden wreck and Malay
      graves. Malay graves were maintained to a standard agreed to by the Cocos Malay Community.
      Historical information about the Emden was provided through an interpretive sign at the site of the
      Emden and through brochures.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       No specific recommendations or changes suggested

       Prescriptions
 Completed (including              Partially             Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                          completed
 5                                 0                     0
Aim: To protect and preserve the Park’s cultural heritage values
 Performance indicators            Status/trend          Rationale
   Number of incidents involving                        There were no incidents involving impacts on cultural
    impacts on cultural heritage                         heritage. Malay graves were maintained to a standard
   Malay graves are maintained                          agreed to by the Cocos Malay Community.
    in accordance with an agreed         Green
    condition to an agreed
    standard


      6. Visitor Management and Park Use

      6.1 Public Access and Use

      Overview

      Visitors could only access the Park with a permit and if accompanied by Park staff or a permitted and
      authorised commercial tour operator or if carrying out permitted research. The numbers of permits issued
      for visitors from 2004 to 2009 were: 04/05 115 (land); 05/06 120 (land) & 26 (marine); 06/07 102 (land) & 14
      (marine); 07/08 52 (land) & 46 (marine) and 08/09 68 (land) & 53 (marine).

       Activities, such as camping (other than for permitted research/management purposes) were not
      permitted. As boat landings to the Park’s terrestrial area are not permitted, access is only possible by
      swimming or dingy. Visitors are briefed on the risks associated with swimming.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Strategies for increasing awareness of access/safety risks for visitors accessing the Park
       Subject to addressing safety concerns, consider more consistent management of access to the
        marine zone for diving, surfing and fishing. Currently visitors can be provided with permits to fish but



                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
         issue of permits for diving and surfing may only be considered subject to prescription 6.1.8 (which
         states that permits may be issued if issues of supervision, safety and public liability are addressed).

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including                 Partially       Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                             completed
 15                                   0               0
Aim: To protect and preserve the Park from adverse impacts of visitation, and ensure, as far as possible, a safe and
enjoyable experience for all people visiting the Park
 Performance indicators               Status/trend    Rationale
   Impact of visitor use on the                      Many prescriptions relating to this section were policies
    natural and cultural values of                    which were enforced through the issue of permits. However,
    the Park                                          it should be noted that illegal entry to the Park is likely to still
   Number and severity of                  Yellow    be occurring. It is difficult to determine any trends or
    incident reports received in                      numbers, but illegal access is an issue of concern due to
    relation to visitor safety                        potential seabird poaching, unmanaged fishing and
   Feedback from Park visitors                       quarantine risks (see 8.4).



       6.2 Commercial Tourism and Other Commercial Activities

       Overview

       Only one land based and one dive tour operator permit was issued. One surf tour operator permit was
       issued but tours did not occur. Tour operator training was partially initiated, including through the
       delivery of a sustainable tourism workshop.

       Park staff acted as visitor guides which sometimes took staff from other duties, but guiding was mostly
       seen as positive as staff provided visitors with educational and safety information and it enables
       effective quarantine measures to be adopted. However, visitor guiding by Park staff could be
       operationally unsustainable if visitor numbers increased.

       Recommendations for the next plan
        Consider including visitor surveys, potentially as a requirement of visitor access permits

       Prescriptions
 Completed (including                 Partially          Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                             completed
 8                                    1                  0
Aim: To permit commercial operations that provide exceptional opportunities for the enjoyment of nature without
disturbance to the Park’s natural and heritage resources
 Performance indicators               Status/trend       Rationale
  Visitor satisfaction                                  Visits provided an exceptional visitor experience and
                                                         feedback from visitors was generally highly positive,
                                                         although no visitor surveys were conducted by Park staff.
                                            Green


       6.3 Communicating Park Values

       Overview


                       Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
      The provision of information about the park was provided through a number of means including a DVD;
      slide shows; the local paper (the Atoll) and occasionally radio; printed materials (mostly all in English &
      Cocos Malay) including books, brochures and static displays (at the West and Home Island offices) and
      presentations, including school based activities (which increased from 2008), community meetings and
      guided walks on PKNP for school students, residents and tourists. Atoll articles were generally
      submitted on a monthly basis. A new office was established on Home Island to increase engagement
      with, and help promote the Park’s values amongst, the Cocos Malay community.

      Incidents relating the illegal taking of seabirds still occurred. However, an increase in awareness of
      Park regulation/EPBC act compliance obligations was thought to be occurring.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Review/update interpretive materials

     Prescriptions
 Completed (including                 Partially            Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                             completed
 8                                    1                2. An interpretive training program for staff wasn’t
                                                       implemented due to resourcing issues and a diving strategy
                                                       for tour operators wasn’t completed.
Aim: To encourage an informed and positive attitude from visitors and the community towards the ongoing protection
and conservation of the Park and its values
 Performance indicators               Status/trend     Rationale
  Number of incidents involving                       A wide range of interpretive and educational materials,
    inappropriate behaviour                            activities and strategies were provided including a targeted
  Range, type and quantity of                         school education program which is now being implemented.
    interpretive materials and
    activities provided                    Green       It is difficult to fully assess the number of illegal incidents but
                                                       impacts of these incidents on the Park were not obvious.
                                                       Community awareness of compliance issues was thought to
                                                       be increasing (also see 8.4)


      7. Stakeholders and partnerships

      7.1 Stakeholders and partnerships

      Overview

      As noted in this audits introduction, the lease between the Director and the Cocos Keeling Islands Shire
      Council (CKISC) requires the Director to establish and continue a Pulu Keeling National Park
      Community Management Committee (PKNPCMC). Two PKNPCMC meetings were generally held each
      year and the PKNPCMC continued to be the major liaison mechanism with the local community.

      Staff, including CINP staff, also liaised other organisations. In recent years PKNP was a member of the
      Coco’s Tourism Association and staff liaised or worked with the Cocos Keeling Islands (CKI) Shire
      Council; CKI District High School; Australia Federal Police; Attorney General’s Department; WA
      agencies and researchers. Staff also participated in the Officer in Charge (OIC) meetings.




                       Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
      PKNP staff supported various researchers (e.g. logistical and, where possible/relevant, staff support) to
      enable them to conduct their work within and outside the Park. Researchers supported included WA
      fisheries and other marine researchers, for example fish/reef monitoring and a marine turtle researcher.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       A greater emphasis on the need to work with stakeholders to promote conservation partnerships
         and initiatives for on and off Park actions that will benefit the conservation of the Park and
         threatened/EPBC listed species within the region. For example, the conservation of marine turtles
         in the southern atolls and the possible reintroduction of the Buff-banded rail on Direction Island.
       Include prescriptions for engaging local residents in the management of the Park, such as
         engaging Cocos Island residents in employment including engaging a trainee(s)

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including              Partially            Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)                          completed
 4                                 0                    0
Aim: To work cooperatively and productively with stakeholders to achieve the management prescriptions of this Plan
 Performance indicators            Status/trend         Rationale
  Stakeholder participation in                         While the trend is upward in relation to working
   park management activities,                          cooperatively and productively with stakeholders,
   including consultation and                           stakeholders expressed concern about the capacity for staff
   management plan                       Yellow         to maintain their efforts.
   implementation
                                                        During consultations for the preparation of the next
                                                        management plan local stakeholders, including the
                                                        PKNPCMC, commented that there were very positive
                                                        changes in the local profile of PKNP and relations with staff
                                                        over recent years. However, stakeholders expressed
                                                        concern that reduced staff numbers (in 2008) and resources
                                                        will result in a reduced capacity to maintain community
                                                        liaison and environmental educational programs (e.g. school
                                                        activities, public presentations, PKNPCMC meetings and
                                                        compliance activities) and other conservation programs,
                                                        particularly crazy ant and weed control. Abolishing the local
                                                        trainee position (management plan prescription 8.1.4) was a
                                                        major issue of concern.


      8. Business Management

      8.1 Operational Management

      Overview

      In 2008 a PKNP and CINP staff restructure was conducted which resulted in permanent PKNP staff
      numbers being reduced from four staff to two and the management of PKNP came under the
      management of CINP. Loss of local staff numbers in 2008 reduced the capacity to carry out some
      operations such as compliance patrols. However, to help off-set PKNP staff reductions greater CINP
      support for some management programs was provided. For example for the Island Wide Survey (IWS)
      in 2009 which could not have been conducted without CINP or other external support.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan


                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
         As consistent with recent management plans, include fewer staffing prescriptions as these are
          covered by other DEWHA policies (e.g. Performance Development Scheme).

       Prescriptions
 Completed (including       Partially completed         Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 3                          3                           0
Aim: To manage the Park in an effective and efficient manner and in accordance with the obligation under the
Management Plan and the lease agreement
 Performance indicators Status/trend                    Rationale
   Compliance with the                                 PKNP was managed in accordance with the management
    lease and other legal                               plan, lease and other legal obligations. Most management
    obligations                                         plan actions were complete or progressed.
   Operational plans and            Green
    strategies in place and                             While loss of local staff reduced the local capacity to
    being actioned                                      implement some management plan operations/
                                                        prescriptions, increased staff support from CINP enabled
                                                        the Island Wide Survey to be conducted in 2009.


      8.2 Resource Use in Park Operations

      Overview

      This is a largely generic section that applies to all management plans prepared by the Director.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Do not include a ‘Resource use in Park operations’ as section but include relevant background and
         prescriptions within another section (i.e. operational management or other relevant section).

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including        Partially completed         Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 0                           2                           0
Aim: To ensure best practice use of resources
 Performance indicators Status/trend                     Rationale
   Efficient use of                                     An energy audit was conducted annually and actions to
    resources                                            minimise resource use are taken (within the capacity to do
                                                         so e.g. bicycles are used as transport where possible).
                                       Green             Some responses, such as the use of alternative energy,
                                                         require island wide responses.


      8.3 Capital Works and Infrastructure

      There are few capital works programs when compared to other Parks. However, capital works
      requirements under the management plan were met.

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including         Partially completed        Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 7                            0                          0



                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
Aims: To provide visitors and staff with safe, functional facilities to the best possible standard with minimal impact on
the environment. To ensure an effective and efficient maintenance program that protects Park assets
  Performance indicators Status/trend                       Rationale
    Number and severity of                                 There is minimal infrastructure in the Park. However,
     incident reports in                                    requirements of the management plan in relation to capital
     relation to                                            works and infrastructure were met.
     infrastructure operation
    Availability of assets             Green
     for use in accordance
     with life-cycle
     scheduling


       8.4 Compliance and enforcement

       Overview

       Staff numbers were reduced in 2008, which reduced the capacity to carry out law enforcement and
       compliance activities/patrols. Patrols carried out from 2005 to 2009 were 2005 - 69; 2006 - 61; 2007 –
       70; 2008 – 29 and 2009 – 15 (to July). However, the focus of compliance activities also changed from
       an enforcement approach to a more educational approach. For example more school based and
       community liaison activities were conducted. Compliance and law enforcement also became more
       focused on issues within PKNP, rather than also including other EPBC Act matters, such as off Park
       taking of the EPBC listed seabirds. There were 17 prosecutions (2005 - 5, 2006 - 6 and 2007 - 6)
       relating to wildlife offences under the EPBC Act and several other wildlife related incidents were noted
       including the holding of seabirds.

       Permits issued for visitors from 2004 to 2009 were: 04/05 115 (land); 05/06 120 (land) & 26 (marine);
       06/07 102 (land) & 14 (marine); 07/08 52 (land) & 46 (marine) and 08/09 68 (land) & 53 (marine).

       Funds were provided to enable to Cocos Congress to prepare a sustainable management plan for the
       harvesting of Red-footed boobies for consideration for approval under the EPBC Act.

       Liaison with the Australian Federal Police in relation to compliance issues continued.

       Recommendations/changes for the next plan
        Adopt educational approaches as the primary policy/means of promoting compliance


     Prescriptions
 Completed (including          Partially completed         Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 3                             1                        1. A Park compliance strategy was not prepared. However,
                                                        enforcement activities were carried out in accordance with
                                                        Parks Australia compliance procedures.
Aim: To encourage compliance with relevant legislation, protect the Park environment and encourage and promote
appropriate use and appreciation of the Park
 Performance indicators Status/trend                    Rationale
   Number of permits          Unknown but an issue Permits issued are listed above.
    issued for Park access      of ongoing concern
   Compliance and                                      Poaching of seabirds and illegal fishing occurred, as evident
    enforcement efforts                                 by the presence of seabirds on Home Island. It is difficult to


                       Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
    reflects assessed risks                              know what the status/trend of these activities is and what
                                                         their impacts are.

                                                         Compliance activities were refocused from a law
                                                         enforcement approach to an educational approach which
                                                         helped build better relations with the community. The results
                                                         of this approach, in relation to reducing illegal activities, are
                                                         yet to be determined.

                                                         Congress was provided with funds to prepare a
                                                         management plan for Red-footed boobies for consideration
                                                         for approval under the EPBC Act.


      8.5 Environmental Assessment and Approval

      Overview

      As PKNP was managed in accordance with the IUCN protected area category Strict Nature Reserve,
      the scale and number of infrastructure developments and permitted activities were limited. No specific
      impact assessment procedures were in place but any operations conducted, for example the
      installation of compliance and interpretive signs, were done in ways that minimised potential impacts,
      particularly quarantine threats.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Include a modified version of the Directors impact assessment procedures (i.e. from the CINP plan).

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including       Partially completed        Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 2                          0                          0
Aim: To protect and manage the Park to preserve its undisturbed condition
 Performance indicators Status/trend                   Rationale
  Impacts of activities                               No significant or unacceptable environmental impacts from
   are not                                             the establishment of infrastructure, implementation of Park
   environmentally                                     operations or conducting of activities were detected/know to
   significant                       Green             have occurred.



      8.6 Financial Management

      Overview

      The Park’s resources and finances were managed in accordance with Chief Executive Officers
      instructions.

      Recommendations/changes for the next plan
       Don’t include a financial management section but include relevant background/policies within the
        plan, including the capacity for the Director to impose charges under s356A of the EPBC Act.

      Prescriptions


                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010
 Completed (including             Partially completed       Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 3                                0                         0
Aim: To responsibly manage Cocos (Keeling) Islands Conservancy to ensure the aims of this Plan are met in a way
which maximises the benefit to conservation programs, the community and visitors to the Park
 Performance indicators           Status/trend               Rationale
  Compliance with Chief                                     The Park’s resources and finances were managed in
    Executive Instructions                                   accordance with the Chief Executive Officers
                                                             instructions
                                           Green



      9. Performance Assessment

      9.1. Performance Assessment

      Overview

      Prescriptions 9.2 and 9.3 of management plan states that ‘Within 6 years of the commencement of this
      management plan, the Assistant Secretary, Parks Australia North, in consultation with the PKNPCMC
      will establish a Technical Audit Committee’ and ‘In time to contribute to the development of the next
      management plan, the committee will undertake a technical audit of this management plan’. The
      PKNPCMC decided that they would like to be provided with a draft Technical Audit for comment.

      Recommendations for the next Plan
       Remove reference of a Technical Audit Committee but retain the policy that the Director, in
         consultation with the PKCMC, will under take a technical audit of the management plan.

      Prescriptions
 Completed (including        Partially completed       Not commenced & reasons why
 ongoing)
 2                           1                         0
Aim: To evaluate progress in implementing this Plan and to conduct a final technical audit of the implementation of the
Plan
 Performance indicators Status/trend                   Rationale
  Degree to which the                                 Park operations were all consistent with and/or identified in
    implementation of this                             the management plan and implementation schedule.
    Management Plan is in
    accordance with the                                A management plan implementation schedule was prepared
    implementation                    Green            but the schedule was not fully maintained for the life of the
    schedule                                           plan, possibly due to reduced staffing levels.
  The technical audit is
    undertaken in the sixth                            A Technical Audit was undertaken in 2010 (the plan’s sixth
    year of the Plan                                   year) in consultation with the PKNPCMC and the Director
                                                       also prepared annual reports on the management of PKNP.




                      Pulu Keeling National Park Management Plan 2004-2011 Draft Technical Audit 18032010

								
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