Parent Involvement in
September 7. 2012
Why Promote Parent
• Parent’s Rights
• Professional Responsibility
• Improved Outcomes for Students
• Improved Schools
• Improved Staff Morale
• Improved Community Reputation & Support
“Over 30 years’ research has proven
beyond dispute the positive connection
between parent involvement and
student success. Effectively engaging
parents and families in the education of
their children has the potential to be
far more transformational than any
other type of educational reform.”
National PTA, 1997 Report
Research Shows Parent
Involvement Makes A
• Helps Children get ready to enter
• Promotes School Success
• Prepares Youth for College
• Promotes Success in Adult Life
At Home Visits To:
• Look for everyday learning opportunities at home
• Talk, using complex words and sentences
• Read to their young children every day
• Have books in the home, and provide an example –
read for pleasure
• Teach them to identify letters and numbers
• Connect printed words and letters to sounds
More Parents Can
Do At Home
• Name, count, sort household objects
• Explore the world of nature with their
• Provide consistent routines and discipline
• Monitor and limit “screen time”
• Name feelings and talk about how you
What Can We Expect
of Parents at School?
• Volunteer in the classroom
• Volunteer any policy making committees
• Attend parent-teacher conferences
• Communicate regularly with staff
• Reinforce lessons and rules from school
• Voice their concerns and express their thanks
How Else Do We
• Inform of parent education programs
offered in the community or in-home
• Inform of parent-child activity groups
offered by your school, library, etc.
• Assist to access other community
resources if the family needs help
What About Dads?
• Two involved parents are better than one!
• Research shows positive outcomes for
school success and social adaptation when
dads are involved
• Other males can take on these roles
• Moms and Dads tend to have different
• Father is more likely to be playful, to
encourage risk taking and not as quick to
intervene in the face of child’s frustration.
• Mother is more likely to provide physical
care, more likely to stress emotional
security and personal safety, quicker to
intervene in child’s frustration.
Positive Outcomes When
Dads Are Involved
• Better grades at school
• More likely to enjoy school
• More likely to participate in
• Less likely to repeat a grade
• Less likely to be truant or to be expelled
• These positive outcomes continue: less
delinquency, delayed sexual activity,
increased empathy and pro-social behavior
What Should Professionals
Know About Parent
• Positive outcomes not related to economic, ethnic
or cultural background of family.
• Every family has strengths and valuable
information about their children.
• When families feel comfortable in the school
setting they are more likely to get involved.
• More than one time events are needed.
• Parents must be given substantive tasks.
• Barriers to parent involvement must be removed.
What Keeps Parents
From Being Involved?
• Culture / Personality
• Parents own history at school
• Some schools may not welcome parents
• May be other issues for dads:
– Staff may seem to prefer or expect to work with mom
– More school staff are women
– More boys have difficulties at school
Ways to Promote Parent
Involvement & Partnerships
• The school environment is family friendly
• Communication is family friendly
• Family involvement in school decision
• Parents as volunteers
National PTA Standards
for Parent Involvement
• Student learning
• School decision making & advocacy
• Collaborating with the community
The research shows that family involvement in early
childhood education makes a difference in school
success and throughout life
Help parents identify everyday learning experiences
in the home.
Provide information on home visiting programs, parent
education and parent support programs, parent-child
activity groups, etc.
Expect parents to be involved in their child’s
Male involvement is important in a child’s development
Create expectation of parent’s involvement in child’s
education from Pre-K - 12
• “Early Childhood Standards of Quality for
Prekindergarten” Michigan State Board of
Education. March 8, 2005
• “Family Involvement in Early Childhood Education”
Harvard Family Research Project. Spring, 2006
• “Father Presence / Father Involvement”
Minnesota Institute of Public Health.
• “Father Facts” National Fatherhood Initiative.
• “Parent Guides” #18 & #19, Michigan Department
of Education. www.michigan.gov/mde
Mike Acosta, School Social Worker
Wexford Missaukee I.S.D.