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					                                                                Handout #1


“A victor’s peace
would leave a sting, a
resentment, a bitter
memory upon which
terms of peace would
rest only as upon
quicksand. Only a
peace between equals
can last.”
Excerpt from Wilson’s speech to the Senate on January 22, 1917 (almost 2
years before the end of the war and 3 months before the United States
entered the war.)

Source:
History of a Free Nation, pg. 690
                                              Handout #2a (Casualty Chart and Photographs)
                        CASUALITY CHART
                                                                          Casualties
                                                 Prisoners
               Total    Killed                               Total           %
    Countries                  Wounded               &
              Mobilized & Died                             Casualties        of
                                                  Missing
                                                                          Mobilized
   Allied
   Powers
   Russia       12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000 9,150,000           76.3
   France        8,410,000 1,357,800 4,266,000    537,000 6,160,800          76.3
   British
                 8,904,467   908,371 2,090,212    191,652 3,190,235          35.8
   Empire
   Italy         5,615,000   650,000   947,000    600,000 2,197,000          39.1
   United
                 4,355,000   126,000   234,300        4,500    364,800        8.2
   States
   Japan          800,000       300        907           3        1,210       0.2
   Romania        750,000    335,706   120,000       80,000    535,706       71.4
   Serbia         707,343     45,000   133,148    152,958      331,106       46.8
   Belgium        267,000     13,716    44,686       34,659      93,061      34.9
   Greece         230,000      5,000    21,000        1,000      17,000      11.7
   Portugal       100,000      7,222    13,751       12,318      33,291      33.3
   Montenegro      50,000      3,000    10,000        7,000      20,000      40.0
   Total        42,188,810 5,152,115 12,831,004 4,121,090 22,104,209         52.3
   Central
   Powers
   Germany      11,000,000 1,773,700 4,216,058 1,152,800 7,142,558           64.9
   Austria-
                 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 7,020,000           90.0
   Hungary
   Turkey        2,850,000   325,000   400,000    250,000      975,000       34.2
   Bulgaria      1,200,000    87,500   152,390       27,029    266,919       22.2
   Total        22,850,000 3,386,200 8,388,448 3,629,829 15,404,477          67.4
   Grand
                65,038,810 8,538,315 21,219,452 7,750,919 37,508,686         57.6
   Total

Source:

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWdeaths.htm
                                                Handout #2b




Verdun: Cloister of the Hotel de la Princerie
FRANCE



   Source: http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/
                                              Handout #2c




Village of Esnes
FRANCE



   Source: http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/
                                                  Handout # 3


SUMMARY OF WILSON’S FOURTEEN POINTS



 End to all secret diplomacy.

 Freedom of the seas in peace and war.

 General reduction of armaments.

 Self-determination all of nations. (an end to
  imperialism)

 Creation of the League of Nations.
                                                                              Handout #4



SUMMARY OF VERSAILLES TREATY WITH REGARD TO GERMANY, FRANCE,
               AND WILSON’S FOURTEEN POINTS


GERMANY:

         Lost territory
         Had to pay reparations of several million dollars
         Forced to accept guilt in causing the war
         Limitation of Germany’s army to 100,000 men with no conscription, no tanks,
          no heavy artillery, no poison-gas supplies, no aircraft and no airships
         Limitation of their German Navy to vessels under 100,000 tons, with no
          submarines
         Under the Mandate System, German colonies were to be administered by
          Allied nations on behalf of the League of Nations
         German signed this treaty under protest


FRANCE:

         Gained territory of Alsace-Lorraine
         Paid for territorial destruction by Germany
         Allowed to occupy territory along German border
         No limitations placed on their ability to rebuild and maintain a military
         No reparations


WILSON’S FOURTEEN POINTS:

         Most points were rejected by European powers
         League of Nations was included as part of the peace treaty




Source:
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWversailles.htm
                                                                Student Assessment Sheet #1
IN CLASS GROUP ASSIGNMENT:

Record the country your group has been assigned on the line below:

Country: _______________________

CAUSALITY CHART

After viewing the Causality Chart discuss the following questions with your group and
record your answers below.


   1. How many soldiers did your country mobilize? ____________________

   2. How many soldiers died from your country? _______________________

   3. What percentage of your mobilized force were causalities? _____________


PHOTOGRAPHS

After viewing and discussing the before and after photographs with your group, answer
the following questions.

   1. In what country were these photographs taken?


   2. Did your country experience the majority of territorial destruction?


   3. How does territorial destruction affect a country?



   4. How much rebuilding is necessary in your country in order to bring it back to
      pre-war condition?




DEMANDS

   1. What are the demands you think your country should bring to the peace treaty
      negotiations? List your demands and select one group member to share these
      demands with the class.
                                                                 Student Assessment Sheet #2
CLOSING THOUGHTS/EXIT CARD

Refer to the quote by Wilson that we discussed at the beginning of class, and answer the
following two questions.


1. Is this a victor’s peace or a peace between equals?




2. What do you think will be the lasting results for Europe?

				
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