What is an argumentative essay? An essay in which the writer makes a claim about a topic and uses evidence to support the claim. Claim: The writer’s position (for or against) on a problem or an issue. Sample Thesis Statement Counterargument: representing the portion of the population that Key transition word of enjoys receiving cable thesis: leads into subtopics services Although many people find cable to be a preferable source of entertainment, it is more advantageous to use internet services because it is more cost efficient, viewers can enjoy shows at their convenience, and services are not limited to the viewers home. Claim: Informs the reader Subtopics: the 3 reasons to that this essay will address explain why internet services the benefits of using the are preferable to cable. internet for television services. Thesis = Although (opposite side), (your opinion + your three reasons) Although it is endorsed by many countries and military groups around the world, torture should never be used to extract information because it is inhumane, barbaric and could be used against American soldiers in retaliation. Although they are idolized by millions of people around the globe, actors and athletes should not be paid as highly as they are now because they are not essential to the success of the nation, they often use their wealth in inappropriate ways, and they often do not work as long or as hard as other Americans. Introduction – Thesis Paragraph 2 – What does the opposite side argue? What is your response? Paragraphs 3-5 – What are your three reasons? Paragraph 6 – Conclusion (Call to action) Types of Evidence Evidence: the use of data and facts to support your claim in an argumentative essay. Facts vs. Opinion Facts/Data: this information can be proved/verified Ex. “82% of U.S. households have internet access.” Opinion: a statement of belief Ex. “I think every home should have internet access.” Even though an argumentative essay is based on your opinion of a subject, you should use facts to support your opinion. What will you use as your evidence? Quotes from experts (must be blended) Statistics and Data Paraphrased (expressing the main idea of a source in your own words) Remember: any information, quoted or paraphrased, must be cited using internal documentation. Ethos Credibility (or character) of the person you’re quoting Advertising: Celebrity endorsements For your paper: Quoting a doctor, expert Pathos Connecting to the emotions of the audience Logos Appealing to an audience’s logic/intelligence Research and Citations - Remember to use reliable and current sources. - Internal documentation goes at the end of the sentence. (This is taken from the first word of the Works Cited citation) - Use citation machines like easybib.com to help you format your Works Cited page. - Works Cited Reminders: - Alphabetical order - Double spaced - Hanging indent - No numbers or bullets - 12 point Times New Roman like rest of paper. Titles The Dying Have Rights: Assisted Suicide as an Ethical Choice Talk To Me: Computers Destroy Basic Communication Skills Ten-and-Two: Hands on the Wheel, Not on the Phone Caged and Controlled: Zoo Exploitation of Animals A Weighty Tiara: The Dangers of Child Pageants and Modeling Tips to a Good Argument Use research to prove your point. Make yourself credible by using statistics or expert opinion (pathos and logos). Make your audience care! Add that emotional (ethos) appeal in your essay. A story will usually help do this. Appeal to morals and ethics Tips to a Good Argument Make sure you are not contradicting yourself. This is a black and white essay! Make predictions about what the future holds if things don’t change or if they stay the same. Repeat your stance to really communicate your stance. Tips to a Good Argument Strongest reason at the end, weakest reason in the middle. If possible, call your readers to action in your conclusion. What can your reader do to change this issue? Be careful about saying “you”, though.
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