Argumentative Writing2012 by d8vYYNOG

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									What is an argumentative essay?

 An essay in which the writer makes a claim
 about a topic and uses evidence to support
 the claim.

 Claim: The writer’s position (for or against)
 on a problem or an issue.
Sample Thesis Statement
        Counterargument:
        representing the portion
        of the population that     Key transition word of
        enjoys receiving cable     thesis: leads into subtopics
        services
Although many people find cable to be a
preferable source of entertainment, it is more
advantageous to use internet services because it
is more cost efficient, viewers can enjoy shows at
their convenience, and services are not limited to
the viewers home.
                                       Claim: Informs the reader
  Subtopics: the 3 reasons to          that this essay will address
  explain why internet services        the benefits of using the
  are preferable to cable.             internet for television
                                       services.
 Thesis = Although (opposite side),
 (your opinion + your three reasons)
Although it is endorsed by many countries and military groups
around the world, torture should never be used to extract
information because it is inhumane, barbaric and could be used
against American soldiers in retaliation.

Although they are idolized by millions of people around the globe,
actors and athletes should not be paid as highly as they are now
because they are not essential to the success of the nation, they
often use their wealth in inappropriate ways, and they often do not
work as long or as hard as other Americans.
Introduction – Thesis
Paragraph 2 – What does the opposite
 side argue? What is your response?

Paragraphs 3-5 – What are your three
 reasons?

Paragraph 6 – Conclusion (Call to action)
Types of Evidence

   Evidence: the use of data and facts to
  support your claim in an argumentative essay.

               Facts vs. Opinion
Facts/Data: this information can be proved/verified
      Ex. “82% of U.S. households have internet access.”
Opinion: a statement of belief
      Ex. “I think every home should have internet
      access.”

 Even though an argumentative essay is based on your opinion of a
       subject, you should use facts to support your opinion.
    What will you use as your evidence?


      Quotes from experts (must be blended)
      Statistics and Data
      Paraphrased (expressing the main idea of a
       source in your own words)

    Remember: any information, quoted or
    paraphrased, must be cited using internal
    documentation.
Ethos
Credibility (or character) of the person
 you’re quoting
 Advertising: Celebrity endorsements
 For your paper: Quoting a doctor, expert
Pathos
Connecting to the emotions of the audience
 Logos
Appealing to an audience’s logic/intelligence
  Research and Citations

- Remember to use reliable and current sources.
- Internal documentation goes at the end of the sentence.
  (This is taken from the first word of the Works Cited
  citation)
- Use citation machines like easybib.com to help you format
  your Works Cited page.
- Works Cited Reminders:
      -   Alphabetical order
      -   Double spaced
      -   Hanging indent
      -   No numbers or bullets
      -   12 point Times New Roman like rest of paper.
Titles
 The Dying Have Rights: Assisted Suicide as
  an Ethical Choice
 Talk To Me: Computers Destroy Basic
  Communication Skills
 Ten-and-Two: Hands on the Wheel, Not on the
  Phone
 Caged and Controlled: Zoo Exploitation of
  Animals
 A Weighty Tiara: The Dangers of Child
  Pageants and Modeling
Tips to a Good Argument

Use research to prove your point. Make
 yourself credible by using statistics or
 expert opinion (pathos and logos).

Make your audience care! Add that
 emotional (ethos) appeal in your essay. A
 story will usually help do this.

Appeal to morals and ethics
Tips to a Good Argument

Make sure you are not contradicting
 yourself. This is a black and white essay!

Make predictions about what the future
 holds if things don’t change or if they stay
 the same.

Repeat your stance to really communicate
 your stance.
Tips to a Good Argument

Strongest reason at the end, weakest
 reason in the middle.

If possible, call your readers to action in
 your conclusion. What can your reader do
 to change this issue? Be careful about
 saying “you”, though.

								
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