Assessment Schedule for Love and Loss by d8vYYNOG

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									       Revision notes: ‘This is Love’ by Karlo Mila
       (Acknowledgements: adapted from an online resource from Botany Downs High School)

SUBJECT: WHAT IS THIS POEM ABOUT?
    It is about the nature of Love. That it has more to it than meets the eye. It is not always a superficial
     feeling. The poet is telling us that love involves a deeper understanding, cut backs, joys, passions and
     sorrows which may hurt at times. Maintaining love means looking after both people involved carefully
     and truthfully in a relationship
    It shows us that Love is a commitment. True love is supposed to be ‘forever’ but these days this often
     does not happen because people are not prepared to commit or see through the good times and the
     bad. Love has to be cared for, the ‘bad’ parts cut out and the ‘good’ parts looked after.
    It also reminds us not to mistake love for lust or passion as this does not last long, only as long as
     flowers are in bloom. They look beautiful, smell delicious, feel good, but they and true love will ‘die’ very
     quickly. Love is a slow tending and cutting back of a delicate plant. It has to survive good and bad times.

QUOTES THAT SUPPORT THE MAIN IDEA OF THE POEM
   “What love is /this understanding I’ve created over the years/” reinforces the voice of the poet in
     explaining her coming to understand the nature of love and what it actually entails.
   “Love is/the pruning/ the watering/the pruning/the tending/’ gives a clear idea of the effort involved in
     committing yourself to another person . Sometimes this is not easy or plain sailing and it can be hurtful,
     but if you persevere love can last.
   The line ‘not something / behind their ears /in full bloom’ explains clearly the message that flowers and
     love only ‘blooms’ (or you experience pure passion) for a short time. It can not be sustained; therefore
     love is not skin deep (that is, do not just look at a person for their appearance; look deeper and see if
     you ‘fit’ as a couple)

IDEAS IN THE POEM
      Love is at the base of all human relationships, but it is sometimes mistaken for surface attraction and so
         it may not last long. Like a part of nature, love can be a temporary experience, like roses ‘cut at the
         height of their passion’ or one that is long lasting ‘endurance through every day’. But the deeper nature
         of a relationship largely depends on how much two people are prepared to put into it, ‘watering/tending/
         a careful eye at the end of the day’.
      Some people do not want commitment and prefer the fleeting passion to the deeper caring aspect of
         love. If this is the case, the relationship will be like the full bloom of flowers and they, like passion will
         soon ‘die’ just as quickly
      The poet’s voice recognises the differences between the two aspects of human relationships.
      In this poem, the poet believes clearly that ‘love is not something one simply wears behind their ears in
         full bloom’
KEY LANGUAGE TECHNIQUES USED IN THE POEM
QUOTE                       TECHNIQUE           EFFECT
‘you’ve taken/the           extended            Effect: This is to create the image of love as the careful tending of an
roots of /my thoughts metaphor                  ever-growing plant. The image of how love should grow like a plant
on/ what love is/’                              well tended is prevalent throughout this poem. Also her partner has
                                                taken the role of teaching her what it means to love in reality.
 ‘so ripe/so red/’          alliteration         Effect :The word ‘ripe’ is like the idea of passion and ‘red’ is a colour
                                                we associate with love so this is a memorable way the poet has of
                                                bringing our attention to what love means to most people.

‘Papatoetoe sun’          use of proper       Effect: The proper noun places the poet and grounds the setting as in
                          nouns               New Zealand. This adds to its reality for the reader.

 ‘it is seeds sown in     metaphor            Effect: to show how love begins from small events or words and there
the hopeful                                   is an uncertainty as to whether these ‘seeds’ will grow or survive. This
spring/hiccups of                             is quite believable because love when it first begins is uncertain.
hope’
 ‘scattered              alliteration       Effect: The repeated s sound makes these words flow together. Just
sheets/seed spread                          as flowers begin to grow, so may love. This is memorable as love
bed/’                                       needs to be planted and ‘take’ for it to be a success.
 “ it is shedding dead   metaphor           Effect: Love is not always easy and like the seasons, it may change
leaves in autumn”                           and there may have to be compromises (one person “shedding” or
                                            changing a certain habit for example) for it to survive.
’hopeful spring’ and     contrast           Effect: The poet draws a picture of contrast between the seasons. We
‘autumn’                                    know that one symbolises beginnings and the other endings/change
                                            and this is what love can reflect too.

 ‘and you prune/         metaphor           Effect: The poet talks about cutting away the ‘dead’ parts, the parts in
me/cutting fingertips                       the relationship that cause pain or simply do not work. This is
tenderly/bleeding                           important because the union may need rejuvenation or the people
softly into soil/’                          need a good look at themselves. The ‘bleeding’ is like the blood and
                                            bone used to fertilize plants (love ) to make it grow. This is a clever
                                            combination of ideas to impose a point and reinforce the main idea.

“love is not a bunch     metaphor           Effect: This is effective because it is a negative statement, a strong
of red roses’                               opinion that the poet is very certain about There is no doubt that she
                                            realises love is more than it appears on the surface.

 ‘love is/ the           repetition         Effect: The attitude of the poet is clearly direct and sincere – this is
pruning/the                                 shown through he repeated use of simple ‘gardening’ words. The poet
watering/the                                suggests that to make any relationship work it is necessary to ‘prune
pruning/the tending’                        away’ the dead wood and start anew in some circumstances.

 ‘love is not            metaphor           Effect: The poet is saying that love does not have to be obvious and
something one                               on display to be real; that relationships that matter last longer than a
simply wears behind                         flower in full bloom and that they have to be worked at to remain
their ears in full                          viable.
bloom.’

 ‘there will be many     Connotative        Effect: These words “rain” and “winter” are associated with the hard
winters/ soaked with     words,             times in a relationship and the suggestion of whether the relationship
rain/frost on car        imagery            will survive or not. The image is woven into the idea of the cold
window mornings’                            seasons.

‘You say, You’ve,        personal           Effect: the poet is very clearly speaking directly to her partner and is
You prune’               pronouns           appreciative of his teaching her the value of what love means. It also
                                            puts the reader into the position of the lover so we

LAYOUT / STRUCTURE
       The layout of the poem is very unusual as the poet has constantly broken the lines in each stanza. The
        effect is to focus the reader on the extended metaphor which takes the idea of love as a living part of
        Nature that endures and compares it to superficial love as a blooming temporary end result that does not
        last. For example, the first line ‘you’ve taken/the roots of/ my thoughts on/what love is/’ shows firstly that
        she is talking to her partner using the personal pronoun, ‘you’ and has listened to his ideas that the
        beginnings (roots) of their love which have grown over the years ‘so ripe/so red/ are safe in his ‘big
        hands/brown/custodial’ which reinforces the fact that she is suggesting he is capable, reliable and can
        be trusted with her feelings. This produces a stop/start effect which makes the reader pause and really
        think about what she is saying because the topic is a serious one.

       The layout of the lines balance in that it begins with three lines and ends with three lines with the
        difference that the first two lines cheekily rhyme, “love is not something one simply wears..behind their
        ears” and the last line “in full bloom” echoes the image of her idea of superficial love as opposed to the
        hard enduring love that is preferable.

       The poem also has a definite break in the stanzas, where the first half talks about what love should be
        and the second half talks about what love should not be.

								
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