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Teaching About the Middle East Monica M. Eraqi Arab-American National Museum The Middle East & Arabs in the Curriculum According to Marx (2002), “by the year 2050, the United States will become a nation of minorities, with less than half of the population being non- Hispanic White (as cited in Gardiner & Enomoto, 2006). Orfield (2001) argues that at present, more than half of the students attending urban schools are members of minority groups (as cited in Gardiner & Enomoto, 2006). Middle Eastern & Muslim Americans have largely been ignored from the curriculum and from research. Common Core & Middle School 6th Grade – Eastern Hemisphere Examples of Common Core & GLCEs 7th Grade – Western Hemisphere 6 – H1.1.1 Explain why and how historians use eras and periods as constructs to 8th Grade – U.S. History (up to organize and explain human activities Civil War) over time. 6 – H1.4.1 Describe and use cultural institutions to study an era and a region Common Core: (political, economic, religion/belief, science/technology, written language, ◦ Broad rather than specific education, family). (Literacy & writing, thinking skills, Position & Defense) 7 – H1.2.6 Identify the role of the individual in history and the significance of one ◦ Not more work – emphasizes person’s ideas. what teachers already do ◦ Teaching reading and writing about issues that connect to today. Common Core & Middle School Reading: ◦ Textual (meant to eliminate scaffolding, emphasize higher text, above comfort level) ◦ How to assess perspectives, biases and dwell over difficult readings for information. Writing Not opinion, but POSITION Supporting with factual information Informative writing Common Mistakes Ignoring Middle Easter/Islamic studies ◦ Dismissed as unimportant ◦ Teachers lack training and resources ◦ Teachers not confident in teaching controversial issues Using videos & other instructional materials that are not sourced Using materials out of context or without historical background that emphasize Middle Eastern or Islamic stereotypes ◦ Kite Runner Bringing in Servicemen who have served in the Middle East Implementing Arab-Islamic Studies Social Studies/English Islam ◦ 5 Pillars (History Channel: Inside Islam) ◦ Political Islam (Project) Arabs & Culture ◦ Diversity Day ◦ Foods, Dress, Music, Dance, Sports (YouTube, Community Resources, Anthony Bourdain, recipies.com) Middle East & U.S. History ◦ U.S. involvement in Middle East since FDR (Blood & Oil, House of Saud, Reading Activities on Afghanistan 1980s, Iran-Iraq War, Iran-Contra, Gulf War, Oslo Accords, Daily Show) Implementing Arab-Islamic Studies Social Studies/English cont. Class Debates PowerPoint/Prezi & Movie Maker presentations Stations Activities Book Reviews (followed by class presentations and guest speakers), Arab-American National Museum Field Trip Examples Video Examples: Project Examples: Aladdin Reagan & Afghanistan Stereotypes in Media Pan-Arabism PowerPoint Activity Examples: Turkey Prezi Iran (Helpful after studying Iran Turkey & Saudi Arabia Debate Hostage Crisis) Palestine & Israel Video Doing Business in Afghanistan Tourism (Economics & English: Has been adapted to a PowerPoint Group Project) Persian Gulf Arab-Israeli Conflict Solutions Arab-Israeli Conflict History Curricular Resources Lesson Plans & Units ◦ Center for Middle Eastern & North African Studies (CMENAS) http://www.ii.umich.edu/cmenas ◦ Teaching the Middle East http://teachmiddleeast.lib.uchicago.edu/ ◦ Media Construction of the Middle East http://www.ithaca.edu/looksharp/?action=middleeast ◦ Choices Program Resources www.choices.edu/resources/detail.php?id=24 Professional Development, Conferences, Workshops ◦ Eraqi Website Teaching Middle East/Arab/Islamic Studies in U.S. History, Global & Modern Middle East www.cvs.k12.mi.us/meraqi Additional Resources Teach Middle East Dr. Allen Webb http://www.teachmiddleeast.com/ Teaching About the Middle East: A Teacher’s Resource Guide Abigail S. Chill www.socialstudies.com Media Education Foundation www.mediaed.org Other Informational Books Teaching Literature of Today’s Middle East ◦ Dr. Allen Webb, Western Michigan University Islam: Faith and People ◦ Eraqi H. Eraqi Class Speakers or Community Involvement ◦ Arab-American National Museum ◦ Islamicfinder.org Literature Dr. Allen Webb ◦ Western Michigan University Website ◦ http://www.teachmiddleeast.c om/ ◦ Women in Islam ◦ Diversity ◦ War in the Middle East ◦ Palestinian & Israel Conflict ◦ Organized by grade level ◦ Sensitive use with books such as Kite Runner Videos Stereotypes: ◦ Reel Bad Arabs ◦ Peace, Propaganda and the Promise Land Arab-Israeli Conflict: ◦ Promises ◦ Arna’s Children ◦ Paradise Now Middle East in General: ◦ Blood & Oil ◦ PBS & History Channel ANY QUESTIONS? Monica M. Eraqi email@example.com Thank You!
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