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Essay Package by nzoRiV


									Bishop Reding English Department                                                            Mrs. Ewart
Essay Package

                                          The Literary Essay
      General Opening: sentence(s) consisting of a general reference to the topic. DO NOT mention title,
       author or characters. 1-2 sentences.
      Thesis: states what is to be proven in the essay – 1 sentence. *The thesis statement must include the
       title of the play/novel (italicized) and the author. Include the argument to be proven. Be sure to answer
       the question “so what?” in the thesis statement. Do not include criteria in the thesis.
      Synopsis: provide a brief summary of the text (conflicts connected with thesis) – 1-2 sentences.
      Plan of Development: provide a brief overview/summary of each criterion to be examined Use 3
       sentences; 1 per criteria.
Body Paragraph #1 – Criteria 1
      Topic Sentence: outlines the criterion/argument to be examined in relation to thesis – 1 sentence.
      Supporting Point #1:
       - Point: the first incident or point that supports the criterion – 1 sentence.
       - Context: outline the context of an incident which supports the criterion. Ensure that you include a
          proper “lead in”. – 1-2 sentences.
       - Proof (quotation, evidence): provide a DIRECT quotation which is relevant to the incident,
          incorporate it smoothly into the paragraph, and use proper MLA formatting.
       - Comment (explanation, significance): connecting the arguments and proofs to the thesis. How does
          it prove the particular point?
          o NEVER begin a comment with phrases like “this shows that…”, “this quotation means…”, this
               proves the point because…”, etc.
      Supporting Point #2:
       Repeat above steps for a second incident which supports the criterion.
      Closing Statement: provide a closing statement which connects the criterion to the thesis – 1 sentence
Body Paragraph #2 – Criteria 2
      Topic Sentence: outlines the next criterion to be examined and links with the previous criterion
       examined in Body Paragraph #1 – 1 sentence
      Supporting Point #1, Supporting Point #2, Closing Statement
Body Paragraph #3 – Criteria 3
      Topic Sentence: outlines the final criterion to be examined and links with the previous criterion
       examined in Body Paragraph #2 – 1 sentence
      Supporting Point #1, Supporting Point #2, Closing Statement
      Thesis Restated: reword the thesis statement – 1 sentence
      Criterion #1 Restated: briefly state the first criterion and its significance to the thesis – 1-2 sentences
      Criterion #2 Restated
      Criterion #3 Restated
      General Closing Statement – a sentence that concludes the essay, but CANNOT relate to specific
       elements of the text. It CANNOT be a rhetorical question and cannot introduce new ideas or

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Bishop Reding English Department                                                       Mrs. Ewart
Essay Package

                                   Guidelines to the Literary Essay

             The literary essay typically consists of five paragraphs: the introduction, three
              body paragraphs (one per argument/criterion), and the conclusion
             Each paragraph is indented five spaces (hit TAB once)
             Avoid questions in the essay
             Avoid quotations in the introduction and conclusion
             Each body paragraph should contain supporting quotations which support
              important observations rather than statement of fact
             Quotations are to be correctly formatted and referenced using M.L.A. format.
              Consult your document. Indent prose quotations greater than four lines, ten
              spaces / double tab
             A Work(s) Cited page must appear on the last page and must follow M.L.A.
             Each paragraph should begin with a topic sentence and end with a concluding
              sentence, both of which relate to the thesis
             Write in the present tense
             Write in the third person
             Avoid contractions
             Avoid the following words/phrases: in this essay, in this paper, I will prove, this
              essay will prove, this quotation shows (quote is a verb, quotation is a noun)
             Avoid speculating on something that does not occur in the text (i.e. “If Atticus had
              not defended Tom Robinson, then . . .”)
             Avoid parenthetical statements
             Avoid colloquialisms or clichés
             Avoid the phrase is when, use the phrase occurs when
             Avoid beginning sentences with conjunctions (and, but, because)
             Do not include a title page
             Student, course and teacher information appears on the first page of your essay
              following M.L.A. format; include a creative title followed by the topic,
             Pagination must follow M.L.A. format
             Spell out numbers written in one or two words and represent other numbers by
              numerals (i.e. thirty-six, 137)
             Avoid abbreviations
             Use inclusive rather than exclusive language (use humanity, humankind, not
             Include proper transitions between points.

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Bishop Reding English Department                                                         Mrs. Ewart
Essay Package

                                             Writing Resource
                                             Transition Words

         Cause           Compare and        Examples and                  Order        Relationship of
       and Effect          Contrast           Emphasis                                      Time

   as a result        and                 again                 finally              after

   consequently       although            and                   first                at the same time

   for this (these)   but                 besides               most significantly   before

   reason(s)          by contrast         for example           in addition          during

   however            compared with       for instance          then                 finally
   in addition                            in particular         to begin with        later
                      different from
   in other words                         specifically                               meanwhile
                      even though
   since                                  such as                                    next
   therefore                              moreover                                   once
                      on the other hand





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Bishop Reding English Department                                                             Mrs. Ewart
Essay Package

                          Guidelines for the Use of Supporting Quotations

       Quotations are essential evidence in literary essays; however, they must be used effectively.
       Follow the following guidelines in using quotations in your paper.

              Avoid overly long quotations. Try to pick out the essential part that proves the point.
               Quotations should never take up more than one quarter of your argument. If
               applicable, use an ellipsis (…) within the quotation to replace any information unrelated
               to your argument.

              Always lead up to the quotation by giving the speaker and situation. Do not assume
               that the reader knows the exact part of the book being quoted.

              Always follow up your quotation by commenting on, explaining, applying, interpreting,
               or drawing a conclusion from the quotation. Do not leave the reader to do the work.
               Never move on to a new point or paragraph immediately after the quotation. Avoid
               repeating information provided in the quotation.

              Always introduce and follow up on each quotation separately. Do not string them

              Remember that quotations are not a substitute for an argument. A well-developed
               argument is what will make a good essay, not a series of quotations strung together.

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