wr presentation oxford tatu

Document Sample
wr presentation oxford tatu Powered By Docstoc
					Changes to the welfare system:
 implications for people with a
       learning disability
            Tatu Delaney
      Regional Campaigns Officer
           September 2012
• Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) &
  the Work Capability Assessment (WCA)
• DLA reform – the new Personal Independence
  Payment (PIP)
• Wider changes under the Welfare Reform Act
   – Housing Benefit changes
   – A new Universal Credit
Part one – Employment and
Support Allowance (ESA) and
the Work Capability
Assessment (WCA)
   ESA and the WCA (1)
• ESA to replace Incapacity Benefit, Income Support
  (because of a disability), and Severe Disability
• New claims from October 2008, ALL existing
  claimants from April 2011 – March 2014.
• 1.5 million people being re-assessed.
• New assessment underpinning ESA – the WCA.
• No exempt group as per the previous PCA – small
  number of exceptions. Likely that many of the
  people we support will be called in for a face to
  face assessment with a medical practitioner.
• If a claimant does not attend the WCA they face a
                ESA and the WCA (2)

          Limited                              capability   Yes   Support
         capability         Eligible for                          group
                      Yes                       for work
         for work?             ESA
         Fails the                              o
          WCA                                 Work-related

      Apply for JSA
                                       6 work focused interviews and
                                         some work related activity
IB migration - reassessment process
1) Near review date – letter from JCP
2) Telephone call from JCP
3) ESA 50 form
4) WCA (for the majority) – claimants can take a
   supporter, they can request help with taxi fares,
   in some cases they may be able to be examined
   at home
5) A decision maker will telephone to inform claimant of
   decision they are likely to make
 ESA claimants – what will
 they have to do?
• 6 work focused interviews
   – Identify activities or training that may help
     claimant move towards work
• Work-related activity
   – “activity which makes it more likely that a
     person will obtain or remain in work or be
     able to do so”
   – Welfare Reform Act inserts ‘work
• Take part in Work Programme if required
Implications for people with a
learning disability

  • Supportive of broad principles of ESA
  • Too many people being found ‘fit for work’
  • Staff training issues – DWP and Atos staff
  • Increased conditionality – but are claimants
    getting the right support?
Part two – Reform of DLA
and the new Personal
Independence Payment (PIP)
DLA reform – the proposal
  • Replacement of DLA with the Personal Independence
    Payment or PIP (working age adults only)
  • Rising caseload and expenditure unsustainable
     – More enabling – helping people to manage their
        disability or condition
     – Periodic review
     – No automatic entitlement
  • PIP to be introduced 2013/14 – daily living and mobility
  • To remains a non-means tested, extra costs benefit
  • Context: estimated 500,000 less people will receive PIP
    than under DLA
              Before and after… DLA to PIP
             DLA                          tested                           PIP

  CARE             MOBILITY                Extra         DAILY LIVING            MOBILITY
component          component               costs          component              component

Highest rate £77   Higher rate £54                        Enhanced rate          Enhanced rate

Middle rate £52     Lower rate £21                        Standard rate          Standard rate

Lowest rate £21                      Automatic entitlement for those
                                     with “severe learning disabilities”
DLA to PIP – next steps
• New assessment being designed –
  consultation on assessment and thresholds
  taken place
• Regulations expected Autumn 2012 (i.e.
  some of the details – rates, finalised
  assessment etc)
• Key dates
   – April 2013: PIP for new claimants
   – Autumn 2013 (- 2016): PIP migration
     Implications for people with a
     learning disability

• Half a million people to lose out
• Focus on those with the “greatest need”
• A threat to independent living?
• The draft assessment – will it allow people with lower
  level needs to meet the threshold for eligibility?
• Will the assessment process work for people with a
  learning disability?
• Impact on passported benefits?
Part three – wider changes
under the Welfare Reform
Act 2012
    Housing Changes
•   New size criteria (under occupancy / bed room tax)
     – 450,000 disabled people affected
     – Some exceptions for those with a social care package
       including overnight carer
•   Household benefit cap
     – Upper limit, family: £26k (£500 / week)
     – Upper limit, single person £19k (£350 / week)
     – Exemptions – DLA recipient
•   Council Tax Benefit
     – Outside the Universal Credit
     – Council discretion, but with Government requirement to
       achieve 10% cut whilst maintaining concessions for older
 Universal Credit
• To replace all means-tested support (i.e. Income Support,
  income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, income-related
  Employment and Support Allowance, Housing Benefit,
  Child Tax Credit and Working Tax Credit).
• Aim: improve work incentives (i.e. people are often not
  better off in work) and to make the system less
• Basic allowance + additional elements for disability,
  children, housing costs etc.
• First individuals expected to enter the new system from
• Great in principle, but some issues with the details:
   – Loss of Severe Disability Premium
   – Children’s disability additions
Any questions or comments?

Shared By: