Society & Conflict
So Many Had So Little
Marx noticed that industrialized England
that there was so much production, yet so
few had so much and so many had very
Marx centered his research on Social
Conflict (The struggle between different
segments of society over valued
Capitalists & Proletarians
According to Marx, industrialized society was
divided among a few people who owned &
operated factories & businesses
(capitalists) and those that sold their
labor for wages (proletarians).
*To keep profits high, capitalists kept wages
low. Because profits and wages come
from the same pool of $, conflict was the
Marx’s Model of Society
Technological and social process
Infrastructure of economic production
Marx felt that society was built on
economic foundations. (Macionis, p. 98)
The Superstructure-is made up of social
The Infrastructure-is composed of the
Under this system, false consciousness
History According to Marx
Marx viewed history as a constant struggle
between the “haves” and “have nots”.
Hunter-gatherer lived in a communist society.
Pastoral, horticultural, and agrarian societies.
(Slave v. slave owner or serf v. lord)
After the decline of feudalism, the bourgeoisie
(of the town) emerged.
The bourgeoisie became the capitalists in the
Industrial Age. (proletariats v. capitalists)
Marx & Engels
1848, Marx & Friedrich Engels write the
Manifesto of the Communist Party.
Marx want the workers to rise up and revolt that
he felt would come about as a result of class
conflict. (conflict between the classes over the
distribution of wealth and power).
Marx said that workers would develop class
consciousness as a result of continued
Capitalism and the Alienation of
According to Marx, Capitalism alienates
workers in the following ways:
From the act of working.
From the products of work.
From other workers.
From human potential.
Marx felt that bloody revolution would
develop as a result of industrial capitalism.
Marx inspired revolutions across the world.
Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, Cuba
“The proletarians have nothing to lose but
their chains. They have a world to win.”-