Australian Aboriginal Art by 5p52sHv1

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       Arts for Children’s Enrichment




DOTS AND LINES!
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                                Arts for Children’s Enrichment




Welcome!
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before we start. Thank you!
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                                    Arts for Children’s Enrichment




Lesson Timeline:
10 min – survey
30 min – slides / discussion
70 min – activity
10 min – final survey / reflection / presentation
                                       ACE
                                       Arts for Children’s Enrichment


Image Copyrights
We sincerely thank Artlandish Aboriginal Art Gallery, one of the largest
Aboriginal art galleries in the world, for providing permission to share art
from their website in this presentation and curriculum. We sincerely
respect and honor the artists. Copyrights of the images remain with the
artist at all times. Please visit www.artlandish.com for inspiration, artist
profiles, artist videos, Aboriginal artefacts, and more!
                                     Dots and Lines!
                                     Explore the Aboriginal culture of the
                                     land down under! Stories are told and
                                     dreams are captured by Australia’s
                                     Aborigines through their artwork.
           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]



                                     In this unit, you will experiment with
                                     different art mediums using dots and
                                     lines to express your own thoughts.

Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]
                                     Dots and Lines!
                                     Learn about Australian Aboriginal
                                     culture and geography through art.

                                     Experiment with various art mediums
           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]   to learn about
                                     Elements of art: line and texture
                                     Principles of design: repetition, pattern, rhythm,
                                                            and balance


Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]
                                      Dots and Lines!
                                         Goals of the Unit
                                      Develop skills in art techniques

                                      Improve comfort in expressing self through art and
                                       various materials
           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]

                                      Learn about Australian geography, history, culture,
                                       and art


                                       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CKqA3RteH1A&NR=1
                                       YouTube: Introduction to Aboriginal Art History (1:14 min)

Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]
                                      Dots and Lines!
                                        4 Learning Activities
                                        Lesson 1 – Introduction to Line
                                      Focus: geography, culturally stylistic features
                                      Felt pen on papyrus
                                      Imitate the styles of line work often found on bark
           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]
                                       painting
                                        Lesson 2 – Tribute to an Artist
                                      Focus: Aboriginal artists’ styles and lifestyle
                                      Paint on wood
                                      Imitate an aboriginal artist’s style using your own
                                       color palette
Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]
                                      Dots and Lines!
                                        4 Learning Activities
                                        Lesson 3 – Dreaming Mural
                                      Focus: personal expression, contribution to earth
                                      Paint on panels
                                      Use a specific style and color palette to make a
           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]
                                       personal statement in a collective piece of art
                                        Field Trip
                                      Visit an art museum or gallery to experience
                                       Aboriginal artwork
                                      Catalog the various styles exhibited
                                      Sketch a selected piece in pencil and add color at
Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]      home from your kitchen cupboards and fridge!
                                      Focus: using natural materials
                                      Dots and Lines!
                                        Guiding Cultural Connections Questions
                                      What do you know about Australian geography?
                                      What do you know about Australian history?
                                      What are some issues?

           Julie Yatjitja:
Line – Journey through Country [1]     Guiding Art Questions
                                      What are common stylistic features of Aboriginal
                                       Art?
                                      How do artists demonstrate rhythm, unity, texture,
                                       or balance in art?
                                      How do Aboriginal artists use dots and lines in their
                                       artwork?
Ju Ju Wilson / Kimberley Boab [2]
     Dots and Lines!



What do you know about
 Australian Geography?
                                Dots and Lines!
            What do you know about Australia?
              In what hemisphere is Australia located?




http://1800-countries.com/
         Label your regional map now!
         Please use next slide!




http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Australia_states_blank.png
                     Dots and Lines!
What do you know about Australia?
  On your map, fill in the 8 regions (ACT = Australian Capital Territory).
                                                  Dots and Lines!
            What do you know about Australia?
            Australian Capital Territory
            When Australia became a federated nation in 1901, the Government of Australia
            decided they needed a site to host the new National Capital.

            Some land in New South Wales was put aside for this purpose and became known as
            the Australian Capital Territory.

            The nation's new capital would be called Canberra (an Aboriginal word for meeting
            place) and an international competition was held to find the most appropriate design for
            a forward-looking, city in the park -- won by Walter Burley Griffin.




http://www.travelnotes.org/1800/Australia/index.htm
                                                  Dots and Lines!
            What do you know about Australia?
            Geography
            The commonwealth of Australia consists of the mainland of the Australian continent, the
            island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands around the mainland.

            Australia is the world’s largest island and smallest continent.

            The Barrier Reef is the largest coral in the world.

            The vast interior is called the Outback.

            A large part of the continent is dry.




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Australia-climate-map_MJC01.png
     Dots and Lines!



What do you know about
  Australian History?
                                            Dots and Lines!
            What do you know about Australian History?

            Australia was sighted by Europeans in 1606 and in 1770, James Cook mapped the east
            coast of Australia, named New South Wales and claimed the land for Great Britain. The
            British Crown Colony of New South Wales was formed in 1788 and became a penal
            colony (a place prisoners were sent). The last convict ship arrived in 1848 after a
            campaign by settlers of New South Wales.




                                    Cook’s Three Voyages

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain_Cook
                                                  Dots and Lines!
            Issues
            •     The Australian mainland and Tasmania were inhabited by indigenous Australians for about
                  50,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century.
            •     The Indigenous Australians spoke around 250 different languages.
            •     The Indigenous population estimated at 350,000 at the time of European settlement
                  declined steeply for 150 years following settlement due to infectious diseases.
            •     The term “Stolen Generations” or “Stolen Children” is a term used to described Australian
                  Aboriginal children who were removed from their families by the Australian Federal and
                  State government and church missions between 1869-1969 and into the 1970s. Rationales
                  and reasoning behind their removal are highly contested. In 2008, Prime Minister Kevin
                  Rudd formally apologized to the Australian Aboriginal people.
            •     Aboriginal Peoples create art as a way to reclaim their loss and share their histories with
                  future generations.

                  In the past, Native American children in Washington have also been removed from
                  their families to be put in boarding schools. Turn to a neighbor and discuss how you
                  might feel if the country you lived in forced you to be separated from your parents
                  based on your ethnicity?


http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/resources/articles4.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula
                                                  Dots and Lines!
            Issues
            •     In 1971, Geoffrey Bardon, a school teacher, encouraged children to paint a mural using
                  traditional art styles. Traditionally, body painting art styles were used for spiritual purposes.
                  Many symbols depicted creation dreaming stories.

            •     When some of the elder men saw what the children were doing, they felt they were more suited
                  to tell the stories and started painting a famous mural called Honey Ant Dreaming. The Politics
                  of the Secret (1995) is an account written by Dick Kimber of the “angry uproar” from senior
                  Pitjantjatjara men who felt that the sale and display of some Aboriginal art was a serious
                  transgression.

            •     Papunya Tula is an artist group formed in 1972. This Western Desert Art Movement is known for
                  “dot painting”. It is based in Alice Springs and represents Aboriginal art in Central Australia.
                  Different regions have different styles.

            •     Complex dotting and over-dotting styles which have developed since the 1970’s are a means to
                  hide the sacred stories in the paintings. For accurate translations, the stories are revealed by
                  the artist to only the “insiders”.




http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/resources/articles4.php   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula

http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/culture/symbols.php
                            Dots and Lines!
A Dreamtime Story
about the Pleiades star cluster known as the Seven Sisters
•   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GyURO3ymfMo&feature=related


•   A Dreaming is a creation story owned by different tribes and their members. Painted
    ceremonial dreamings are passed on by gender – a daughter, by tribal law, is not
    allowed to see male tribal ceremonies so they paint different stories passed down
    through their maternal line.




                                                                 Wendy Nungarrayi Brown
                                                                 Seven Sisters Dreaming
                Dots and Lines!

   Let’s look at what we’re
           looking at!

Please turn to your
Vocabulary Page.
Follow along with me as I explain
some key vocabulary that will help
you name and notice some aspects
of line, repetition, and unity.                 Radial Unity
                                     Karen Napaljarri Barnes: Women’s Dreaming
                  Dots and Lines!

              Central Art - Aboriginal Art Gallery
 http://www.aboriginalartstore.com.au/aboriginal-art/?page=all




As you browse through 8-10 of these fabulous pieces, use your vocabulary
sheet to name the line types you are seeing and the repetition rhythms you
notice. Do you see pieces which exemplify unity (balance, symmetrical,
asymmetrical, radial)?
                                   Dots and Lines!

                    Now please turn to your
                    Symbols Exercise Page




    Use the next 4 slides to label the symbols often used in Aboriginal Art



http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1
      Symbols, Icons, and Imagery




 campfire                                            Campfire or waterhole   camp




http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1
          Symbols, Icons, and Imagery




Travelling, circles are resting                                     People    Women and children:
    places or campsites                                             sitting       teaching




    http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1
      Symbols, Icons, and Imagery




        gathering                                               shelter   meeting place




http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1
                    Symbols, Icons, and Imagery




      Women around campfire                                              Entrance   Entrance to goanna
        with digging stick                                              to goanna    burrow in spinifex
                                                                          burrow          country




http://www.ausemade.com.au/aboriginal/resources/symbols/symbols.htm#1
                    Dots and Lines!

     Art and the Artists!

 As you prepare to make your own piece of Aboriginal art,
 think about the style you would like to experiment with:
outlining with white dots, geometric shapes, flowing lines,
               intricate details, aerial maps?

       What story or secret will your art be about?

       This video will help you think about process
       http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M4upLoj7ROI&feature=related
       Yindi Artz, paints a commissioned piece called “Family”. (5:42 min)
                                            Dots and Lines!
         Did you know?

         •     In 2007, a single painting by Papunya Tula artist, Clifford Possum Tjapaltjari was sold for $2.4
               million.

         •     In 2007, a Senate inquiry report recommended increased funding for the Australian Competition
               and Consumer Commission to monitor the exploitation of Indigenous artists. “Carpetbaggers”,
               including commercial gallery owners, dealers, and private agents purchase Indigenous art at a
               fraction of the cost and then sell the art on the internet at exorbitant prices.




                            As you look at the following pieces,
                          can you share what makes them “good”?



http://www.theage.com.au/news/arts/canberra-push-on-indigenous-art-carpetbaggers/2007/06/21/1182019278425.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Papunya_Tula
                         Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line, repetition, texture




  Greeny Purvis Petyarre: Yam Dreaming
  http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/602400/greeny-purvis-petyarre-yam-dreaming.html
                         Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line, flowing rhythms




             Rusty Peters
             http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/853811/rusty-peters-touch-the-earth.html
                                    Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line repetition, texture

                                                            Charlene Carrington / Kungame Kungame
                                                            http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/607550/jock-mosquito-marella.html




  Jack Mosquito / Marella
  http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/607550/jock-mosquito-marella.html
                         Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line, repetition, repeating shapes




        Minni Pwerle: Bush Melons & Roundels
        http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/475943/minnie-pwerle-bush-melons-roundels.html
                                     Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line repetition, texture




                                                            Minni Pwerle: Bush Melons & Roundels
                                                            http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/475932/minnie-pwerle-
                                                            awelye-atnwengerrp-bush-melons-roundels.html




Reanne Nampijinpa Brown: Water Dreaming
http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1026946/reanne-
nampijinpa-brown-water-dreaming.html
                                  Dots and Lines!
Examples: Repetition, pattern, flowing rhrythm




  Naata Nungurray: Women’s Ceremony. Priced at $75,000
  Naata is one of Australia’s leading artists. One of her works was sold for $216,000 in a Sotheby’s Auction in 2007.
  http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/404440/naata-nungurrayi-womens-ceremony.html
                            Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line repetition, texture, rhythm




    Naata Nungurray: Women’s Ceremony
    http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/610414/naata-nungurrayi-womens-ceremony.html
    http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1069805/naata-nungurrayi-marrapinti.html
                              Dots and Lines!
Examples: Line, repetition




 Gabriella Possum Nungurrayi: Father’s Dreaming (Narripi)
 http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/964042/gabriella-possum-nungurrayi-fathers-dreaming-narripi.html
                      Dots and Lines!




Ju Ju Wilson: Waterholes
http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/1014907/ju-ju-wilson-waterholes.html
                              Dots and Lines!
                                             YouTube Clips

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0uQrI310jRk&feature=player_embedded
 Slideshow of Aboriginal Art by award winning Wiradjuri artist De Greer
 Yindimincarlie. Accompanied with Aboriginal music (1:20 min)



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Te6CD0EGxM0&feature=related
Janet Nakamarra, Aboriginal Artist from the Central Desert of Australia talks
about her art (49 sec)
                                     Dots and Lines!
                                          Art materials
                                     Ochre was the most important painting material. It is
                                      a crumbly to hard rock heavily colored by iron oxide.
                                      It is pale yellow to dark reddish-brown.

                                     Red ochre symbolizes the blood of ancestral beings.

                                     Paints are made by grinding the rock into power then
                                      mixing it with a blinder (glue), such as spinifex gum,
                                      saliva, kangaroo blood, or more commonly now, an
                                      acrylic binder.

                                     Think about what you have in your kitchen that could
                                      be used for color in art pieces.
http://www.aboriginalartonline.com/methods/methods.php
                ACE
                Arts for Children’s Enrichment



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