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					                        Force Templates:
                          A Blueprint for
                    Coalition Interaction
                    within an Infosphere

                    Lt Col. Robert E. Marmelstein
                    Joint Battlespace Infosphere (JBI)
                    Information Directorate
                    Air Force Research Laboratory


11/4/2012 6:36 PM                                        1
                                        Introducing the JBI

                       GCCS
                                                                                                  Applications,
    Fuselet                                                                                     Systems, Sensors
                              TBMCS
       Publish/                                                                                   (JBI Clients)
      Subscribe                                                                Query
                                        Subscribe         Publish
          /
        Query

                                                                          ?           JBI
                                                                    ?              Management
             Meta
             data
                Meta
                       Meta
                       data                                               ?         Services
                data


                                                            JBI Subscription
                JBI Query             JBI Repository             Broker                ACCESS
                 Broker

                                                          JBI Platform (Core Services)             Force Template


                                      Global Grid, SIPRNET, Internet,….


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11/4/2012 6:36 PM
                                JBI Stand-Up Issues

                    –   How are units registered with the JBI?

                    –   What is the minimum set of Information Objects
                        (IOs) needed to integrate new units into a JBI?

                    –   Who publishes, or subscribes to, a given IO?

                    –   What conditions are associated with the above?

                    –   How are fuselets introduced into the JBI?

                    –   How are publisher access controls specified and
                        managed?

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11/4/2012 6:36 PM
                          Force Templates
         Information handshake between the JBI and a combat unit           JBI
          (defines the subscribe and publish data to JBI).

       Two purposes: integration and control

       Standardization for templates for like units.

                                                               Force
       Force Template defines (at a minimum):                Template


         What information does the unit require?
          Example: Imagery with an Area of Interest                      New Unit

         What information can the unit provide?
          Example: Weapons pod camera
         What are the constraints on that information?
          Example: Photos published between 1400Z and 1500Z

                                                                                    4
11/4/2012 6:36 PM
                            Force Templates vs.
                                  Passes
                                         Force Templates                         Passes

         Purpose                      Register entities with the JBI    Register clients with the JBI


                                      Approval of JFC or parent the    Registration of owner entity’s
         Activation Prerequisites     parent entity                    force template with the JBI


         JBI Interface                 Force Template Controller               Client Adapter


                                        Distributed, Hierarchical,       Consolidated--cannot be
         Content Characteristics        Decomposable                     decomposed

                                    • Entity Information Requirements
                                      and Products;                   • Info Object Advertisements
         Minimum Contents           • Related Constraints;            • Subscription Requests
                                    • Passes for clients owned by     • Client-level Constrains
                                      the entity


                                                                                                        5
11/4/2012 6:36 PM
             Entities                                               Clients
                          Theater-level
                         Force Template
                 CINC


                                     JTF-level
                                   Force Template
           JTF          JTF




Unit        Unit        Unit             Unit
                      Unit-level
                      Template



• Represent units or organizations                  • Represent platforms, systems, or
• Reflects Joint Force ‘building blocks’               individuals
• Decompose into clients & other entities           • Interact directly with the JBI
• Register with JBI using Force Templates           • Do not decompose further
                                                    • Use Passes to register with the JBI
                         Problem - Rapidly Forming
                          Ad-hoc Coalition Teams
                             Local                  The Challenge:
             Coalition        Civil
              Military     Authorities         Quickly Enabling Disparate Parties
                                                 to Cooperate and Interoperate
                                                  to Solve a Common Problem
                         JTF
                                         NGO      Each Team Member Provides:
            US
                                                        • Information   • Personnel
        State Dept
                                                        • Services      • Assets



       Barriers to Team Formation
              Differences in:
   • Doctrine            • Processes     • Infrastructure
   • Policy              • Vocabulary    • Trust
                         • Command Structure
                                                                                      7
11/4/2012 6:36 PM
                              Force Template
                               Composition
   Info Requirements                                 Ontologies
   Info Products
   Related Constraints                                   Business Rules
                                                             Process Models
                              Entity Description
                                                                    Web Services
                Security         Fuselets                                 Agents
                Credentials
                                     Info Pedigree




        Necessary                     Desired                     Speculative
                                                                                   8
11/4/2012 6:36 PM
                              Entity-Client Model
                                Assumptions
                   The JBI platform has visibility and control over its
                    inputs and outputs
                   Entities use Force Templates to maintain nominal
                    control over their clients
                     Consistent with JFC policies
                     Consistent with JBI Information Staff directives
                     Some conflicts may need to be externally resolved
                   Force Template may change during the mission
                     In response to top-down or bottom-up requests
                     A given change request may impact multiple force
                      templates (subscriber & publisher)


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11/4/2012 6:36 PM
     Unit Side                                                        JBI Side
                          Change Request                         Change Request

                                              Information                                  Updates           FT
                                                 Broker                                                   Controller
                                                                                                           (parent)
    Force Template Authority
                                              The Broker forwards the
   This individual has the         Response   change request to the
   power to approve force                     appropriate Authority
   template changes for a                                                                             The Controller is
   given Entity                                                                                       the gatekeeper for
                                                                                   FT                 making changes to
                                               FT
                                                                             Controller               the Force Template


                                                                                           Conflict
                                                                        Update
                                                                                                 The Adapter propagates
                               Response                     Request                              changes resulting from
                                                                                 Adapter         client requests to the
                                                                                                 Force Template though
                                                                                                 its Controller
           JBI Client                               The Force Template
                                                    contains passes for
                                                    associated clients
                                                                                                 The Pass contains valid
Clients can request permission                                                    Pass           advertisements and
to publish, or subscribe to, new                                                                 subscriptions for a given
information objects                                                                              client
                                      Summary

                   The JBI represents the way ahead for supporting
                    Coalition C2 operations
                   Force Templates are a mechanism for:
                     Quickly integrating units into the JBI
                     Exercising control over JBI clients
                   Force Template complexity will grow as JBI must
                    support increasingly diverse, ad-hoc coalitions
                   Entity-Client interaction model is first step in
                    defining requirements for Force Templates
                     Model is in early stages of development
                     Critical to overall JBI systems engineering effort


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11/4/2012 6:36 PM

				
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