AP Comparative Government Politics Summer Reading by liaoqinmei

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									  AP Comparative
Government & Politics

     Summer Reading
     Assignment 2012

             Ms. Kane
   *Completion of this assignment does not
  guarantee placement in this course for the
           2012-2013 school year.
      All students are expected to join the
           Moodle site for this course.
       The password is Comparative.
 Be sure to personalize your Moodle password.

Name ________________________
                             COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION

CHAPTER 1- ISSUES IN COMPARATIVE POLITICS: pages 1-29
1. Define:
      a. political systems


       b. governments


       c. night watchman state


       d. welfare state


       e. regulatory state


       f. State of Nature


2. How do the private and public spheres influence politics?



3. How can politics be authoritative?



4. How may welfare state politics vary within industrial countries?



5. How do Hobbes and Rousseau differ in their explanations of the Social Contract?



6. Describe the benefits of nation-building.



7. What are the two defining factors of Public Goods? Explain.


8. How can externalities be related to market failure?


9. Define: NIMBY


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                              COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION

When Does Government Become the Problem?
10. Who are the libertarians and what are their ideals?




11. Who are the anarchists and what are their ideals?




12. How does Rent Seeking impact policymaking?




13. Why may “vested interests” remain in government?



14. How would libertarians solve “market failures”?



POLITICAL SYSTEMS
15. Define:
       a. political systems



STATES
16. Define:
       a. state


       b. sovereignty


17. How does the EU impact each state’s sovereignty?


BUILDING COMMUNITY
18. Give the origins of Religious Fundamentalism and how has it become relevant?




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                           COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
19. Define:
       a. nation


       b. ethnicity


       c. political cleavage


       d. cumulative cleavage


       e. cross-cutting cleavage


20. Describe the two conceptual challenges low-middle- High income economies face.



FOSTERING DEVELOPMENT
21. Define:
       a. GNP

       b. PPP

SECURING DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND CIVIL LIBERTIES
22. Define:
       a. democracy


       b. oligarchy


       c. totalitarian systems


23. What is the “Third Wave”?



24. List the challenges of the “Third Wave”.



25. Which factors led to political fragmentation and polarization of government?




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                             COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
CHAPTER 2- COMPARING POLITICAL SYSTEMS: pages 31-45
WHY WE COMPARE?
1. How do people study politics?




2. What are conceptual frameworks?




HOW WE COMPARE
3. According to Bennett and George, “states in transition to democracy are more war prone than established
   democracies.” Why might this statement be significant? Do you agree?




SYSTEMS: ENV’T & INTERDEPENDENCE/ STRUCTURES & FUNCTIONS
4. Define:
      a. system


       b. political system


       c. government/states


       d. structures


       e. functions


       f. inputs


5. What factors mold the international environment of political systems?




6. What are the six types of political structures?




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                             COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
7. How might comparisons of these political structures be challenging?




8. Define:
      a. political socialization

       b. political recruitment

       c. political communication

       d. outputs

       e. political functions

       f. regulation

       g. extraction

       h. distribution

       i.   outcomes


RUSSIA 1985-2002
9. Explain how the structural-functional approach applies to Russia.




CHAPTER 3- POLITICAL CULTURE AND POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION: pages 46-61
POLITICAL CULTURE/ MAPPING 3 LEVELS
1. How do “cultural norms” shape politics?



2. Define:
      a. political culture

       b. political socialization

       c. legitimacy ****


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                             COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
3. Explain the aspects of political culture.


4. Give an example of a leader/ruler whose “special grace, wisdom, or ideology” claimed to transform citizen’s
   lives for the better.




        To what extent was this leader/ruler successful?



PROCESS LEVEL
5. Define:
      a. Participants

        b. Subjects

        c. Parochial


        Which role do you play as a citizen, RIGHT NOW? Why?


6. Define:
      a. consensual political culture


        b. conflicting political culture


        c. political subcultures


        d. socialization



7. What is the “political self”?




8. Describe the dualities of Political Socialization.



9. List the agents of Political Socialization.

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                           COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
TRENDS IN CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL CULTURES
10. Define:
       a. modernization


      b. postmaterial values


      c. ethnicity


      d. democratization


      e. marketization


CHAPTER 4- INTEREST ARTICULATION: pages 62-80
1. Define:
      a. interest articulation


      b. personal interest contacts



CITIZEN ACTION/ PARTICIPATION
2. How is grassroots politics effective?




INTEREST GROUPS
3. Define:
      a. anomic groups


      b. non associational groups


      c. collective action problems


      d. institutional groups


      e. associational groups

      f. civil society
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                            COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
4. Explain some of the differences between Interest Group Systems.




5. Define:
      a. mass media


6. On page 76 Table 4.3, list three summative conclusions from this chart.
      1.


       2.


       3.


CHAPTER 5- INTEREST AGGREGATION & POLITICAL PARTIES: pages 81-100
1. Define:
      a. interest aggregation


       b. patron-client network


       c. associational groups


       d. institutional groups


       e. competitive party systems


       f. authoritarian party systems


       g. Duverger’s Law, page 85 Box 5.1



       h. single-member district plurality election rule



       i.   proportional representation



2. What is meant by “first-past-the-post”?

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                           COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
CLASSIFYING COMPETITIVE PARTY SYSTEMS
3. Define:
      a. majoritarian party system



       b. multiparty systems



       c. consensual party systems



       d. conflictual party systems



       e. consociational party system



       f. authoritarian party system



       g. exclusive governing party



       h. inclusive governing party




4. Give examples and specifics of the Exclusive and Inclusive Authoritarian Systems.




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                           COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
MILITARY & INTEREST AGGREGATION
5. Define:
      a. military government




CHAPTER 6- GOVERNMENT AND POLICYMAKING: pages 101-128
1. Define:
      a. policymaking



       b. constitution


       c. rule of law


       d. decision rules


       e. egalitarian


       f. hierarchical


2. What prompts constitutional formation?




3. Which country upon our studies does not have a formal constitution?




4. How are policymakers chosen in an authoritarian regime?




5. How do decision rules of political systems differ?




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                            COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
6. Define:
      a. confederal


       b. federal


       c. unitary systems


       d. democratic presidential regime


       e. parliamentary regime


       f. confidence relationship


       g. semi-presidential


       h. constitutional regimes


       i.   majoritarian democracy


       j.   consensual democracies


7. What three types of government institutions are involved in policymaking?




8. List several functions of assemblies:




9. Define:
      a. Chief Executive


       b. Head of State

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                            COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
       c. Head of Government


       d. individual


       e. collective


       f. effective


       g. ceremonial


10. List several functions of bureaucracy.




11. How do the authors explain bureaucratic organization?




12. Which out of the five explanations is the most important and why?




13. What are challenges of bureaucratic systems?



14. Define:
       a. ombudsman (page 125)


15. List four ways individuals are selected for government.




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                            COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
16. How are the removals of the chief executive positions different in Presidential and Parliamentary Systems?




LIMITATIONS ON GOVERNMENT POWER
17. Define:
       a. constitutional regimes

       b. judicial review

CHECKING THE TOP POLICYMAKERS
18. Define: impeachment and procedures




ASSEMBLIES
19. What are the essential components of legislative assemblies?




20. Define: bicameralism



THE BUREAUCRACY
21. Define:
       a. bureaucracies

       b. Civil Service

       c. Higher Civil Service




CHAPTER 7- PUBLIC POLICY: pages 129-155
1. Define:
      a. public policies

       b. outputs

       c. outcomes

       d. political goods & values

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                           COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
Public policies
2. Define:
       a. extraction

       b. distribution

       c. regulation

       d. symbolic policies

       e. taxation

       f. GDP

       g. OECD

3. What are the three categories of OECD?




4. What causes tax rates to come down?




5. What are several goals of symbolic policies? page 130, 140




POLITICAL GOODS & VALUES
6. Define:
      a. system goods


       b. process goods


       c. policy goods



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                            COMPARATIVE POLITICS TODAY: 8TH EDITION
Strategies for Producing Political Goods, p. 150-151
7. List three examples according to the text.
       1.


       2.


       3.


8. Give a brief description of each of the challenges of the preindustrial nations.
      a. neotraditional political systems




       b. personal rule




       c. clerico-mobilizational regimes




       d. technocratic- repressive




       e. technocratic- distributive




9. Define:
      a. trade-offs



       b. opportunity costs



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