More About The Ottoman Empire by VKjf4Uz8

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 6

									                  Let’s Learn More about the Ottoman Empire!
Global History and Geography I                Name: _______________________
E. Napp                                       Date: _______________________

Part I: Map




Questions:
1: The Ottoman Empire was located on three continents. Name the continents.
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2: Due to their location, the Ottomans had access to four seas. Name the seas.
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3: Due to their location, the Ottomans were able to control trade on the Silk Road.
Why were the Ottomans able to control trade on the Silk Road?
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4: Which famous rivers did the Ottomans control in the Middle East? (Your answer
will come from previous knowledge and the map)
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5: Which famous river did the Ottomans have access to in Africa? (Your answer will
come from previous knowledge and the map)?
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6: The Ottomans conquered Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
What did the Ottomans rename this city?
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                                         
Part II: The Sultan
                       The sultan was the ruler of the Ottoman
                       Empire. The sultan was an absolute monarch.
                       He had absolute power. However, a sultan was
                       to guarantee justice in the land. The sultan kept
                       watch on all his officials. Sometimes the sultan
                       would tour local governments to make sure that
                       his officials were not corrupt. A corrupt official
                       would be punished severely. Illegal taxation
                       and forced labor were examples of corruption.
                       To avoid these problems, the sultan’s “orders”
                       were posted publicly. This way, local officials
                       could only carry out the “orders” of the sultan.
                       In addition, soldiers were not permitted to
                       abuse peasants.

Questions:
7- Who was the sultan?
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8- How was the Ottoman sultan similar to Western European rulers like Peter the
Great and Louis XIV?
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9- What was the sultan’s primary responsibility?
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10- Why would a sultan tour local governments?
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11- Provide two examples of corruption.
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12- Why were the sultan’s orders posted publicly?
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13- What happened to corrupt officials?
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14- What were soldiers not permitted to do?
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15- Why do you think soldiers were not permitted to do this?
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                                         
Part III: Suleiman the Magnificent (the Most Significant Ruler of the Ottoman
Empire)
                                    What made Suleiman a magnificent ruler?
                                       1. His armies conquered Hungary and
                                          Iraq. During his reign, the Ottoman
                                          Empire was at its height.
                                       2. His navies controlled the
                                          Mediterranean Sea.
                                       3. His empire experienced a golden age.
                                          Developments in calligraphy,
                                          manuscript paintings, textiles, and
                                          ceramics occurred.
                                       4. Outstanding achievements in
                                          architecture, particularly public
                                          buildings occurred.
                                       5. Suleiman commissioned repairs and
                                          additions to major historical
                                          monuments.

Questions:
16- Who was Suleiman the Magnificent?
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17- Why was Suleiman the most significant sultan of the Ottoman Empire?
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18- What is a golden age (from previous lessons)?
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19- Why did the Ottomans experience a golden age under Suleiman the
Magnificent?
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20- What is calligraphy? (from prior knowledge)
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21- What does the Koran (the holy book of Islam) prohibit (not allow) artists to do?
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22- What sea did the Ottomans control during the reign of Suleiman the
Magnificent?
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23- Why do Suleiman’s accomplishments still stand?
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Part IV: Questions about the Ottomans from the Regents
24- • Dominated the eastern Mediterranean Sea (1500s)
      • Conquered Egypt and Syria (1517)
      • Laid siege to Vienna (1529)
Which empire is most closely associated with these events?
      (1) Ottoman Empire          (3) Persian Empire
      (2) Spanish Empire         (4) Russian Empire

Base your answer to question 25 on the passage below and on your knowledge of
social studies.

“It would be wrong to call the Ottoman Empire a purely Islamic state. It was not. It
was a state that claimed some kind of an attachment, some kind of allegiance to
Islam, but combined it with other forms of heritage from the Byzantine tradition or
from the Turkic tradition that did not really correspond to Islam. So they always
had this very, very pragmatic approach to Islam.”
— Professor Edhem Eldem, Bogazici University,
                  NPR News, All Things Considered, August 18, 2004

25. This author is suggesting that during the Ottoman Empire
(1) religion was mingled with historic traditions
(2) most people belonged to minority religions
(3) rulers tried to separate politics from religion
(4) rulers operated under a strict set of laws

26- In 1453, the Ottoman Empire rose to power by defeating the
     (1) Holy Roman Empire       (3) Byzantine Empire
     (2) European crusaders      (4) Mongol invaders

27- One similarity in the rule of Peter the Great, Suleiman I, and Louis XIV is that
each leader
(1) shared power with a legislature
(2) practiced religious toleration
(3) expanded his territory
(4) decreased the amount of taxes collected

28- Under the Ottoman Empire, absolute power resided in the person of
  (1) God              (3) the ulema
  (2) the sultan      (4) the vizier

29- The Ottoman Empire could be characterized as
 (1) oligarchy
 (2) democracy
 (3) theocracy
 (4) tyranny
                                        
    Part V: Crossword Puzzle




Word Bank:
  Islam, Sultan, Absolutism, Suleiman, Mediterranean, Constantinople, Istanbul,
Ottomans, Mesopotamia, Koran, Justice, Mosque, Turkey, Silk Road, Golden Age
                                        
Part VI: The “Sick Man of Europe”

 The Ottoman Empire in 1914 was known as the “sick man of Europe”, a sign that
the once great power was collapsing. The Turks had dominated the Eastern
Mediterranean for half a millennium, controlling vast parts of Central Europe,
Arab lands as far down as Egypt and had at one point been knocking on the doors
of Vienna and Venice.

 By the 20th century all that remained in Ottoman hands outside Turkey was Syria,
Mesopotamia, Palestine and parts of the Arabian Peninsula.




Questions:
  1- What was the nickname of the Ottoman Empire in 1914?
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  2- Explain the meaning of this nickname.
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  3- What sea had the Ottomans controlled?
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  4- What remained of the Ottoman Empire by the 20th century?
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  5- Why do you think the Empire began to collapse? (Hint: What nations were
      becoming very powerful)?
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  6- Explain the meaning of the cartoon.

								
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