Plant Categories and Types Vines Trees Ground Covers Shrub Landscape Plants Deciduous Trees This kind of plant has a single trunk at the base, loses its leaves in the fall and can provide shade in the summer. Example: Ornamental Pear Deciduous Shrubs A type of bush that loses all its leaves at one time of the year. Example: Snowberry Broadleaf Evergreens Rhododendrons are an example of this group of shrubs and trees that do not lose their leaves and do not have needle or scalelike foliage. Needle or Awl-Like Evergreens This kind of tree never loses its leaves all at one time. Example: Psuedotsuga menziesii Annuals A plant that completes its life cycle in a year or less. Tagetes ssp. Is an example. Bedding Plants Usually a space is left in the landscape for these plants which will be replaced each year in the spring. Perennials A perennial is a plant that lives for more than two years. Examples are the butterfly bush and geraniums. Bulbs In everyday conversation, any plant that grows from a thickened underground structure. Example: daffodil Crops Fruit Trees and Small Fruits In everyday conversation, the ovaries of these trees and shrubs are distinguished from vegetables because they are sweet and could be served for dessert. Vegetables A vegetable, in contrast, is an herbaceous plant cultivated for an edible part (seeds, roots, stems, leaves, bulbs, tubers, or nonsweet fruits). So, to be really nitpicky, a fruit could be a vegetable, but a vegetable could not be a fruit. Cut Flowers and Foliage Baby’s Breath, Carnations and Roses are all grown for the floriculture industry to be used in arrangements. Herbs Indoor Landscaping/Interior Design Potted Foliage Plants These ornamental plants, valued for their colorful leaves or ability to flourish in low light, are intended for display indoors. Examples are the Corn plant and Snake plant. Potted Flowering Plants These potted plants are given as gifts and are valued for their showy flowers; examples are the Chrysanthemum and Poinsettia.
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