Preparation for the TAKS Test:
Revising and Editing
But I Stink at Grammar!
Run-ons and Fragments
- to separate dates, cities and states,
person addressed in dialogue, introductory
- before a coordinating conjunction
- series of words or phrases
- a direct quotation
- introductory phrase in a sentence
- appositives, nonessential phrases
“Gotta keep ‘em separated!”
The president lives at 1600
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington
May 3, 1992, is her birth date.
Whatever, I don’t really care!
(For, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
While I am at work, my dog Floyd
sleeps on the bed , and my cat
Buster naps in the bathtub.
“They keep going and going…”
Her chores at home include washing the
dishes, making the bed, and walking
Her favorite colors are blue, orange, and
He hates veggies, dogs, and sports.
“What he said!”
Bob asked, “Is Sue home?”
The girl shouted across the room, “Does
anyone have a pencil I can borrow?”
The bus driver whispered under his
breath, “Only 14 more stops.”
“I’m proud to introduce…”
Because she is my friend, I asked her
With no expectations and only hope in
her heart, she gave her valentine to
With hands in pockets, he walked away.
“That was not necessary”
My friend, Sally Sue, is always
The little boy, Georgie Porgie, is bad.
The teacher, with lots of papers to
grade, is teaching the class.
Titles (first, middle important words, last)
First word of sentence
Direction as a location
The young lady, Sandra, and her
boyfriend, Brett, set out on a trip to
the South to visit her favorite
author’s home town and the same
location as her favorite story, New
Run-ons and Fragments
a sentence that continues without any
defined breaks using a comma and
conjunction or ending punctuation
a part of a sentence lacking either the
subject or a verb
“Stop that run-on!”
Rewrite the following sentence.
The teacher stood up to walk to the
front of the room a student placed his
bag where the teacher was to stand
the teacher tripped on the bag and
fell on her face the class laughed the
boy felt silly.
“Hmmm…it needs something.”
Add to the fragment to make it a
Which was found on the floor.
When it was near the end of the day.
As the students were packing to leave.
To show possession
Contractions (omission of letters)
The plural of lower case letters
Make the following scenarios into
1. The dog belongs to Brenda.
2. That homework belongs to Jim.
3. That IPOD belongs to Mr. Foust since
you brought it to school.
“Should, Could, Would”
Make the following words into contractions:
1. Should have
2. Could have
3. Would have
4. Did not
5. Will not
6. Is not
7. Could not
8. Have not
“I like m’s and n’s!”
Answer the following questions using ‘s:
1. What is your favorite lower case
letter of the alphabet?
2. What lower case letter of the
alphabet do you despise?
YOU CANNOT USE THE DICTIONARY
ON THE TEST!
SORRY, YOU WILL HAVE TO DO THE
BEST YOU CAN ON YOUR SPELLING.
There, their, they’re
To, too, two
Putting the descriptive phrase in the
How to check:
Ask yourself – “Who is being described?”
“Now that’s just crazy!”
Correct the sentences below to make
1. Running into the room, the
typewriter fell over.
2. The lady got on the bus wearing a
3. Blown across the room by the fan,
we picked up the papers.
Wait! It’s not just grammar!
Adding sentences for clarification
Who and Whom
Good and Well
Combine the following sentences:
The robber was masked.
The robber carried a loaded gun and a
The clerk stared at the robber.
The robber shouted, “Everyone down!
Why use transitions?
To make sentences or paragraphs make a
smoother change from one idea to another
or to continue an idea over to another
How do I know which to use?
The purpose of the sentence: opposition,
clarifying, explanation, example, additional
List all of the transition words that
Write a sentence or sentences to clarify
The teacher sat down with the student. A
look of disappoint was on her face.
She couldn’t believe it was happening.
The teacher took a tissue. The paper
was nothing like she expected.
Movers: $20 an hour
Rearrange the sentences for clarity.
The girl sat on the couch. She was hungry.
She made herself a sandwich. She had
forgotten to eat lunch because she was
so busy with her little brother. She also
got a drink and chips. Her favorite show
was on television. She wiped her mouth
Who or Whom?
Who – the subject of a sentence.
Who is standing at the door?
Whom – the object of the preposition (if you
can add to or from in front of who then it
should be whom)
To whom do I give the gift?
Who or whom?
______ may I say is calling?
______ are you calling?
Good and Well
Good – an adjective
Well – an adverb
The boy/girl said, “You look good!”
Ms. Robinson said that I did well on
I did ____ on my exam.
I will do ____ on the TAKS test.