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Unit 3 Test – Honors Study Guide 1. Identify the following terms as they relate to 1) Membership, 2) Leadership, 3) Organization and 4) Management of legislation and legislators: The Committee System, Filibuster, Cloture, Non-legislative Powers, Immunity, Censure, Seniority System, Majority and Minority Leaders, Party Whips, Impeachment Process, Process of a bill to law. 2. Identify the following terms as they relate to 1) Roles, 2) Responsibilities, and 3) Limits of the Executive: Commander-in-Chief, Chief Diplomat, Chief Executive, Legislative Leader, Economic Leader, State of the Union Address, Veto Power, Executive Agreement, Executive Orders, Treaty, Pardons, Term Limits, impeachment. 3. Identify and explain the structure and function of the Federal Court System: Jurisdiction of Federal Courts, Original Jurisdiction, Appellate Jurisdiction, Exclusive Jurisdiction, Concurrent Jurisdiction, Judicial Review; U.S. Supreme Court: Justices and Jurisdiction, Chief Justice, Associate Justices, Majority Opinion, Dissenting Opinion, Concurring Opinion. 4. What does “equal protection under the law” mean? How does the 14th Amendment extend rights to all citizens? Should citizens ever be denied their civil rights? 5. Identify five concurrent powers shared by the federal government and state governments. Explain the necessity for each of these to be concurrent. Identify the functions of North Carolina state and local government and how these functions support the national government. 6. Identify and describe the goals of U.S. foreign policy. Who executes this foreign policy? Who adjudicates this foreign policy? 7. Compare jurisdictions and methods of law enforcement applied at each level of government, the consequences of non-compliance to laws at each level, and how each reflects equal protection under the law.
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