Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
____ 1. The struggle to control North America had three main geographic divisions. The struggle focused partly on
the Atlantic coast, where Britain and France had trade routes, partly in the interior, where the best fur country
lay, and on the Pacific coast, where Britain and France found the best fishing.
____ 2. France eventually won the struggle to control all of North America.
____ 3. The Mi’kmaq fought French colonization of their homeland for almost 40 years because the French were
known to push First Nations peoples off their land.
____ 4. Acadia was a centre of conflict between France and Britain because it was an area where supply ships and
military ships passed.
____ 5. In 1749, most of Acadia was considered to be French territory.
____ 6. The British forced the Acadians to leave Acadia because they broke their Oath of Loyalty to Britain.
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 7. Which of the following is not part of the Québec Act, which was passed in 1774?
a. Québec had complete religious freedom to be either Catholic or Protestant.
b. The boundaries of Québec were extended beyond the proclamation line.
c. Canadiens could hold government positions without having to take an oath of loyalty.
d. French civil law was reinstated.
____ 8. In 1755, the British required which oath from the Acadians?
a. oath of allegiance c. oath of assimilation
b. oath of neutrality d. oath of religious freedom
____ 9. Cajun is a short way of saying __________.
a. British c. Haudenosaunee
b. Acadian d. French
____ 10. Maritimes refers to all but one of the following provinces. Which province is not a maritime province?
a. Nova Scotia c. Prince Edward Island
b. New Brunswick d. Newfoundland
____ 11. The Acadians built “digues,” which were __________.
a. salt marshes
b. barriers to separate land from water
c. crops of wheat, oat, barley, corn, and hemp
d. crops of swamp grass used to feed horses, cows, and oxen
____ 12. The Mi’kmaq called their homeland __________.
a. Mi’kma’ki c. Anishinabe Nation
b. Acadia d. Thirteen Colonies
____ 13. Britain took control of Acadia through which treaty?
a. Treaty of Paris c. Treaty of Louisbourg
b. Treaty of Royal Proclamation d. Treaty of Utrecht
____ 14. __________ was a leader of the Odawa Nation who organized an alliance of First Nations to oppose Britain’s
a. Pontiac c. Minweweh
b. Noondam d. Vaudreuil
____ 15. Which of the following factors contributed to Britain’s decision to deport the Acadians?
a. The Acadians did not live up to their oath of neutrality.
b. The British settlers outnumbered the French settlers two to one.
c. The British assumed they could not trust the Acadians, because they were French.
d. Even though the Acadians had lived under British rule for more than 40 years, they were
unruly and were unable to live peacefully.
____ 16. In December 2003, Queen Elizabeth II apologized for the __________ brought about by the deportation of the
Acadians in 1755.
a. ethnic cleansing c. humiliation
b. colonization d. tithes
Complete each statement.
17. For France and Britain, Acadia represented a base for attacking each other, and for ____________________
their own colonies and trade routes.
18. ____________________ was “French” but France had never fought the Mi’kmaq or asked for their surrender
in any way.
19. The process of one country establishing domination over a territory in another country is called
20. ____________________ was the capital and military stronghold of New France.
21. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham has been considered a ____________________ battle.
22. ____________________ had hoped that France would try to recover New France instead of Guadeloupe in
the Treaty of Paris.
23. According to the Royal Proclamation, the Province of Québec would establish a British-style government
similar to the governments in the ___________________________________.
24. Québec became a ______________________________ in 1774 when Britain passed the Québec Act.
25. The Seven Years’ War ended with the Treaty of ____________________.
26. The story of Pontiac is told from a _________________________ perspective.
Please match the following words or terms to their correct description below.
a. Mi’kmaq f. British
b. consequences g. Creation
c. coexistence h. Pontiac
d. Acadians i. compromise
e. deported j. The Great Deportation
____ 27. __________ is an example from Canada’s past that shows how conflict can draw out prejudices toward other
____ 28. The __________ war against Britain was the longest war against colonization in North America.
____ 29. The British tried to achieve a __________ when they created the Royal Proclamation
____ 30. The Mi’kmaq consider the land as a part of __________, without owners.
____ 31. The __________ had formed a close relationship with the Mi’kmaq.
32. In a paragraph, describe the relationship between the French and the Mi’kmaq. How was this relationship
different than that of the British and the Haudenosaunee?
33. Chapter Five is titled “War and British Conquest” and describes some of the important consequences of the
conquest for the French and First Nations peoples living in North America. Give details of some of these
34. Why was Acadia a centre of conflict between Britain, France, and the Mi’kmaq?
35. In “Removed from this Province” we learn about the deportation of the Acadians from their land. In essay
format, retell this story from either Colonel Winslow’s perspective or the young boy’s perspective. Give
details and make references to the information taught in this chapter.
36. In 1763, Britain wanted to establish peace in North America so it created the Royal Proclamation, a statement
of law and policy. What were these laws and policies? Did they in fact create peace among the people in
North America? Be sure to consider all perspectives in your answer as this proclamation affected the British,
the French, and First Nations.
1. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Th/G OBJ: p. 139
2. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Th/H OBJ: p. 139
3. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: K/U | Th/H OBJ: p. 143
4. ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Th/G OBJ: p. 142
5. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Th/G | K/U OBJ: p. 146
6. ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: K/U | A OBJ: p. 148
7. ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: Th/DM | K/U
OBJ: p. 167 STA: 7.1.2 | 18.104.22.168
8. ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: Th/DM | K/U
OBJ: p. 148 STA: 22.214.171.124
9. ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 148
10. ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Th/G OBJ: p. 153
11. ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 144
12. ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 142
13. ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: K/U | Th/H OBJ: p. 146
STA: 7.1.1 | 126.96.36.199
14. ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: K/U | Th/H OBJ: p. 159
15. ANS: C PTS: 1 REF: A | K/U OBJ: p. 152
16. ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: A OBJ: p. 154
17. ANS: protecting
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 141 STA: 188.8.131.52
18. ANS: Acadia
PTS: 1 REF: K/U | A OBJ: p. 142 STA: 7.1.2
19. ANS: colonization
PTS: 1 REF: A | K/U OBJ: p. 143 STA: 7.1.2
PTS: 1 REF: K/U | Th/G OBJ: p. 157 STA: 184.108.40.206 | 220.127.116.11
21. ANS: decisive
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 157 STA: 18.104.22.168 | 22.214.171.124
22. ANS: Vaudreuil
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 161 STA: 7.1.1 | 126.96.36.199
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 163 STA: 188.8.131.52
24. ANS: bicultural colony
PTS: 1 REF: Th/H | K/U OBJ: p. 167 STA: 184.108.40.206
25. ANS: Paris
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 158 STA: 7.1.1 | 220.127.116.11
26. ANS: Haudenosaunee
PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 159 STA: 18.104.22.168
27. ANS: J PTS: 1 REF: A OBJ: p. 148
28. ANS: A PTS: 1 REF: K/U | Th/H OBJ: p. 143
STA: 7.1.1 | 7.1.2
29. ANS: I PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 163
30. ANS: G PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 142
31. ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: K/U OBJ: p. 142
The French and the Mi’kmaq were able to coexist. The Mi’kmaq allowed the French to settle on their lands.
They were allies, traded with one another, and intermarried. Although the Haudenosaunee had been allies of
the British, they were considered insignificant once Britain won the war against France. Britain did nothing as
settlers and whiskey traders from the Thirteen Colonies pushed into Haudenosaunee land. The British didn’t
value the goodwill of the Haudenosaunee once they no longer needed them to fight the French.
PTS: 1 REF: A | Th/C OBJ: p. 142 | p. 143 | p. 160
Answers will vary, but could include the following:
The Acadians were deported because they would not agree to the new oath of allegiance. Their land and
homes were seized by the British.
The Haudenosaunee lost their land to the British
The British allowed whiskey traders from the Thirteen Colonies to push onto First Nations land.
The Royal Proclamation of 1763 abolished French civil law and set up a British-style form of government. It
also made peace with First Nations by establishing a line that settlers from the Thirteen Colonies couldn’t
The Quebec Act of 1774 returned some rights to the French, ensuring French language and culture would be
maintained, and reinstated French civil law.
PTS: 1 REF: Th/H | K/U | DI OBJ: Chapter 5
STA: 7.1.1 | 22.214.171.124 | 126.96.36.199 | 188.8.131.52 | 184.108.40.206
Britain and France wanted to gain control of Acadia because its location on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean
made it a good base for the French and British to attack one another.It was also a good trade route — both
supply ships and military ships passed through Acadia.
PTS: 1 REF: Th/G | Th/DM OBJ: p. 141 | p. 142
STA: 220.127.116.11 | 18.104.22.168
Answers will vary, but could include some of the following:
The British forced the Acadians to leave their land because the Acadians would not agree to sign an oath of
allegiance to the British. As a result, the British assumed that the Acadians would support the French if a war
Colonel Winslow states that the duty he must perform is very disagreeable to his nature but that he must do so
because it has been ordered by the King.
The young boy stands and shouts after he, and the others, are told that they must leave Acadia, This is our
land, our home. Our families have lived on this land for over 100 years!
PTS: 1 REF: A | Th/C | Th/DM
OBJ: p. 148 | p. 149 | p. 150 | p. 151 | p. 152 STA: 22.214.171.124
Answers will vary, but could include some of the following:
The Province of Québec was established
A British-style form of government was established in Québec
An elected assembly was promised, but not delivered for 30 years
Catholics could not hold positions in government
French civil law was abolished, including the tithes that supported the Catholic church
A proclamation line was established, separating the Thirteen Colonies from “Indian Territory”so American
settlers could not expand into that land
PTS: 1 REF: Th/DM | K/U | Th/H OBJ: p. 163