Organizational Structures of Informational Texts- Guided Notes There are ___5_____ basic organizational structures of informational texts and speeches: 1. ______problem-solution 2. _____cause-effect 3. ______comparison-contrast 4. _____sequential 5. _____chronological First Structure: __problem-solution This text or speech begins by identifying a ____problem or solution__ and then proposes a solution to the problem__. Structure of a Problem-Solution Essay: I. ________state the problem or problems II. _______restate the problem with supporting details III. ______suggest a solution to the problem IV. ______conclusion Problem and Solution texts play an ___important________ role. They _inform______ readers about ___problems__________ and suggest __solutions____ that can be taken to ___solve______these problems. Second Structure: ______Cause & effect______________ The cause and effect pattern is a text structure that writers use to Explain how or why they come to one another The _cause______ is the _reason that an action takes place. The _effect___ is the __result or consequence in the cause. A __cause_______ can have more than one effect, and an ___effect____may have several causes. Writers may explain ____cause____ only or __effect____ only. Sometimes a text is organized in a _____cause & effect chain____ in which one cause leads to an effect, which cause another effect, and on. There are two more patterns for Cause and Effect texts: 1. ____multiple cause leading to one effect___ 2. ___one cause leading to multiple effects__ Third Structure: ___Compare and contrast__ When you _compare__, you look at how two or more things are __similar____, that is, alike. When you _contrast____, you look at how things are __different_. Comparison and contrast is a text structure that discusses __similarities_ and __differences__. There are _two __ basic ways to organize a ___compare and contrast__ speech or text. 1. ____Block method___________ 2. ____point by point_______ First Way:_______block method__________ Discusses all the features of _____subject one___ first, then discusses all the features of ___subject two_______. For each subject, _discuss the same feature in the same order____. Second Way: ___point by point___________ A writer who uses the point-by point pattern __goes back and forth between two things____. Fourth Structure: ____Sequential___________________________ _Step by step________ instructions on how to complete a task. _Pattern___________ of organization that shows stages in a process. Examples: cookbook, tie shoes, washing dishes Fifth Structure: ________Chronological________________________ __Events_________ will be arranged in the order of time occurrence (when they happened) Example: __Timeline_______ To show the order of events, writers use order words such as ___after____, __next____, and _later__ and time words and phrases that identify specific times of day, days of the week, and dates, such as the _next morning_, ___Tuesday___, and __March 13, 2007___.
Pages to are hidden for
"Organizational Structures of Informational Texts- Guided Notes"Please download to view full document