From September 2010
The Individual Investigation provides candidates with an opportunity to carry out an
independent study. The Individual Investigation should extend their knowledge and
understanding of an aspect of the Welsh Baccalaureate Core or Options or a topic of
personal interest. The Individual Investigation must be based on a local/Wales perspective
and at least one other country or region of the world.
There is no specific requirement for candidates to adopt a comparative approach, provided
the candidate can demonstrate they have met all the assessment objectives for the
The Investigation must be presented in one of the following two ways.
Outcome of Individual Minimum evidence required for assessment
A written presentation that will normally include graphs, images,
statistical tables, diagrams, drawings, etc. and 2000-2500 words
in length (excluding graphs tables and diagrams)
Oral presentation A witness statement or confirmation from a teacher,
accompanied by copies of materials used in the presentation
including a set of speaking notes and other materials used e.g.
slides, pictures, maps/flowcharts, diagrams, etc.
Presentation to be a minimum of 10 minutes in length.
It is essential that oral presentations are assessed against the
assessment criteria. Robust evidence such as slides, speaking
notes and detailed witness statements must be provided and
must be assessed against the assessment criteria. This
evidence should be annotated showing where the candidate has
shown positive achievement or met the requirements in the
It is essential that internal moderation procedures take place
to assess candidates' work with different teachers/assessors and
across different teaching groups/vocational programme areas to
ensure that all candidates in the centre have been judged against
the same standards. The basis for such moderation is a common
understanding of the assessment criteria
GUIDANCE NOTES FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL INVESTIGATION –
This guidance should be used to assist with assessment, including the placement of a candidate's work in the
appropriate band i.e. Good, Middle or Bare pass, having due regard to the standards at the Advanced level.
Assessors should decide which band ‘best fits’ the work of the candidate for each of the assessment criteria and
which band best fits’ the work of the candidate overall.
BARE PASS MIDDLE PASS GOOD PASS
Plan how they will approach, carry out and complete the Investigation.
ii) (i) identify an An appropriate and sustainable topic and title is chosen, including reference to a local/Wales
appropriate topic and perspective and at least one other country or region e.g. a suitable hypothesis/key question.
reference to a Appropriate link Effective link between topic Effective link between
local/Wales between topic and and title. topic and title.
perspective and at title.
least one other Balanced and Balanced and effective Balanced and very
country or region; manageable focus. focus. effective focus.
Well organised and Effective and manageable Well managed and
(ii) identify and use constructive action action plan. sustainable action plan.
effective strategies for plan.
target setting and time Targets and deadlines
management. Targets and developed and well Targets and deadlines
deadlines developed, managed effectively managed e.g.
followed and met. prioritised, used flexibly.
Identify, select and use information from a range of sources.
Adequate range of Wide range of relevant Wide range of relevant
relevant sources sources, identified and sources, identified and
(i) (i) identify, select and identified and selected, more varied selected with more varied,
reference a range of selected. or detailed than detailed and complex
relevant sources, previous band. sources than lower bands.
including from a
local/Wales perspective Sources provide Sources provide good Sources provide very good
and at least one other adequate coverage coverage of topic and coverage of topic and both
country or region; of topic and both both perspectives. perspectives.
Sources suitably Sources appropriately Sources effectively and
referenced within and effectively comprehensively referenced
the investigation and referenced, within the within the investigation and
using a bibliography. investigation and using using a bibliography.
(ii) identify, select and Information selected Information selected is Information selected is
analyse a range of is appropriate, appropriate, reliable comprehensive, reliable and
relevant primary and reliable and and effective in scope effective in scope and depth.
secondary information. adequate in scope and depth.
Information is Information is analysed Information is analysed
analysed effectively. critically and effectively.
Present the findings of the Investigation.
(i) develop, organise Organised and Organised, developed Organised, developed and
and present findings in presented in an and presented in an presented, in an effective
an appropriate and appropriate and appropriate and and where appropriate
effective way. effective way. effective way. creative way.
A range of appropriate A range of appropriate A range of appropriate and
(II) apply a range of skills and techniques. skills and techniques demanding skills and
appropriate skills and applied successfully applied effectively. techniques applied
techniques; effectively and creatively.
A good knowledge and A very good A thorough and
(iii) show a good understanding. knowledge and comprehensive knowledge
knowledge and understanding. and understanding.
understanding of the
topic or issue, making Makes useful Makes and explains Makes and explains
appropriate connections between useful connections complex connections
connections between relevant information and between relevant between relevant and
relevant information concepts e.g. identify information and information and concepts
and concepts. and comment on the concepts e.g. prioritises e.g..explains how and why
causes of an event or causes, explains attitudes may change.
actions of people. differing attitudes.
Adequate coverage of Good coverage of Very good coverage of
(iv) include appropriate topic and both topic and both topic and both
coverage of a perspectives. While perspectives. While perspectives. While
local/Wales perspective emphasis may be on emphasis may be on emphasis may be on one,
and at least one other one, both are clearly one, a good balance is an effective balance is
country or region. and adequately maintained. maintained.
Draw conclusions based on the findings and evaluate their own performance..
(i) reach well- Relevant and well A range of relevant A range of relevant, well
supported conclusions supported conclusions, and well supported supported and perceptive
based on the evidence including from a conclusions, including conclusions, including from
found, including from a local/Wales perspective from a local/Wales a local/Wales perspective
local/Wales and at least one other perspective and at least and at least one other
perspective and at country/region. one other country/region.
least one other country country/region.
(ii) make balanced Judgements made are Judgements made are Judgements made are
judgements, showing mostly balanced and balanced and balanced, convincing and
awareness of differing convincing, recognising convincing, consistent, recognising a
opinions or points of some differing opinions recognising relevant range of relevant and
view. or points of view. and differing opinions differing opinions and
and points of view. points of view.
(iii) evaluate the Evaluation of approach Evaluation of approach Evaluation of approach is
effectiveness of their is appropriate with is effective, with effective with objective,
approach to the realistic comments on realistic and objective balanced and perceptive
Individual Investigation, their own performance. comments on their own comments on their own
including the strengths performance. performance.
and weaknesses of
their own performance.
CHARACTERISTICS OF PASS AND FAIL IN THE ADVANCED LEVEL INDIVIDUAL INVESTIGATION
A pass is required in each box. A fail in any box is a fail overall
An appropriate and sustainable topic and title is chosen e.g. a suitable The topic and title chosen are not appropriate or sustainable.
hypothesis or key question.
The topic is vague, general, unbalanced or not appropriate for Advanced
Planning is well organised and constructive. Targets and deadlines are identified, Level. Planning is ineffective. Planning lacks detail or coherence with little
and there is evidence that they have been followed and met. evidence of useful targets having been followed or met.
Appropriate reference is made to a local/Wales perspective and at least one References to a local/Wales perspective and at least one other
other country or region throughout. country are not adequate.
Both perspectives are adequately covered when planning, using sources, Both perspectives are not adequately covered in planning, use of sources,
presenting findings, drawing conclusions and evaluating own performance. While presentation of findings, conclusion and evaluation. Some minor
the emphasis may be on one of the perspectives there is adequate coverage of weaknesses or limitations in one or two areas only are acceptable.
An adequate range of relevant sources are identified and well used. Sources identified and used are few in number, lack variety,
suitability, depth and quality.
Sources chosen are of different types e.g. from the internet, questionnaires, Sources may be drawn from a limited number of websites and do not
books, journals. If the choice of sources is limited and focused to one type e.g. adequately cover the topic and perspectives chosen. There is evidence
from the internet, the number and quality of the sources chosen must provide that key sources and/or information used is unreliable. Analysis of sources
sufficient quality, depth and coverage of the topic chosen. The information is simplistic e.g. often records or describes information only. Sources often
selected from these sources is reliable, adequate in scope and depth, used inappropriately e.g. copy and paste with little attempt to analyse or
successfully analysed and appropriately used. Sources are suitably referenced. comment. Referencing of sources ineffective or non existent.
Findings are organised and presented appropriately and effectively, Findings are presented in an inappropriate, disorganised and
demonstrating a good knowledge and understanding. ineffective way with limited knowledge and understanding.
Some useful connections are made between information and concepts e.g. an Knowledge does not adequately cover the topic area with evidence of
attempt is made to explain rather than just illustrate causes, changes, the actions misunderstanding in key areas. There is a tendency to use a descriptive or
of people or governments A range of appropriate skills and techniques have narrative approach with little attempt to make connections or provide
been successfully used e.g. ICT, communication. The work should include explanations. The use of appropriate skills and techniques is limited
appropriate graphs, images, diagrams etc and (excluding these) be c2000-2500 and/or often unsuccessful. The work may not include appropriate graphs,
words in length. images, diagrams etc or not comply with word limits i.e. be unduly short of
the 2,000 words required or seriously exceed the 2,500 word limit without
When reaching conclusions, judgements made are mostly balanced and When reaching conclusions, judgements made are limited, basic and
convincing. often unconvincing.
Where appropriate, differing opinions and points of view are recognised. When Clearly differing opinions and points of view are not recognised. When
evaluating the effectiveness of their approach and commenting on their own evaluating the effectiveness of their approach and commenting on their
performance, responses are appropriate and realistic. own performance, important responses are inappropriate and unrealistic.