Resident Coordinator’s Support Office
                     UNMIS Humanitarian Early Recovery & Reintegration
                                   Joint Weekly Report
                                      19–26 July 2009
                                     THREE AREAS

Population Movements
    Migration: The migration season is at an end and the Misseriya have returned North to the Muglad area.
    IDPs: RCSO/Muglad office reported IDPs arrival from Darfur.
    Return: Following the PCA decision returns to Abyei area is expected to increase; RCSO/RRR and
       HAC/SSRRC are closely coordinating with Agencies to prepare for the return. Returnee registration is
       suspended for July.

Education: AAA Department of Social Services Secretary (NCP) requested support for education, RCSO will
follow-up with UNICEF.


      Peace Building: On July 22 the PCA ruling regarding Abyei boarder was announced. Both parties to the
       CPA formally accepted the decision. Immediately following the decision, populations in Abyei and Agok
       undertook celebratory parades, to celebrate the decision. UN and partners remain vigilant and are
       following closely the implementation of the decision and its interpretation by both NCP and SPLM.
      Food and NFIDistribution: RCSO reported large-scale distributions of NFIs to 3500 HHs and food-aid for
       approx. 50,000 beneficiaries. WFP has completed all pre-rainy season distributions in area. RCSO will
       follow up SSRRC request for more assistance for IDPs, and expected returnees.
      Coordination: By the time of the PCA announcement 90% of the Humanitarian Contingency Plan [HCP]
       was completed. It is suggested that it is maintained on stand-by until September in case there are any
       problems in the area with PCA interpretation/ implementation

 July 28, field trip to Diffra and Agok with POC and HoO. Strategy meetings for post-PCA way-forward in

                                               BLUE NILE STATE
Governance and Rule of Law: Khartoum UNDP Rule of Law send a letter to the Chief Judge of the Court of
Appeal in Blue Nile vis-à-vis RCSO reiterating UNDP R/L commitment to support the R/L Sector in Blue Nile vis-
à-vis its various activities.

Returns: The Community Friendly Child Initiative (CFCI) Coordination Unit in Blue Nile and the MDTF-
Community Development Fund (CDF) supported Projects in Kurmuk and Giessan Localities and has agreed to
sign a partnership agreement on joint planning and implementation. With a resource endowment of around USD
4,000,000 for both project and UNICEF support. This partnership is expected to increase access to basic services
and expedite the process of stabilising gains in return localities.

Child protection: The Blue Nile Joint DDR Commissions (JDDRC), UNICEF, UNMIS/ DDR and UNMIS/ Child
Protection have agreed to organize a one day workshop to engage with reintegration partners (State Ministry of
Social Welfare, ROOF and CFCI) on the current status of former demobilized children, challenges encountered with
special focus on systematic recruitment and re-recruitment and possible solutions.

Health: On 22nd July the AWD/Cholera task force met and reported one suspected case of AWD was reported
during the week totalling four suspected cases since 3 rd July, no case has so far been confirmed. A team to be lead
by the Director of The Department of Epidemiology is planning to conduct awareness meetings with the
Commissioner as well as other authorities in Tadamon.
South Darfur
Peace Building: On July21, UNDP Livelihood Project completed one week workshop in Nyala on Project Planning,
25 participants including 5 females from government planning departments, institutions and ministries.

On July 22 a one week workshop on Management Principles & Financial Management was held, 25 participants
from the senior financial and executive managers of the government departments attended.

Cluster coordination: Food Security & Livelihood Cluster deliberated upon its roles and responsibilities. Within 2
weeks the final version of the TOR will be made available.

Basic services:
 Education: UNDP supported 45 day - IT training for 40 participants (20 youth and 20 women) at the Faculty
    of Community Development, University of El Fasher.
 Training: On going seven days training on Strategic Planning for government planners from several line
    Ministries; vocational training for 216 IDP youth from Kalma camp in 13 different vocational skills at Nyala
    Technical College Project Management course for government officers has been completed.
   Health: On July 22, SD MoH reported to the Health Coordination forum 18 new cases of Acute Jaundice
    Syndrome (AJS) in addition to 13 AJS cases recorded for the previous week. An increase of bloody diarrhea
    cases was recorded in Drej camp in Nyala and Kass camps. MoH, WHO, and health partners are taking
    measures to investigate the cases.
   Vaccination: On July22, SD MERLIN reported they will start routine vaccination in Kalma camp next week to
    resume this activity which was previously carried out by MSF in the camp.
   Water: On July 23, SD WASH cluster voiced its concern to operating partners on water supply and sanitation
    activities in IDPs camps and rural areas. A close monitoring for the water quality and vector control is ongoing
    to respond to situation changes and difficulties associated with the ongoing rainy season.

Environment Working Group:
  Energy and environment management in camps: On July22, SD Mona Solar & Environmental NGO started 4
    days TOT programme in Nyala on Fuel Efficient Stoves and Environmental Awareness & Conversation. A set
    of recommendation were made to concerned agencies and Forestry National Corporation to advocate on
    forestry protection.
 Energy and environment in urban and rural areas: Practical Action (PA) trained 81 women and will organize
   village level trainings on improved mud stove and environmental awareness.
 This will be followed by the distribution of 1000 seedlings in the El Fasher rural villages.

   PA will provide 600 LPG gas cylinders and stove to families of El Fasher town and rural areas through the
   Women Development Association Network and GAA will distribute 20,000 seedlings to the residents of the
   Kutum Town.
Up coming Event
 From 2-13 August: UNDP in collaboration with UNESCO is organizing a training workshop in Khartoum on
   Water Resources Assessment and Planning for 13 participants from government departments in North, South
   and West Darfur.

For Humanitarian Development in Darfur please refer to OCHA bulletins
                                               EAST SUDAN
                                       KASSALA AND GEDAREF

Education: State Ministry of Education supported by UNICEF graduated 200 basic school teachers who have been
received 18 days training in English Language and Mathematics syllabuses. In support of the education sector in
Kassala, State Ministry of Education and UNICEF launched a training session for 100 basic school teachers on a
new education approach called “Child Centered Learning Approach” which was developed to provide quality
education to the children of the Nomads. A partnership consortium consistent of UNICEF, WFP, CDF and Plan
Sudan was foraged to support education in general and strengthen the Girls School initiative in Hamesh Koreib. In
a meeting that was chaired by the DG of Education roles and responsibilities required for supporting the Girls
school was assigned to partners where UNICEF committed SDG 80 millions for the school construction, WFP
committed Food For Education, CDF-Hamesh Koreib committed to construct four classrooms and one teacher’s
office and plan Sudan will provide all the needed furniture and seating materials for the classrooms and the
teacher’s offices in addition to provision of food additives such as onion, spices Etc. for improving the food quality
which considered an attractive factor that is believed will increase the girls enrolment and school retention.

Bridging the Animal Feed Gap On Tuesday 21st July under patronage of Wali of Kassala State FAO organized a
two days workshop in which sixty participants from State Ministries of Agriculture of the three East Sudan States.
The overall objective of the workshop through the discussing was to identify appropriate strategies to fill any
animal feed gap that might be caused by drought or dry spells in East Sudan. The main recommendations that the
participants made for appropriate strategies for bridging animal feeding gap were (a) A national project for
improving the pastures and ranges, protection of forests and controlling the environment deterioration, (b)
Strengthen the State Administration of Ranges and Pastures in order to timely collect and broadcast range seeds to
improve the situation and quality of pastures and protect them from fires in East Sudan, (c) Livestock vaccination
should free of any charges, (d) Construction of Hafirs and animal drinking basins especially on those pastures and
ranges that are at far distance from drinking water sources and building up the pasture extension capacity and
educate the pastoralists and build their capacities in managing pastures and ranges in East Sudan.

                                                  RED SEA STATE
Food Security & Livelihood (Productive Sectors): From 21 to 22 July RCSO and SPCRP (Sudan Productive
Capacity Building Recovery Programme) mission from Red Sea state participated in the effective strategy to fill the
gap in animal feed and mitigate the impact of drought cycle disaster workshop - which was organized by FAO in
Kassala state. Seven papers were presented in the workshop covering the following themes: (a) Scarce feed
resources (b) Animal feed gap in Kassala state (C) Achievement of food security (d) Intervention of FAO in Eastern
Sudan (e) Non conventional animal feed resources (f) Water harvesting in Eastern Sudan (g) The effect of climatic
changes on animal production. The presentations concluded the following:

    -   The causes of scarcity of feed resources are due to uncontrolled expansion of rain fed agriculture,
        desertification, deforestation, fire out break and climatic change.
    -   In addition herd management among most of the pastoralist and animal owners is very poor as many of
        herds are kept without any economic feasibility due to socio-cultural reasons.
    -   That some policies that could contribute to the achievement of food security such as improving the
        producers’ capacities by providing incentives and financial support to overcome the sharp decreasing of
        prices sometimes.
    -   It was highlighted the FAO emergency programme which is tailored to minimize the disastrous impact of
        natural crisis which is frequent phenomena in Eastern Sudan by targeting the most vulnerable groups
        among farmers or pastoralists.
    -   The fifth presentation advocated the necessity of integrating the animal production in the agricultural cycle
        and in irrigated schemes in particular.
    -   Environmental friendly designs for water harvesting techniques were presented and recommended
        intensive studies on surface water resources.

 It was concluded that the most distinguishable symptoms of climatic changes is demonstrated in the expansion of
 desertification phenomena during the last decades, significant increase in dust suspension, creeping sand dunes,
 soil fertility deterioration and decrease and change in vegetation cover
 CFCI, Child friendly Communities Initiative programme which funded by UNICEF and managed by the
     Department of Planning will organize a workshop on Communities Capacity Building on Sunday, 26th July in
     Port Sudan.
                                                 SOUTHERN SUDAN
                                                  UNITY STATE (US)
Save the Children-UK completed the registration and verification of farming groups and started an extensive seeds
and tools distribution to 1,250 farming households in vulnerable communities in Leer, Koch and Rubkona
Counties. The project which is implemented from the Sudan Recovery Fund (SRF), aims at supporting sustainable
return and reintegration and improving the livelihoods of vulnerable communities. The project will further assist
vulnerable communities to regain their farming skills, tools and seeds lost during years of displacement.

As part of its contingency plan, IRC reported that it has pre-positioned 2,600 mosquito nets to be distributed to
children under-five years and pregnant mothers in Panyijar County, one of the underserved counties in Unity State
bordering Lakes State. IRC is further supporting 9 health facilities in the County. The distribution of the nets to the
target group will help prevent them from mosquitoes and malaria sickness and enhance their wellbeing.

RCSO coordinated with the State Ministry of Health through OCHA EP&R to deliver 439 kg of Anti malaria drugs
to the Ministry of Health in Unity State. The drugs are expected to be delivered through WFP HAS cargo flight on

24th July 2009.
                                                  JONGLEI STATE
UNMIS TCC Bor reported that they have started grading and levelling the road to Bor town. The Jonglei State
Council of ministries has drafted prioritization of programs for SRF. They propose in the Security component of the
SRF funds the following:
            1. Establishment of Peace Village in Ajageer with construction of local government and police offices.
            2. Construction and installation of Radio, FM and TV stations with staff training and provision of
            3. Chiefs training on peace building and conflict management and local government through peace
                and reconciliation conferences.
            4. Construction of County headquarters with attention to Counties that have no offices.
            5. Construction of water reservoirs in Counties that are yet to be identified, like in Pibor, Uror, Nyirol
                and Duk.
            6. Vehicles and communication equipment for security agents.
   In the recovery component of the SRF funds the Council proposed the following programs:
        1. Drilling a borehole at the Werkok Secondary school.
        2. Renovation of the Bor Civil Hospital with restructuring of the hospital administration and
            appointment of medical staff.
        3. Establishment of technical and vocational school at State headquarters.
        4. Construction of boarding schools, one primary and one secondary school.
        5. In agriculture they propose:
                Construction of water catchments areas.
                Training of farmers on animal and crop production.
                Provision of farming tools and seeds to enhance food security.
                Animal and crop disease control and supply of drugs.
        6. Construction of community centres with playgrounds, cultural centres and libraries.
        7. Construction of primary health care centres.
        8. Grading of secondary feeder roads.

Action Points:
The Council of Ministers will discuss these projects on Tuesday and Wednesday 28 and 29 of July, and the SRF
Technical Committee will be arriving in Bor on Monday 27 July.

UNMIS RRR has received from SSRRC Duk County through SSRRC Jonglei State a report about 8,181 spontaneous
returnees and 11,446 hunger affected persons in Duk.

On Health and Nutrition UNICEF has completed project agreements with the following NGOs as follows:
           o The Nutrition project with STC-UK was approved; funds and supplies were released for projects in
              Wuru, Nyirol and Akobo West.
           o MSF-B: renewed agreement on nutrition and EPI projects for Pibor, Lekongole and Gumruk, all
              needed supplies were released.
           o MSF-H: EPI project is under process for Pieri and Lankien.
           o The ACSI (African Child Survival Initiative) will be launched on 6 August in Bor, targeting all
              children in that County; Twic County will be the next target.

On Water and Sanitation, UNICEF approved and funded the proposal with STC-UK for school Sanitation,
   hygiene education and provision of Safe Water covering Wuror, Nyirol and Akobo West Counties of Jonglei

On Child Protection UNICEF approved and funded the proposal with STC-UK for the tracing and
    Reunification project of children throughout Jonglei State.

On Health, UNICEF supplies were delivered to support projects implemented by different partners in Jonglei
   State mainly for the Ministry of Health and Education for the ACSI campaign planned next week and for the
   Nutrition programme.

Action Points:
UN agencies agreed to continue with preparation for a verification mission in Duk County pending security
assessment by UNDSS in the area.


Jonglei State SSRRC previously requested assistance in transporting the 27 Lou Nuer IDPs from Pibor who are in
Bor town to their communities of origin of Pieiri and Duk Padiet in Duk County. SSRRC informed that there are
currently 22 trucks with SSRRC in Juba but none have been released to Jonglei State. SSRRC complained it has
requested the release of only two trucks for their operations in Jonglei State and also asked RCSO for assistance in
this matter. Although it is an internal matter, government authorities should account for and be transparent on
assets given to them from donors.

Action Points:
RCSO at the regional level could talk with SSRRC South Sudan on assets being held in Juba.

    SRF technical committee visiting Bor on 27 July 2009
                                     WESTERN EQUATORIA STATE (WES)
 After the pull out of DOTY from the management of Yambio hospital, WHO is working with the state MOH to
   Ensure that there are no gaps in operation.
 UNMIS CPU met with the High Court Judge to follow the cases of convicted children who are in prison. A total
   of seven convicted children are in the prison for defilement and theft-related cases, their sentence period range
   from two to seven years.
 UNICEF has completed two buildings for lactating mothers in Anjana and people living with HIV/AIDs in
   Yambio. They have also embarked upon the construction of eight classrooms in Makpandu.
 FAO has started a post-seed distribution impact assessment programme for 2009. It has also completed two
   county Agricultural offices in Ezo and Tambora.
 MSF has pulled out of Ezo for the past one month due to security problems enroute to Ezo and without a
   proper handover of its health activities to government or any INGO. It was agreed at an RCSO facilitated
   coordination meeting that WHO, UNHCR, WVI and IOM would meet to arrange proper coverage of MSF’s
 MSF has also agreed to brief the UNST next week about their future plans for Ezo after proper consultations
   with their base.
 IOM has completed formalities with the government for putting into use two mobile clinics in Ezo, Andari and
   Source Yubo.
 On 23 July, planned verification of IDPs in Malakia area of Yambio was suspended due to threats of attack by
   some IDPs. SSRRC will propose a new date after proper consultations with all concerned and apprehension of
   the offending parties by the Police.
 However, the verification in Baragu was completed as 201 House holds were verified and issued with ration
 Medical assessments carried out by WHO and IOM in Ezo confirmed that there is no outbreak of cholera;

    rather there were few cases of watery diarrhoea. Agencies are closely monitoring the situation.
   RRR enumerated 13,982 spontaneous returnees in four counties within the last six months. Six more counties
    are yet to be covered due to lack of trained enumerators.
   WVI distributed seeds and tools to IDPs in Source Yubo, Ezo and Nagero.
   IOM is participating in the joint assessment mission lead by UNHCR in Tambura and Source Yubu. IOM also
    pre-positioned 500 NFI Kits for immediate distribution for the IDPs as well as the Refugees in Tambura /
    Source Yubu once the exact number of house-holds displaced by the recent LRA attacks is determined.
                                  Humanitarian Emergencies due to LRA incidents
                                                  As of 24 July 2009
                          Location                       No IDPs **        No Refugees
                          LRA Affected
                          Central African Rep
                          Source Yubo                                      489
                          Tambura                        2016              118
                          Dem Rep Congo
                          Yambio                         3240              1813
                          Nzara                          1902
                          Ezo                            18046             2292
                          Andari                                           306
                          Gangura                                          2007
                          Iggi                                             104
                          Makpandu                                         2274
                          Nabanga                                          221
                          Nandi                                            792
                          Sakure                                           910
                          Sangua                                           292
                          Souce Yubo                                       11
                          Tambura                                          25
                          Ukuo                                             402
                          J Dikko                                          134
                          Madebe                                           431
                          Ibba & Kasia                   2661
                          Mundri                         12925
                          Maridi                         10774
                          Total LRA Affected             51564             12621 (64185)
                          Tribal Clash Affected
                          Mvolo                          12166
                          Total                          63730
                          Grand Total 2+3                 76351
                   Figures as reported by SSRRC, some are still subject to verification.

RCSO had several meetings with SSRRC and government on issues concerning IDP and refugee situation.
Assessment in Yambio and effect of recent LRA attacks. SSRRC also shared update on the current IDP figures.
RCSO has been co-opted into the state technical committee for Transport and Logistics for the GOSS national
celebration of CPA day to be held in January 2010 in Yambio.

                                            WARRAP STATE (WS)

 Reintegration Activities: The construction of primary school at Ajak Kuac in Twic County is reported to have been
 completed by IOM after the work was temporarily halted due to insecurity in the area caused by some armed cattle
 raiders from Mayom County of Unity State last month. This is the second school that IOM has constructed this year
 in the state. One other school was built in Faraksika Village of Tonj North County.

 UNICEF WASH in Wau reported it had made available, a list of items to be on standby for response to
 humanitarian situation if any in Abyei. The supplies include: (1) PUR Sachets, Generators and submersible pumps
 for motorization of existing productive boreholes if required, plastic slabs, bar soap, hygiene materials, toilet slabs
 and plastic sheeting for emergency pit latrine Super structure, digging tool kits, water filters (Institutional and
 family kits), collapsible jerry cans and Oxfam Buckets, Aqua Tabs 67mg, spare parts and maintenance tools for
 Imk2 repair/rehabilitation by Rural Water Development and/or partner NGO involved in the emergency. (2)
 Logistics: One (1) Rural Water Development (Warrap State) Land Cruiser pick up ready to move/preposition
 supplies from Wau to Twic County and will be backed up by UNICEF Wau Office.
    (3) Human Resources: Two UNICEF WASH professional staff and 2 Rural water Development staff (1 O&M
    Deputy Director and Hygiene Supervisor) (4) Others: SUPRAID, a local NGO based in Wunrok has been
    Contacted by UNICEF to drill at least 2 new hand pumps if need be.

 IOM has prepositioned 3000 NFI kits in the rub hall approximately 7km from Wau to Kuajok road for Abyei
 Contingency Plan

 WFP has stocked 700 MT of food in 2 rubb halls at Aweng for emergency (Abyei Contingency Plan) purposes.

  27th July -2nd August 2009: SRF Technical Secretariat Monitoring visit to Kuajok to meet with the State Steering
    Committee and pay visits to projects sites.

The RCSO Weekly Report is a consolidation of weekly field reports produced by RCSO field offices, based on information
from state level United Nations, NGO and government partners. For further information, please contact
(HERR/RCSO Khartoum) or Sandra Kugonsa (RCSO Juba). For previous reports, please
refer to: ).

       ASC: Area Security Coordinator                                RIEP: Rapid Impact Emergency Programme
       AWD: Acute Water Diarrhoea                                    RRR: Return, Reintegration and Recovery
       BANBAT: Bangladeshi Contribution Contingent                   SMOA: State Ministry of Agriculture
       CHF: Common Humanitarian Fund                                 SOME: State Ministry of Education
       DG: Director-General                                          SMOH: State Ministry of Health
       ERT: Emergency Response Training                              SRRC: Sudan Recovery and Relief Commission
       EC: European Commission                                       TOT: Trainer of Trainers
       EPI: Endemic Programme of Immunization                        WG: Working Group
       GBV: gender based violence                                    WES: Water , Environment and Sanitation
       HAC: Humanitarian Aid Commission                              UNMO:UNMIS Military Observer
       POC: Protection of Civilians                                  UNPOL: UN Police
                                                                     UNST: UN state team


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