The English Colonies - Download as PowerPoint

Document Sample
The English Colonies - Download as PowerPoint Powered By Docstoc
					      Term            Define it!!   Why is it important?   Draw it out!!!

Northwest Passage

Joint-Stock Company

Cash Crop

Indentured Servant

African Slaves

Plantation System

House of Burgesses

Charter
Bacon’s Rebellion
  Copy the dates as follows…
    1580
    1590
    1600
    1610
    1620




1580       1590         1600    1610   1620
  Add the following dates in between each decade to
   represent five years…
    1585
    1595
    1605
    1615




1580        1590           1600      1610          1620
Credits: ClipArt, ABC-Clio, Grolier Online, Britannica Online from
Katy ISD library site.
A water route through North America
to Asia.


                                                                        Water route




Birdsall, S. S. (2006). North America. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Retrieved August 24, 2006, from Grolier
Online http://gme.grolier.com/cgi-bin/article?assetid=0209970-0
 To find a faster route to the
 Indies and China!

 Break the Italians monopoly
 and try to beat the Spanish.
Spain has colonies in the Americas which
provides them with …. gold, silver, sugar cane
plantations, etc…
=Gold=$$$$$$$=POWER= Number 1 in World
 Queen Elizabeth orders…
   English ships to
   capture Spanish ships
   near America and steal
   their cargo of gold,
   silver, and other
   products.
     England needs the $$$
   The most famous of
   the Sea Dogs was Sir
   Francis Drake.
England was free to                     England attacks
sail the 0ceans!                        Spanish settlements
                                        and set up their own
English attack on St. Augustine, 1586   settlements in North
                                        and South America.
                                        Up and down the
                                        coast of the Americas,
                                        countries are
                                        attacking each others
                                        settlements.
 England began directing its
  resources towards establishing
  colonies.
 The English government
  refused fund the colonies.
    Private investors invested in
     colonies.
    Sir Walter Raleigh received
     permission from Elizabeth
     to start the first colony at
     Roanoke Island.
 1585
 The 1st colony was short
  lived when the Natives
  realized that the English
  wanted their land and
  stopped replenishing their
  food supply.
 Surviving members of the
  colony returned to England   Sir Walter Raleigh starts
  in 1586.                     the first colony at
                               Roanoke Island.
 1587
 John White, leader of the
  colony
 Brought his family to
  Roanoke, his
  granddaughter was the
  first English child
  (Virginia Dare) born in
  North America.
 1587- White sails to
  England to get needed
  supplies. 1588- Spain
  attacks England.
 Returned in 1590, the
  colony had disappeared.
                              “The Lost Colony”
 King Phillip of Spain
 ordered…
   130 Spanish warships to
    attack England
      Sea Dogs and a storm
       defeated the Armada, the
       navy sailed back to Spain
       with less than half of their
       ships.
   This defeat had two
    important
    consequences:
      England would remain
       independent and
       Protestant.
      Spain could be
       defeated…this led other
       countries to challenge
       Spain.
                 1587         1590




“The Lost Colony”
The second English attempt
to colonize North America        The Spanish Armada was
ended with an entire colony      defeated by England in 1588.
missing!
 Raleigh lost his entire investment
  in the Roanoke colony.
 Financing a colony would take
  more than one person.
   People interested in making a
    return on their investment would
    give money to the company to help
    pay for the colony.
   Each person that invested had
    ownership in the company.
   Investors would share the profits
    as well as the losses.
 Jamestown was started for economic purposes…to make
 $$$$$$$$ for the company, themselves and the king.




John Smith’s map of Virginia.
Jamestown Fort
 King James I issued a charter in
  1606.
 Charter- Contract (King is
  going to grant land to the
  company and the company
  agrees to give the King profits
  from the colony)
 This agreement has to take
  place for colonization to
  happen in the New World.

1607: The first
  permanent English Colony
  is settled.
    They named the colony
     Jamestown in honor of King
     James I.
    First successful colony for
     England.
    The colonists immediately
     ran into trouble.               First day in Jamestown
                               January 1608
                                 Only 38 colonist are
                                  alive.
                                 John Smith takes over
                                  the colony.
                                 He announced that, “He
                                  that will not work shall
                                  not eat.”
                                 He persuaded the
                                  Powhatan tribe to trade
                                  for corn.


Pocahontas saving John Smith
 1609
    Smith is injured and returns
     to England.
    800 new colonist arrive.       Women arrive in Jamestown!
     Take Native American land.
 1610
    Powhatan Indians stop
     trading with the colonists.
     Indian attacks escalated.
    The STARVING TIME
     begins….
 By 1610
   Only 60 colonist
    survived.
   Colonist ate dogs,
    rats, mice….
 1612                  Cash Crops help the colonies survive.
    John Rolfe
     developed a high
     quality tobacco
     plant.
    Tobacco became
     very popular was
     in great demand
     in England.
    CASH CROP- $$$
 Tobacco changes Jamestown.
   The company found that the
    colonist productivity
    increased when they were
    allowed to participate in the
    profits.
   The company gifted 50 acres
    of land to all that could pay
    their passage to Jamestown.
   Population increased from
    600 in 1619 to 2000 by 1621.



                                    Jamestown was the start of
                                    the FREE ENTERPRISE
                                    system in North America.
 Colonist who could not pay
  their way to America, sold
  their labor for passage.
 After a number of years of
  servitude the colonist could
  make their own way at
  Jamestown.
White indentured servants         Indentured
came from all over Great
Britain. Men, women, and
                                   Servants
sometimes children signed a
contract with a master to serve
a term of 4 to 7 years. In
exchange for their service, the
indentured servants received
their passage paid from
England, as well as food,
clothing, and shelter once they
arrived in the colonies
              Indentured Servants
•While under contract a person could not…
   • marry or have children
   •leave the plantation, to perform work for anyone else
•An unruly indentured servant was….
   •whipped
   •punished for improper behavior
• Many did not live to see their freedom…
   •poor living conditions
   •hard labor
   •difficulty adjusting to new climate
   •native diseases
• Runaways were more difficult to recapture…
   •spoke English
   •white
                   Servant Name: Elizabeth Thomas
                   Name: George Wilkinson
                   Occupation: spinster
                   Date of Indenture: September 8 1684
                   Indenture Length: 4 years
                   Destination: Jamaica


                 Indentured
                 Servants
Servant Name: Robert Thomas
Name: Elizabeth Jones
Occupation: yeoman
Date of Indenture: August 10 1657
Indenture Length: 5 year
Destination: [Virginia]
 1619 Slaves arrive in Jamestown to provide a
 inexpensive labor force for English tobacco
 plantation owners.
Privately held land, bought
from the King to encourage
increased production of cash
crops (tobacco, rice, indigo,
sugar and later cotton.
Slaves provided the labor on
the very large farms.
The plantation operated like a
small village.
 Colonist set up their own
  government once they
  became annoyed with
  the strict rule of the
  governor.
 Local Control
   1619
   Assembly that could meet
    once a year.
   First elected assembly in
    the American colonies.
 King of England
 Parliament (Like our
  Congress)
   2000 miles away from
    America
   Appoints a governor (local
    control)
 Virginia Company of
  London
 House of Burgesses
   Self-government
   Representatives elected by
    the men of Virginia
   Make important decisions
    for the colony that must
    be approved by the
    Parliament (King of
    England)
 As more colonist
 arrived and
 wanted more
 Indian
 land…relations
 broke down.
   1622-Powhatan
    killed 350
    settlers of
    Jamestown
    settlers.
 By 1670’s one-fourth of the
 freed white men were former
 indentured servants.
   Most indentured servants did
    not own land and they
    resented the wealthy land
    owners.
   Freed indentured servants
    lived on the western frontier,
    where they battled the Native
    Americans for land.
 Nathaniel Bacon and a
 group of landless
 frontier settlers opposed
 Governor William
 Berkeley.
   Favoritism toward the
    large plantation owners.
   High taxes.
 Bacon’s group
  demanded that the
  governor declare war on
  the Indians and take
  their land for tobacco
  plantations.
 Governor Berkeley
  refused!
 Bacon’s group march into Jamestown and took
 over the House of Burgesses and burned
 Jamestown to the ground.
   Bacon’s sudden death ended the rebellion and his
    followers were hung.
 The governor was recalled and the House of
 Burgesses passed a new law forbidding the royal
 governors of Virginia from ever assuming such
 power again.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:8
posted:11/4/2012
language:Unknown
pages:35