The Medieval Period / The Middle Ages by 1j078e

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									The Medieval Period / The
Middle Ages

    1066 - 1485
Medieval Outline
(1066-1485)
I.       Invasion and Conquest
II.      Results of the Norman Conquest
         A. Social-Political Organizations
         B. Feudalism
         C. Castle Building
         D. Establishment of Law and Order
                     1. Domesday Book
                     2. Primogeniture
                     3. Women’s Status
                     4. Magna Carta
         E. Language
III.     Major Events and Institutions
       A. The Church
       B. The Crusades
       C. The Black Death
IV.    Literature
V.     The End!
Invasion and Conquest

                       Edward the Confessor’s
                        death…who will be
                        king?

                       Harold II?

                       William of Normandy?

                       Battle of Hastings,
                        14 October 1066
Feudalism
               Feudalism
Complicated system of land control that is
held and managed by the lord to provide
          for the king’s needs.


                Fief (feef)
 The land that the Lord manages for the
                   king.

                Fiefdom
   The practice of protecting the land.
Castles

   Family living

   Defense

   Base from which the
    lord controlled the land
                  St. Mawes Castle
Castle Building


                             10 ft. of height / yr.

                             Cold, damp

                             Tapestries
Herstmonceux Castle
Edward’s Castle
at Beaumaris
Law and Order

The Domesday Book

   King William

   “dom”= judgment

   Enables taxation
Primogeniture:
Playing favorites

   First Born: Inherits title and estate

   Second Born: Clergy

   Third Born: Knight
    Women
   Status in Society
       Lost status
       Became property of fathers and
        husbands
   Education
   Marriage
   Chivalry and Courtly Love
   Power
       Eleanor of Aquitaine
           Powerful
           Independent
           Queen of France
           Fearless
The Magna Carta
            Latin meaning “Grand/Great Charter”

            A treaty among all of the lords.
King John Signs at Runnymede
1215
Languages
   After the Norman Conquest, French became the dominant language in
    the courts and in commerce!
   DIGLOSSIA: language situation where two different languages are being
    used for two different purposes

                       French (High)     English (Low)
                           aroma             stench
                            beef              cow
        Upper                                                 Lower
                          mutton             sheep
        classes;                                              classes;
        nobility           swine              pork            peasants
                            veal              calf
                          mansion            house
                          demand              ask

   Language develops over time, is a mixture of influences, and is always
    evolving.
The Church

•The greatest factor for
unifying medieval life was
the shared Catholic religion.
•Linked Norman present to
the Anglo-Saxon past.
•Connected England with the
European continent.
•Offered lodging for travelers
and homes for widows and
orphans.
Canterbury Cathedral
1328 Europe
     Illuminated
     Manuscripts

   Most people didn’t
    own one.
   Status symbol.
   Hand copied by
    monks.
   Might take years
    to copy
   Dyes were costly.
   Used vellum from
    animal skins.
The Crusades

   Military Campaigns to
    free the Holy Land
    from the Moslems.

   Lost the war, but
    benefited from contact
    with the Arab world:
    mathematics,
    medicine, and a more
    refined lifestyle.
The Black Death 1346-1349

   1/3 of
    population
    died
   Bubonic
    Plague
   Caused
    breakdown of
    feudal system
   Created new
    social classes
Spread of the Black Death
Literature

   Romance – Preferred by the nobility; tales of
    Courtly Love instill a sense of chivalry

   Ballads – Oral tradition preferred by lower classes

   Miracle / morality plays – Performed in local
    cathedrals and were enjoyed by the masses
Geoffrey Chaucer – Father of English Poetry

                      Soldier, Diplomat, Political Appointee,
                      Master Storyteller

                      Father of English Poetry

                      Vernacular

                      Frame Story
Canterbury Tales
A group of pilgrims on their journey to the
shrine of Thomas a Becket…
An original manuscript of
The Canterbury Tales
William Caxton
The Printing Press!
William Caxton’s
signature
The End!

								
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