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SUSTAINABLE CITIES – Teachers’ Notes WJEC Key NGfL Cymru Suggested activity Question resources A global view of urbanisation is followed by an introduction to urban pressures around the world. The unit then focuses on three contrasting city locations cities in China, London especially 2012 Olympic legacy, and Masdar, Abu Dhabi to provide support material illustrating pressures and possible sustainable solutions. It is suggested that links are also made to the Sustainable Energy unit which provides Swedish urban support material and the Sustainable Water unit which details future water strategy for Sydney, Australia. It is hoped this linkage will encourage students to merge knowledge they have gained in different units and not see them as isolated entities. 4.1 How can cities Urbanisation A short UN video is supplied for students to watch which introduces some of the issues of this Unit. throughout the world be classified? Size, rate of Three sets of data are provided growth, level Population size of ‘largest’ 25 cities, 2010, and their % growth 2009-10 as a table of Population change 1800-2015 as bar graphs development Levels of development. Countries above and below the world GDP (PPP) per capita, $10,700. 2010 as of cities a map. Students are led through a series of questions to discuss a quote given from one of the sources. ‘This list is an estimate due to the difficulty in defining some mega cities and accurately estimating some populations.' Daily Telegraph Students use all the information to answer Which classification: size, rate of growth, level of development do you consider to be the most effective? Why? What other criteria could be used to classify cities? Further web links are given and students should realise size could also relate to aerial extent. 4.2 What pressures Pressures A striking image and hot links to many different types of resources, interactive links, newspaper currently confront confronting articles, trade magazines, photographs, unattributed Wikimedia asks studentsd to identify pressures cities and how are cities confronting cities around the world. they are also asked to evaluate the validity of different sources of they changing them? information. Transport and communicatio Pressures An extensive set of information is available to print out [14 pages] which contains summary information ns confronting from academic texts, maps, graphs, photographs, tables, diagrams, web links, references. Disparities of Chinese cities The activity is encouraging the skill of making summary notes from extensive information. a series of wealth post it notes help the student to formulate a series of headings for their notes. areal extent Quality of ‘Read the printed sheets. Use the information to make notes on Pressures confronting cities in China. environment Use the headings given on the ‘post its’. The White This is a link to video (5 x 20 min programmes) and articles showing the redevelopment of a city in Horse China due to the completion of the Three Gorges Dam. A BBC team made 5 annual visits at the start of the millennium. Changes to address the Resources including maps, web links, photographs, statistics give information on changes in pressures on areal extent China's cities transport and communications wealth disparity environment in Chinese cities. Students are asked: ‘Use these and other resources, including the video on White Horse Village and the printed sheets on pressures in Chinese cities, to research changes resulting from pressures in China's cities. Pressures in Do not forget to take into account the sources of information when you are forming your opinion.’ London Resources from WJEC Feb 2011 pre release resource material are used here to illustrate how such available resources can be modified to illustrate different issues. The material is available in print version from past papers, the Examination Board or its web site. The graphs detailing the rate of growth of population and households are enhanced with a direct link to an interactive site which shows the population growth location over a number of years. Such pressures have an effect on energy, water and development as shown by tables, statements, maps and video. Pressures and Students are asked to use this data to ‘Describe the some of the future pressures on London.’ changes, Masdar, Abu Dhabi This example is included to enable students contrast the environmental pressures of building an ecocity in the desert Students are asked to ‘Use the article and video to describe the environmental pressures on building a city in the desert.’ 4.3 What attempts have been made to Dongtan, This activity gives students an opportunity to plan their own sustainable city. find sustainable Shanghai, solutions to problems China Printable material is available on the growth of Shanghai with an outline of further expansion plans. An faced by cities? audio interview with a journalist from The Economist gives opinions on some of the development Strategies for ideas. Using an onscreen map of plans for a future city, the interview, and knowledge acquired from Transport and Chinese Cities in section 4.2, students are asked to develop their own ideas for a sustainable city on communicatio this site. ns Disparities of An opportunity is available to compare their own ideas with those submitted in China. wealth areal extent Quality of London Links are given to The Mayor of London sustainability statement and The London Plan 2011. The environment sustainability document outlines aims, the Plan gives more detail on each of the sustainability issues. Further sets of resources, including maps and videos, are available at the base of the screen on Water, Regeneration, Energy, Waste, Transport. Students are asked to evaluate the strategies adopted for the sustainable development of London. This activity may be developed individually, or as groups of students who choose one of the headings and report back to the class, making their analysis available for all the class. The The London Olympics 2012 are called the Sustainable Olympic Games. The 2012 Olympics sustainable committee embedded sustainability in the development plans. Olympic games, Using a series of resources including: London 2012 interactive maps and photos; printable map; a constantly updated collage of photographs; the sustainability claims for London 2012; long term environmental claims; long term transport effects on London; other long term sustainability claims; A poster showing Hackney's proposed legacy from 2012; 3 videos of some sceptics discussing the Olympic legacy in terms of regeneration. students are asked: What is your opinion on the sustainability of the 2012 Olympics? Masdar, Abu Articles, architect’s plans, radio 4 iplayer link on Eco-City provide the resources for students to: Dhabi Describe the plans for sustainable development of transport, food, water, energy, architecture, culture in Masdar. Would the elements of this scheme be a suitable model for other parts of the world? Essay plan Compare the plans for sustainability for: Dongtan, Shanghai; London, E London post 2012 Olympics; Masdar, Abu Dhabi. in terms of Transport and communications Disparities of wealth areal extent Quality of environment The activity is for a whiteboard table to be completed. A printed version is also available. 4.4 How sustainable How The activity uses some powerpoint presentations created by WJEC A Geography students of differing are cities? sustainable ability. Students could be encouraged to comment on the standards of the work of peers. Links are are cities? given to the presentations and a series of activities are suggested. 1. Using the given pieces of work as examples chose a city you have studied and make a powerpoint presentation answering the question 'How sustainable is city X'. Presentations could be made to the rest of the class. 2. Alternatively answer the question, Which of the given Chinese examples is the most sustainable city. Why? Comment on the standards achieved by the different presentations. 3. Cities take up less than 2% of the Earth's land surface, but use 75% of the resources we take from the Earth. In other words, they have large ecological footprints. e.g. London’s footprint is 120 times the size of the city using imports from around the world. Can cities ever be sustainable? Using illustration from the 3 proposals for sustainable cities in very different parts of the world, China, Abu Dhabi, London, assess the sustainability of cities.
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