Civics Ch 15/3
The constitution is the basic law of the land.
Each branch of government has a role in
making, enforcing and interpreting the laws.
• Rulings that judges pass down are
used later in similar trials and this
process is called Stare Decisis
“Let the decision stand”
Writ of Habeas Corpus
• Article I in the constitution includes several
basic rights of Americans.
• This means that when a police officers
brings you into the court, he must tell you
why you are being held.
• The officials must show good reason why
they are holding you, or they may let you
go because it is unlawful to hold you
Bill of attainder is a law that punishes a
person accused of a crime without a trial
or a fair hearing in court. Article I forbids
Due Process of law
• The govt. may not take our
lives, liberty or property
except according to the
proper exercise of law.
search and seizure
• This amendment protects
citizens against “unreasonable
search and seizures”
• It is a fundamental right to
secure your home and
A police officer must obtain
a search warrant that
specifically describes what
is to be searched and what
item is to be seized.
Police officers must have…
• Probably cause- a good reason to
believe a wanted person is hiding
in that place or that goods or
evidence are housed there.
Mapp vs. Ohio
• Pg 301
self incrimination, double
jeopardy and grand juries
“I plead the 5th” is a common phrase
that those who have been accused
of a crime often say.
Miranda commit a
vs. Double jeopardy-
Arizona crime you cannot be retried for
pg 673 must be the second time