Key Events in North America 1750’s to 1820
A map activity
Spain = yellow
France = red
Great Britain = green
United States = blue
Mexico = purple
Great Britain, Spain and France all claimed parts of North
America and some even claimed the same parts
P1: The French and Indian War 1754-1763
P2: Between Great Britain and France
P3: Both countries claimed the Ohio River Valley and
the profitable fur trade and they both claimed the
profitable fishing industry in Canada
P2: Indians fought for both the French and the British
P2: It was called the 7 years war in Europe
P2: Great Britain won the war, France lost and also lost its
claim to any lands in North America
P2: Results of the war
P3: Only Great Britain and Spain were left with land
Claims in North America
P3: Treaty of Paris 1763
P4: All wars are concluded by a legal document
called a treaty that outlines who gets what
P4: Treaty of Paris forced France to give up its
land claims in Canada and all land east of the
Mississippi River to Great Britain, and all land
west of the Mississippi River went to Spain.
Spain gave up Florida to Great Britain.
P1: The American Revolution 1775-1781
P2: The British colonies in North America rebelled against
Great Britain with help from France and Spain
P2: Causes of the American Revolution
P3: Great Britain was taxing the colonists more to
Help pay for the French and Indian War and the cost
Of maintaining a standing army in the colonies
P2: Results of the American Revolution
P3: The colonies became a Republic – the United
States of America
P3: U.S. claimed land and settlers spread to the
P3: Spain allowed immigration into the Louisiana
Territory in order to boost population
P3: Spain took advantage of the weakness of Great
Britain and retakes Florida
P1: 1789 The French Revolution Begins
P3: France was deeply in debt because of the French
And Indian War and the help they gave to the
Colonists during the American Revolution. The French
Government was almost bankrupt.
P3: The poorest people in France had to pay most of
the taxes and they resented it.
P2: The Revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte, a
military hero during the French Revolution, took over the
P1: Napoleon’s forces eventually took over most of western
P1: In 1800 Napoleon also “retook” Louisiana from Spain.
P1: In 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte from France sold Louisiana to
the United States for $15 million. – The Louisiana Purchase
P2: It doubled the land size of the United States.
P2: The border dispute known as “the Neutral Ground”
Occurred when the United States and Spain could not
agree on the border between the U.S. and New Spain. The
diplomats decided not to decide on the border. It became
a haven for the lawless.
P2: More settlers came to “Texas”.
P1: War of 1812
P3: After the Revolutionary War, Great Britain
refused to completely leave the United States
P3: Britain backed the Native Americans in their fight
to hold onto lands wanted by the U.S. settlers
P3: Britain impressed about 10,000 U.S. sailors and
P3: Britain attacked Washington, D.C. burning the
White House, Capitol, and other government
P3: Battle of New Orleans was decisive victory for U.S.
P3: Treaty of Ghent ended the war
P3: Battle of New Orleans was fought 2 weeks after
war was over
P3: Lasted for 2 years with no real winner
P1: 1819 – Adams-Onis Treaty
P2: Settled the border dispute
P2: U.S. gave up all claims to Texas. It belonged to Spain.
P2: U.S. got Florida from Spain.
P2: U.S. got the Neutral Ground.
P1: 1820-1821 War of Mexican Independence
P2: Political problems in Spain weakened the government.
P2: Mexican rebels seized the opportunity to fight for
Mexico’s independence from Spain.
P2: Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821.
P3: Caused the death of many Tejanos in Texas
P3: Hurt the economy of Texas
P3: Increased the U.S. interest in colonizing Texas.