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Key Events in North America 1750’s to 1820 A map activity Map Colors Spain = yellow France = red Great Britain = green United States = blue Mexico = purple Map A: Great Britain, Spain and France all claimed parts of North America and some even claimed the same parts Map B: P1: The French and Indian War 1754-1763 P2: Between Great Britain and France P2: Causes P3: Both countries claimed the Ohio River Valley and the profitable fur trade and they both claimed the profitable fishing industry in Canada P2: Indians fought for both the French and the British P2: It was called the 7 years war in Europe P2: Great Britain won the war, France lost and also lost its claim to any lands in North America P2: Results of the war P3: Only Great Britain and Spain were left with land Claims in North America P3: Treaty of Paris 1763 P4: All wars are concluded by a legal document called a treaty that outlines who gets what P4: Treaty of Paris forced France to give up its land claims in Canada and all land east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain, and all land west of the Mississippi River went to Spain. Spain gave up Florida to Great Britain. Map C: P1: The American Revolution 1775-1781 P2: The British colonies in North America rebelled against Great Britain with help from France and Spain P2: Causes of the American Revolution P3: Great Britain was taxing the colonists more to Help pay for the French and Indian War and the cost Of maintaining a standing army in the colonies P2: Results of the American Revolution P3: The colonies became a Republic – the United States of America P3: U.S. claimed land and settlers spread to the Mississippi River P3: Spain allowed immigration into the Louisiana Territory in order to boost population P3: Spain took advantage of the weakness of Great Britain and retakes Florida Map D: P1: 1789 The French Revolution Begins P2: Causes P3: France was deeply in debt because of the French And Indian War and the help they gave to the Colonists during the American Revolution. The French Government was almost bankrupt. P3: The poorest people in France had to pay most of the taxes and they resented it. P2: The Revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte, a military hero during the French Revolution, took over the government. P1: Napoleon’s forces eventually took over most of western Europe. P1: In 1800 Napoleon also “retook” Louisiana from Spain. Map E: P1: In 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte from France sold Louisiana to the United States for $15 million. – The Louisiana Purchase P2: It doubled the land size of the United States. P2: The border dispute known as “the Neutral Ground” Occurred when the United States and Spain could not agree on the border between the U.S. and New Spain. The diplomats decided not to decide on the border. It became a haven for the lawless. P2: More settlers came to “Texas”. P1: War of 1812 P2: Causes P3: After the Revolutionary War, Great Britain refused to completely leave the United States P3: Britain backed the Native Americans in their fight to hold onto lands wanted by the U.S. settlers P3: Britain impressed about 10,000 U.S. sailors and citizens P3: Britain attacked Washington, D.C. burning the White House, Capitol, and other government buildings P3: Battle of New Orleans was decisive victory for U.S. P2: Results P3: Treaty of Ghent ended the war P3: Battle of New Orleans was fought 2 weeks after war was over P3: Lasted for 2 years with no real winner Map AB: P1: 1819 – Adams-Onis Treaty P2: Settled the border dispute P2: U.S. gave up all claims to Texas. It belonged to Spain. P2: U.S. got Florida from Spain. P2: U.S. got the Neutral Ground. Map AC: P1: 1820-1821 War of Mexican Independence P2: Political problems in Spain weakened the government. P2: Mexican rebels seized the opportunity to fight for Mexico’s independence from Spain. P2: Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821. P3: Caused the death of many Tejanos in Texas P3: Hurt the economy of Texas P3: Increased the U.S. interest in colonizing Texas.
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