Available and relevant public opinion surveys on quality of life by s90P2am8


The following surveys and local government and political resolutions are relevant to the quality of life, economic
development, and coal mining in Central Appalachia.

West Virginia Energy/Climate Survey: Most in state do not favor more "subprime" investments in carbon-based
fuels, nuclear power

Group/Surveyor/Author: The CLEAN, Civil Society Institute, Opinion Research Corporation

Date: September 2008

Focus Location/Region: West Virginia

Focus Area(s): Energy, Economic Development

Description: This survey was conducted in September of 2008, right around the time when Massey Energy had
notified the public of their intent to begin blasting operations for the first of four surface coal mining permits on
Coal River Mountain, West Virginia. The survey - commissioned by the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition and
TheClean.org - aimed to gauge state-citizen opinion on the pending blasting operations, and on which future
sources of energy should be supported and developed within West Virginia.

Key Findings: West Virginia residents oppose blasting the wind farm site at Coal River Mountain. More than three
out of five West Virginia residents (62 percent) – including 50 percent of Republicans, 69 percent of Democrats and
68 percent of Independents – oppose Governor Manchin’s decision against stopping “Massey Energy from using
mountaintop removal coal mining to level a section of Coal River Mountain that could have been used for a wind
farm …” Only 35 percent of state residents support the Governor’s decision. While 15 percent of state residents
strongly support the inaction on Manchin’s part, a much larger 39 percent are strongly opposed to it. West Virginia
residents want clean power to get state assistance on a footing that is the same as – or better than – that for coal-
to-liquid plants. More than three out of five West Virginia residents would prefer to see West Virginia tax breaks
and other incentives for energy companies either (1) divided “between renewable energy, such as wind and solar,
and coal-to-liquid plants” (49 percent) or (2) focused solely on “support (for) renewable energy such as wind and
solar” (27 percent). Only about a quarter (23 percent) support state tax breaks and incentives solely for coal-to-
liquid plants. This puts the public at odds with the administration of West Virginia Governor Manchin, who has
agreed to give nearly $200 million in state tax breaks and other incentives to developers of a coal-to-liquids plant
proposed for Marshall County.

File Name: CLEAN_MTR_CRM_survey

Web Source I: http://theclean.org/t-clean/survey_2008_09_25_wv_release.pdf

Web Source II: N/A
Create WV Statewide Survey

Group/Surveyor/Author: CreateWV, Marshall University Center for Business and Economic Research

Date: March 2009

Focus Location/Region: West Virginia

Focus Area(s): Community, Economic Development, Government, Education, Energy, Technology

Description: This is a substantial survey covering various areas, and its questions are focused on finding out what
West Virginia residents hope to see happen in their own communities and for the state. Results: While West
Virginia is often ranked at the bottom of most “new economy” indicators, the Creative Communities team of Vision
Shared (www.visionshared.com) wanted to measure the support among typical West Virginians on issues related
to new economy growth. The purpose of conducting this survey was to encourage leaders across West Virginia at
state and local levels to tune into the voice of West Virginians, who, based on the results of this survey, clearly
support new economy policies, programs and initiatives. The survey provides a snapshot of West Virginians'
attitudes about technology, education, social diversity, communities and entrepreneurship. More than 1,200
people answered 33 questions.

Key Findings: More than 80 percent supported investments in research and development. Seventy percent said
new high-wage jobs are primarily created by high-tech industries. The survey also showed that West Virginians
believe that tolerance of people of all races, religions and lifestyles is important to the state's future success.
Nearly 90 percent of those surveyed said they support efforts by state and local governments to ensure tolerance
and diversity. Between 37% and 52% of all age groups surveyed support environmentally friendly or "green"
energy policies. State residents also back government initiatives to help communities modernize. Many more
important survey questions are included.

File Name: CreateWV_statewide_survey_Jan2009

Web Source I: www.createwv.com/

Web Source II: N/A
Rural Democrat, NEW SURVEY RESULTS: Mountaintop Removal

Group/Surveyor/Author: The Rural Democrat

Date: April 2009

Focus Location/Region: Kentucky

Focus Area(s): Mountaintop Removal, Economic Development

Description: An April 2009 online and email survey of Kentucky residents to gauge public opinion on mountaintop
removal coal mining in Kentucky. The survey results are broken down by region on the website, and the survey
author explains the methodology and breaks down the results. Methodology - 405 participants, 315 of those
participants from direct email. This survey is compared to an earlier December 2008 survey, with overall public
opinion shifting toward more opposition to mountaintop removal (MTR) between the two periods. This survey is
suspect only because 315 participants were part of an email list that is largely conservative, pro-coal and
somewhat pro-MTR ("only if there is going to be a definite human post-mine land use").

Key Findings: SURVEY: Do you support MTR?, December 2008: Overall, YES - 62%, NO - 38%
Break down: YES, regardless - 49.23%; YES only if there’s post-mine economic development - 12.69%, NO - 38%
NEW SURVEY: Do you support MTR?, April 2009: Overall, YES -53%, NO - 47%
Break down: YES, regardless - 23%, YES only if there’s post-mine economic development - 30%, NO - 47%

Demographic breakdowns: YES with economic development: Eastern Kentucky - 63%; Central Kentucky - 46%;
Northern Kentucky - 1% (very low number of participants); Western Kentucky - 44%
Political Ideology who support MTR: Liberal - 20%, Moderate - 62%, Conservative - 76%
Regional Participation: Eastern Kentucky - 64%, Central Kentucky - 19%, Northern Kentucky - 6%, Western
Kentucky - 11%

File Name: Rural_Dem_MTR_Survey

Web Source I: http://theruraldemocrat.typepad.com/the_rural_democrat/2009/04/survey-results-mountain-top-

Web Source II: N/A
Attitudes and Awareness of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Resources in West Virginia

Group/Surveyor/Author: Marshall University Center for Business and Economic Research, for the West Virginia
Development Office Energy Efficiency Program

Date: November 2006

Focus Location/Region: West Virginia

Focus Area(s): Energy Efficency, Alternative/Renewable Energy

Description: This is an important survey. The Center for Business and Economic Research in partnership with the
West Virginia Development Office conducted a telephone survey to gauge the awareness and interest in
alternative and renewable energy resources in the State of West Virginia. A total of 432 valid survey responses
were obtained. Issues that respondents were asked about included: willingness to pay more for an energy efficient
home, state role in promoting renewable energy and willingness to pay more for renewables, attitudes and
opinions toward wind power, knowledge of West Virginia electricity and electricity prices and coal's role in the
nation's electricity, transportation fuels (from coal and renewables), interest in alternative fuel vehicles, etc. Page
32 gives a breakdown of which counties the respondents live in. Page 33 breaks down respondents by age, page 34
by education level (majority had high-school or lower, about 55%), page 35 by household income. Interesting
respondent comments are included on page 37.

Key Findings: Respondents were asked to consider their willingness to pay more for a new energy efficient home
versus a standard home. More than 55 percent of respondents indicated that they were either unwilling to pay any
premium (25.9 percent) or were unsure how much they would be willing to pay (29.2 percent). Approximately 12
percent of respondents said they would be willing to pay more than $5,000 for a new energy efficient home over a
standard one. Nearly 78 percent of respondents felt that the State should promote the purchases of renewable
energy by homeowners and businesses. Nearly 83 percent of those surveyed indicated that the State should
promote investments to reduce energy use in homes and businesses. 53.2 percent of those surveyed indicated
that they would not be willing to pay any premium for electricity produced by renewable or alternative means.
Roughly one-quarter of respondents indicated willingness to pay more for this type of electricity. 69.2 percent of
those surveyed thought that the State should encourage more large-scale wind farms as an economic
development strategy. It should be noted that less than 10 percent were opposed to the statement, leaving 21.5
percent unsure. A slightly higher percentage (70.4 percent) felt that the State should encourage small-scale wind
power for home and business use. 72.5 percent of respondents answered that wind power was beneficial to the
State. However, only 64.8 percent felt that their community benefited from wind power. 71.8 percent indicated
that they have not seen the windmills at the Backbone Mountain / Mountaineer Wind Energy Center Facility in
Tucker County, WV in person. 75.9 percent of respondents indicated that the State should support the production
of liquid transportation fuels from coal. 81.5 percent of those surveyed felt that more of our nation’s electricity
should come from West Virginia coal. Only 11.3 percent disagreed. Additional findings are included in the original

File Name: MARSHALL_Attitudes and Awareness of Energy Efficiency and Alternative Energy Resources in West
Virginia edit

Web Source I:

Web Source II: Marshall_Energy_Eff_Alt_Energy_survey_summary (PPT)
West Virginia’s Standing Up for Our Communities, Economies, and Mountains: A Compilation of Official Actions
from the WV Democratic Party & WV County Commissions in 2008, and 2009

Group/Surveyor/Author: West Virginia Democratic Party, (some) West Virginia Conuty Commissions

Date: 2008 and 2009

Focus Location/Region: West Virginia

Focus Area(s): Mountaintop Removal, Economic Development, Renewable Energy

Description: This document serves as a compilation of actions being taken to show growing opposition on the local
and state levels against mountaintop removal coal mining and for cleaner economic development alternatives. The
document includes a resolution adopted by the West Virginia Young Democrats, a close vote by the West Virginia
Democrats narrowly opposing a ban on MTR, a resolution by Cabell County opposing MTR, a resolution by Fayette
County opposing an MTR permit and supporting the tourism industry, a resolution by Jefferson County opposing
MTR, and resolutions by both Calhoun County and Gilmer opposing a new high-voltage transmission line partly
because it would increase the demand for MTR coal.

Key Findings: In conjunction with the survey conducted by the Civil Society Institute, the passage of county
resolutions, and more importantly, the near vote by the state West Virginia Democrats (a powerful political
organization) to support a ban on mountaintop removal, shows that there is a growing in-state opposition to MTR,
and that the state and federal elected officials may be misrepresenting true public opinion regarding MTR.

File Name: WV_MTR_energy_econ_Resolution_Compilation

Web Source I: None

Web Source II: N/A
Forbes.com list of "America's Greenest States"

Group/Surveyor/Author: Forbes.com

Date: October 2007

Focus Location/Region: National/West Virginia

Focus Area(s): Environmental Pollution, Human Health, Consumption, Waste, Environmental Measures

Description: This document is an article that was published in October of 2007 by Forbes Magazine, and provides
their ranking of how "green" each state is. The ranking took into account carbon emissions per capita, the
existence/absence/strength of policies promoting energy efficiency, air quality, the number of buildings per capita
with the US Green Building Council's LEED certification, total energy consumption, energy consumption per capita,
toxic waste per capita, incidence of exceeding federal air and water standards, vehicle miles travelled and the
number of alternative fuel and hybrid-electric vehicles per capita, etc. The calculations relied on data from the
American Lung Association, Public Interest Research Group's water assessment, EPA data for hazardous waste, the
American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy's energy efficiency scorecard and policy analysis, the Energy
Information Administration, the Natural Resources Defense Council, the Department of Transportation and the
Sierra Club.

Key Findings: Topping the list are Vermont, Oregon and Washington. At the bottom of the list are Mississippi,
Louisiana, Alabama, Indiana and, at No. 50, West Virginia. As the article states, "All suffer from a mix of toxic
waste, lots of pollution and consumption and no clear plans to do anything about it. Expect them to remain that
way." For other Central Appalachian states, Virginia ranked 23rd, Tennessee 43rd, and Kentucky 45th. West
Virginia (No. 50, Score: 14.2 out of 50): West Virginia posted low scores in every category, notably carbon footprint
(fourth highest) and water cleanliness (we ranked it fourth worst). West Virginia has more toxic waste to manage
per capita than all but three states. In 2005, it disposed of or released 97.1 million lbs of toxic waste. The state
exceeded its Clean Water Act permit levels by an average of 679% in 2005, according to US PIRG. This means the
water was frequently grossly tainted.

File Name: Forbes_Greenest_States

Web Source I: www.forbes.com/2007/10/16/environment-energy-vermont-biz-beltway-

Web Source II: N/A
Kentucky Energy/Climate Survey: Most in state do not favor more "subprime" investments in carbon-based
fuels, nuclear power

Group/Surveyor/Author: The CLEAN, Civil Society Institute, Opinion Research Corporation

Date: September 2008

Focus Location/Region: Kentucky

Focus Area(s): Energy, Economic Development

Description: This is a survey conducted for the purpose of weighing Kentucky residents' opinions of state and
national energy policy, energy production and economic development. It was conducted by the Opinion Research
Corporation for The CLEAN and the Civil Society Institute, and is based on the findings of a telephone survey
conducted by Opinion Research Corporation’s CARAVAN omnibus. The survey was conducted among a sample of
1,006 adults (503 men and 503 women) aged 18 and older living in private households in the Continental United
States. Interviewing was completed September 12-15, 2008. The survey was weighted by four variables: age, sex,
geographic region and race to ensure reliable and accurate representation of the total population. The margin of
error for surveys with samples of around 1,000 respondents, at the 95 percent confidence level, is plus or minus 3
percentage points. Smaller sub-groups in any survey will have larger error margins.

Key Findings: The #1 priority identified by the largest number of Kentucky residents is “transitioning to renewable
energy sources, such as solar and wind” (43 percent), with the second most-popular priority being “increased
emphasis on energy efficiency/cutting wasted energy” (30 percent). Few state residents picked nuclear power (7
percent) and “more coal mining” (12 percent) as their top priorities. Half want to see government aid for wind and
solar power put on the same or better footing than coal-fired and nuclear power plants. Between 24 percent and
30 percent of Kentuckians would go further, having the government “shift all or most of them from nuclear power
and coal-fired power plants to energy sources such as wind and solar.” Only about 16 percent of those in Kentucky
and one in 10 Americans would “keep the incentives for nuclear power and coal-fired power the way they are
today.” Nearly three out four respondents in Kentucky (78 percent) and 73 percent of Americans would support “a
five-year moratorium on new coal-fired power plants in the United States if there was stepped-up investment in
clean, safe renewable energy --such as wind and solar --and improved home energy-efficiency standards.”

File Name: KY_Energy_Coal_Survey

Web Source I: www.civilsocietyinstitute.org/media/092508release_kentucky.cfm

Web Source II: N/A
Virginia Survey on Climate Change

Group/Surveyor/Author: Christopher Newport University's Center for Public Policy and the Virginia Environmental

Date: April 2009

Focus Location/Region: Virginia

Focus Area(s): Global Warming, Energy, Environment, Mountaintop Removal

Description: The environmental attitudes survey of 659 registered Virginia voters was conducted between March
18 and March 27. It has a margin of error of plus or minus 3.8 percentage points. The survey asked respondents for
a general assessment of the state's natural environment and uses a novel question format - the letter grade - as an
assessment tool. Respondents =were also asked to look into the future and assess in what state they think the
natural environment will be in 10 years. Respondents were then asked about their personal views on the issue of
climate change and to describe ways in which their own behavior has changed as a result of concerns about the
environment. Finally, respondents were asked about specific environmental issues facing Virginia and about their
support for specific policy options.

Key Findings: The survey shows several important things about the public's perception of the natural environment
in Virginia. Findings include:
   • 52.9% of Virginians grade the natural environment in Virginian as either “C”, “D”, or “F.” The average grade is
    “C.” Two-thirds of Virginians think the environment will stay about the same or get worse over the next 10
   • 76.1% of Virginians think global warming is happening, and 29.6% of them have made major changes to their
    living and shopping habits to help protect the environment. 59.8% have made minor changes to their living and
    shopping habits.
   • The most severe environmental problems facing Virginia are the health of the Chesapeake Bay and the
    mountaintop removal of coal method of mining, according to respondents. The least severe problems are air
    pollution and pollution of drinking water.
   • Nearly eight in 10 Virginians think it would be worth paying more for a new car or new home if new cars used
    less gas and new homes used less energy to heat and cool, but only half support cutting funding for new
    highway construction to increase funding for rail, transit and other alternatives to driving. A tax credit of up to
    $500 would encourage about seven in 10 Virginians to make existing homes and buildings more energy
    efficient, but would only encourage about half of Virginians to purchase a hybrid car.
   • Virginians respond positively to many, but not all, policy proposals designed to change their behavior in ways
    that would be beneficial to the state's environment. Support for a “cap and trade” system hovers around 50%
    unless the money raised by the system goes back to individual people, in which case support goes up to 60%.

File Name: VA_Climate_Survey

Web Source I: http://universityrelations.cnu.edu/news/2009/04_22_09cpp.html

Web Source II:
New Energy Economy, Market Research Study

Group/Surveyor/Author: Environmental Defense Fund, Frost & Sullivan

Date: February 2009

Focus Location/Region: National

Focus Area(s): Market Research, Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Supply Chains, Energy Economics

Description: This is a telephone-based survey of business leaders on the topic of renewable energy and energy
efficient products and services was conducted by Frost & Sullivan. A total of 500 respondents surveyed in
December 2008 are included in this report. The objectives of this market research are:
  • To gain an understanding about which companies are doing well and those companies that would benefit from
    new global warming pollution legislation.
  • To identify companies that have experienced sales increases in the past one to two years and the reasons for
    those increases.
  • To identify how companies perceive they would benefit from new global warming legislation.

Key Findings: Findings: The majority of respondents surveyed said their companies provide energy efficient
building materials, solar power and heating systems, or wind energy and turbine systems. Companies that provide
either solar power and heating systems or wind energy and turbine systems are more likely to have less than 49
employees. Those that provide energy efficient building materials are more likely to have more than 50
employees. Four out of 10 respondents (42%) said their sales (of green and energy efficient products) have
increased over the past one to two years and an equal number said that their sales have remained the same (42%).
Just 16% of respondents indicated that they have seen a decrease in sales of their green and energy efficient
products. Just over half of respondents (52%) from companies in the renewable sector had an increase in sales of
their green and energy efficient products. Only one third of respondents from companies in the energy efficiency
sector reported an increase in sales in the past one to two years. A higher proportion of respondents whose
organizations are manufacturers indicated either a decrease in sales or that their sales have remained the same.
One third of respondents whose organizations are installer/contractors said their sales have increased over the
past one to two years. The main reasons for the sales increase that respondents gave included more awareness of
the benefits of green products, an increase in demand, better products and incentives that are offered by

File Name: EDF_new-energy-econ-business-survey

Web Source I: www.edf.org/documents/9268_new-energy-economy-study.pdf

Web Source II: N/A
Zogby Post-Election Poll: 78% Believe Investing in Clean Energy Is Vital to Boosting US Economy

Group/Surveyor/Author: Zogby International

Date: November 2008

Focus Location/Region: National

Focus Area(s): Global Warming, Voting Issues

Description: This is a survey carried out just before the 2008 presidential election. The Zogby Interactive survey of
3,357 voters nationwide was conducted Nov. 5-6, 2008, and carries a margin of error of +/- 1.7 percentage points.
The survey was commissioned by the National Wildlife Federation. For methodology, contact: Fritz Wenzel, Zogby
International Communications Director, 315-624-0200 ext. 229 or 419-205-0287 or fritz@zogby.com

Key Findings: More than three in four voters - 78% - believe investing in clean energy is important to revitalizing
America's economy. Of those, 50% said they strongly agree clean energy investment is vital to the nation's
economic future. Support for clean energy investment is particularly strong among younger voters - 87% of those
age 18-24 and 80% of those age 18-29 believe this type of investment is necessary to help improve the US
economy. African American voters (94%) and Hispanic voters (84%) also showed overwhelming support for clean
energy investment. While the vast majority of Democrats (96%) and independent voters (77%) view clean energy
investment as a key means to boost the US economy, more than half of Republican voters (58%) also said the
same. 61% said they agree their elected officials should make combating global warming a high priority, an
increase from 58% of voters who said the same in 2006. Among young voters age 18-24, 69% want a greater
emphasis put on combating global warming. This was 88% among African American voters (from 78% in 2006) and
73% among Hispanic voters (from 64% two years ago). More than half of independent voters (57%) said voting for
candidates who support reducing global warming pollution was important to them in this election, up from 50% of
voters in 2006. Among those 18-24, 70% said a candidate's support for reducing global warming pollution was
important to their vote, up from 56% who said the same in 2006.

File Name: Zogby_national_clean_energy_survey

Web Source I: www.zogby.com/news/readnews.cfm?ID=1637

Web Source II: N/A
The Energy Learning Curve: Coming from different starting points, the public sees similar solutions

Group/Surveyor/Author: Public Agenda and Planet Forward

Date: April 2009

Focus Location/Region: National

Focus Area(s): Energy, Policy, Public Perception/Attitudes

Description: The first Energy Learning Curve report, released in association with Planet Forward, finds the
American people reaching common ground on at least 10 major energy proposals, particularly on alternative
energy. But the public may not yet be prepared for the tradeoffs and challenges needed to make these proposals a
reality. This is the first of a series of reports designed to measure the public's "learning curve" as Americans
grapple with the energy challenge. This report is based on interviews with a national random sample of 1,001
adults over the age of 18 conducted between January 15 and January 30, 2009. Over 90 survey questions were
included, covering each facet of the “triple threat.” The margin of error for the overall sample is plus or minus four
percentage points. Full survey results can be found at the end of this report.

Key Findings: Findings: 1) Right now, a majority of the public sees the price of energy and dependence on foreign
oil as troubling problems. Significantly, they also believe the problem won’t go away when the price of energy falls.
Climate change, however, is less of a concern; 2) There is substantial consensus on the proposals that the nation
should pursue, particularly alternative energy, conservation and incentives to become more efficient. These seem
promising to the public, but they may not have realistic assumptions about how quickly and easily these
alternatives can be achieved; 3) Just as there’s widespread support on promising ideas, there also seems to be
broad agreement on what’s off the table. Anything that increases the cost of driving is soundly rejected by the
public. People are willing to change their behavior in many ways, but they don’t want to be forced into it; 4) The
public’s knowledge level is low on energy, with significant numbers who do not know some basic facts about how
energy is produced. This calls into question how firm the consensus is and how well it will hold up under pressure;
5) Four unique groups emerged during the analysis based on their knowledge and beliefs. Yet there is an
opportunity to build consensus on the energy problem.

File Name: PublicAgenda_survey_energy_learning_curve

Web Source I: www.publicagenda.org/reports/energy

Web Source II: N/A

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