NPIP Requirements for Breeder Flocks, Hatcheries, & Dealers by HC121104055546



Required Participation:

All individuals, hatcheries or other business firms in Iowa engaged in the
business of hatching, producing, selling, or otherwise dealing in the business of
hatching, producing, or selling hatching eggs, chicks, poults, (or other
poultry/hatching eggs subject to control; by the NPIP) shall be registered
participants in Iowa’s NPIP program through the Iowa Poultry Association.

“Selling” as used herein means the sale or delivery of hatching eggs or the
progeny of hatching eggs or the progeny of hatching eggs in which the seller has
an ownership interest.


   1. An Iowa NPIP application must be completed, signed, and remitted to the
      Iowa Poultry Association annually. After applying for participant status in
      the National Plans Division with the IPA for each year, all hatchery
      participants are required to obtain a valid hatchery license issued by the
      Iowa Department of Agriculture.

   2. A VS 9-2 (testing) form must be submitted annually for each flock,
      regardless of whether the flock was required to be tested. These forms
      are available from licensed testers or from the IPA office.

   3. The NPIP year is from July 1 to June 30.

   4. Out-of-state shipments must have a completed VS 9-3 (record of sales)
      form for each shipment. Send pink & blue copies to the IPA office. Send
      the white copy with the shipment and keep the yellow copy for your

   5. In-state shipments must have adequate paperwork, comparable to VS 9-3
      forms, in your files for at least three (3) years and allow IPA access to
      these upon request.

   6. Imported hatching eggs, baby poultry, and adult birds must meet the
      following requirements:

          a. From “U.S. P-T Clean” flocks or tested negative for P-T within 90
             days prior to entry into the state.
          b. Be accompanied by either a VS 9-3 or a Certificate of Veterinary
          c. From an individual/company who has obtained an Annual
             Importation Permit for IPA, at no cost.

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                              1
   7. Records of purchases and sales, products, and materials used to
      advertise products must be kept and made available to IPA for inspection
      upon request.

   8. Only participants may use the official NPIP emblems, and advertising
      must be in accordance with the “Plan”.

   9. Each participant shall be assigned a permanent NPIP approval number.
      This number should be used on each certificate, invoice, and/or shipping
      label in the sale of participant’s products.

Participation Fees:

   1. Annual breeder fees for all types of breeder flocks are .05 cents per
      breeder female, with a $15.00 minimum fee per flock. Breeder fees
      should be remitted with submission of the VS 9-2’s. If fees are not paid,
      you will be billed based on your 9-2’s.

   2. If a hatchery also has Breeder flocks in Iowa, the NPIP dues are the same
      as the above breeder fees; .05 cents per breeder hen.

   3. If a Hatchery does not have breeders, the annual fee is $20.00.

   4. The annual Dealer fee is $15.00 per store location.

   5. Renewals of Pullorum-Typhoid tester’s permits are $10.00 per fiscal year,
      due in July each year.

   6. To obtain a P-T permit, you must attend and complete a certification class
      once every five (5) years. Information can be obtained from the IPA office
      regarding this certification class by calling (515) 727-4701.


   1. Primary Breeders: Composed of one (1) or more generations, these
      flocks are maintained to establish, maintain or improve parent lines.

   2. Multiplier Breeders: Are most often used to produce hatching eggs for
      commercial markets, these flocks are not kept beyond their production
      cycle. New flocks are purchased annually from a clean primary breeding
      flock, following thorough cleaning and disinfecting of the facility. All
      breeders must be obtained directly from “U.S.P-T Clean” primary flocks.

   3. Hobby Breeders: Iowa allows a testing program other than that for
      “primary breeders” for smaller, backyard flocks bred and kept for several
      years. These birds are often fancy poultry raised for enjoyment.

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                             2

   The Iowa Department of Agriculture will inspect each hatchery at least
   annually. Records of flocks maintained primarily for production of hatching
   eggs will be examined regularly.

Required Disease Classifications:

   1. All poultry breeders are to be “U.S. Pullorum-Typhoid Clean” as Iowa is a
      certified “U.S. P-T Clean State”.

   2. All commercial egg-type chicken breeders, of more than 1,000 chickens to
      a producer, are to be “U.S. Salmonella Enteritidis Monitored” for poultry
      that is crossing the state line.

   3. All turkey breeders are to be “U.S. M. Gallisepticum Clean” since Iowa is a
      certified “U.S. M. Gallisepticum Clean State”.

   4. All waterfowl and game bird flock owners:

          a. General Guidelines:
                 i. Flock owner participation is voluntary. Hatcheries must
                ii. Testing by a private, authorized tester is at the flock owner’s
               iii. All flock owners who meet the requirements will be sent a
                    certificate of participation.

Flock Testing Requirements:

   1. Poultry must be more than 16 weeks of age but less than 24 weeks when
      blood tested for an official classification. With exception to: Turkey
      candidates (12 weeks) and Game Birds (4 months or sexual maturity).

   2. The rapid, whole blood plate test is an accepted blood test for all poultry
      except turkeys, which require that a tube test be done in an approved
      laboratory. For a list of approved testers and/or laboratories, call the IPA
      office at (515) 727-4701.

   3. Primary Breeders: You must test 300 birds, or entire flock if less than
      300 birds, and submit all results to IPA.

   4. Multiplier Breeders: All must be purchased from “U.S. P-T Clean” flocks,
      thus no additional testing must be done to meet the P-T requirement.
      Egg-type chickens and turkeys have additional requirements.

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                                3
   5. Hobby Breeders: Must be “closed” flocks with no poultry entering or
      reentering the flock. If any poultry are added to the flock, they must be
      isolated from current flocks for 30 days and then tested for Pullorum after
      the 30-day isolation.

       “Closed” flock hobby breeders are required to test on the following schedule:
       1st year:     100% of flock tested negative and reported to IPA.
       2 year:       75% of flock tested negative and reported to IPA, with a
                     minimum of 100 birds tested.
       3rd year:     50% of flock tested negative and reported to IPA, with a minimum
                     of 100 birds tested.
       4th year:     25% of flock tested negative and reported to IPA, with a minimum
                     of 100 birds tested.
       Monitoring Program: Same as the 4th year.

   6. If your birds are being exposed to other poultry, such as at poultry
      shows, you should be blood testing 100% of your flocks each year.

   7. Domesticated Waterfowl and Game Bird specific requirements:

          a. Initial test: 100% of breeding flock.
          b. Monitoring program for game girds and waterfowl:
                   i. Hatching options:
                          1. Annually test up to 10% of the breeding flock, with a
                              maximum of 150 birds, provided that if the flock is
                              under 100 birds all are tested; or
                          2. Collect from the first yearly hatch, up to 30 dead-in-
                              shell eggs and or dead birds collected during the first
                              14 days of life. This may be done for two (2) years
                              after the initial flock certification test. Based on the
                              test results, the participant will be issued a yearly
                              certificate of participation. On the third year, a 10%
                              test of the breeding flock will be required, provided
                              that if the flock is less than 100 birds, all are tested.
                  ii. Independent flock owners who sell hatching eggs or
                      maintain a flock for exhibition sales, and dealers who
                      maintain at least one (1) breeding flock will be required to
                      test 10% of their breeding adult flock yearly to continue
          c. Game bird option of cloacal swabs:
                   i. Primary breeders of game birds in Iowa may use the cloacal
                      swab-monitoring program, after the initial 100% blood test.
                      Swabs must be performed in accordance with section
                      147.12 of the NPIP and Auxiliary Provisions.
                  ii. Following the initial 100% blood test,
                          1. The first year, 100% of the flock is swabbed.
                          2. The second year, 75% of the flock shall be swabbed.
                          3. The third year 50% of the flock shall be swabbed.

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                                    4
                              4. 100 birds are the minimum for testing. If a flock is
                                 under 100 birds, 100% of the flock shall be swabbed.
                    iii. If the breeder flock is less than 100 birds, the flock owner
                         has the option of 100% blood testing or 100% cloacal

Hatchery, Breeder and Dealer Operation Requirements:

   1. Hatcheries, breeders, and brooder rooms should be kept in sanitary
      conditions. Hatcheries and hatching trays should be cleaned and
      fumigated or disinfected after each hatch.

   2. All products hatched must be from flocks with every classification the
      hatchery claims. Hatching eggs may come from flocks with additional
      classifications, but the baby poultry will lose this classification after hatch.

   3. If hatching eggs are from flocks outside of Iowa, the hatchery must either
      keep copies of required testing results, or have an agreement with the
      breeder to have immediate access to these reports upon the request of

   4. If a hatchery keeps started poultry, these must be effectively separated
      from the incubator room.

   5. If a person is responsibly connected with more than one hatchery, all such
      hatcheries must participate in the Plan if any one of them participates.

   6. Dealers in poultry breeding stock, hatching eggs, or baby/started poultry
      must comply with all provisions, which apply to their operations.
      Refer to the NPIP and Auxiliary Provisions book. (March 2000 APHIS 91-55-054)

   7. Participants may not buy, sell, or receive for any purpose, products from
      non-participants without specific permission from IPA.

   8. All equipment, buildings, and land in immediate vicinity should be kept in
      sanitary condition.    Poultry/hatching eggs transportation should be
      performed only in cleaned and disinfected equipment and vehicles.


Participants who, after investigation by IPA and either the Iowa Department of
Agriculture and Land Stewardship (IDALS) or Iowa Department of Natural
Resources (IDNR) are notified of noncompliance with the Plan, shall be afforded
a reasonable time to reach compliance.

If compliance is not met, the participant may be disbarred from further
participation in the Plan for such period as NPIP may deem appropriate.

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                                   5
U.S. P-T Clean State requirements:

   1. All participants are required to observe and abide by all rules and
      regulations pertinent to the continuance of the “U.S. Pullorum-Typhoid
      (P-T) Clean State” status, including,
          a. All Hatcheries are qualified as “National Plans Hatcheries”.
          b. All hatchery supply flocks are qualified as “U.S. P-T Clean Flocks”,
             provided that if other domesticated fowl (except waterfowl) are
             maintained on the same premises as the supply flock, then a blood
             test for P-T is required from each of these fowl.
          c. All poultry brought into Iowa must be certified as “U.S. P-T Clean”.
          d. All poultry disease diagnostic personnel and authorized P-T testers
             are required to report any Pullorum or fowl Typhoid isolated within
             48 hours of the occurrence.
          e. All reports of Pullorum or fowl Typhoid are promptly followed by an
             investigation by IPA and the Iowa Department of Agriculture.
          f. All flocks found infected with Pullorum or Typhoid are quarantined
             until marketed or destroyed; and
          g. All poultry going to public exhibition shall come from “U.S. P-T
             Clean” flocks or have had a negative P-T test within 90 days of
             going to public exhibition.

Other State’s requirements:

CONNECTICUT: The buyer must call 860-713-2508 (M-F, 8:30am – 4pm) to
obtain the poultry permit.

MINNESOTA: All turkeys going to Minnesota are also required to be “U.S. M.
Synoviae Clean”, “U.S. M. Meleagridis Clean”, and “Typhimurium Tested
Negative for Minnesota”.

TEXAS: Be sure to check for specific vaccination requirements for Texas!

VIRGINIA: Birds must be AI clean.

     The official website to check each state’s specific
              poultry importation regulations:

                             Iowa Poultry Association
                          8515 Douglas Avenue, Suite 9
                            Urbandale, IA 50322-2924
                       PH: 515-727-4701FAX: 515-727-4707

NPIP REQUIREMENTS                                                              6

To top