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					                        Special
2.1   2.2   2.3   DOI
                        Section

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 This term means a ruling in an
earlier case or a tradition to base
      laws and customs on
precedent
 This was the first written plan of
government drafted in 1621 by 41
               men
The Mayflower Compact
This is a written document granting
  land and the authority to set up
       colonial governments
charter
    In 1619, two representatives
gathered at a meeting in the colonies
 to meet with the governor and his
council; These 22 men comprise this
               body
House of Burgesses
This is the system of law based on
 precedent and customs used in
              England
Common law
This theory says a country should
sell more goods to other countries
           than it buys
Mercantilism
 These laws levied new taxes on
 goods imported to the colonists;
those goods include: glass, paper,
            and lead
Townshend Acts (1767)
This group met in Philadelphia in
   1775 to begin drafting the
  Declaration of Independence
The Second Continental Congress
     This seventeenth century
philosopher inspired colonists with
 his belief of “unalienable rights”
     Name the philosopher and the
               “rights”
John Locke

    Life
  Liberty
  Property
To refuse to buy something is
      to___________.
boycott
This was the first colony to become
  a state and draft a constitution
New Hampshire
    If there are two houses in the
legislative body, such as the House
 of Lords and House of Commons,
    this is known as what type of
              legislature?
bicameral
This was the first constitution in
   America written in 1777
Articles of Confederation
The three main weaknesses of the
           Articles are
1. Lack of Power and Money
2. Lack of Central Power
3. Rules are too Rigid
This indebted farmer led an army of
1200 rebels to the federal arsenal in
 response to the shaky government
under the Articles of Confederation
Daniel Shays; Shays’ Rebellion
The portion of the DOI explains why
 the 2nd Continental Congress drew
          up the document
Preamble
      This list of complaints and
  explanations builds the colonists
case against the King of England and
justifies their quest for independence
27 grievances
This was the primary author of the
DOI and these are his unalienable
              rights
          Name and rights
Thomas Jefferson

          Life
       Liberty
 Pursuit of Happiness
This portion of the DOI declares the
 colonies as “Free and Independent
States” which led to some confusion
   in the colonies about just how
     unified the new states were
Resolution of Independence by the
          United States
This document was approved by
     Congress on what date
July 4, 1776
  Many of the states who drew up
constitutions after New Hampshire
 included three main components;
          what were they?
1. Set up basic system of checks
and balances
2. Contained a bill of rights
3. Created a legislature,
governor’s office and judicial
branch
 What was the slogan colonists
chanted after the Stamp Act was
        passed in 1765?
“No taxation without
  representation!”
Which state was the last to draft a
 constitution in the colonies?
Massachusetts (1780)
 Still used today!
What were the Intolerable Acts and
 how did the colonists respond to
              them?
   Removed certain rights from
colonists, specifically trial by jury.
Colonists responded with a letter to
    the king which sparked the
        Revolutionary War
Where did the “shot heard ‘round the
        world” take place?
Battle of Lexington
      Final Jeopardy
• Explain the purpose of the Declaration of
  Natural Rights as it is stated in the
  Declaration of Independence? Why is this
  significant?
                Answer:
• “All men are created equal”
• Gives definition of republic and explains
  why people form a government that protects
  their rights
• Lists unalienable rights that should be
  granted to the citizens by the government

				
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posted:11/4/2012
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