Brain Development by 5gG0BP

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 27

									                                                    Head Start

                      Arizona Head Start TTA Office
                 Infant Toddler Summer Webinar Series:

                                  Brain Development
                (developed from Brain Wonders, a Zero-to-Three presentation)

                              Mary Kramer Reinwasser, M.Ed.
                             Arizona State-Based TTA Manager



Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Agenda

 • Early brain development
 • Typical patterns of development during the
   prenatal and neonatal periods
 • Prenatal and neonatal risk and protective
   factors
 • Prematurity and complications of prematurity



 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  2
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Learning Outcomes

 •        Participants will understand the developing
          brain and its functions.
 •        Participants will be become more aware of
          brain research
 •        Participants will be able to create strategies
          that translate current brain research into
          developmentally appropriate activities.


 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  3
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Imagine a brain…




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  4
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Prenatal Development



 • The nervous system begins
   to develop just before the
   third week of gestation.

 • Cell creation and movement
   to the right spots occur
   during the first five prenatal
   months.



 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  5
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Major Brain Systems

 • Brain Stem

 • Limbic System

 • Cerebellum

 • Cortex



 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  6
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Brain Stem (“survival”)




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Limbic System (“emotion”)




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Cerebellum (“movement”)




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Cortex




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Occipital Lobe




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Temporal Lobe



                                                  •     Hearing
                                                  •     Language
                                                  •     Memory
                                                  •     Emotion




 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Parietal Lobe




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Frontal Lobe



   •    Judgment
   •    Emotional regulation
   •    Problem solving
   •    Decisions
   •    Planning
   •    Creativity



  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
   Growing a Growing a Brain:
             Brain…
                       Early Experiences and Infant
                              Mental Health




Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Nature vs. Nurture




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Biology and Environment

  Biology
  • Recognize speech
  • Discern sounds
  • Word meaning


  Environment
  • Particular language
  • Vocabulary size
  • Dialect


  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Brain Growth: Key Terminology


  •     Neuron
  •     Pruning
  •     Plasticity
  •     Windows of Opportunity




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Neurons




 Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
 A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Pruning




              Newborn                                 Early                         Later
                                                    Childhood                     Childhood

  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Plasticity

             “The brain's ability to change as a result of experience.”




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Windows of Opportunity

           Body System                           Especially Sensitive             Development up to …
  CNS/Brain                                   4th to 8th weeks                    Postnatal, through to
                                                                                  adulthood
  Heart                                       5th to 9th weeks                    12th week
  Upper limbs                                 6th to 10th weeks                   12th week
  Eyes                                        6th to 10 weeks                     Term
  Lower limbs                                 6th to 10th weeks                   12th week
  Teeth                                       9th to 11th weeks                   Term
  Palate                                      9th to 11th weeks                   16th week
  External Genitalia                          9th to 11th weeks                   Term
  Ears                                        6th to 11th weeks                   13th week

  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
The 6 T’s of Responsive Care


  •    Tuning In
  •    Teaching
  •    Time
  •    Talk
  •    Touch
  •    Trust


  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Take Home Messages

          The traditional nature versus nurture debate is
           simplistic and scientifically obsolete

          Early experiences clearly influence brain
           development, but the focus on birth to three
           begins too late and ends too soon

          Early intervention programs can improve the odds
           for vulnerable young children, but those that work are
           rarely simple, inexpensive, or easy to implement


  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Take Home Messages

          How young children feel is as important as how they
           think, particularly with regard to school readiness

          Healthy early development depends on nurturing
           and dependable relationships

          Culture influences all aspects of early development
           through child-rearing beliefs and practices




  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
Take Home Messages

          Substantial evidence indicates that poor nutrition,
           specific infections, environmental neurotoxins, drug
           exposures, and chronic stress can harm the
           developing brain
          Significant parent mental health problems,
           substance abuse, and family violence impose
           heavy developmental burdens on young children
          There is little scientific evidence that special
           “stimulation” activities beyond normal, growth-
           promoting experiences lead to “advanced” brain
           development in infancy

  Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona
  A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network
 The Arizona Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Office
 and STG International thank you for joining our webinar today!

     Please continue to join the 2010 Summer Webinar Series
    occurring every Tuesday and Thursday during the months of
            June and July at 3:00 Pacific Daylight Time.

           Please contact Mary Kramer Reinwasser at
  mary.reinwasser@stginternational.com for more information.



Head Start State-based T/TA Office for Arizona                                  27
A member of the National Head Start Training and Technical Assistance Network

								
To top