London Metropolitan University Examinations (North Campus)
Module Code: BL1004N
Module Title: COMMON LAW LIABILITIES 1
Module Convenor: Dr EDWIN C. MUJIH
Time Allowed: 2 HOURS
Instructions to Candidates:
Read the attached case carefully. It is issued to you prior to the examination to
enable you to identify potential legal issues and research those areas. You will be
required to answer two out of three questions based on the case study in
section A. Section B will consist of ten compulsory multiple choice questions.
You must take this case study into the examination. You are permitted to write case
names only within the boundaries of the box outlined on the next page. The case
names are merely to aid your memory and should not attempt a pre-prepared
answer. Any such attempt is an examination offence and will be dealt with
NB You may highlight or underline parts of the case study but you should not write
on the case study (other than in the box provided) either before or during the
examination. If an invigilator finds a student with a case study infringing these
regulations he/she will remove that case study, issue a fresh case study and note the
incident on the student's examination booklet.
1. Ability to explain the issues clearly
2. Ability to analyse the information in the case study
3. Presentation of a structured and analytical discussion of the legal issues
4. An ability to identify and analyse the relevant legal rule and apply them to the
5. Evidence of critical thought and solutions proposed.
Vince is the managing director of Supertronics, a shop that sells a variety of electrical and
electronic equipment. The shop has branches in Lowbury and in Manchester. The Lowbury
shop has had problems recently about which Vince is concerned.
Last month, the Lowbury branch of the shop was raided by two men who stole £750.00 from
the till after threatening the sales assistant with a knife. As the men ran out of the shop, they
were chased by two off-duty police officers who happened to be in the shop at the time of the
attack. One of the police officers tripped and fell over bruising his left arm. The men were
arrested after the other off-duty officer called for help from a police van that was in the
Two weeks ago, Vince ordered 20 washing machines from Velot Ltd. Velot Ltd contracted
with a delivery firm called ‘Bulky Deliveries’ to deliver the washing machines. While
attempting to deliver the washing machines, the lorry driver lost his way and telephoned
Vince to ask for directions. Vince promised to pay him £50.00 if he would deliver the
Impostor, aware that he bears a striking resemblance to the famous rugby player, David
Deckham determined to take advantage of this fact. He had a haircut like David Deckham
and visited Supertronics stores where he ordered two camcorders and a television set all
worth £5,000. He offered a cheque which the sales assistant declined. He said; ‘you see who I
am’ upon which the sales assistance looked at him closely and said; ‘Hello, Mr Deckham, I
am pleased to meet you’ and asked for his autograph. She called for the manager who came
and authorised the sale assistant to accept the cheque adding ‘it is a pleasure to do business
with you, Mr Deckham.’ As he left the store, he was mobbed by some customers asking for
his autograph. Impostor later sold the goods to Innocent, who bought them in good faith,
without any knowledge of the fraud.
Vince entered into two contracts with Matrix College. Under the contracts, Supertronics
would service all electronic and electrical equipment on the college’s premises at Marshway.
The cost of the work was £9,000 and Matrix College paid a deposit of £3,000. Under the
agreement, all the work was to be supervised by Mark, a reputable engineer at Supertronics.
Unbeknown to Supertronics and Matrix College, Mark had just started suffering from
depression after missing a £20 million jackpot on the National lottery. His regular numbers
had been drawn the day he forgot to play the lottery. After twenty per cent of the work was
done, Mark’s condition deteriorated and he was detained under the Mental Health Act.
Supertronics also agreed to install electronic and electrical equipment at the college’s
premises in Milton Way. The contract price was £20,000 and the work was to be completed
within three weeks. Two days after the contract was made, the government passed legislation
requiring such work to comply with certain health and safety measures. It would cost an extra
£9,000 to comply with the new legislation and the work would be delayed by ten days.
Vince is aware that you have studied contract law and seeks your legal advice on the contract
law issues raised in this case-study. You will be asked to give your advice in the form of two
questions to be answered out of three in your examination. You are reminded that you must
refer to relevant legislation, legal principles and case law in the examination. Section B of the
examination will consist of ten compulsory multiple choice questions.