EOC Review: The Federal Government
1. Complete the following Chart:
Office Age US Citizenship Residency Length of Term Term Limits
2. The legislative body of the United States is called the ________________________________.
3. The legislative body of the United States is composed of two houses or chambers. This arrangement is known as
a _______________________________________ legislature.
4. There are ____________________ members of the House of Representatives. Each state’s representation in the
House is based upon _____________________________.
5. The Senate has _________________________ total members. Each state has _________________ senators.
6. Each member of the House represents a ________________________ _______________________ district within
his or her respective state.
7. Each senator represents a ________________________________ .
8. Every ten years the House must undergo ___________________________________, which may cause a state to
gain or lose representatives and is based upon the results of the federal ____________________________ .
9. Every two years _____________________ members of the House are up for re-election, while in the Senate,
__________________________ members are up for re-election
10. A Congressional term lasts _________________ year(s), while a session of Congress lasts ________________
11. The Congress uses the _________________________ ___________________________ to divide the workload.
12 _________________________committees are permanent and help research bills.
13. ________________________ committees are temporary and are generally used for investigations.
14. A ______________________ committee is composed of members of both houses and may be temporary or
15. The chairpersons and majority of members on a committee represent the ______________________ party.
16. Congressional leadership positions and important committee assignments are generally based on the
17. _________________________________ presides over the House of Representatives.
18. __________________________________ officiates in the Senate in the absence of the President of the Senate.
19. The President of the Senate is the ____________________________ ___________________________ .
20. The Constitution gives the power of ___________________________, to the _______________________, for
the purpose of charging an official with misconduct.
21. The Constitution grants Congress three types of powers. The first are those listed directly in the Constitution
and are called _______________________ powers. Those powers granted to Congress to enable them to carryout
the powers listed in the Constitution are called _____________________ powers and are derived from the
__________________________ and ________________________ clause. The final powers,
______________________ powers are derived from the United States’ position as a nation state in global
22. The powers to declare war or regulate interstate commerce are _____________________ powers.
23. The power to institute a military draft would be an example of an _______________________ power.
24. If a government official is charged with wrongdoing, then the trial to decide upon removal from office will be
held in the ____________________________ .
25. How are bills introduced into each house of Congress?
26. What are four possible actions that a committee can take concerning a bill?
27. If a bill comes out of each house in a different form, how would the two versions of the bill be reconciled?
28. In the Senate, debate on a bill is unlimited and Senators can delay a vote by use of the ____________________.
However 3/5 of the Senators can end the debate with a _______________________ vote.
29. Major presidential appointments and all treaties with foreign governments must be approved by the
30. If the president does not wish to make a bill into a law he has the authority to ____________________ the bill.
31. Match the following role of the president to the proper definition or example:
a. Chief of State e. Party Leader
b. Chief executive f. Judicial Leader
c. Commander in Chief g. Chief Diplomat
d. Chief Legislator
____ 1. the presidents power to appoint ambassadors, make treaties and issue executive agreements
____ 2. the presidents power to appoint cabinet members and direct the federal bureaucracy
____ 3. the president ability to raise money and endorse candidates for a campaign
____ 4. the president’s power to veto or sign bills, propose bills and deliver the state of the union address
____ 5. the president’s power to greet heroes and dedicate monuments and parks
____ 6. the president’s power to grant pardons and reprieves and appoint federal judges and justices
____ 7. the presidents power to order the army or navy into combat
____ 8. President Bush delivers a eulogy at former President Ford’s funeral
____ 9. President Roosevelt sends ships to the Pacific after the attack on Pearl Harbor
32. What is an executive agreement?
33. What is an executive order?
34. How did the War Powers Resolution limit the presidents’ authority?
35. What are the president’s clemency powers?
36. How did the 22nd Amendment affect the presidency?
37. Which Amendment deals with succession to the offices of the president and vice president?
38. Which amendment changed the date of the presidential inauguration? What is the current date?
39. Which amendment called for the president and vice president to be elected as a ticket?
40. Under the Presidential Succession Act of 1947, who becomes the president if both the sitting president and vice
president can no longer serve?
41. If the president refuses to sign a bill into law Congress can use an __________________________ vote if 2/3rds
of both Houses agree to pass the bill.
42. The president refuses to act upon a bill. Congress is adjourned (not meeting) for ten days. This is a
43. What happens to a bill if the president refuses to act upon it and Congress is in session for ten days?
44. Which Congressional committee would approve spending bills?
45. Which Congressional committee would approve a tax increase?
46. Which House committee sets the calendar and rules for debate on bills?
47. Match the Executive Agency with its Responsibilities:
a. Department of Defense i. Department of the Interior
b. Department of Homeland Security j. Department of Agriculture
c. Department of Justice k. Department of Energy
d. Department of Housing and Urban l. Department of Education
e. Department of Labor m. Department of Veterans Affairs
f. Department of the Treasury n. Department of Transportation
g. Department of Heath and Human Services o. Department of State
h. Department of Commerce
____ 1. Plans and carries out foreign policy
____ 2. Collects, borrows, spends and prints money
____ 3. Deals with special needs and problems of cities
____ 4. Manages the nation’s highways, railroads, airlines and sea traffic
____ 5. Manages the armed forces
____ 6. Manages and protects the nation’s public lands and natural resources
____ 7. Oversees defense against terrorist attacks and securing the nation’s borders
____ 8. Assists farmers and consumers of farm products
____ 9. Supervises trade and promotes business and tourism
____ 10. Responsible for all aspects of law enforcement
____ 11. Directs overall energy plan for the nation
____ 12. Directs services for armed services veterans
____ 13. Deals with working conditions and wages for US workers
____ 14. Deals with well being and health of all Americans
____ 15. Provides advice and funding for schools
48. Describe the responsibility of each of offices of the EOP:
a. The National Security Council _______________________________________________________________________
b. The Office of Management and the Budget _____________________________________________________________
c. The Council of Economic Advisors ___________________________________________________________________
d. The Chief of Staff _________________________________________________________________________________
49. Match the following government agency with the Executive Department that controls it:
a. Bureau of Indian Affairs ____________________________________________________________________________
b. Occupational Safety and Health Administration _________________________________________________________
c Federal Bureau of Investigation ______________________________________________________________________
d. Internal Revenue Service ___________________________________________________________________________
e. Food and Drug Administration _______________________________________________________________________
f. The Census Bureau ________________________________________________________________________________
50. Write the Name of the following Independent Agency and Describe its responsibility
a. NASA __________________________________________________________________________________________
b. FTC ____________________________________________________________________________________________
c. EPA ____________________________________________________________________________________________
d. NTSB __________________________________________________________________________________________
e. CIA ____________________________________________________________________________________________
f. SEC ____________________________________________________________________________________________
g. FCC ___________________________________________________________________________________________
h. FAA ___________________________________________________________________________________________
51. Which federal law created the professional civil service?
52. Criminal and Civil Trials are heard in Federal _______________________________ Courts.
53. Federal ________________________________ Courts decide if the decisions of lower courts are correct and Constitutional.
54. Why is the US Supreme Court considered the highest court in the land?
55. The US Supreme Court consists of one _______________________ justice and __________________ associate justices.
56. Supreme Court Justices and many federal court judges are _____________________________ by the president, but must be
confirmed by the _____________________________.
57. What is a writ of certiorari?
58. How do cases get on the Supreme Court’s docket?
59. What is the majority opinion?
60. What is a dissenting opinion?
61. What is a concurring opinion?
62. What is a writ of habeas corpus?
63. What is a bill of attainder?
64. What is an ex post facto law?
65. An order directing someone to appear in court or produce evidence is called a ______________________________.
66. The right to hear a case is ____________________________________________.
67. The right to hear a case first is ______________________________________ __________________________________.
68. What three decisions can an appeals court make when it reviews the decision of a lower court?
69. _______________________________ jury decides if there is sufficient evidence to issue an indictment (formal charge)
against a criminal suspect?
70. ________________________________ jury hears evidence and decides on the verdict in a trial.
PART I (Completion)
1. __________________ ____ ___________ occurs when a person takes a large complex task and breaks it down
into several smaller tasks.
2. __________________ income is that money you have remaining when all of your bills and other necessities have
been paid for.
3. The process of _______________________ occurs when you spend or borrow more money than you can possibly
pay pack, or the inability to pay your debts.
4. When you buy shares of _________________, you are buying partial ownership in a company.
5. A _____________________ is a payment that can be made up to four times per year to the owner of stock in a
company and is usually a reward to the stock holder for hanging on to shares of the companies stock.
6. _______________ simply refers to the various quantities of goods and services that producers are willing and able
to sell at all possible prices.
7. ________________ simply refers to the various quantities of goods and services that consumers are willing and
able to buy at all possible prices.
8. ________________ ______________ is the lowest legal wage that can be paid to most workers.
9. A ________________________ is a voluntary association of people who carry on an economic activity that benefits
10. A _____________ ______________ is a group of workers who band together to bargain for better working
conditions, pay and benefits.
11. The state of North Carolina has _____________-____-___________ laws, which prevent mandatory union
12. A ________________ is merely a work stoppage or refusal to work.
13. A ___________________ is simply a refusal to buy goods.
14. A _______________ good, is a good or service usually produced by privately owned businesses where a good can
only be consumed by one person at a time.
15. A ________________ good, is a good or service that can be consumed by one person without preventing the
consumption of the good by another. “Lakes, parks, libraries”
16. A _______________________ occurs when one company becomes the sole provider of a good or service with no
competition and has the ability to set prices.
17. __________ - __________ laws are laws that attempt to control monopoly power and to preserve and promote
competition in the market place.
18. In 1890 the United States Government passed the ________________ _______-______ Act, which banned
monopolies and other businesses that attempt to prevent competition.
19. A _________________ is literally a “marriage” of two companies or the combination of two companies to form a
20. A _______________ occurs when a company agrees to pull a product off the market or to make it safer.
21. What do to the initials C.P.S.C. stand for and what does this government entity play in making products safer for
____________________ ________________ _________________ __________________
22. The practice of _________________ policy occurs when government spends money or raises and lowers taxes in
order to promote economic growth.
23. _________________ occurs when there is sustained increase in the general level of prices as compared to one’s
income. In other words “prices rise, but your income stays the same!”
24. A ________________ market occurs when stock buyers expect the market to get better over time and invest
heavily in the fact that stock prices will rise over time. In contrast, a _____________ market occurs when stock
buyers expect the market to get worse over time and sell their stocks before they decline in value.
25. The four major types of unemployment that occur in the United States are:
A. _____________________ unemployment that is based upon seasons of the year or holidays.
B. _____________________ unemployment that means that unemployment rises and falls with the business cycle,
the ups and downs of the U.S. economy.
C. _____________________ unemployment that means that people do not have either skills or are not qualified to
apply for the jobs that are readily available..
D. _____________________ unemployment that means that people are between jobs and are in the process of
applying for employment.
26. The United States has a _____________________ income tax system, which means that the tax rate is lower for
lower incomes and higher for higher incomes. Essentially “The more you make the more the government takes!”
27. There are exactly ________ Federal Reserve Districts in the United States and North Carolina is located in the
_______ District with the city of __________________, VA serving as it’s primary location.
28. ______________________ spending is spending which is required and does not need annual approval from
Congress such as Medicare, Medicaid and social security, however this differs from ______________________
spending which is not required and Congress may decide how to spend the money each year.
29. Only the _______________________ branch of the U.S. government has the authority to approve
_______________________ bills, which are laws that approve spending for particular activities.
30. The three types of taxes that the U.S. Government can levy on individuals and businesses are:
A. ________________________ tax, or a tax that increases as your income increases.
B. ________________________ tax, or a tax that decreases as your income increases.
C. ________________________ tax, or a tax that takes the same amount from everyone no matter how much or
how little you make.
31. The three major sources of tax revenue for Federal, State and Local are governments are?
A. Federal government _________________________ tax.
B. State government: _______________________ tax.
C. Local government _______________________ tax.
32. A _____________ is nothing more than government debt, and I.O.U., issued by the government to pay for projects
that have to be complete now but paid for later.
33. The ability of a country to produce a good or service at a lower cost than another country is often called a
34. A _______________ is a tax on imported goods, but a ______________ is an attempt to restrict trade by placing
limits on the amount of foreign goods imported.
35. The attempt by most all nations to reduce barriers to trade and open up markets to all countries is often referred to
as __________ trade.
36. The four major types of job skills in the United States are:
A._____________________. which means that workers effectively have no job skills or job skills or workers can be
taught how to perform their job in a matter of hours. (fast food workers, truck loaders, janitors)
B._____________________, which means the workers have some job skills and their jobs will require that they be
trained in days or weeks. (truck drivers, heavy equipment workers)
C._____________________, which means that workers have acquired a unique set of skills that allow them to
specialize in producing a good or service. This skill was probably attained through apprenticing under someone like
an electrician, plumber, carpenter.
D._____________________, which means that a formal or college education is required and that many years of
study have gone into training someone to do his or her job. (Financial consultant, teacher, lawyer, police officer,
PART III (Short Answer)
37. What are the three most basic questions that all economic systems must answer before deciding to produce any
type of good or service? “How a country decides to answer these questions actually determines what type of
system it has!”
38. A ____________ is something you purchase which is tangible, can be physically touched, while a _______________
is something which is intangible, cannot be touched and is usually performed for you.
39. Please name the “Four Factors of Production.”
40. Please explain what G.D.P. means and what it is and please explain what G.N.P. means and explain what it is.
a. G.D.P._________________ _______________________ __________________
b. G.N.P. _________________ _____________________ ____________________
41. Circular Flow of the Economy
“Please Label the Model”
42. Please explain the difference between a “Product Market” and a “Factor Market!”
43. Please explain the difference between Human Capital and Physical Capital.
44. Explain what “Economic Interdependence” is and cite two examples of it.
45. Name the four major “economic systems” of the world.
46. Briefly describe the difference between a “market” and a “factor market.”
A. Market: ____________________________________________________________________________
B. Factor Market:_______________________________________________________________________
47. Please explain the difference between “compound” and “simple” interest:
48. Name three substitute products for pizza and name three pairs of complementary goods.
Substitute Goods:_______________ _________________ and ___________________
Complementary Goods: ___________________ and ________________________
___________________ and ________________________
___________________ and ________________________
49. Describe the difference between “elasticity” and “inelasticity” of a product.
IDENTIFY THE VARIOUS POINTS ON THE GRAPH:
51. Name two ways in which prices help the consumer?
52. What are the three most common types of business ownership in the United States?
53. Briefly explain what the Board of Directors does for a corporation?
54. Briefly describe the “Business Cycle” what is it?
55. Please explain why the C.P.I. is and why the government uses it.
_____________________ _________________ ____________________
56. The three major stock indexes that the government of the United States looks at when helping to
determine the growth rate of the country on a daily and monthly and yearly basis are?:
57. What are the three major reasons why income levels vary so much from person to person in the United States?
1._______________________ 2.____________________ 3._______________________
Please label each part of the “Business Cycle” of the U.S. Economy.
59. A_______________________________ B.____________________________
60. Explain what the “Discount Rate” is and why the Federal Reserve would choose to either lower or raise it.
61. Please identify at least three major reasons for the “Great Depression.”
62. What do the following acronyms mean?
1. N.A.F.T.A. ________ ______________ _________ __________ ______________.
2. W.T.O. _______________ __________________ _________________________.
3. C.A.F.T.A. ____________ _____________ ________ ________ _______________.
4. G.A.T.T. ____________ _______________ on _________ and _____________.
63. Please explain the difference between the “Classical” economic view of the world as written by Adam Smith and the
“Keynesian” economic view of the world as written by John Maynard Keynes when it comes to inferring with the
economy of a nation.
64. Please define the words “Monopoly” and “Oligopoly.”
65. Please list the four conditions of “Perfect Competition.”
66. ______________________________ is anything that is excepted as payment for goods or services.
67. The Federal Reserves manipulation of the money supply as a means to control inflation and avoid recessions is
known as ______________________________ ______________________________.
68. What are the three main functions of money?
69. What type of money does the United States use?
70. What are the main functions of banks?
71. What are the functions of the Federal Reserve?
72. What is an opportunity cost?
73. What occurs when we make a trade off?
74.What is meant by the term labor force?
75. What occurs during collective bargaining?
76. What is the FDIC? What does it do?
77, What is the SEC and what is it responsible for?
78. What factors can change the demand for a good or service?
79. What factors influence the supply of a good or service?
80. Define the following:
A. mediation ____________________________________________________________________________
B. arbitration ____________________________________________________________________________
C. Wagner Act ___________________________________________________________________________
D. Taft-Hartley Act ________________________________________________________________________
E. union shop ____________________________________________________________________________
F. closed shop ____________________________________________________________________________
Civics EOC Review- US History
Complete each statement.
1. The _____________ ______________________ ____________________ was a religious revival that undermined
the control of the English Monarch by challenging the authority of the Church of England.
2. In 1754 the British colonies in North America were drawn into a global conflict between the French and English for
control of the Ohio River Valley known as the __________________ and ______________________
3. Ben Franklin unsuccessfully proposed the unification of the British North American colonies in the
___________________ _________________ of ____________________.
4. In the aftermath of the conflict with the French, the British government tried to offset the costs by levying or
5. The British Parliament intended to cut the cost of defending the colonies by prohibiting westward migration and
continued conflicts with Native Americans by passing the ________________________ of __________________.
6. The British government also gave their customs officials the right to search without a warrant to stop smuggling with
a document known as a _________________ of ___________________________.
7. The most disagreeable tax was enacted by Parliament in 1765, which placed a duty on newspapers, playing cards and
legal documents, among other items and was known as the ______________________________
8. In October of 1765 several colonies met to plan a course of action against the tax at a gathering known as the
_________________ _______________ ____________________.
9. Many colonial protest were led by an often violent group known as the _______________ of
10. Despite the eventual repeal of the 1765 tax the Parliament continued to tax the colonies with various other acts that
gave rise to the colonial rallying cry of ____________ _______________________ without
11. In 1770 the first fatal confrontation between colonists and British troops left six colonists dead in an event known as
the ____________________ _______________________.
12. The next major protest occurred in 1773 when colonists dumped British tea chest into the sea during the
___________________________ _______________________ ______________________.
13. The British response to the destruction of their tea led the Parliament to sanction the colony of Massachusetts by
closing Boston harbor, closing local government and courts and reinstituting the quartering of soldiers with the
14. In 1764 the British government tried to quell some of the colonial protest by deploying troops in the colonies to be
housed by the public in a law known as the _____________________ _______________________.
15. The colonists called a meeting in Philadelphia in 1774 known as the _________________
_______________________ _____________________, which asked Parliament to repeal their punishments aimed at
16. In April of 1775 in an attempt to arrest Massachusetts colonial leaders and confiscate weapons escalated into the first
battles of the Revolution at ____________________ and _________________________.
17. In May of 1775 the colonies would send representatives to Philadelphia yet again at a meeting known as the
_______________________ __________________________ _____________________ to try to reconcile with
Britain, but ended up pursuing independence.
18. In 1776 the congress adopted Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence which argued that the British Parliament was
violating the _______________________ ___________________ that stated government was intended to protect a
citizen’s rights in return for obedience to the law.
19. The Declaration of Independence also stated that Parliament was denying the colonists their
________________________ ___________________ of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, borrowing from
John Locke’s _____________________ __________________ of Life, liberty and property.
20. In 1778 the French government entered an alliance with the colonies after the colonists’ victory over the British at
______________________ in October 1777.
21. The British decided to sue for peace in 1781 after losing to combined French and Colonial forces at
22. In 1783 the British granted independence to the colonies and seeded territory in the _______________________ of
23. In 1781 the new United States was formed under its original constitution the _______________________ of
24. In 1787 a tax rebellion led by ___________________ _____________________, forced the United States create a
25. In 1787 a new meeting of the states, later to be designated the ____________________________
______________________________ was called originally to amend the government, but ended up writing a new
26. James Madison introduced the _______________________ _____________________ that called for a bicameral
legislature with both houses based on proportional(population) representation.
27. William Patterson introduced the alternative _________________ ________________ ___________________
which called for a unicameral legislature with equal representation.
28. The dispute between Patterson’s plan and Madison’s plan was resolved by the ___________________
______________________, which created a bicameral legislature with one house for proportional representation and
one house for equal representation.
29. Southern states tried to balance representation in the new congress by insisting slaves be counted and eventually the
delegates(representatives) produced the __________________ _____________________
________________________., allowing a percentage of slaves to be counted.
30. In 1788 Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay wrote a series of essays that encouraged the
ratification(approval) of the new constitution known as the _____________________ _______________________.
a. Mayflower Compact d. Two Treatises on Government
b. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut e. English Bill of Rights
c. Maryland Act of Toleration
____ 31. First written constitution for a colony.
____ 32. Granted power to rule England to Parliament.
____ 33. Document that granted religious freedom in a British North American colony.
____ 34. Set up direct democracy in America, when colonist agreed to abide by the general will.
____ 35. Expressed the idea that mankind is born with the natural rights of life, liberty and property.
36. List two reasons that led to the colonization of North America by the English.
37. New England colonies developed which form of government based on the organization of the Pilgrim and Puritan
38. The colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island were founded for what
39. Most southern colonies developed which form of government ,modeled after the British Parliament and the Virginia
House of Burgesses?
40. Which colonial region developed an economic system based around large scale agriculture?
41. Which colonial region developed an economy based on fishing, harvesting timber and shipping?
42. Which colonial regions’ economic developed centered around agriculture, shipping, fishing and fur and timber
43. What system provided the earliest source of labor for the tobacco boom in the colonies of Maryland and Virginia by
enticing poor English citizens to sell their labor?
44. After 1619, and enhanced by the events of Bacon’s Rebellion of 1675, what system of labor would become most
prevalent on the tobacco plantations?
45. What term is used to designate the trade route that linked the British colonies of North America, Europe and Africa?
46. List at least five weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
Supreme Court Decisions
1. In 1803 the US Supreme Court established the power of _______________________ _____________________ with
its decision in Marbury v. Madison, that allows the court to decide the Constitutionality of acts of government.
2. In the __________________________ v. ________________________ decision the Court upheld the supremacy
clause by denying Maryland’s power to tax the federal government.
3. In the _____________________________ v. __________________________ decision the court used the issue of
steamboat licenses to assert the federal governments control over interstate commerce.
4. In 1856 the court used the _____________________ amendment’s due process clause to keep Dred Scott enslaved.
5. The 1896 decision in Plessy v. Ferguson established the principle of _____________________ but
________________________ that segregated the races.
6. In 1954 the ________________________ v. _______________________ of ________________________ would
reverse the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson.
7. Using the establishment clause of the First Amendment the Supreme Court struck down the practice of prayer in
public schools in the __________________________ v. __________________________ decision.
8. The ____________________________ Amendment and the equal protection clause forced states to ensure the
Fourth amendment search and seizure rights were observed in the decision of Mapp v. Ohio, establishing the
9. The question of whether students had the same protections of Free Speech were dealt with in the
__________________________ v. _____________________________ decision.
10. ___________________________ v. ____________________ ____________________ forced the court to decide if
probable cause gave school officials the right to search students.
11. Protesting World War I led the court to rule that a clear and present danger faced by the US gave the government a
right to limit your free speech in the case of ______________________________ v. _____________________.
12. The equal protection clause was combined with the ____________________ Amendment guarantee of right to
counsel to establish that states must provide defense attorneys to defendants in the ruling in Gideon v. Wainwright.
13. The principle that police officers must warn a suspect of their Constitutional rights was established by
______________________ v. _________________________.
14. The First Amendment protection of the free press and the principle of prior restraint was the subject of
_________________________ v. ___________________________.
15. Korematsu v. US argued that confining Japanese-Americans to _____________________
______________________ violated the 5th and 14th amendments due process and equal protection clauses.
16. The court ruled that wire tapping did not violate the Fourth Amendment in the case of
__________________________ v. ______________________.
17. A principal’s power to censor the school newspaper did not violate the First Amendment according to the ruling in
_________________________ v. _________________________.
18. Flag burning became a protected form of symbolic speech in the decision of __________________________ v.
19. North Carolina state courts have ruled that all students have the right to a sound basic education in the case of
_________________________ v. ______________________.
20. Gitlow v. New York challenged whether the state laws limiting ___________________ _______________________
EOC Review- State and Local Government
1. The executive officer of the state government is called the _______________________.
2. The executive officer of the city government is called the ____________________.
3. The city’s chief executive does not have real authority to enforce laws in North Carolina, so they are referred to as a
4. The actual enforcement of city government’s policies is left to a __________________ _____________________,
that is hired by the city’s legislative body.
5. Law enforcement is left to professionals hired by the government and called the _________________ of
_____________________ in cities.
6. The county’s law enforcement officer is elected by the voters and is given the title of
7. The states chief executive is exercising his/her power over the state’s national guard units. The executive is
exercising the role of ______________________ in _______________________.
8. The executive addresses the state legislature yearly to propose policy and assess the previous year in the
________________________ of the ______________________ address.
9. The executive can offer pardons and commute sentences of convicted criminals while exercising the
10. The executive officer can represent the people of the state as ____________________________ of
11. The executive office of the state of North Carolina is made up of several elected officials that make up the
_________________________ of __________________________.
12. The office of ________________________ _______________________ oversees the state bureau of investigations,
provides legal council to the state and prosecutes criminals on appeal from trial courts.
13. The ______________________ of ______________________ manages the states official records.
14. The _____________________________ ______________________ presides over the state senate and could be
elevated to the chief executive office upon the death, resignation or removal from office of the serving chief
15. The NC state legislature is made up of a bicameral body known as the ____________________________
16. The two chambers of the state legislature in NC are the ____________________ of
___________________________ and the ___________________________.
17. The members of both chambers of NC’s state legislature are elected from districts with an equal number of
constituents, meaning both chambers have ___________________________ representation.
18. The NC state legislature uses __________________________, just as the US Congress does to deal with the work of
investigation and researching bills.
19. Just as the President of the United States has the authority to reject or ________________ bills, so can the chief
executive of NC.
20. If the executive of NC violates the law, he/she may be ____________________________ by the NC House and
convicted and removed from office by the NC Senate.
21. In North Carolina misdemeanor cases and civil suits under $10,000 are heard in ____________________________
22. In North Carolina felony cases and civil suits over $10,000 are heard in ____________________________ Courts.
23. A trial by jury is guaranteed in North Carolina courts when you are tried in _________________________________
24. Questions concerning the state constitution and death penalty sentences are heard by the NC
25. Appeals from trial courts in NC are heard by the NC Court of __________________________.
26. Judges and justices are ___________________________ in NC.
27. Small claims cases and guilty pleas in misdemeanors are often heard by a judicial official called the
28. Counties in North Carolina are governed by a ___________________________ of __________________________
29. The day to day operations of counties are overseen by an official called the ____________________
_____________________ hired to carry out policies.
30. Land usage policies in counties and cities are the responsibility of the ___________________ board.
31. The assessors office is responsible for setting ________________ _______________ rates.
32. The legislative body within a city is referred to as the ____________________ _________________________.
33. The laws created to govern cities and counties are called ________________________ .
34. A ________________________ is an order to appear in court.
35. The policy making responsibilities, including hiring a superintendent and creating the budget for the local school
system is the responsibility ________________________ ________________________.