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Citation Directions and Style

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					IF I FOUND MY SOURCE ONLINE…
So where specifically Okay, now what bibliographic information did I find my source? do I need to get from my source? On one of the research databases…
 author  title of article  Name of source (i.e. Journal of Women and Gender or Newsweek)  date (for newspaper articles)* volume, number or issue, & date (for journals/magazines)* *If I’m not sure which type of publication it is, I can ask a teacher or google the title of the publication.  pages of article  name of database I used (i.e. Gale or JStor)  date I accessed article

North Lawndale College Prep MLA Citations: Directions and Style Alright, got that. Now how should I cite my source?
ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication. Volume.Issue (Year): Page Numbers. Database. Web. Date of Access. example Tolson, Nancy. “Making Books Available: The Role of Early Libraries, Librarians, and Booksellers in the Promotion of African American Children’s Literature.” African American Review 32.1 (1998): 9-16. JSTOR. Web. 5 June 2008.

IN TEXT…
format (Author Page#) example (Tolson 12)

On a newspaper, news site, or magazine’s website (either their current issue or archives)…

 author  title of article  name of newspaper, news organization, or magazine  date of article  date I accessed article

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication Date of Article. Web. Date of Access. example Biersdorfer, J.D. “Religion Finds Technology.” New York Times 16 May 2002. Web. 20 Jul 2006.

IN TEXT…
format (Author) example (Biersdorfer)

 author

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Web. example Chang, Jeff. Can’t Stop Won’t Stop: A History of the Hip Hop Generation. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005. Web.

It’s a book I found online…

 title of book  publisher usually found on the bottom of the title page  city of publication usually below the publisher on title page (if more than one city is listed, just use the first one)  year of publication found on the copyright page – right after the title page  title of website

IN TEXT…
format (Author Page#) example (Chang 62)

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Title of Webpage. Author or Editor. Date of copyright. Web. Date of Access. example The Criminology Mega-Site. T. O’Connor. 2 Dec. 2006. Web. 28 Sept. 2009.

Just the plain old World Wide Web – I’m trying to cite an entire website (ex. a hubsite)…

 name of author/editor of site or sponsoring institution or organization figuring this out may require some detective work, but if it’s too difficult to find, it might be a sign that this is not a reliable website…  date of electronic copyright or latest update usually found at the bottom of the home page  date I accessed site

IN TEXT… Use website title and author in source tag.
example: On his Criminology Mega-Site, T. O’Connor lists several theories of criminal behavior including demonology, astrology, and phrenology.

Encyclopedia or other reference entry

 title of entry  name of website  name of sponsoring institution or organization this may be the same as the name of the website  date of electronic copyright or latest update usually found at the bottom of the home page  date I accessed site

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format “Title of Entry.” Name of Encyclopedia or Dictionary. Sponsoring organization or institution, Year of Latest Publication. Web. Date of Access. example “Monday Night Football.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2009. Web. 13 Oct. 2009.

IN TEXT… Use publication and article title in source tag.
example: Encylopaedia Britannica’s article on Monday Night Football describes the event as an “American phenomenon”.

IF I FOUND MY SOURCE IN PRINT…
So where specifically did I find my source? Okay, now what bibliographic information do I need to get from my source?
 author

North Lawndale College Prep MLA Citations: Directions and Style Alright, got that. Now how should I cite my source?
ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Print. example Angelou, Maya. I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. New York: Bantam Books, 1969. Print.

Well, it’s just a regular book…

 title of book  publisher usually found on the bottom of the title page  city of publication usually below the publisher on title page (if more than one city is listed, just use the first one)  year of publication found on the copyright page – the back of the title page

IN TEXT…
format (Author Page#) example (Angelou 27)

Okay, but what if the book has more than one author?
If there are two or three authors, list all of them. If there are more than three, only name the first and add et al. (“and others”). All other information is the same as above.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE Eggins, Suzanne, and Diana Slade. Analyzing Casual Conversation. London: Cassell, 1997. Print.

IN TEXT EXAMPLE (Eggins 115)

Or what if the book has no main author, just an editor?
If you are using the entire book, just list the editor the same way as a single author, followed by “Ed.” on Works Cited Page. If you are using a single essay from the book, list the essay author and title as if it were an article, followed by the information about the book editor, title, and publishing. In text, refer to the source by the author of the single essay.

WORKS CITED EXAMPLE Forman, Murray and Mark Anthony Neal, Eds. That’s the Joint: The Hip-Hop Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 2004. Print. Castleman, Craig. “The Politics of Graffiti.” That’s the Joint: The Hip Hop Studies Reader. Ed. Murray Forman and Mark Anthony Neal. New York: Routledge, 2004. Print. 21-9. IN TEXT EXAMPLE (Castleman 24)

I found an article in an actual magazine…

 author  title of article  name of magazine  date of issue  page numbers

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Magazine Date of Issue: Page Numbers. Print. example McEvoy, Dermot. “Little Books, Big Success.” Publishers Weekly 30 Oct. 2006: 26-28. Print.

IN TEXT…
format (Author Page#) example (McEvoy 27)

I found an article in an actual newspaper…

 author  title of article  name of newspaper  date of issue  page numbers if article starts on one page but skips to a different section, list the first page followed by “+”

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…
format Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Article.” Name of Newspaper Date of Issue: Page Numbers. Print. example Jeromack, Paul. “This Once, a David of the Art World Does Goliatha Favor.” New York Times 13 July 2002: B7+. Print.

IN TEXT…
format (Author Page#) example (Jeromack B7)

ON THE WORKS CITED PAGE…

I looked an encyclopedia or some other reference book…

 title of entry  name of reference publication  edition number and year of publication

format “Title of entry.” Name of reference publication. Edition. Year. Print. example “Noon.” The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Print.

IN TEXT…
Use name of publication in source tag. example: The Oxford English Dictionary defines “noon” as…


				
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