MapInfo - an introduction

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Mutual Progress on Homelessness through Advancing and
          Strengthening Information Systems

               National Seminar
             Helsinki, February 27th 2009
       Bill Edgar (University of Dundee UK)
     Volker Busch-Geertsema (GISS, Germany)

                                                    European Commission
Purpose of Mphasis

    Measuring Homelessness Report
    Improve Capacity
        National Authorities in data collection on
    MPHASIS Approach
        Mutual Learning / Practice Strand
        Research Strand

                                                      European Commission
Seminar Purpose

    PROGRESS - Social Inclusion Strategy
        Mutual Learning
        Mobilising all actors
    Commission Expectations
        Concrete Outputs and Outcomes
    National Seminars
        Agreed outcome statement on actions required
         to improve data collection on homelessness

                                                        European Commission
Purpose of Data Collection

Strategy Aims to              Data needed for
Prevent homelessness          People vulnerable to eviction
                              People who leave an institution with
                              no home
Tackle the causes of          Data reflecting different pathways
Reduce the level of           Scale and prevalence of
homelessness                  homelessness
Reduce the negative effects   Longitudinal analysis / repeat
on homeless people            homelessness

Ensure that formerly          Number who gain access to
homeless people can sustain   permanent or supported
permanent independent         accommodation and remain there

                                                                   European Commission
Homeless Pathways and Data

    CAUSES            FACTORS                TRIGGERS                   DATA SOURCES
  STRUCTURAL     Poverty
                 Unemployment                                              Housing
 INSTITUTIONAL   Institutional Living
                 Foster / State Care
                                                  Discharge              Penal System
                 Prison Experience
                 Armed Forces
 RELATIONSHIP    Abusive relationship                                    Social Welfare
                                         Leaving family home
                 Abusive relationship
                                         Fleeing violent relationship
                 (with a partner)                                           Surveys
                 Family Breakdown
                                         Coping with living alone
                 (death or separation)
   PERSONAL      Mental Illness          Illness episode                 Health Services
                 Learning Difficulty
                                         Support breakdown                   Service
                 Drug Dependency
                 Alcohol Dependency      Substance Misuse

                                                                                           European Commission
Data Collection Overview

                  Homeless persons surveys     France, Spain, Italy

                  Service Providers / Client   Netherlands, Ireland

                 Official Registers of         Czech, Hungary, Latvia
Social Welfare / Services
                   Regulation                  Denmark

                   Funding                     UK

Housing            Allocation                  UK

                   Needs Assessment            Finland, Ireland, Scotland

                                                                            European Commission
Graph Slide
Typology of Living Situations

                                Types of housing

         Housing Units                 Collective                           Other
                                    Living Quarters                   Living Situations

                    Non-                                  Non-              Public Spaces
Conventional     conventional    Institutional        institutional        external spaces
  dwelling         dwelling        Building             Building

                                                                                          European Commission
Operational Definition

    Operational Category                        Living Situation
1    People Living Rough             1    Public space / external space
2    People in emergency             2    Overnight Shelters
3    People living in                3    Homeless Hostels
     accommodation for the           4    Temporary Accommodation
     homeless                        5    Transitional Supported
                                     6    Accommodation
                                          Women’s shelter or refuge
4    People living in institutions   7    Health care institutions
                                     8    Penal institutions

5    People living in non-            9   Mobile homes
     conventional dwellings due      10   Non-conventional building
     to lack of housing              11   Temporary structure

6    People living temporarily       12   Conventional housing, but not the
     with family and friends              person’s usual place of residence
                                                                              European Commission
Homelessness Information

    Driven by Strategy
    Definition of homelessness and housing
    Review of information sources
    Service Provider Database
    Core Variables Definition
    Client Register information
    Administrative Data / Survey Data

                                              European Commission
Homelessness System

   Input Indicators
       Threatened with eviction
       Leaving institutions
       Children leaving care
   System Indicators
       Number of people receiving services
       Time spent in the system
       Flow of people through the system
   Output Indicators
       People re-housed (with/without support)

                                                  European Commission
Homelessness Accommodation

                             European Commission
Supply and User Statistics

    Directory of Services
        Bed-spaces
        Prevalence occupancy rate
    Client Registers
        Occupancy level
        Turnover
        Duration
    Profile and Trends
        Profile demography
        Pathways profile
        Administrative geographies
                                      European Commission
Core Variables

     Test usability of Core Variables in all MPHASIS
         Demographic characteristic (age and gender),
         Nationality and migration background (country of
         Composition of homeless households,
         Accommodation situation (immediately before
          service period and at time of data collection),
         Duration of (current) homelessness,
         Reasons for (last) homelessness.
     Common understanding? Data available?
      Harmonisation possible? Amendments
     Obstacles for implementation of missing
      variables and possible solutions                 European Commission
Outcome Statement

    Homelessness Strategy
        Is there any such strategy?
        What are the data needs of strategy / policies?
        Are there any plans for regular monitoring?
        How can an operational definition of homelessness be
         developed and used?
    Existing Systems
        National/regional databases of services set up?
        Client register systems installed and used for
         providing more continuous information?
        What gaps exist / Reliability of data?
        Is definition of core variables agreed by actors?

                                                             European Commission
Outcome Statement

    Barriers
        How can data protection issues be addressed?
        Is funding adequate / sustainable?
        How can barriers be overcome?

    Information Strategy
        Is responsibility / governance clear?
        Is there a mechanism for review?
        What is the action plan for implementation?

    National Action
        Agreement of outcome statement and action to
         progress data collection
        Sharing progress and information from national
         meetings and MPHASIS website
        Report back to final MPHASIS conference in
         September 2009
                                                          European Commission

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