March 28, 2010
Informative Speech Outline
I. Imagine you are watching a volleyball game or MINTONETE-the original name of VB.
A. Have you ever felt lost while watching a volleyball game?
B. Are you familiar with the positions on the court and what exactly each player does
and is responsible for?
II. Today I will be sharing some of the most common rules on volleyball along with a few of
the positions and then of course each player’s responsibility on the court.
A. Most common rules in volleyball-
1. All serves must be made behind the line or it is called a fault foul.
2. Attack line- also known as the 10 ft. line.
3. Fish: a person who gets stuck in the net.
4. Floater: a ball that is served with a lot of top spin and can suddenly drop or shift
5. Net violation: illegal for any part of the player's uniform or body (except for the
hair) to contact the net.
6. Center line violation: player encroaches on opponent's court under the net; no
violation if some part of the foot or hand (i.e. the heel) remains in contact with
the center line.
7. Tip: placement or redirection of the ball with the fingers, sometimes referred to
as a dink or dump; a tip is counted as an attack attempt and, if successful, a kill.
8. Pancake: one-handed defensive save where the hand is extended and the palm
is slid flat (like a pancake!) along the floor as the player dives for the ball; timed
so the ball bounces off the back of the hand.
11. Screening: Deliberate (and illegal) attempts to obscure the start of a teammate’s
serve by obstructing an opponent's line of sight.
12. Tool: deliberately hitting the ball off the block to score a point--sometimes
called a "wipe."
B. Positions on the volleyball court
(The setter is much like the quarterback in football or the point guard in
basketball. She is in charge of the offense. She decides who should get the
ball and when. It doesn't matter how good a team's hitters are if it doesn't
have a setter that can consistently deliver a good ball to hit.) She is easily the
most important player on the team!
March 28, 2010
a. Hitters (Right, Left, and Middle) - Right: Team’s weak side hitters hit
from the right side of the court and are usually not the primary
attackers on the team. Weakside hitters may also be referred to as
b. Left or Outside: Teams outside hitters are usually the primary
attackers on the team. These hitters attack balls that are set to the
left side of the court. Outside hitters may also be referred to as
c. Middle: Team’s middle hitters hit balls set at the net in the middle of
the court. Middle hitters are sometimes the primary attackers on
the team. Middle hitters are commonly used as a decoy to freeze
or confuse the opposing team’s blockers. A middle hitter is also
referred to as a middle blocker or just middle. Middle blockers are
often in charge of front row players to coordinate team blocking
2. Libero/Defensive Specialist: The libero plays a special roll in team defense
and passing. The libero is the player on the volleyball team that can
come into the game and replace any player on the back row. The
libero is sometimes called a defensive specialist or DS. The libero may
be put in the game to pass for a weaker passer or to help cover the
court by making great defensive plays. The libero may also serve in
one rotation and also wears a different color jersey than the rest of the
C. Each player’s individual responsibility on the court
“Learning these simple positions and some of the rules will give you a better
understanding of the game and help you the next time you are sitting at a volleyball
match.” In closing today we discussed:
1. Different rules and things associated with the game.
2. The positions on the court
3. And last but not least, certain jobs that the individual players are responsible for
March 28, 2010
Oden, B. (2010). Volleyball positions- setter. Retrieved from
Rogers, L,. (n.d.). Quasi- official glossary of volleyball terms. Retrieved from
Strength and Power for Volleyball LLC, . (2006). Volleyball positions. Retrieved from