ERNEST HEMINGWAY by 9pDQ63

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 2

									                                  ERNEST HEMINGWAY
Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and journalist. His distinctive writing
style, characterized by economy and understatement, influenced 20th-century fiction, as did his life of adventure and
public image. He produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s. He won the Nobel Prize in
Literature in 1954. Hemingway's fiction was successful because the characters he presented exhibited authenticity that
resonated with his audience. Many of his works are classics of American literature. He published seven novels, six short
story collections, and two non-fiction works during his lifetime; a further three novels, four collections of short stories, and
three non-fiction works were published posthumously.
Hemingway was born and raised in Oak Park, Illinois. After leaving high school he worked for a few months as a reporter
for The Kansas City Star, before leaving for the Italian front to become an ambulance driver during World War I, which
became the basis for his novel A Farewell to Arms. He was seriously wounded and returned home within the year. In
1922 Hemingway married the first of his four wives, and the couple moved to Paris, where he worked as a foreign
correspondent. During his time there he met and was influenced by modernist writers and artists of the 1920s expatriate
community known as the "Lost Generation". His first novel, The Sun Also Rises, was written in 1924.
After Hemingway's return from covering the Spanish Civil War, he wrote For Whom the Bell Tolls. During World War II he
was present at D-Day and the liberation of Paris.
Shortly after the publication of The Old Man and the Sea in 1952 Hemingway went on safari to Africa, where he was
almost killed in a plane crash that left him in pain or ill-health for much of the rest of his life. Hemingway had permanent
residences in Key West, Florida, and Cuba during the 1930s and '40s, but in 1959 he moved from Cuba to Ketchum,
Idaho, where he committed suicide in the summer of 1961.


      Torrenti di primavera, Einaudi, Torino, 1951, trad. di B. Fonzi
      L'invincibile (cinque racconti), pref. di S. Surace, Jandi-Sapi, 1944
      E il sole sorge ancora (noto anche con il titolo "Fiesta"), tr. di R. Dandolo, Jandi-Sapi, 1944; Fiesta, Einaudi, Torino 1946, trad.
       G. Trevisan
      Addio alle armi , tr. di B. Fonzi, Jandi-Sapi, 1945; tr. di Fernanda Pivano, Mondadori, 1949
      Per chi suona la campana, tr. di M. Napolitano Martore, Mondadori, 1946
      La quinta colonna, tr. di G. Trevisani, Einaudi, 1946
      Verdi colline d'Africa, tr. di G. Carancini, Jandi-Sapi, 1946; Uomini senza donne, tr. di A. Salomone, Elios, 1946
      Chi ha e chi non ha, Jandi-Sapi 1945, trad. B. Fonzi; Avere e non avere, Einaudi, Torino 1946, trad. G. Monicelli
      Morte nel pomeriggio, tr. di F. Pivano, Einaudi, 1947
      I quarantanove racconti, tr. di G. Trevisani, Einaudi, 1947
      Il vecchio e il mare, tr. di F. Pivano, Mondadori, 1952
      Di là dal fiume e tra gli alberi, tr. di F. Pivano, Mondadori, 1965
      Il giardino dell'Eden, tr. di M. D'Amico, Mondadori, 1987
      A Moveable Feast, 1964; Festa mobile, tr. di V. Mantovani, Mondadori, 1964
      Island in the Stream, 1970; Isole nella corrente, tr. di V. Mantovani, Mondadori, 1970
      The Nick Adams Stories, 1972; I racconti di Nick Adams, tr. di G. Trevisani, Mondadori, 1973
      Il leone buono, tr. di R. Mamoli Zorzi, illustrazioni di E. Agostinelli, Emme, 1978
      Il toro fedele, tr. di R. Mamoli Zorzi, illustrazioni di M. Foreman, Emme, 1980
      88 Poems, 1979; 88 Poesie, intr. e tr. di V. Mantovani, Mondadori, 1982
      True at first light (Vero all'alba), Mondadori, Milano 1999,



                                         THE SUN ALSO RISES
                                         The title is taken from the first chapter of Ecclesiastes, Hemingway's favourite book of the Old
                                         Testament, and the tone of this novel also expresses the searching, questioning tone of world-
                                         weary king of Ecclesiastes. They all want to know if there is 'something new under the sun' that
                                         they have yet to experience. Set in the 1920's, a relatively well-off group of expatriate
                                         Americans enjoy life in Paris but need new thrills. Brett, the aristocratic femme fatale, and Jake,
                                         a man of the world, travel to Spain for the fiesta and the bull fighting (the book is also published
                                         under the title 'Fiesta'). Other men are inevitably attracted to Brett, and although she is aware
                                         that men will still fight over her, at thirty-four she does not have very much longer to settle down
                                         with just one man - if only she could bring herself to even contemplate it. She seems paralysed
                                         by fear of commitment, children, settling down and being left on the shelf.
                                   A FAREWELL TO ARMS
                                   Composto febbrilmente tra il 1928 e il 1929, "Addio alle armi" è la storia di amore
                                   e guerra che Hemingway aveva sempre meditato di scrivere ispirandosi alle sue
                                   esperienze del 1918 sul fronte italiano, e in particolare alla ferita riportata a
                                   Fossalta e alla passione per l'infermiera Agnes von Kurowsky. I temi della guerra,
                                   dell'amore e della morte, che per diversi aspetti sono alla base di tutta l'opera di
                                   Hemingway, trovano in questo romanzo uno spazio e un'articolazione particolari. È
                                   la vicenda stessa a stimolare emozioni e sentimenti collegati agli incanti, ma anche
                                   alle estreme precarietà dell'esistenza, alla rivolta contro la violenza e il sangue
                                   ingiustamente versato. La diserzione del giovane ufficiale americano durante la
                                   ritirata di Caporetto si rivela, col ricongiungimento tra il protagonista e la donna
                                   della quale è innamorato, una decisa condanna di quanto di inumano appartiene
                                   alla guerra. Ma anche l'amore, in questa vicenda segnata da una tragica sconfitta
                                   della felicità, rimane un'aspirazione che l'uomo insegue disperatamente, prigioniero
                                   di forze misteriose contro le quali sembra inutile lottare.
                                   FOR WHOM THE BELL TOLLS (*)
                                   Un episodio di guerriglia durante la guerra civile spagnola, un ponte che deve
                                   essere fatto saltare, un piccolo gruppo di partigiani uniti dall'unica speranza che
                                   "un giorno ogni pericolo sia vinto e il paese sia un posto dove si vive bene"; in
                                   mezzo a tutto questo, Robert Jordan, il dinamitardo, l'inglés giunto da Madrid per
                                   organizzare la distruzione del ponte. Robert è un irregolare nell'esercito
                                   repubblicano, un intellettuale votato a una causa che, tra mille dubbi, egli sente
                                   non meno sua degli altri: perché al di là di ogni errore e di ogni violenza ci sia pace
                                   e libertà per tutti.


                                   THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA
                                   Santiago is an old man, and many are starting to think that he can no longer fish.
                                   He has gone for many months without landing any kind of fish to speak of; and his
                                   apprentice, a young man named Manolin, has gone to work for a more prosperous
                                   boat. The fisherman sets out into the open sea and goes a little further out than he
                                   normally would in his desperation to catch a fish. At noon, a big Marlin takes hold
                                   of one of the lines, but the fish is far too big for him to handle.
                                   Hemingway pays great attention to the skill and dexterity that Santiago uses in
                                   coping with the fish. Santiago lets the fish have enough line, so that it won't break
                                   his pole; but he and his boat are dragged out to sea for three days. Finally, the
                                   fish--an enormous and worthy opponent--grows tired; and Santiago kills it. Even
                                   this final victory does not end the Santiago's journey; he is a still far, far out to
                                   sea. To make matters worse, Santiago drags the Marlin behind the boat (and the
                                   blood from the dead fish attracts sharks).
                                   Santiago does his best to beat the sharks away, but his efforts are not enough.
                                   The sharks eat the flesh off the Marlin, and Santiago is left with only the bones.
                                   Santiago gets back to shore--weary and tired--with nothing to show for his pains
                                   but the skeletal remains of a large Marlin. Even with just the bare remains of the
                                   fish, the experience has changed him, and altered the perception others have of
                                   him. Manolin wakes him the morning after his return and suggests that they once
                                   more fish together
ISOLE NELLA CORRENTE
Islands in the Stream was meant to encompass three stories to illustrate different stages in the life of its main
character, Thomas Hudson. The three different parts of the novel were originally to be entitled "The Sea When Young",
"The Sea When Absent" and "The Sea in Being". These titles were changed, however, into what are now its three acts:
"Bimini", "Cuba", and "At Sea".




   (*) John Donne (1572-1631)
   “No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be
   washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's
   or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never
   send to know for whom the bells tolls; it tolls for thee."

								
To top