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									2010年高考总复习



   必修2
       必修二      Units1-2




 1.情态动词+have done
“情态动词+have done”结构表示对已经发生的事情的推测、责怪、后悔、遗憾等。
这一结构是高中阶段非常重要的知识点,也是历年高考的必考知识点。例如,
(2008重庆 30) (2008山东 24) (2008江西26) (2008江苏35) (2007江苏22)
(2007浙江15)(2007安徽23)(2007福建25)(2007陕西14)。命题范围比
较广泛,主要包括must/ can/ could/ would/ may/ might/ should/ ought to/ needn’t
+ have done。在复习这一部分时,除了区分意思外,其用法还要注意:(1)
must have done的否定说法为can’t/ couldn’t have done,没有mustn’t have done
的说法;(2)can have done一般只用于否定句和疑问句;(3)may/ might
have done一般只用于肯定句。
  根据历年高考对这一知识点的频繁考查,预测2010年高考仍会作为必考内容考
查。
2.doubt
doubt是新课标中的重点词汇,对它的考查主要从两个角度:(1)doubt在肯定
句、否定句、疑问句中,后面所接宾语从句和同位语从句的引导词选择;(2)
“There is no doubt that+从句”
固定句型”。(2008江苏25)对该知识点进行了考查。
 2010年高考可能还会考查doubt后面从句引导词的选择。
3.remain
remain一直时高考题中的高频考查词汇。(2008辽宁31)(2008重庆32)(2006浙
江18)都对remain用法进行了考查。考查角度主要有:(1)remain + n./ adj.;
(2)sth remain to be done 和It remains to be seen…(3)remaining与left的区
别。
 预测2010年仍可能从以上对remain的用法进行考查。
4.rather than
rather than是高中阶段非常重要的短语,(2008江苏30)出现了该知识点。经常
从以下角度进行考查:(1)与other than,or rather等短语区分;(2)rather
than连接两个并列成分;(3)prefer to do sth rather than do sth = would rather
do sth than do sth = would do sth rather than do sht;(4)rather than连接主语
时,动词单复数取决于rather than前面的主语。
由于rather than用法较多,2010年高考很可能继续在单选和完形填空中考查该短
语的用法。
5.nor, not only后面的倒装
  否定词not/ /nether/ nor/ never/ seldom/ not until/ hardly/ not only…(but also…)等
放在句首时,句子用部分倒装。这一用法时高中非常重要的语法项目,也是高考必
考语法点。(2008辽宁35) (2008陕西07)(2007辽宁23)(2007全国II 11)(2007
安徽22)都对这一考点进行了考查。
  2010年高考仍然会针对否定词位于句首后面用部分倒装的用法进行考查。
6.as well as和as…as…
  as well as和as…as…是高中英语中非常重要的结构,考查角度为:(1)as well
as本义为“和……一样好”;(2)as well as连接主语时,动词单复数与as well
as前面主语保持一致:(3)as well意为“和,也,又”,常位于句末;(4)
as…as…构成的常用短语,如as much/ many as,as far as,as good as,as
long as等。(2008浙江17)(2006辽宁27)针对该知识点设计了题目。
  2010年高考仍会针对as well as和as…as…短语进行考查。

7.非限制性定语从句和一般将来时的被动语态
本部分出现的非限制性定语从句和一般将来时的被动语态是高考中必定涉及的语法
内容。(2008全国II 16) (2008北京卷’ 28) (2008上海春卷’ 38) (2008重庆卷’
21)(2007山东35)(2007浙江14)对非限制性定语从句进行了考查,(2008北京
29)对一般将来时的被动语态进行了考查。
2010年高考必定还把非限制性定语从句和一般将来时的被动语态作为必考内容。
8.功能
本部分功能项目——询问看法、表达意见、谈论兴趣爱好是高考中情景交际
的常考内容,如(2008江苏22)(2006山东22)都对此项目进行了考查。
 2010年高考仍会在听力和单选中考查考生对此项目的灵活运用能力。
9.话题
本部分包含两个话题——文化遗产和奥运会。
保护世界和民族文化遗产就是保护人类的物质和精神文化财富,能够帮助我
们了解历史,理解文化,增强民族自豪感和自信心,而且保护世界非物质文
化遗产行动正在全球展开,“文化遗产”是一个热点话题。
奥运会更是一个热点话题。2008北京奥运会成功举办,与奥运有关的内容—
—奥运起源、奥运历史、圣火传递、奥运场馆、奥运赛事、奥运明星、奥运
影响等等都可以作为试题材料,如(2008福建阅读A)(2008广东阅读B)
(2007浙江阅读C)就以“奥运”为话题。。
 2010年高考将会选取有关文化遗产和奥运会的材料作为各个题型的考查内
容。
  Unit1 Cultural relics


重要词汇拓展
1.cultural adj.文化的→culture n.文化,文明
2.rare adj. 稀罕的,稀有的,珍贵的→ rarely adv.
3.valuable adj.贵重的,有价值的→ value n.价值→invaluable/ priceless adj.无法
估价的,非常贵重的→valueless/ worthless adj.无价值的
4. survive v.幸免,幸存,生还→survival n.幸存,生还→survivor n.生还者
5.amaze vt.使吃惊;惊讶→amazed adj.感到惊讶的→amazing adj.令人惊讶的
→amazement n.惊讶
6.select vt.挑选,选择→selection n.
7.design n.设计,图案,构思 vt.设计,计划,构思→designer n.设计者
8.fancy adj.奇特的,异样的 vt.想像,设想,爱好
9.decorate vt.装饰,装修→decoration n.装饰,装修
10.jewel n.[C]珠宝,宝石→jewellery/jewelry n.[U]
11.reception n.接待,招待会,接收→receive v.接待,接受,收到
12.remove v.移动,搬开→removal n.移动,迁移
13.doubt n./vt.怀疑,疑惑
14.worth adj.值得的,值……→(同义词)worthyn.价值
15.evidence n.根据,证据→evident adj,明显的,显而易见的
重点短语梳理
1.in search of 搜寻,寻找
2.belong to 属于
3.in return 作为报答
4.at war 处于交战状态
5.less than 少于
6.take apart 拆开
7.think highly of 看重,器重
重点句型再现
1 Frederic William I, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his
greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history. 普鲁士
国王威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的历
史。
2 This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several
tons of amber were used to make it. 这件礼物就是琥珀屋,它之所以有这个名字,
是因为造这间房子用了好几吨的琥珀。
3 In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. 在1770 年,这间琥珀屋
按照她要求的方式完成了。
4 This was a time when the two countries were at war. 这是在两国交战时期。
in search of the Amber Room 寻找琥珀屋
【知识归纳】
search (1)n.搜索,搜查,搜寻
            a/the/one’s search for sb/sth
            in search of 搜寻,寻找(固定短语,of不可用for替换)
          (2)v.搜索,搜查,搜寻
search (sth) (for sb/sth)(在某地)搜寻(某人/某物)
search sb for sth 搜某人的身寻找某物


【联想拓展】
   search after 追求(财富,名声,真理等)
   search into=look into 调查,研究
   search out 搜出,找出
高手过招
完成句子
1.The police ____________ him everywhere. He was caught at last and now
the police are _____________ him.
警察到处搜捕他。最终他被抓住了,现在警察正在对他进行搜身。
2.His house had clearly been ___________ and the book was missing.
显然有人搜过他的房子———那本书不见了。

【答案】1.searched for ;searching           2.searched
However, the next King of Prussia, Frederic William I, to whom the room
belonged, decided not to keep it.
然而,下一位普鲁士国王,腓特烈威廉一世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。
【知识归纳】本句中to whom the room belonged为非限制性定语从句,修饰前
面的Frederic William I,介词to也可以放在belonged后。
belong to 属于某人,归某人所有,是……的成员,是……的一部分。该短语不
能用于进行时和被动语态。

【联想拓展】belong还可作“应在(某处),适合”,与表示场所的词或短语
连用,不可用于进行时和被动语态。


高手过招
完成句子
1. Is this the piano __________ (属于)your family for over ten years?
2. I'm in the kitchen _________(which/where) I belong.

【答案】 1.belonging to 2.where (belong为不及物动词,故引导词只用副
词)
There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg,
which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.
毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时它是波罗的海边的一
个德国城市。
【知识归纳】There is no doubt that… 这是一个常用结构,其中that引导同位语
从句. 表示”毫无疑问……”
doubt的用法
1). 用作动词,在肯定句中,其后通常接 whether, if 引导的宾语从句,在否定
句或疑问句中通常接 that 从句。
2). 用作名词,与用作动词类似,在肯定句中后接 whether从句,在否定句中
或疑问句后接 that-从句。
高手过招 翻译句子
1.___________________________________________.
我们毫不怀疑他能干好。
2.___________________________________________.
毫无疑问我们会成功的。
 【答案】1.We don’t doubt that he can do it well.
 2.There is no doubt that we will be successful.
He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information,
which must be facts rather than opinions.
他/她关心的只是目击者是否提供了真实的信息,这些信息必须是事实而不是个人
观点或看法。
【知识归纳】
rather than意思为“而不是,”连接两个并列成分,这两个并列成分的形式应该
一致。rather than连接两个主语时,其后面谓语动词的单复数应遵循就前原则,
同类词汇、短语还有as well as,together with,except,but,like,with,
besides,including等。

高手过招 选词填空
rather than other than or rather
1.I met him very late on Friday night, ___________, early on Saturday morning.
2.Does anybody ____________ yourself know this?
3.I decided to send an e-mail ___________ telephone.


【答案】1.or rather      2.other than   3.rather than
语法专练
(用适当的关系代词填空)
1.Some of the roads were flooded, ______ made our journey more difficult.
2.Mr. King, ________ legs were badly hurt, was quickly taken to hospital.
3.Yesterday I bought a dictionary, __________cost me more than 100 yuan .
4.Mr. Smith,______ _ gave a talk several months ago , will come again.
5.My uncle has come back from abroad, _________ I haven’t met for along time.
6.The man          lives next door is a writer.
7.Beijing is the city      has got the chance to host the 2008 Olympic Games.
8.A dictionary is a book ________ you can use to learn more words.
9.He is the model worker _________ we should learn from.
10.This is the film ________ I like best.


【答案】
1 which 2 whose      3 which  4 who 5 who/ whom 6 that/who
7 that/ which 8 that/ which 9 that/who /whom 10 that/ which
单词拼写
1. She s_________a diamond ring. and decided to buy it.
2 The gloves are d _________for very cold weather.
3 Her bedroom was d _________with flowers and balloons.
4 He r_________the picture and put it in the drawer.
5 The picture is w_________at least twenty pounds.
6 Can you _________(想像)yourself on the moon?
7 These plants cannot _________(存活)in very cold conditions
8 I was _________(惊讶的)at his broad knowledge.
9 When the gas ___________(爆炸),many people were injured.
10 I _________(怀疑)whether we can get the first place in the competition.

答案
1 selected    2 designed 3 decorated   4 removed     5 worth 6 fancy
7 survive    8 amazed    9 exploded 10 doubt
选词填空
 in return remain think highly of no doubt in search of
1 After leaving the army, Mr Brown came to China ____________ a job.
2 He mentioned the names of a few judges whom he did not
_______________..
3 She gave us food and clothes and asked for nothing _____________..
4 There is ____________ that the search for those lost cultural relics will
continue.
5 He ____________ a prisoner for the rest of his life.


答案:
1 in search of        2 think highly of      3 in return
4 no doubt            5 remained
翻译句子
1 ._________________________________________________________.
对于他们提供的帮助,我们应该送些东西作为回报。
2.___________________________________________________________
不要拿不属于你的东西。
3 .___________________________________________________________.
警察正在山中搜寻失踪的孩子。
4 .___________________________________________________________.
许多问题尚待解决。
5 .___________________________________________________________.
昨晚他不可能去北京了,刚才我还见他了。

答案:
1. We should give them something in return for their help.
2. Don’t take what doesn’t belong to you.
3. The police are searching the mountain for the missing child.
4. Many problems remain to be settled.
5. He could have gone to Beijing last night. I saw him just now.
Unit2 The Olympic Games



 重要词汇拓展
 1.ancient adj.古代的,古老的
 2.compete vi.比赛,竞争→competition n.比赛,竞争→ competitor n.比赛者,
 竞争者/→ competitive adj.竞争的
 3.magical adj.巫术的,魔术的,有魔力的
 4.regular adj.规则的,定期的,常规的→regularly adv.定期地,有规律地
 5.admit v.容许,承认,接纳→admission n.
 6.nowadays adv.现在
 7.host vt.主办/n.主人,主持人,东道主→hostess n.女主人,女主持人
 8.responsibility n.责任,职责→responsible adj.负责任的
 9.replace vt.取代,代替
 10.physical adj.物理的,身体的→physically adv.
 11.advertise v.做广告,登广告→advertisement n.
 12.bargain v.讨价还价/n.便宜货
 13.deserve v. 应受,值得
重点短语梳理
1.take part in 参加,参与
2.stand for 代表,象征,表示
3.as well 也,又,还
4.in charge 主管,看管
5.one after another 陆续地,一个接一个地
 重点句型再现

 1.Only athletes who have reached the agreed standards for their event will be
 admitted as competitors.
 只有达到他们各自项目统一标准的运动员才会被接受参加奥运会。
 2.It’s in the Summer Games that you have the running races, together with
 swimming, sailing and all the team sports.(本句为It is …that…强调句型)
 跑步、游泳、划船和一些团队项目是在夏季运动会上进行。
 3.No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women!(本句后半句为
 倒装句)
 其他国家都不能参加,奴隶和妇女也不能。
Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games?
谁不能参加奥运会?
【知识归纳】take part in参加
【易混辨析】attend, join, join in, take part in
以上四项都有“参加”的意思.
join指加入某一政党、团体、组织等,join sb in doing) sth指加入某人正在
从事的活动。
join in 指参加某项活动、比赛或游戏等。
take part in 通常指参加有组织有准备的活动、比赛等。
attend通常用于参加会议、听课、上学或去教堂等。

高手过招 选词填空
attend, join, join in, take part in
1. He _______ the army in 1978.
2. Will you ______ me ____ a walk.
3. Did you ___________ the lecture yesterday?
4. He ____________ the last Olympic Games and won a gold medal.
答案:
1. joined   2 . join…in   3. attend   4 .took part in
What do the rings on the Olympic flag stand for?.
奥运会旗上的五环代表什么?
【知识归纳】stand for 代表,象征;支持,主张

【联想拓展】stand by 站在旁边;袖手旁观;支持,拥护;遵守;随时准备行动
stand out 突出,显眼

高手过招 完成句子
stand out stand by stand for
1.The letters UN________ ________ United Nations。
2. Don’t just _________ ________You can do something to help.
3. The letters _________ _______ well against the dark background.


  【答案】1.stand for      2.stand by    3.stand out
Women are not only allowed, but play a very important roles in gymnastics,
athletics, team sports and …
妇女不仅允许参加,而且她们还在体操、竞技和团队等比赛项目中起着非常重要
的作用。
【知识归纳】
not only…but (also)… 意思为“不仅……而且……”,连接谓语时,not前不可以有
助动词。连接主语时,谓语动词的单复数要和邻近的主语保持一致。
连接主语以外的成分时,如果位于句首,not only 后的主谓需要倒装。

【联想拓展】either…or…, neither…nor…连接主语时,谓语动词的单复数也要和
邻近的主语保持一致。
Neither you nor he is interested in pop munic.
你不喜欢流行音乐,他也不喜欢。
Either he or you are to blame.
不是他就是你该受责备。

【易混辨析】not only…but (also)…连接主语时, 谓语动词的单复数要和后面的主
语保持一致,…as well as…连接主语时, 谓语动词的单复数要和前面的主语保持一
致。
高手过招完成句子
1. Not only ____________ (他喜欢英语),but also he learns it well.
2. ——I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible.
——________________.(我也不去了)


【答案】1 does he like English 2. Neither/Nor would I .
单词拼写
1 When and where did the a_______ Olympic Games start ?
2. In the Olympic Games athletes c_____________ with each other for
medals.
3 How many c___________ competed in the 2004 Athens Olympic
Games?
4 Every four years a_______ from all over the world take part in the
Olympic Games.
5 If you want to sell your books, put an a_____________ in the
newspaper..
6. London will _________ (主办) the 30th Olympic Games.
7. The man __________ (承认) that he had stolen the lady’s wallet.
8 Mr. Smith has ______(取代) Mr. Green as captain.
9.As is known to all, __________(身体的)exercise is good for our
health.
10.The coat is a _________(便宜货)at such a low price.
【答案】
1 ancient 2 compete 3 competitors 4 athketes         5 advertisement
6 host    7 admitted 8 replaced   9 physical        10 bargain

选词填空
in charge of as well as stand for bargain with compete for
1 Young children usually ____________ their mother’s attention.
2 Who will be ____________ the company when the manager resigns?
3 He __________ his classmates hopes to go camping on Sunday.
4 What do the letters PRC _____________?
5 The woman was ______________ the shopkeeper over the price of
the coat.


【答案】
1 compete for     2 in charge of   3 as well as   4 stand for
5 bargaining with
必修二 Units 3—5




1 common
common是新课标中的重点词汇,常与ordinary,general,usual等词进行辨析,
如 在(2008江西33) (2008安徽27)(2006福建26)就对common及近义词进行
了考查。
 2010年仍有可能考查common及近义词的辨析。
2 over
 over是高考题中经常考查的词汇,作为介词,其意思较多,应熟悉其不同用
法。、(08全国卷II’ 15)(2006江苏24)都对over作为介词的用法进行了考查。
另外,对于由over构成的一些动词短语也是高考经常考查的项目,如go over,
get over,turn over,take over等,(08全国卷I’ 34) (08全国卷II’ 09) (08山东卷’
29)对此进行了考查。
 2010年高考肯定还会在over及其构成的一些动词短语上考查学生的运用和辨
析能力。
3. before
 before是历年高考题中的重要考查词汇,经常考查其作为连词的用法。(2008
    北京34) (2008上海31)(2007辽宁32)(2007安徽21)(2007福建29)
    (2006福建25)都对before用法进行了考查。另外,要注意before和until的
    区别。
 鉴于before一词在高考中的高频考查,2010年高考仍会把连词before作为考查
    的重点内容。
4 go by,make up,break up
由come,bring,break,give,go,take,put,make,turn等动词构成的短
   语一直是高考中考查的重点内容。(08浙江卷’14) (08湖北卷’25) (08湖北
   卷’27) (08安徽卷’35)都对动词短语进行了考查。
 2010年高考一定还会对以上动词构成的短语进行考查,希望考生在复习阶段
   要扎实基础,注重积累,增强辨析能力。
5 so…that…/ so that…/ such…that…
so…that…/ so that…/ such…that…是高中英语中非常重要的结构,也是高考
   重要考查知识点。、(2008上海春35) (2008山东31) 2008江西34) (2008江
   西22)(2008四川01)I(2008福建28)对以上结构进行了考查。另外一定要注意
   so…that…结构中so位于句首时,主句需用部分倒装,如(2008上海39)考查
   了该项内容。
  2010年高考肯定还会对so…that…/ so that…/ such…that三个结构以
   及…so…that…结构中so位于句首时,主句需要部分倒装进行考查。
6 in no way
  由way构成的短语一直是高考中考查的重点,常考的主要有in the/
    one’s way,make one’s way (to…) ,give way to,by way of,by
    the way,in no way,on the/ one’s way,No way!需要特别注意,
    in no way置于句首时,后面要用部分倒装。(2008江苏22)(2008福建
    23)对way的用法作了考查。
  2010年高考仍会把与way有关的短语作为考查重点。
7 as if/ though
as if/ though是新课标中的重要短语,在高考题中也经常考查其用法。考查
角度有:(1)as if/ though后跟虚拟语气和陈述语气的区别;(2)as if/
though与even if/ though的区别。(2008全国I 31)(2005广东26)对as if/
though的用法进行了考查。
2010年高考很可能把as if/ though与even if/ though及其他短语放在一起考
查学生的辨别能力。
8 after all
 after all,at all,in all,above all,first of all的区别一直是高考中的常考
知识点。、(2008浙江卷’19)(2004宁夏全国II 32)对after all进行了考查。
2010年高考仍然会对after all,at all,in all,above all,first of all等短语
进行考查。
9 appreciate
appreciate是高中阶段重点词汇,其用法应注意两点:(1)后接doing,
而不能接to do;(2)作“感激,感谢”时,宾语只能为“事物”,不能
为“人”;(3)其后不直接跟if或when引导的从句,若语义上需要接这类
从句,需借助it。(2006山东24)对appreciate的用法进行了考查。
2010年高考仍会把appreciate的用法作为重要考点。
10 现在完成时和现在进行时的被动语态,介词+关系代词引导的定语从句
以上语法项目是高考中每年必考内容,(2008北京29) (2008上海32) (2008浙江
07)(2008上海38) (2008四川04)(2008福建31)对以上语法进行了考查。
 2010年高考一定会把这几项语法项目作为重点考查内容。
11 功能
 本部分功能项目——作出决定、说明理由、谈论意愿和目的以及提出建议都是高
考中情景交际的重要考查内容。(2008重庆28) (2008四川13)(2007全国II 6)对以
上情景交际进行了考查。
2010年高考必定会把情景交际作为考查内容。
12 话题
 本部分话题包括电脑、野生动植物保护和音乐。
 (2008上海春阅读B)(2007广东完形)(2006浙江阅读D)与电脑有关,
(2008全国I阅读E )(2007辽宁阅读C)(2006重庆阅读D)(2006上海阅读B)
与动植物保护有关,(2008江苏完形)(2008广东阅读A)(2007山东阅读C)
与音乐有关。因此,本单元话题一直是高考题选材的重要内容。
 2010年高考肯定还会涉及到电脑网络、生物环境保护、文化艺术等热门话题。
Unit3



重要词汇拓展
1.calculate v.计算→calculation n.计算
2.universal adj.普遍的,通用的,宇宙的→universe n.宇宙
3.simplify v.简化→simple adj.简单的→simply adv.简直,只是
4.revolution n革命→revolutionary adj.革命的 n.革命者
5.artificial adj.人造的,假的→man-made adj.人造的 fake adj.假的
6.intelligence n.智力,智能→intelligent adj.智能的,聪明的
7.solve v.解决,解答→solution n.解决方法
8.personal adj.私人的,个人的,亲自的→personally adv.就个人而言,
亲自地
9.total .adj.总的,整个的 n.总数,合计→totally adv.完全地,整个地
10.application n.应用,用途,申请→apply v.应用,用途,申请
11.explore v.探索,探测,探究→explorer n.探索者→exploration n.探索,
探测
12.anyhow/ anyway adv.无论如何,不管怎样
13.type n. 类型 v.打字→typist n.打字员→typewriter n.打字机
重点短语梳理
1.from…on 从……时起
2.as a result 结果
3.so…that… 如此……以致于……
4.human race 人类
5.in a way 在某种程度上
6.with the help of 在……的帮助下
7.deal with 处理,安排,对付
8.watch over 看守,监视
重点句型再现
1 Over time I have been changed quite a lot.
经过一段时间我已经被改变了很多。
2 I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was
built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.
我发育缓慢,差不多到了两百年之后,查尔斯·巴比奇才把我制成了一台分析机。
3 As time went by, I was made smaller.
随着时间过去,我辈弄得越来越小。
4 And my memory became so large that even I couldn’t believe it!
我的存储容量变得如此巨大,连我自己都不敢相信!
have … in common
【知识归纳】
1. common adj..普通的,常见的;共同的,共有的
in common 共有,共用
have something/ a lot / much/ nothing/ little ) in common with sb 与某人有/ 没有
共同之处
in common with… 和……一样

【易混辨析】common/ordinary/general/usual
上面三个词都含"普通的"的意思,但是在使用上是有差别的.
1)common强调“常见的”“不足为奇的”。
2)ordinary强调“平常的”“平淡无奇的”。
3)general意为"普通的""一般的"
4)usual意为"一贯如此的,习惯性的"
高手过招 选词填空
common ordinary general usual
1.This book is intended for the _________ readers, not for the specialist.
2.This bird is ___________ throughout Europe.
3.This is the __________state of the house.
4.The book which I have read recently is about ___________ people..

【答案】1.general 2.common             3.usual   4.ordinary
from then on
【知识归纳】from then on 从那时起
From then on she knew that she would win.
她从那时起就知道自己会得胜。
From then on he refused to talk about it.
从那以后他就不再谈这件事了。
【易混辨析】from then on 与since then
from then on 从那时起          since then.从那时以来
They have been good friends since then.
从那时起他们就一直是好朋友。
I expect there have been great changes since then.
我想现在那儿已发生了巨大的变化。

高手过招 选词填空from then on from now on since then
1)The world situation has undergone great changes. ____________.
2)So ______________ she began her new life.
3)We must study even harder _____________..

【答案】1)since then        2)from then on       3)from now on
as a result
【知识归纳】
as a result 结果,因此
as a result of 由于,作为……的结果
 【联想拓展】
 result from由……引起,由于
 result in结果,导致

高手过招 完成句子
1.He was late ________________ the heavy snow.
由于大雪,他迟到了。
2._____________, we have to water the vegetable garden.
因此,我们不得不给菜地浇水。
3.His failure in the exam ___________ his carelessness.
他考试不及格是由于粗心造成的。
4.The accident _______________ the death of two people.
这场意外事故造成两人死亡。

【答案】1.as a result of    2.as a result 3.resulted from   4.resulted in
so…that…
【知识归纳】
so…that… 如此……以致于……(引导结果状语从句)
so…that…可以用于以下句型结构:
1) so + adj./ adv. + that clause
2) so + adj. + a/ an + n. + that clause
3) so + many? few/ much/ little(少)+ n. + that clause

【易混辨析】so…that… 与so that
so…that…只能引导结果状语从句,而so that可引导目的状语从句和结果状语
从句。
高手过招 完成句子
1.The little boy saved every coin_________(如此一来) he could buy his mother
a present on Mother's day.
2.—__________________(多好的天啊) it is today!
 —Yes, the sunshine is __________(如此)beautiful that I'd like to go swimming in
the sea.
3.The stone is so heavy that I can't lift it up.
It is ______ _______ heavy stone ________I can't lift it up.
It is ______ heavy ______ _______ ______ I can’t lift it up.

【解析】1.so that/in order that
2.What fine day it is today。第一个空考查how和what引导感叹句的区别,day是可
数名词,所以应说成what a fine day或how fine a day。第二个空考查so…that…结
构引导结果状语从句的用法。
3.such, a, that so, a, stone, that
in a way
【知识归纳】
in a way 在某种程度上(相当于in one way / in some ways)
The work is well done in a way.
从某种程度上说,这工作做得不错。

【联想拓展】i
in the/ one’s way 挡道;妨碍
make one’s way (to…) 前进,行进
lead the way 带路,引路
give way (to…) 让路;让步;被……取代
by way of 经由,通过……方式
by the way 随便提一下,另外
in no way 决不
on the/ one’s way 在途中;接近
No way!决不!没门儿!
高手过招 完成句子
1.—I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her.
—________(决不). It was her fault..
2.It was a ____ (好办法)of getting rid of his nervousness, she said.

【解析】1.由It was her fault反推该空表明不同意道歉,应用No way。
 2.good way。
arise
【知识归纳】arise vi. 起来, 升起;出现;,发生;起身, 起立
arise from/ out of 由……引起, 由……造成

【易混辨析】arise / rise /raise/ arouse
arise, rise, raise, arouse 四个词看起来很像,其实差别很大。
arise和rise,是不及物动词,而raise和arouse是及物动词。
arise(arose,arisen)vi起来, 升起;出现;,发生;起身, 起立
rise(rose,risen)vi.上升,升起,上涨,提高
arouse(aroused,aroused)vt.唤醒,唤起,激起,引发
raise(raised,raised)vt.举起,提高,种植,饲养,抚养

高手过招 选词填空
 arise rise raise arouse
.1.Last year the advertising rate ________ by 20 percent
2.They ________ their output by more than half in less than three years.
3.We must _________ them to fight with enemies
4.Unexpected difficulties ________ in the course of their experiment

【答案】1.rose      2.raised   3.arouse    4.arose
make up
【知识归纳】
make up 组成,编造,和好,弥补,化妆

【联想拓展】
make up for 补偿,弥补
make for 走向;有助于
be made up of 由…构成,由…组成
make out 辨认,出,;理解
make use of 利用,使用
make a difference 产生差别,有影响
make sense 有意义,讲得通
make sense of 理解
高手过招 完成句子
1.Cleanliness _________ _________ good health.
讲究卫生有助于增进健康。
2.We need $50 to _________ _________ the sum required.
我们需要五十元以补足所需要的数目。
3.It was difficult to _________ __________ the manager's handwriting.
经理的字迹很难辨认。

【答案】1.makes for        2.make up    3.make out
单词拼写
1. Jack is one of the best c_________ who teaches athletes well.
2. P____________, I think the team who won first place cheated..
3. The 21st century is the century of information t____________.
4. The question is very s________. I think you can answer it.
5 .Her job is to answer telephones and t_________ letters.
6. If any problem a_________(出现), please tell me.
7. In the past 20 years, my hometown has _________(完全地)
changed.
8. We have _________(交易)with him for years.
9. Has Edward ____________ (计算) the result?
10. The environment pollution is a _____________ (普遍) problem.


【答案】1. coaches 2. Personally 3. technology      4. simple 5.
type 6. arises 7. totally 8. dealt 9. calculated 10. common
选词填空
with the help of make up after all deal with            have…in common 1.
She didn’t want to go to the party, so she ___________ an excuse.
2. Lili and Lucy are twins, and they ______ much ____________.
3. __________________ his teacher, he had made greater progress in his
English.
4. The new teacher is fresh from university, he really doesn’t know how to
_________ his badly behaved students.
5. Well, the story is too much for Mary. She can’t understand, __________,
she’s only two.

【答案】1. made up 2. have…in common            3. With the help of   4. deal with
5. after all
翻译句子
1. 随着时间的推移, 和许多青年人一样,他也开始喜欢上流行音乐。

2. 毕竟,在老师的帮助下,他最终成功了。

3. 尽管这双胞胎兄弟长得很像,但他们的兴趣极少有相同之处。

4. 在某种程度上遵循指示并非一件易事。

5. 不管怎么样,我们还是回到我的历史去吧。

【答案】
1 As the time went by, in common with many young people he began to love pop
music.
2 After all, with the teacher’s help he succeeded at last.
3 Though the twins look the same / alike, their interests have little in common.
4 In a way following the instructions is not easy.
5 Anyway, let’s go back to my history.
Unit4 Wildlife protection



重要词汇拓展
1 protection n.保护→protect v.保护→protective adj.保护的
2 hunt v.打猎,狩猎,猎取→hunting n.打猎,狩猎
3 respond v.回答,响应,做出反应→response n.回答,响应
4 contain v.包含,容纳,容忍→container n.容器
5 affect v.影响,感动,侵袭→effect n.影响,作用
6 appreciate v.鉴赏,感激,意识到→appreciation n.鉴赏,感激
7 succeed v.成功;接替,继任→success n.成功→successful adj.成功的
→successfully adv.成功地
8 secure adj.安全的,可靠的→security n.安全,保障
9 employ v.雇用,利用→employment n.雇用,就业→employer n.雇主
→employee n.雇工,雇员
10 harm v./n.损害,危害→harmful adj.有害的
11 bite v.咬,叮,刺痛
12 inspect v.检查,视察→inspection n.检查,视察→inspector n.检察员
重点短语梳理
1 die out 灭亡,消失
2 in peace 和平地,安宁地
3 in danger (of) 在危险中,垂危
4 in relief 如释重负,松了口气
5 burst into laughter 突然大笑起来
6 protect…from… 保护……不受……危害
7 pay attention to 注意
8 come into being 形成,产生
9 according to 根据,按照
10 so that 以便于,为的是;结果
重点句型再现
1 We ________________ for the wool beneath our stomachs.
为了取得我们肚皮下面的羊毛,我们正在被屠杀。
2 It _________________________________ which affects mosquitoes.
它含有一种强效的药物可以防止蚊虫叮咬。
3 You should _________________________ the rainforest where I live and
__________ how the animals live together.
你们应该多加关注我们生活的热带雨林,并且懂得热带雨林的动物时如何在一
起生活的。


答案:1 are being killed 2 contains a powerful drug;appreciate 3 pay more
attention to
 decrease
 【.知识归纳】
 decrease v..减少 ~ (sth) to/ by… 减少到/了……
     n. 减少;减少的数量(in/of)

 【联想拓展】increase vi./vt.增加,增长,增强
             n.增加;增加的数量
 on the decrease / increase 在减少/在增加

 高手过招 完成句子
 1._______ _______ will help _______ the cost of production.
 这些措施有助于降低生产成本。
 2.The birthrate is _______ _______ ________.
 人口出生率正在下降。

【答案】1.These measures; decrease. 2.on the decrease.
 die out
 【知识归纳】die out灭绝;逐渐消失

【联想拓展】be dying for 渴望;很想
be dying to do 渴望,很想
die away (尤指声音、光、风)逐渐消失,停止
die down 渐渐消失;平息
die off 相继死去
die a … death 死得……

高手过招 This kind of plants are____. Some day they will ____forever.
A dying off;die out B dying away;die off
C dying down;die out D dying out;die away

【解析】A。句子前面用了进行时,表示正在灭亡,所以用die off。后面表示有一
天会永远消失,所以用die out。
in danger (of)
【知识归纳】be in danger在危险中
be in danger of 有……的危险
be out of danger 脱离危险

高手过招 完成句子
1.He is ________ ________ _________ losing his job if he goes on like this.
他再这样下去会丢掉工作的。
2.The police said the man was ________ _______ ________ the public.
警察说这个男人对公众是个危险分子。



【答案】1.in danger of        2.a danger to
certain
【知识归纳】certain adj.确定的,确信的;一定的,必定的;某个,某些
be certain of/ about 确信,,深信
be certain to do必定会,一定会
be certain wh--/ how/ that+从句 对……有把握、对……能确信
be certain wh--/ how to do 对……有把握、对……能确信
It’s certain that+从句 ……是确定的
make certain of sth/ that+从句 弄清楚;确保,保证
for certain肯定地, 确定地

【联想拓展】certainty n.确实,确信;确实的事情 with certainty肯定地,确
定地
uncertain adj.不确定的;不确信的 uncertainty n. 无把握;不确定;不确定的
事物
certainly adv.必定地,确定地;当然,当然可以
高手过招 选词填空
.aware      confident sure certain
1.It is ______ that he will be present at the press conference.
2.We are _________in the prospect of our country.
3.Are you         your son's falling into evil way?


【解析】
 1.答案A。sure和certain之后都可以接of, certain 比sure的语气强些。但在It is
certain that…句型中,只能用certain,不用sure.
2.答案B。这句话的意思是“我们对我们国家的未来充满自信。”be aware of
意识到,be confident in对……有信心,be sure/ certain of/ about确定,确信。
3. aware。意思为“意识到”
pay attention to
【知识归纳】pay attention to 注意
You should pay attention to your spelling.
你要注意拼写。


【联想拓展】bring sth to one’s attention 使某人注意某事
call/ draw one’s attention to sth 使某人注意
draw/ catch/ attract one’s attention 引起某人的注意.
fix/ focus/ concentrate one’s attention on sth 集中注意力于某事物
高手过招 完成句子
1.No attention _______ _______ _______ his advice.
他的建议没有引起注意。
2.He _______ _______ ________some new evidence.
他提醒我注意一些新的证据。


【答案】1.was paid to      2.called/ drew my attention to
according to
【知识归纳】according to根据,按照;根据……所说

【联想拓展】in accordance with 与…一致,依照
accordingly adv.照着,相应地;因此,于是
Their deeds are never in accordance with their views.
他们的行为决不与他们的观点一致。
Everything have been done in accordance with the rules.
所有这一切均是依据法律执行的。
Learn the rules and act accordingly.
学会这些规则,然后就照着做。
He was too sick to stay. Accordingly, we sent him home.
他身体欠安,不能呆下去了,于是我们便派人把他送回家去。
高手过招 完成句子
1.________ _______the weather forecast, we shall have rain
tomorrow.
根据天气预告,明天会下雨。
2.I sold the house_______ _______ ________ your orders.
我按照你的指示出售了这幢房屋。

【答案】1.According to          2.in accordance with
单词拼写
1.This kind of drug can p_________ children from mosquitoes.
2.Geography a_______ people’s ways of living.
3.I have a pain in my s__________ as I ate a green grape just now.
4. Animals are our friends, they should live in p_______ on the earth.
5.Sea water c__________ salt.
6. Tiger is a f_______ animal.
7. Man should protect w__________ for his own existence.
8. I a_________ your help very much.
9. Did you report the l__________ of your jewelry to the police?
10. In class you should pay a__________ to what your teacher is saying.


【答案】
1 protect 2 affects 3 stomach 4 peace 5 contains 6 fierce 7 wildlife 8
appreciate 9. loss 10 attention
选词填空
decrease according to burst into laughter succeed employ
1 Upon hearing the funny story, everybody ________________________.
2 Why didn't you ____________ the new method?
3 The workmen want to ____________ the number of working hours and
increase pay.
4They divided themselves into three groups ___________________ age.
5 If he has no children, who will ______________?


 【答案】
 1 burst into laughter 2 employ 3 decrease 4 according to 5 succeed
完成句子
1. Do you know how the earth _______ _______ ________ ?
你知道地球是如何形成的吗?
2. In winter, you should cover something to _________ the plants ______ the
cold.
在冬天你应该盖上东西保护那些植物不要冻坏。
3. You should ____ _______ ________ the signs when you are driving.
当你驾驶的时候你应该注意标志。
4. Dinosaurs ______ ______ millions of years ago.
恐龙在几万年前就灭绝了。
5. The storm _____ a bad _______ _____ the crops.
那暴风雨对庄稼有很坏的影响。


 【答案】
 1 cme into being 2 protect from 3 pay attention 4 died out 5 had effect on
Unit5 Music



重要词汇拓展
1.______ vi.&vt 滚动;(使)摇摆 n.摇晃;卷;卷形物;面包圈
2. ______ n. 音乐家 →______ n.音乐 →______ adj. 音乐的
3. ______ vi.&vt系上;缚上;附加;连接 →______ adj.附属的 →______ n.附着;
附属;附带
4. ______ vt.(使)组成;形成;构成 →______ n.构成;组成;形成
5. ______ vt. 赚;挣得;获得
6. ______ vi.&vt 表演;履行;执行 →______ n.履行;表现;表演 ______ n. 履
行者;表演者
7. ______ vi. 依赖;依靠 ______ adj.可信赖的;可靠的
8. ______ adj. 幽默的;诙谐的 →______ n.幽默;滑稽;可笑 →______ adj.不幽
默的;拘谨的
9. ______ adj. 熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 →______ adj.不熟悉的
10. ______ adj. 吸引人的;有吸引力的 →______ vt. 吸引 →______ n. 吸引力;
魅力
11. ______ adj. 自信的;确信的 →______ n. 信心;自信 →______ adv.确信
地;有信心地
12. ______ adj. 简短的;简要的 n. 摘要;大纲 →______ adv. 简短地;简洁地
13. ______ n. 投入;热爱 →______ vt. 献身;专心于 →______ adj. 献身的;
专心的
14. ______ n. 邀请;招待 →______ vt. 招待;邀请 →______ adj. 诱人的;有
魅力的

重点词汇拓展答案:
1. roll 2. musician; music; musical 3. attach; attached; attachment 4. form;
formation 5. earn 6. perform; performance; performer 7. rely; reliable 8.
humorous; humor; humorless 9. familiar; unfamiliar 10. attractive; attract;
attraction 11. confident; confidence; confidently 12. brief; briefly 13. devotion;
devote; devoted 14. invitation; invite; inviting
重点短语梳理
1. dream ______ 梦见;梦想;设想
2. to be ______ 说实在地;实话说
3. attach…______ 认为有(重要性;意义);附上;连接
4. in ______ 用现金;有现钱
5. play ______ on 戏弄
6. rely ______ 依赖;依靠
7. be / get ______ with 熟悉;与…熟悉起来
8. or ______ 大约
9. break ______ 打碎;分裂;解体
10. in ______ 另外;也
11. sort ______ 分类
12. above ______ 最重要;首先

重点短语梳理答案:
1. of 2. honest 3. to 4. cash 5. jokes 6. on 7. familiar 8. so 9. up 10. addition
11. out 12. all
重点句型再现
 1. Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a
concert, __________ everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?
  你是否曾经梦想站在音乐会的舞台上演奏,而对成千上万的欣赏你的音乐不停为
你鼓掌的观众?
2. The TV organizers __________ find four musicians who could act as well as
sing.
  这些电视台的主办者本打算找四位既会表演又能唱歌的音乐人。
3. His most exciting invitation was _________ on a TV program called “Top of
the pops.”
  最令他激动的经历是在一次叫做“顶级流行歌手”的电视节目中的那次演唱。
[be to do结构]
4. Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without _________.
  弗莱德和他的乐队不能出门,一出门就被跟踪。[本句型为without引导的双重否
定句]
5. Their personal life was regularly discussed by people who did not know them
but talked _______ they were close friends.
  一些不认识他们的人也在不断地讨论他们的私生活,而且就像是他们的密友一样
在谈论他们。[本句型为as if引导的虚拟语气句]
重点句型再现答案:
1. at which 2. had planned to 3. to perform 4. being followed 5. as if
dream of
【知识归纳】
※ dream of / about sb. / sth. 梦见某人/某物
   dream of / about doing sth. 梦想做某事
   dream that… 梦见;梦想
【联想拓展】
※ dream n. 梦;幻想;梦想;美好的人或事物
Since then she has been in a dream with fear always showing in her eyes.
从那以来她就像在梦中生活一样,眼里经常流露出恐惧。
The boy had dreams of being a hero.
这孩子梦想当英雄。
His dream of being a doctor has come true.
他当医生的愿望实现了。
※ dream a … dream 做…的梦
I dreamed a strange / sweet dream.
我做了个奇怪的梦 / 美梦。
【高手过招】
根据汉语意思完成句子:
1. 他年轻时向往着成为电影明星。
He dreamed ___________ when he was young.
2. 安妮昨晚做了个奇特的梦。
Annie ____________ last night.


【答案】
1. of / about becoming a movie star
2. dreamed a strange / an extraordinary dream
to be honest
【知识归纳】
※ to be honest 说实话;说老实话,(spoken used when you tell someone what
you really think) 口语用法,用于你要告诉某人你的真实想法,可以用在句首或句
末。
To be honest, I don't like him very much.
老实说,我并不是很喜欢他。
We don’t have a chance of winning the match, to be honest.
说实话,我们没有赢得这场比赛的可能。

【联想拓展】
※ honestly speaking也可表示同样的意思
※ “副词+speaking”的固定搭配还有:
generally speaking 一般而言
frankly speaking 老实地说, 坦率地说
strictly speaking 严格的说,严格的讲
personally speaking 个人认为
【高手过招】
改正下面句子中的错误:
1. Speaking frankly, I don’t think I have enough money to pay for the bill.
2. Honest speaking, you are the most hardworking person I have ever seen.

【解析】
1. 把speaking frankly 改为frankly speaking,这是固定搭配,顺序不能改变。
2. 把honest speaking改为honestly speaking,这里是“副词+speaking”的结构。
play jokes on
【知识归纳】
※ play jokes / a joke on... 开玩笑,戏弄,和play tricks on同义。


【联想拓展】
※ 与joke有关的固定搭配有:
be but a joke只不过是开玩笑
tell a joke / jokes 讲笑话
for / as a joke 当作玩笑
joke about… 开玩笑,取笑
【高手过招】
根据汉语意思完成句子:
1. 我们老师今天给我们讲了一个笑话,逗得我们哈哈大笑。
Our teacher ____________ today, which made us laugh.
2. 有关宗教信仰的事你决不可和他开玩笑。
You mustn't joke __________ religious belief.


 【答案】
 1. told us a joke   2. with him about
get / be familiar with
【知识归纳】
※ familiar adj. 熟悉的,常见的
be familiar with 主语通常是人,表示熟知某人或某事
Are you familiar with this type of car?
你熟悉这种型号的汽车吗?


【联想拓展】
※ be familiar to 主语一般为物,表示对某人来说,某物是很熟悉的事
物。
These facts are familiar to you all.
这些事实你们大家都很熟悉。
French was as familiar to him as English.
他像熟悉英语那样熟悉法语。
【高手过招】
根据汉语意思完成句子:
1. 我可以当你的导游,因为我对这个地方非常熟悉。
I can be your guide because I ___________ this area.
2. 他的名字是我所熟悉的,但是我想如果我再见到他,我恐怕认不出来了。
His name ___________ me, but I think I can’t recognize him if I see him
again.


【答案】
1. am familiar with   2. is familiar to
 【语法专练】
 用适当的“介词+关系代词”填空:
 1. He made another wonderful discovery; ______
 ______ is great importance to science.
 2. Believe it or not, I don’t kike the way ______ ______ he spoke to me.
 3. The retiring teacher made a speech ______
 ______ she thanked the class for the gift.
 4. He borrowed a book the other day; the author______ ______ is a worker.
 5. The old Olympic Games ______ ______ the modern games came began
 around the year 776BC in Greece.
 6. Thank you for your help, ______ ______ we could not have finished the work in
 time.
 7. Who do you suppose is the man ______ ______ our teacher is talking?
 8. He has a knife ______ ______ to defend himself.
 9. This is the song ______ ______ I often listen in the Globe Dance Hall.
 10. He built a telescope ______ ______ he could study the skies in his free time.
【答案】
1. of which 2. in which 3. in which 4. of which 5. from which 6. without which 7.
to (with , about ) whom, 8. with which 9. to which 10. through which
单词拼写
1. A m_______ is a person who performs or writes music, especially as his /
her job.
2. Bright colors are a________ to children.
3. It cost our school a lot of money to buy musical i_________ for our interest
group.
4. The group of popular singers will give another two p_______ before leaving
China.
5. Many fans were once impressed by Liu Huan’s wonderful p_______.
6. Police asked some p________ to get some evidence about the accident
happened just now.
7. A good idea _______ (形成) in her mind.
8. She got a job ________(挑选,加以分类) letters in the post office.
9. I’m told that she is an _______(吸引力的) girl.
10. Beethoven was one of the greatest________(音乐家).
答案:
1. musician 2. attractive 3. instruments 4. performances 5. performance 6.
passers-by 7. formed 8. sorting 9. attractive 10. musician
选词填空
 从方框中选出合适的短语并用其适当形式填空:
to be honest, above all, break up, play jokes on, rely on1. April Fool’s Day is a day
to __________ others.
2. You are not a child any more and you shouldn’t _________ your parents.
3. What a child should do, ________, is to do well in his studies.
4. _________, I don’t like to eat KFC food. I like Chinese traditional foods.
5. Since they could no longer stay together, they had no choice but to _________.


  【答案】
  1. play jokes on 2. rely on 3. above all 4. To be honest 5. break up
 翻译句子
 1. 加入我没有读过你的新书,我不会假装读过的。(pretend)
 2. 你是用信用卡支付还是用现金支付?(in cash)
 3. 很抱歉。我本打算昨天去看你的,但是我太慢了。
 4. 在体育老师的帮助下,我们组成了一支篮球队。(form)
 5. 大多数学生在考试中表现良好。(perform)

翻译句子
1. If I haven’t read your new book, I won’t pretend to have read it.
2. Will you pay by credit card or in cash?
3. I am sorry. I had planned to see you yesterday, but I was too busy.
4. With the help of our PE teacher, we formed a basketball team.
5. Most of the students performed well in the exam.

								
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