Chapter Vocabulary

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					Chapter Vocabulary
Intro Chapter                         Chapter 2 "The Biology of Mind"
1. psychology                         Part A
2. nature-nurture issue               1. biological psychology
3. natural selection                  2. neuron
4. basic research                     3. dendrite
5. applied research                   4. axon
6. clinical psychology                5. myelin sheath
7. psychiatry                         6. action potential
                                      7. threshold
Chapter 1 "Thinking Scientifically"   8. synapse
1. hindsight bias                     9. neurotransmitters
2. critical thinking                  10. acetylcholine (ACh)
3. theory                             11. endorphins
4. hypothesis                         12. nervous system
5. operational definition             13. central nervous system (CNS)
6. replication                        14. peripheral nervous system (PNS)
7. case study                         15. nerves
8. survey                             16. sensory neurons
9. false consensus effect,            17. interneurons
10. population                        18. motor neurons
11. random sample                     19. somatic nervous system
12. naturalistic observation          20. autonomic nervous system
13. correlation coefficient           21. sympathetic nervous system
14. scatterplot                       22. parasympathetic nervous system
15. illusory correlation              23. reflex
16. experiment                        24. neural networks
17. placebo                           25. endocrine system
18. double-blind procedure            26. hormones
19. placebo effect                    27. adrenal glands
20. experimental condition            28. pituitary gland
21. control condition
22. random assignment                 Part B
23. independent variable              1. lesion
24. dependent variable                2. electroencephalogram (EEG)
25. confounding variable              3. CT (computed tomography) scan
26. mode                              4. PET (positron emission tomography)
27. mean                                  scan
28. median                            5. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
29. range                             6. brainstem
30. standard deviation                7. medulla
31. statistical significance          8. reticular formation
                                      9. thalamus
                                      10. cerebellum
11. limbic system                    11. nearsightedness
12. amygdala                         12. farsightedness
13. hypothalamus                     13. rods
14. cerebral cortex                  14. cones
15. glial cells                      15. optic nerve
16. frontal lobes                    16. blind spot
17. parietal lobes                   17. fovea
18. occipital lobes                  18. feature detectors
19. temporal lobes                   19. parallel processing
20. motor cortex                     20. Young-Helmholtz trichromatic theory
21. sensory cortex                   21. opponent-process theory
22. association areas                22. color constancy
23. aphasia
24. Broca's area                     Part C (Sensation: other senses)
25. Wernicke's area                  1. audition
26. plasticity                       2. frequency
27. corpus callosum                  3. pitch
28. split brain                      4. middle ear
                                     5. inner ear
Chapter 6 "Sensation & Perception"   6. cochlea
                                     7. place theory
Part A (Sensation)                   8. frequency theory
1. sensation                         9. conduction hearing loss
2. perception                        10. sensorineural hearing loss
3. bottom-up processing              1. gate-control theory
4. top-down processing               2. sensory interaction
5. psychophysics                     3. kinesthesis
6. absolute threshold                4. vestibular sense
7. signal detection theory           Part D (Perception)
8. subliminal                        1. visual capture
9. difference threshold              2. gestalt
10. Weber's law                      3. figure-ground
11. sensory adaptation               4. grouping
12. selective attention              5. depth perception
                                     6. visual cliff
Part B (Sensation: vision)           7. binocular cues
1. transduction                      8. monocular cues
2. wavelength                        9. retinal disparity
3. hue                               10. convergence
4. intensity                         11. phi phenomenon
5. pupil                             12. perceptual constancy
6. iris                              13. perceptual adaptation
7. lens                              14. perceptual set
8. accommodation                     15. human factor psychologists
9. retina                            16. extrasensory perception (ESP)
10. acuity                           17. parapsychology
Chapter 3 "States of Consciousness"    2. classical conditioning (Pavlovian
Part A                                     conditioning)
1. consciousness                       3. learning
2. biological rhythms                  4. unconditioned response (UCR)
3. circadian rhythm                    5. unconditioned stimulus (UCS)
4. REM sleep                           6. conditioned response (CR)
5. alpha waves                         7. conditioned stimulus (CS)
6. sleep                               8. acquisition
7. hallucinations                      9. extinction
8. delta waves                         10. spontaneous recovery
9. insomnia                            11. generalization
10. narcolepsy                         12. discrimination
11. sleep apnea                        13. behaviorism
12. night terrors
13. dream                              Part B
14. manifest content                   1. associative learning
15. latent content                     2. operant conditioning
16. REM rebound                        3. respondent behavior
                                       4. operant behavior
Part B                                 5. law of effect
1. hypnosis                            6. operant chamber (Skinner box)
2. posthypnotic amnesia                7. learning
3. posthypnotic suggestion             8. shaping
4. dissociation                        9. reinforcement
5. hidden observer                     10. primary reinforcer
                                       11. conditioned reinforcer (secondary
Part C                                     reinforcers)
1. psychoactive drug                   12. continuous reinforcement
2. tolerance                           13. partial (intermittent) reinforcement
3. withdrawal                          14. fixed-ratio schedule
4. physical dependence                 15. variable-ratio schedule
5. psychological dependence            16. fixed-interval schedule
6. depressants                         17. variable-interval schedule
7. stimulants                          18. punishment
8. hallucinogens                       19. cognitive map
9. barbiturates                        20. latent learning
10. opiates                            21. overjustification effect
11. amphetamines
12. LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide)   Part C
13. THC                                1. learning
14. near-death experience              2. observational learning
                                       3. modeling
                                       4. prosocial behavior
Chapter 7 "Learning"
Part A
1. associative learning
Chapter 4 "Nature, Nurture"          14. attachment
                                     15. critical period
1. identical twins                   16. imprinting
2. fraternal twins                   17. basic trust
3. interaction                       18. self-concept
4. temperament                       Part C
5. environment                       1. adolescence
6. evolutionary psychology           2. puberty
7. culture                           3. primary sex characteristics
8. norm                              4. secondary sex characteristics
9. individualism                     5. menarche
10. collectivism                     6. identity
11. role                             7. intimacy
12. gender role                      8. isolation
13. gender identity
14. gender typing                    Part D
15. social learning theory           1. menopause
                                     2. Alzheimer's disease
Ch. 5 “Developing Through the Life   3. cross-sectional study
Span”                                4. longitudinal study
                                     5. crystallized intelligence
Part A                               6. fluid intelligence
1. developmental psychology          7. social clock
2. zygote
3. embryo                            Chapter 8 "Memory"
4. fetus                             Part A
5. teratogens                        1. memory
6. fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)      2. flashbulb memory
7. rooting reflex                    3. encoding
8. habituation                       4. storage
                                     5. retrieval
Part B                               6. sensory memory
1. maturation                        7. short-term memory
1. schema                            8. long-term memory
2. assimilation                      9. working memory
3. accommodation
4. cognition                         Part B
5. sensorimotor stage                1. automatic processing
6. object permanence                 2. effortful processing
7. preoperational stage              3. rehearsal
8. conservation                      4. spacing effect
9. egocentrism                       5. serial position effect
10. theory of mind                   6. semantic encoding
11. concrete operational stage       7. acoustic encoding
12. formal operational stage         8. visual encoding
13. stranger anxiety                    ( continued on next page)
9. imagery                          14. framing
10. mnemonics                       15. belief bias
11. chunking                        16. belief perseverance

Part C                              Part B
1. iconic memory                    1. phoneme
2. echoic memory                    2. morpheme
3. long-term potentiation (LTP)     3. grammar
4. amnesia                          4. semantics
5. implicit memory                  5. syntax
6. explicit memory                  6. babbling stage
7. hippocampus                      7. one-word stage
8. procedural memory                8. two-word stage
9. episodic memory                  9. telegraphic speech
                                    10. linguistic relativity
Part D
1. recall                           Chapter 10 " Intelligence"
2. recognition                      Part A
3. relearning                       1. intelligence test
4. priming                          2. intelligence
5. deja vu                          3. factor analysis
6. mood congruent memory            4. general intelligence (g)
                                    5. savant syndrome
Part E                              6. emotional intelligence
1. proactive interference
2. retroactive interference         Part B
3. repression                       1. mental age
4. misinformation effect            2. Stanford-Binet
5. source amnesia                   3. intelligence quotient (IQ)
                                    4. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale
Chapter 9 "Thinking and Language"       (WAIS)
                                    5. aptitude test
Part A                              6. achievement test
1. cognition                        7. standardization
2. concept                          8. normal curve
3. prototype                        9. reliability
4. algorithm                        10. validity
5. heuristic                        11. content validity
6. insight                          12. criterion
7. confirmation bias                13. predictive validity
8. fixation                         14. mental retardation
9. mental set                       15. Down syndrome
10. functional fixedness            16. Creativity
11. representativeness heuristic
12. availability heuristic
13. overconfidence
Chapter 11 " Motivation and Work"         Part C
Part A                                    1. stress
1. motivation                             2. general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
2. instinct                               3. health psychology
3. drive-reduction theory                 4. behavioral medicine
4. homeostasis                            5. burnout
5. incentive                              6. coronary heart disease
6. hierarchy of needs                     7. Type A
                                          8. Type B
Part B                                    9. psychophysiological illness
1. glucose                                10. lymphocytes
2. set point                              11. aerobic exercise
3. basal metabolic rate                   12. biofeedback
4. anorexia nervosa                       13. complimentary and alternative medicine
5. bulimia nervosa

Part C                                    Chapter 13 "Personality"
1. achievement motivation                 Part A
2. intrinsic motivation                   1. personality
3. extrinsic motivation                   2. free association
4. industrial/organizational psychology   3. psychoanalysis
5. task leadership                        4. unconscious
6. social leadership                      5. preconscious
7. Theory X                               6. id
8. Theory Y                               7. ego
                                          8. superego
Chapter 12 "Emotion and Stress"           9. psychosexual stages
Part A                                    10. Oedipus complex
1. emotion                                11. identification
2. James-Lange theory                     12. fixation
3. Cannon-Bard theory                     13. defense mechanisms
4. two-factor theory                      14. repression
                                          15. regression
Part B                                    16. reaction formation
1. polygraph                              17. projection
2. catharsis                              18. rationalization
3. feel-good, do-good phenomenon          19. displacement
4. subjective well-being                  20. sublimation
5. adaptation-level phenomenon            21. projective test
6. relative deprivation                   22. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
                                          23. Rorschach inkblot test
                                          24. collective unconscious
Part B
1. trait                               Part D
2. personality inventory               1. mood disorders
3. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality   2. major depressive disorder
   Inventory (MMPI)                    3. manic episode
4. empirically derived test            4. bipolar disorder
                                       5. schizophrenia
Part C                                 6. delusions
1. self-actualization
2. unconditional positive regard       Chapter 15 "Therapy"
3. self-concept                        Part A
4. self-esteem                         1. psychotherapy
5. self-serving bias                   2. eclectic approach
6. individualism                       3. psychoanalysis
7. collectivism                        4. resistance
                                       5. interpretation
Part D                                 6. transference
1. reciprocal determinism              7. client-centered therapy
2. personal control                    8. active listening
3. external locus of control           9. behavior therapy
4. internal locus of control           10. counter-conditioning
5. learned helplessness                11. systematic desensitization
6. positive psychology                 12. aversive conditioning
                                       13. token economy
Chapter 14 "Psychological Disorders"   14. cognitive therapy
Part A                                 15. cognitive-behavior therapy
1. psychological disorder              16. family therapy
2. medical model
3. bio-psycho-social perspective       Part B
4. DSM-IV                              1. regression toward the mean
5. neurotic disorder                   2. meta-analysis
6. psychotic disorder                  1. psychopharmacology
                                       2. lithium
Part B                                 3. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
1. anxiety disorders                   4. psychosurgery
2. generalized anxiety disorder        5. lobotomy
3. panic disorder
4. phobia                              Chapter 16 "Social Psychology"
5. obsessive-compulsive disorder       Part A
                                       1. social psychology
Part C                                 2. attribution theory
1. dissociative disorders              3. fundamental attribution error
2. dissociative identity disorder      4. attitude
3. personality disorders               5. foot-in-the-door phenomenon
4. antisocial personality disorder     6. cognitive-dissonance theory
Part B
1. conformity
2. normative social influence
3. informational social influence
4. social facilitation
5. social loafing
6. deindividuation
7. group polarization
8. groupthink
9. self-fulfilling prophecy



Part C
1. prejudice
2. stereotype
3. self-fulfilling prophecy
4. ingroup
5. outgroup
6. ingroup bias
7. scapegoat theory
8. just-world phenomenon
9. aggression
10. frustration-aggression principle
11. conflict
12. social trap
13. mere exposure effect
14. passionate love
15. companionate love
16. equity
17. self-disclosure
18. altruism
19. bystander effect
20. social exchange theory
21. superordinate goals
22. ethnocentrism

				
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