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					CSCI 1101 Test 2                                                    Student: ___________________________


1. All of the following are examples of specialized application software, except:
A. Adobe Photoshop
B. Microsoft Excel
C. Microsoft Expression
D. Adobe Director



2. Which of the following programs is not a popular desktop publishing program?
A. Adobe InDesign
B. Microsoft Publisher
C. Adobe Photoshop
D. QuarkXPress



3. Specialized graphic programs used for editing digital photographs are called
A. multimedia authoring programs
B. desktop publishing programs
C. drawing programs
D. image editors



4. One limitation of a bitmap image is that
A. it is a very small file.
B. it can be saved only in the BMP format.
C. it is described using complete mathematical functions only.
D. when it is expanded, it becomes pixilated.



5. Vector images are
A. composed of pixels.
B. composed of thousands of dots.
C. slightly more difficult to manipulate than other images.
D. composed of objects such as lines, rectangles, and ovals.
6. You can use this type of software to filter out pops or scratches in an old recording:
A. Multimedia authoring program
B. Web authoring program
C. Audio editing program
D. Desktop publishing program



7. All of the following are uses of interactive multimedia in the field of education, except:
A. online testing
B. distance learning
C. Web page design
D. in-class presentations and demonstrations



8. An example of an interactive animation program for Web authoring is
A. Dreamweaver
B. Photoshop
C. Illustrator
D. Flash



9. WYSIWYG stands for
A. white yellow shading intense white yellow green.
B. ways you see into Web yellow green.
C. what you see is what you get.
D. nothing – it's the name of the program.



10. Which of the following is not a Web authoring program?
A. Microsoft Expression
B. Adobe Dreamweaver
C. NetObjects Fusion
D. Adobe Photoshop



11. Through intuition, memory, and reasoning, people are better than AI at solving these types of problems.
A. Numeric
B. Logical
C. Unstructured
D. Structured
12. Suppose you could see the world through the eyes of an ant. This simulation would be an example of
A. virtual reality
B. fuzzy logic
C. knowledge-system
D. expert system



13. Another name for a knowledge-based system is
A. a perception system
B. a conventional system
C. an expert system
D. a database management system



14. Which of the following does not pertain to a knowledge-based system?
A. It is a type of artificial intelligence.
B. It uses a database containing facts and rules to relate these facts.
C. It requires access to the Internet.
D. It uses fuzzy logic.



15. List the differences between bitmap images and vector images.




16. What are the two basic types of electronic images in image galleries?




17. List the various areas where multimedia is used extensively.
18. Briefly describe the three types of artificial intelligence and give a practical example of each.




19. You want to develop a system that would capture a medical specialist's knowledge. The system would then be
used to help other doctors make better decisions. What type of system would you most likely develop?




20. Define the word "robot" and describe some common uses for them.




21. What does a career as a desktop publisher entail?




22. Which of the following is not a system software program type?
A. Utilities
B. Device drivers
C. Language translators
D. Sectors
23. This type of program performs specific tasks related to managing computer resources.
A. Utility
B. Operating system
C. Language translator
D. Device driver



24. Which of the following is not a function of the operating system?
A. Managing resources
B. Providing Internet access
C. Providing a user interface
D. Running applications



25. In many application programs, this feature is used to provide information or request input.
A. Windows
B. Menus
C. Dialog boxes
D. Pointer



26. This type of boot occurs when the computer is already on and you restart it without turning off the power.
A. Generic boot
B. Live boot
C. Warm boot
D. Cold boot



27. In a computer system, data and programs are stored as
A. files
B. records
C. archives
D. annals



28. In a network operating system, this computer coordinates all communication between the other computers.
A. Client
B. Server
C. Terminal
D. Mode
29. The majority of software applications developed today typically run on
A. Macintosh
B. Netware
C. Linux
D. Windows



30. This feature of the Mac OS X allows Macintosh computers to run Windows.
A. Utilities
B. Spotlight
C. Dashboard
D. Boot Camp



31. Identify which of the following statements is not true.
A. Microsoft Windows is popular among 90 percent of the market.
B. Windows 7 is the latest version of Windows.
C. Mac OS is not popular since its features are hard to use.
D. One of the latest versions of Mac OS is called Mac OS X.



32. This version of UNIX is receiving a lot of attention recently.
A. Macintosh
B. Netware
C. Linux
D. Windows



33. Google Android is best classified as one of the fastest growing of these.
A. desktop operating systems
B. mobile operating systems
C. network operating systems
D. stand-alone operating systems



34. Which of the following is not a popular desktop operating system?
A. Windows 7
B. Windows CE
C. Linux
D. Max OS X
35. Which of the following is not a popular mobile OS?
A. Simian OS
B. BlackBerry OS
C. iPhone OS
D. Android



36. To safely remove a program from your computer, you might want to use this type of utility.
A. Backup program
B. File compression program
C. Troubleshooting program
D. Uninstall program



37. The windows troubleshooting utility that identifies and eliminates nonessential files is called:
A. Backup and Restore
B. Disk Defragmenter
C. Disk Cleanup
D. Norton Utilities



38. Before sending a large file over the Internet, you might want to use one of these programs.
A. Disk defragmenter
B. Uninstaller
C. Disk cleanup program
D. File compression program



39. A computer can become infected with viruses in the following ways, except:
A. by opening attachments to e-mail messages.
B. by downloading software from the Internet.
C. by downloading files from the Web.
D. by creating a new folder on your computer.



40. This type of program allows communication between a peripheral device, such as a mouse or printer, and the
rest of the computer system.
A. Client
B. Virtual machine
C. Device driver
D. Server
41. What are the three basic functions of an operating system?




42. Describe the three categories of operating systems.




43. What are the five basic types of utility programs?




44. With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit.
A. Desktop systems
B. Personal digital assistants
C. Smartphones
D. Laptop computers



45. A byte is formed by a group of
A. 4 bits
B. 8 bits
C. 12 bits
D. 16 bits



46. Which of the following is not a binary code?
A. EBCDIC
B. ASCII
C. CISC
D. Unicode
47. This coding system allows non-English characters and special characters to be represented.
A. ASCII
B. Unicode
C. EBCDIC
D. ANSIC



48. Tiny circuit-boards etched onto squares of sand-like material called silicon are called
A. buses
B. slots
C. sockets
D. chips



49. Which of the following is a function of the control unit?
A. It provides pathways that support communication among the various electronic components.
B. It directs the control signals between the CPU and input and output devices.
C. It performs fundamental math operations like addition, subtraction, etc.
D. It uses the logic to compare two pieces of data.



50. Pathways that support communication among the various electronic components on the system board are
called
A. bus lines
B. network lines
C. logic paths
D. gate ways



51. In a microcomputer system, the CPU is contained on a single chip called the
A. semiconductor
B. ALU
C. microprocessor
D. Control Unit



52. Which of the following allows a computer to run two or more operations simultaneously?
A. Coprocessors
B. Multiplexing
C. Multi-core chip
D. Binary system
53. These cards may look similar to credit cards, but they have an embedded specialty chip that makes them
useful as identification cards.
A. Data cards
B. Micro cards
C. Smart cards
D. Embedded cards



54. The International Civil Aviation Organization has proposed using these chips in passports to track visitors as
they enter or leave the United States.
A. Smart cards
B. CPUs
C. RFID tags
D. NIC cards



55. Frequently-accessed information is held in
A. hard drive
B. cache memory
C. flash memory
D. read only memory



56. All of the following are commonly used units of measurement to describe memory capacity, except:
A. Megabyte (MB)
B. Gigabyte (GB)
C. Terabyte (TB)
D. Nanobyte (NB)



57. When you reboot your system, the computer takes instructions to start from the
A. DRAM
B. SDRAM
C. DDR
D. ROM



58. Most microcomputers allow users to expand their systems by providing these on the system board.
A. expansion slots
B. ports
C. sound cards
D. network cards
59. Which of the following can be used to connect several devices to the system unit and are widely used to
connect keyboards and mice?
A. USB port
B. SATA
C. Parallel port
D. Firewire bus



60. Which of the following ports is used for connecting musical instruments to a sound card?
A. AGP
B. USB
C. MIDI
D. SCSI



61. List the different types of system units.




62. How is the multicore chip useful for microcomputers?




63. How is a smart card useful?
64. Explain expansion slots and cards.




65. Explain Plug and Play.
Test 2 Key


1. (p. 102) All of the following are examples of specialized application software, except:
A. Adobe Photoshop
B. Microsoft Excel
C. Microsoft Expression
D. Adobe Director

Specialized applications are widely used within specific professions, and include graphics programs, audio and
video software, multimedia programs, web authoring programs, and artificial intelligence.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #1



2. (p. 103) Which of the following programs is not a popular desktop publishing program?
A. Adobe InDesign
B. Microsoft Publisher
C. Adobe Photoshop
D. QuarkXPress

Popular desktop publishing program include Adobe InDesign, Microsoft Publisher, and QuarkXPress.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #3



3. (p. 103) Specialized graphic programs used for editing digital photographs are called
A. multimedia authoring programs
B. desktop publishing programs
C. drawing programs
D. image editors

Image editors, also known as photo editors, are specialized graphics programs for editing or modifying digital
photographs.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #5
4. (p. 103) One limitation of a bitmap image is that
A. it is a very small file.
B. it can be saved only in the BMP format.
C. it is described using complete mathematical functions only.
D. when it is expanded, it becomes pixilated.

One limitation of bitmap images is that when they are expanded, the images can become pixilated, or jagged on
the edges.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #6



5. (p. 103) Vector images are
A. composed of pixels.
B. composed of thousands of dots.
C. slightly more difficult to manipulate than other images.
D. composed of objects such as lines, rectangles, and ovals.

Vector images use geometric shapes or objects.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 004 #9



6. (p. 108) You can use this type of software to filter out pops or scratches in an old recording:
A. Multimedia authoring program
B. Web authoring program
C. Audio editing program
D. Desktop publishing program

Audio editing software allow you to create and edit audio clips, including filtering out pops or scratches in old
recordings.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #13
7. (p. 108) All of the following are uses of interactive multimedia in the field of education, except:
A. online testing
B. distance learning
C. Web page design
D. in-class presentations and demonstrations

In education, interactive multimedia is used for in-class presentations and demonstrations, distance learning, and
online testing.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #15



8. (p. 110) An example of an interactive animation program for Web authoring is
A. Dreamweaver
B. Photoshop
C. Illustrator
D. Flash

Flash movies can be inserted as part of a Web page or encompass the entire screen.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #17



9. (p. 110) WYSIWYG stands for
A. white yellow shading intense white yellow green.
B. ways you see into Web yellow green.
C. what you see is what you get.
D. nothing – it's the name of the program.

WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) Web authoring programs allow you to build a Web page without
interacting directly with HTML code.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #18
10. (p. 110) Which of the following is not a Web authoring program?
A. Microsoft Expression
B. Adobe Dreamweaver
C. NetObjects Fusion
D. Adobe Photoshop

Widely used Web authoring programs include Adobe Dreamweaver, NetObjects Fusion, and Microsoft
Expression.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #19



11. (p. 110) Through intuition, memory, and reasoning, people are better than AI at solving these types of problems.
A. Numeric
B. Logical
C. Unstructured
D. Structured

People are better at solving unstructured problems because they can use intuition, reasoning, and memory.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #20



12. (p. 112) Suppose you could see the world through the eyes of an ant. This simulation would be an example of
A. virtual reality
B. fuzzy logic
C. knowledge-system
D. expert system

This would be an example of virtual reality.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #22



13. (p. 113) Another name for a knowledge-based system is
A. a perception system
B. a conventional system
C. an expert system
D. a database management system

Knowledge-based systems are also known as expert systems.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #23
14. (p. 113) Which of the following does not pertain to a knowledge-based system?
A. It is a type of artificial intelligence.
B. It uses a database containing facts and rules to relate these facts.
C. It requires access to the Internet.
D. It uses fuzzy logic.

An expert system (knowledge-based system) does not require access to the Internet.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #24



15. (p. 103, 104) List the differences between bitmap images and vector images.

Bitmap images, also known as raster images, use thousands of dots or pixels to represent images. Each dot has a
specific location, color, and shade. One limitation of bitmap images, however, is that when they are expanded, the
images can become pixilated, or jagged on the edges. Vector images, also known as vector illustrations, use
geometric shapes or objects. These objects are created by connecting lines and curves. Because these objects can
be defined by mathematical equations, they can be rapidly and easily resized, colored, textured, and manipulated.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #66



16. (p. 104, 105) What are the two basic types of electronic images in image galleries?

There are two basic types of electronic images in galleries. The first type are stock photographs – photographs on
a variety of subject material from people to natural landscapes. The second type are clip art images – graphic
illustrations representing a wide range of topics. Most applications provide access to a limited selection of free
clip art.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #67



17. (p. 108) List the various areas where multimedia is used extensively.

Multimedia was initially used exclusively for computer games. These days interactive multimedia is widely used
in business, education, and at home. Business uses include high-quality interactive presentations, product
demonstrations, and Web page design. In education, interactive multimedia is used for in-class presentations and
demonstrations, long-distance learning, and online testing over the Internet. In the home, multimedia is primarily
used for entertainment.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #69
18. (p. 113, 114) Briefly describe the three types of artificial intelligence and give a practical example of each.

Virtual reality is an artificial, or simulated, reality generated in 3-D by a computer. Virtual reality can simulate
training environments such as in aviation or surgical operations. Knowledge-based systems, also known as expert
systems, use a database of facts, rules to relate these facts, and user input to formulate recommendations to users.
For example, an expert system called Grain Marketing Advisor helps farmers select the best way to market their
grain. Robots are computer-controlled machines that mimic the motor activities of living things. Robots may be
used to inspect products and handle dangerous materials.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 004 #71



19. (p. 112) You want to develop a system that would capture a medical specialist's knowledge. The system would
then be used to help other doctors make better decisions. What type of system would you most likely develop?

You would probably develop an expert system designed to contain all the knowledge of the human expert on a
particular subject. The expert system can then be used to provide advice to decision makers.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 004 #72



20. (p. 113) Define the word "robot" and describe some common uses for them.

A robot is a computer-controlled machine that mimics the motor activities of living things. Some robots can solve
unstructured problems using artificial intelligence. Robots are used in factories, manufacturing, home security,
and the military. They often are used to handle dangerous, repetitive tasks.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 004 #73



21. (p. 115) What does a career as a desktop publisher entail?

Desktop publishers use computers to format and create publication-ready material. A large part of the job is
designing page layout, importing text, and manipulating graphics. Desktop publishers may work for companies
that handle commercial printing accounts or they may be independent contractors.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 004 #75
22. (p. 128) Which of the following is not a system software program type?
A. Utilities
B. Device drivers
C. Language translators
D. Sectors

System software consists of four types of programs: 1. Operating systems 2. Device drivers 3. Language
translators 4. Utilities


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #1



23. (p. 129) This type of program performs specific tasks related to managing computer resources.
A. Utility
B. Operating system
C. Language translator
D. Device driver

Operating systems coordinate all the computer's resources.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #2



24. (p. 129) Which of the following is not a function of the operating system?
A. Managing resources
B. Providing Internet access
C. Providing a user interface
D. Running applications

Operating systems do not provide Internet access.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #3



25. (p. 131) In many application programs, this feature is used to provide information or request input.
A. Windows
B. Menus
C. Dialog boxes
D. Pointer

Dialog boxes are used to provide information or request input.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #4
26. (p. 130) This type of boot occurs when the computer is already on and you restart it without turning off the
power.
A. Generic boot
B. Live boot
C. Warm boot
D. Cold boot

A warm boot occurs when the computer is already on and you restart it without turning off the power.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #5



27. (p. 131) In a computer system, data and programs are stored as
A. files
B. records
C. archives
D. annals

Files are used to store data and programs.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #6



28. (p. 131) In a network operating system, this computer coordinates all communication between the other
computers.
A. Client
B. Server
C. Terminal
D. Mode

The network server coordinates all communication between the other computers.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #7
29. (p. 132) The majority of software applications developed today typically run on
A. Macintosh
B. Netware
C. Linux
D. Windows

Because its market share is so large, more application programs are developed to run under Windows than any
other operating system.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #10



30. (p. 133) This feature of the Mac OS X allows Macintosh computers to run Windows.
A. Utilities
B. Spotlight
C. Dashboard
D. Boot Camp

Some versions of Mac OS X include Boot Camp, which allows Macintosh computers to run both the Mac OS and
the Windows operating system.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #12



31. (p. 133) Identify which of the following statements is not true.
A. Microsoft Windows is popular among 90 percent of the market.
B. Windows 7 is the latest version of Windows.
C. Mac OS is not popular since its features are hard to use.
D. One of the latest versions of Mac OS is called Mac OS X.

Mac OS is a powerful, easy-to-use operating system that is popular with professional graphic designers, desktop
publishers, and many home users.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #13
32. (p. 134) This version of UNIX is receiving a lot of attention recently.
A. Macintosh
B. Netware
C. Linux
D. Windows

There are a large number of different versions of UNIX. One receiving a great deal of attention today is Linux.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #14



33. (p. 134) Google Android is best classified as one of the fastest growing of these.
A. desktop operating systems
B. mobile operating systems
C. network operating systems
D. stand-alone operating systems

Google Android is one of the fastest growing mobile phone operating systems.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #15



34. (p. 131) Which of the following is not a popular desktop operating system?
A. Windows 7
B. Windows CE
C. Linux
D. Max OS X

Popular embedded operating systems include Windows CE and Windows XP Embedded.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #17



35. (p. 135) Which of the following is not a popular mobile OS?
A. Simian OS
B. BlackBerry OS
C. iPhone OS
D. Android

Some of the best known mobile OSes include Symbian, BlackBerry OS, iPhone OS, Android, and Windows
Phone 7.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #18
36. (p. 136) To safely remove a program from your computer, you might want to use this type of utility.
A. Backup program
B. File compression program
C. Troubleshooting program
D. Uninstall program

Uninstall programs allow you to safely and completely remove unneeded programs and related files.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 005 #19



37. (p. 136) The windows troubleshooting utility that identifies and eliminates nonessential files is called:
A. Backup and Restore
B. Disk Defragmenter
C. Disk Cleanup
D. Norton Utilities

Disk Cleanup is a troubleshooting utility that identifies and eliminates nonessential files.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #20



38. (p. 136) Before sending a large file over the Internet, you might want to use one of these programs.
A. Disk defragmenter
B. Uninstaller
C. Disk cleanup program
D. File compression program

File compression programs reduce the size of files so they require less storage space and can be sent more
efficiently over the Internet.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 005 #22
39. (p. 140) A computer can become infected with viruses in the following ways, except:
A. by opening attachments to e-mail messages.
B. by downloading software from the Internet.
C. by downloading files from the Web.
D. by creating a new folder on your computer.

You can "catch" a computer virus many ways, including by opening attachments to e-mail messages and
downloading software from the Internet.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #23



40. (p. 140) This type of program allows communication between a peripheral device, such as a mouse or printer,
and the rest of the computer system.
A. Client
B. Virtual machine
C. Device driver
D. Server

A device driver works with the operating system to allow communication between the peripheral device and the
rest of the computer system.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 005 #25



41. (p. 129) What are the three basic functions of an operating system?

The purpose of an operating system is to coordinate a computer's resources, provide a user interface, and load and
run applications.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #66



42. (p. 131) Describe the three categories of operating systems.

Embedded operating systems are used for handheld devices such as smart phones, cable and satellite television
tuner boxes, video game systems, and other small electronics. Network operating systems are used to control and
coordinate computers that are networked or linked together. Stand-alone operating systems, also called desktop
operation systems, control a single desktop or laptop computer.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #69
43. (p. 136) What are the five basic types of utility programs?

The five basic types of utility programs are troubleshooting or diagnostic programs, antivirus programs, uninstall
programs, backup programs, and file compression programs.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 005 #73



44. (p. 158) With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit.
A. Desktop systems
B. Personal digital assistants
C. Smartphones
D. Laptop computers

Input and output devices, such as a mouse, keyboard, and monitor, are located outside the system unit.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #1



45. (p. 161) A byte is formed by a group of
A. 4 bits
B. 8 bits
C. 12 bits
D. 16 bits

Bits are combined into groups of eight called bytes.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #2



46. (p. 161) Which of the following is not a binary code?
A. EBCDIC
B. ASCII
C. CISC
D. Unicode

ASCII, EBCDIC, and Unicode are the three binary coding schemes.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #3
47. (p. 161) This coding system allows non-English characters and special characters to be represented.
A. ASCII
B. Unicode
C. EBCDIC
D. ANSIC

The Unicode standard is the most widely used character encoding standard.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #4



48. (p. 162) Tiny circuit-boards etched onto squares of sand-like material called silicon are called
A. buses
B. slots
C. sockets
D. chips

Chips consist of tiny circuit-boards etched onto squares of sand-like material called silicon.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #6



49. (p. 164) Which of the following is a function of the control unit?
A. It provides pathways that support communication among the various electronic components.
B. It directs the control signals between the CPU and input and output devices.
C. It performs fundamental math operations like addition, subtraction, etc.
D. It uses the logic to compare two pieces of data.

The control unit directs the control signals between the CPU and input and output devices.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #8



50. (p. 163) Pathways that support communication among the various electronic components on the system board
are called
A. bus lines
B. network lines
C. logic paths
D. gate ways

Bus lines provide pathways that support communication among the various electronic components.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #9
51. (p. 164) In a microcomputer system, the CPU is contained on a single chip called the
A. semiconductor
B. ALU
C. microprocessor
D. Control Unit

The CPU is contained on a single chip called the microprocessor.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #10



52. (p. 165) Which of the following allows a computer to run two or more operations simultaneously?
A. Coprocessors
B. Multiplexing
C. Multi-core chip
D. Binary system

Multi-core chips allow a single computer to run two or more operations at the same time.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #13



53. (p. 165) These cards may look similar to credit cards, but they have an embedded specialty chip that makes them
useful as identification cards.
A. Data cards
B. Micro cards
C. Smart cards
D. Embedded cards

Smart cards are plastic cards the size of a regular credit card that have an embedded specialty chip. Many colleges
and universities provide smart cards to their students for identification.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #15
54. (p. 165) The International Civil Aviation Organization has proposed using these chips in passports to track
visitors as they enter or leave the United States.
A. Smart cards
B. CPUs
C. RFID tags
D. NIC cards

Specialty processors called RFID tags are information chips that are embedded in merchandise to track their
locations.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 006 #16



55. (p. 166) Frequently-accessed information is held in
A. hard drive
B. cache memory
C. flash memory
D. read only memory

The computer detects which information in RAM is most frequently used and then copies that information into
the cache.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #17



56. (p. 166) All of the following are commonly used units of measurement to describe memory capacity, except:
A. Megabyte (MB)
B. Gigabyte (GB)
C. Terabyte (TB)
D. Nanobyte (NB)

There are three commonly used units of measurement to describe memory capacity, Megabyte (MB), Gigabyte
(GB), and Terabyte (TB).


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 006 #20
57. (p. 166) When you reboot your system, the computer takes instructions to start from the
A. DRAM
B. SDRAM
C. DDR
D. ROM

ROM chips typically contain special instructions for detailed computer operations such as starting the computer,
accessing memory, and handling basic keyboard input.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 006 #21



58. (p. 167) Most microcomputers allow users to expand their systems by providing these on the system board.
A. expansion slots
B. ports
C. sound cards
D. network cards

Most microcomputers allow users to expand their systems by providing expansion slots on the system board.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #22



59. (p. 169, 173) Which of the following can be used to connect several devices to the system unit and are widely used
to connect keyboards and mice?
A. USB port
B. SATA
C. Parallel port
D. Firewire bus

A single universal serial bus (USB) port can be used to connect many USB devices, such as keyboards and mice.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #23
60. (p. 173) Which of the following ports is used for connecting musical instruments to a sound card?
A. AGP
B. USB
C. MIDI
D. SCSI

Musical instrument digital interface (MIDI) ports are a special type of serial port for connecting musical
instruments like an electronic keyboard to a sound card.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #25



61. (p. 158, 159) Describe the six types of system units.

The six types of system units are: desktop, media center, notebook, netbook, tablet PC, and handheld. The desktop
system unit can be placed horizontally (desktop) or vertically (tower). All input and output devices are located
outside the system unit. The media center system unit blurs the line between a desktop computer and a dedicated
entertainment center. It combines powerful desktop system hardware with specialized graphics cards. The
notebook system unit is portable and much smaller. These system units contain the electronic components,
selected secondary storage devices, and input devices. Located outside the system unit, the monitor is attached by
hinges. Netbook system units are similar to notebook system units. They are, however, smaller, less powerful, and
less expensive. Tablet PC system units are similar to notebook system units, but they support the use of a stylus or
pen to input commands and data. Some table PC system units include a monitor that swivels and folds onto its
keyboard; others have a keyboard that is completely removable, requiring a stylus for input. Handheld system
units are the smallest and can contain an entire computer system, including the electronic components, secondary
storage, and input and output devices.


Difficulty: Hard
OLeary - Chapter 006 #66



62. (p. 165) How is the multicore chip useful for microcomputers?

A traditional microcomputer's CPU is typically contained on a single microprocessor chip. The multicore chip,
however, can provide two or more separate and independent CPUs. These chips allow a single computer to run
two or more operations at the same time. Current operating systems such as Windows 7 and Mac OS X support
parallel processing which allows multicore processors to be used most effectively by distributing computing tasks
across each core.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #68
63. (p. 165) How is a smart card useful?

A smart card is a plastic card the size of a regular credit card that has an embedded chip. Many colleges and
universities provide smart cards to their students for identification.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #70



64. (p. 167, 168) Explain expansion slots and cards.

Most microcomputers allow users to expand their systems by providing expansion slots on the system board.
Users can insert optional devices known as expansion cards into these slots. Types of expansion cards include
sound cards and wireless network cards.


Difficulty: Medium
OLeary - Chapter 006 #71



65. (p. 168) Explain Plug and Play.

Plug and Play was originally a set of specific hardware and software standards developed by Intel, Microsoft, and
others. As hardware and software has evolved, however, Plug and Play has become a generic term that is
associated with the ability to plug any device into a computer and have it play or work immediately.


Difficulty: Easy
OLeary - Chapter 006 #72
Test 2 Summary

      Category         # of Questions
Difficulty: Easy            30
Difficulty: Hard             9
Difficulty: Medium          26
OLeary - Chapter 004        21
OLeary - Chapter 005        22
OLeary - Chapter 006        22

				
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