illegal immigration and legal immigration1 by zg0IdEC


									Illegal and Legal Immigration

   An Informational Power Point
           Learning Target
• LT Reading: I analyze the path of legal
  and illegal immigration in the United
Stats – Illegal Immigration
La Migra – Slang (negative term) for border
crossing guards
• Coyote - A person who smuggles
  immigrants into America and they come
  from any given country for a small fee to
  cross into the United States. They make
  very good money doing it. (Average per
  person $1200)
• Out of 307 million people in America 11.1
  million are illegally in the country. Some
  people think that illegal immigrants should
  be granted full amnesty without conditions.
  Others believe that they should be given
  amnesty as long as they abide by our laws
  and try to get citizenship. Still others think
  that all the illegal aliens should be
  deported immediately.
Hole In Fence At Us Mexico Border Monument
     One Journalist’s Perspective
•   In 1987, you crossed the U.S.-Mexico border with four other migrants. What
    was that journey like?
              To shed light on the life-and-death
    We started out about four or five [o'clock] in the afternoon—migrants usually
              struggle around then. Three of the men had walked
    leave for the border of migrants entering the U.S., the route
    before, which had been handed down from one generation to the next. So
              photojournalist and They were keying off geographical
    they weren't following a trail per se. author John Annerino
    landmarks like mountain ranges.
              began documenting their story twelve
    During the summer, the Barry M. Goldwater Range is very grim country. We
              years ago. He taking a his experiences a
    walked until midnight withoutshares rest. One [migrant] had inflashlight.
    There was enough ambient light so your eyes grew accustomed to the dark.
              his bump Dead in Their cholla cactus and have
    But still you'dbook into a prickly pear orTracks: Crossing to stop and
    pull the thorns out of person's leg or shoe.
              America's Desert Borderlands., in the
    Then we rested—as much as you can [when you're] tossing and turning on
              February 2003 issue of National
    the hot sand in your t-shirt. We were up by 4:30 a.m. ready to roll, and
    walked until 8 p.m. If you're trained and acclimated to the heat, you really
              Geographic Adventure magazine
    don't notice it until you become dehydrated. Your muscles become cramped
    from lactic acid and from the number of hours you're standing upright. You
    get dizzy, feel nauseous. You can't hold down water. Mine lasted for about
    40 miles [65 kilometers] and then I was out. We just made it because it was
    starting to cool, and the goal was in sight—in this case Interstate 8. We
    could actually hear it miles off. So that spurred us on, as did the
    camaraderie of the group.
Border Fence comes to abrupt stop along Mexican Border
• What did you learn from the trip?
• The extraordinary lengths that human beings will
  go to make a better life for themselves. If we had
  another five miles [8 kilometers] to go, we might
  not have all made it. And they were doing this to
  feed their families.
• How easy is it to cross the border without being
• Very easy, if you know what you're doing. There
  are those who believe that if they walk these
  extraordinarily long distances across the desert,
  they'll evade the Border Patrol. And again, we're
  talking 30 to120 miles [50 to 190 kilometers].
  You can make it if can handle the heat and
  distance—and if you don't get caught.

                    • Los Angeles Times
                           May 14, 2003
• 17 Found Dead at Texas Truck Stop

• Victims are among more than 100
  suspected illegal immigrants found
  crammed in a trailer. Man believed to
  be truck's driver arrested.
• The high Tuesday was 91, three degrees short
  of a record for that day set in 1980. Factoring in
  humidity, the temperature felt like 99 degrees,
  the National Weather
  Service said.
• Some believe that such grim discoveries are
  likely to become more common. Desperate
  foreigners are taking bigger risks because
  common routes into Texas and
  other parts of the U.S. are more heavily guarded
  since the 9-11 terrorist attacks, said Lori Baker,
  a Baylor University professor.
• "I'm afraid this will become more typical
  than in the past," said Baker, an
  anthropologist and DNA expert, who
  identifies the remains of immigrants who
  perish along the U.S.-Mexican border.
• The latest incident was one of several
  cases where immigrants attempting to
  enter the U.S. illegally under dangerous
  conditions have been found dead.

• 18 Immigrants Found Dead In Truck,
  Driver May Face Death Penalty
• The immigrants were locked inside the back of a
  semi trailer and died of suffocation and heat
  exhaustion as they tried desperately to free
  themselves. One of them used a cellular phone
  to dial 9-1-1, but police lost the call before the
  dispatcher was able to find someone who could
  translate Spanish.
• An hour or two later, authorities received a call
  alerting them to a disturbance there. When
  officers reached the trailer, four bodies were on
  the ground and 13 others were dead inside. A
  five or six-year-old boy was among the dead.
  Another died at a hospital a few hours later.
Police in Chiapas, Mexico, x-rayed a couple of
trucks headed for the US and found 513
migrant workers jammed inside. The truckers
were mindful of space-efficiency: Some of the
workers were standing, clinging to cargo nets.
Others were sitting and lying on the floor.
Comments or
Mini-Power point
***Please note this slide show
 rotates automatically and will
not be narrated by teacher***
        How to Legally Cross a Border

• 1. Apply for a passport:
  – Photo
  – Application
  – Fee
• Every US citizen needs a valid US
  passport to travel outside of US.

• 20 million US citizens apply for passports
  each year
• ** Applying does not mean you
  will receive a passport!
    •   Failure to Submit Documents
    •   Warrant, Arrest or Court Order
    •   Child Support (failure to pay)
    •   Non-Citizenship
    •   Illegal Documents
    •   Application is not correct
• *** Getting a passport does
  NOT mean the other country
  has to let you in!
  – Suspicious behavior
  – Warrant, Arrest or Court Order
  – Illegal documents
  – DUI offender
  – Suspected ties to terrorism
  – Lack of evidence of funds
• Takes 4-6 weeks for service
• Costs between $105 and 220
• Lasts about 10 years
        How to Legally Cross a Border

• 2. If you are in Washington, you can get a
  specific type of pass that allows you to
  cross over instead of a passport…. But
  only between WA and Canada.
• The Nexus Pass
• Only given to “low risk” U.S. and Canadian
• Takes 2-8 weeks for service
• Costs between $170 and 220
• Last about 4-5 years
       How to Legally Cross a Border

• Getting a passport or Nexus pass DOES
  NOT allow you to permanently LIVE in a
• It is for travel purposes.
        How to Legally Cross a Border

• To stay longer than just a few weeks or so,
  you have to apply for an immigration visa,
  a green card or something else depending
  on the country.

• Legal immigrants to the United States
  number approximately 1,000,000 per year

• ** Of this, about 60% are not “new” but are
  already here and just changed their status

• To become a U.S. citizen, it takes
  approximately 18 months and over $500.

• Today, most immigrants settle in:
  – California
  – New York
  – Florida
  – Texas
  – Pennsylvania
  – New Jersey
  – Illinois

• The top 5 emigrant countries are:
  – 1.   Mexico
  – 2.   China
  – 3.   Philippines
  – 4.   India
  – 5.   Cuba

• More immigrants are people with family in
  the U.S. already or have come for a
  specific job.

**The U.S. prefers to support “family

• The U.S. prefers the following reasons for
  a person to be allowed to immigrate:
  – “Persons of extraordinary ability”
  – People with advanced degrees
  – Skilled workers with at least two years of
    training or college
  – Persons that will invest $500,000 to $1 million
    into a job or company.
Immigration Misconceptions
             They are taking our Jobs
• The truth is we need more immigrants to fill jobs.
• There are too many low-wage jobs open right now
  because over the last 50 yrs., the education level
  of the American worker has changed (50 yrs. ago
  about 50% had graduated from high school, now
  it’s over 80%).
• That doesn’t mean that janitorial and food
  preparation services have gone away—those jobs
  still need to be filled. In fact, they need to be
  filled more so now because there are more people
  in the country.
• “Immigrants contribute to job
  growth by taking jobs in labor-
  scarce regions or by filling the
  types of jobs native workers often
  shun, such as meatpacking or
  poultry processing.”
        They are sending our Money away

• Less than 10% of earnings go back to
  relatives in their native countries. Also,
  immigrants everywhere in the world
  send money to their families abroad,
  whether the immigrants left poorer
  countries or wealthier countries.
       More likely to become criminals

• Immigrants have lower incarceration
  rates than U.S. citizens, especially
  since most come to the U.S. to
  improve their life and try as much as
  possible to stay out of trouble.
             Prefer to be illegal

• when asked if they would legalize their
  status if the U.S. government would
  offer them the opportunity, 98% of
  undocumented immigrants surveyed
  answered positively
• Many complications with changing status
  are often due to the U.S. government’s
  delays rather than the individual’s.
 Example: Immigration Struggle
• “I did everything that was expected of me
  legally, and at times it was very hard and
  almost out of my reach financially,” Ms.
  Phillips said. “You get in line with everyone
  else, but you have no idea how long that
  line is and how many fees there are. “It is
  worth it to do it the right way; it really is,”
  she said. “I just think more people would
  not resort to sneaking if it were easier and
  more affordable to do it the legal way.”
          Using our welfare system

• It is against the law for an illegal
  immigrant to receive welfare services
  such as food stamps and Medicare.
• Also
• A 1998 study done in the Sociological
  Perspectives journal found that illegal
  immigrants do not use services at a rate
  any higher than American citizens.
• Additionally, many services are not obtained
  by the illegal immigrants themselves, but
  through their children who are American
  citizens. With welfare, the majority of those
  services are non-cash ones like Food Stamps.
• And finally, while the most-used service is
  emergency medical care and school, the first
  is used sparingly due to fears of being caught
  and the second is used through their children
  (who remember are American citizens).
                Never pay taxes
• False
• Similar misperceptions about undocumented
  immigrants abound, especially when it comes
  to taxes. The perception is that the
  undocumented pay no taxes.
• In fact, they pay sales taxes like everyone
  else, most pay Social Security taxes, which
  they will never recoup, as well as income
  taxes: one is not required to be documented
  to pay taxes.
• As reported in Time magazine, in 2002,
  illegal immigrants added a net surplus of
  $463 billion to Social Security through
  wages removed from their paycheck, of
  which they receive almost nothing.
         Don’t try to learn our ways

• False
• Have a strong work ethic and teach
  their children to do well in school,
  behave, learn the language, etc.
• More than 68,000 foreign-born
  individuals are currently serving in the
  military, and a little more than half of
  them (37,000) are not yet citizens.
• Immigrants over time integrate into the
  society and make important
  contributions to the U.S. in science,
  education, business, sports, art, or

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