Renewable Energy by HC121103205344

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 37

									                                 Public Policy - Law



A social construct for effecting behavior and achieving national goals

•   Defines goals, establishes a reasons for behavior
•   Defines, promotes, and rewards certain types of behavior – carrots and big sticks
•   Defines, prohibits, and penalizes – implicitly or explicitly – other types of behavior

Provides a context in which individuals, corporations, and governments decide to
   behave and subsequently act
U.S. Energy Policy
                      Interconnected Policies


                                Energy policy




     Foreign policy                                 Transportation policy




                              Agricultural policy

Balance of Trade
Energy Law               Involves a principle – stemming from the
                         federal Constitution
                         Involves strategies – programs that

                         •embodies a goal – a purpose
      Energy Producers
                         •assumes some sort of knowledge base –
                         how to achieve the goal
                         •assumes some sort of social structure –
                         an authority
    Energy Consumers
                         •uses sort of evaluative mechanism –
                         whether policy achieves goal
Energy Law

Legislation printed in individual volumes of the Statutes at Large
Information printed in the documents produced during the legislative process
Legislation printed in the Titles of the US Code

Rules printed in the individual issues of the Federal Register
Information providing the context for the rule printed in the Federal Register
Rules printed in the Titles of the Code of Federal Regulations
Energy Flow, 2011
Petroleum Flow, 2011
Natural Gas Flow 2011
Primary Energy Consumption by Source and Sector, 2011




    Issues arising out of production and use
                                      Uses by Sector

Industrial. Facilities and equipment used for producing and processing goods – Electricity

Chemical production             22%
Petroleum refining              16%
Metal smelting/refining         14%

Transportation. Vehicles which transport people/goods on ground, air or water

Gasoline fuel                   61%
Diesel fuel                     21%
Aviation                        12%
Residential Electrical Services         Commercial Electrical Services

Space heating                     32%   Lighting                         25%
Water heating                     13%   Heating                          13%
Lighting                          12%   Cooling                          11%
Air conditioning                  11%   Refrigeration                     6%
Refrigeration                      8%   Water heating                     6%
Electronics                        5%   Ventilation                       6%
Drying clothes                     5%   Electronics                       6%
                              General Resources


U.S. Department of Energy
• Energy Information Administration
• Biomass Energy Data Book
• Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
• Transportation Energy Data Book

Power Technologies Energy Data Book (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

Fresh Energy (Fresh-energy.org)
Energy Charts: Consumption, Oil Production & Imports (Heritage Foundation)
Renewable Energy Tops 10% of U.S. Energy Production (RenewableEnergyWorld.com)
Energy Story (California Energy Commission)
                                Statutory Law




Energy & Environment (White House)
Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (P.L. 110-140 121 Stat.1492)
Legislation & Regulations Analysis (Energy Information Administration)

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Legislation in the 109th Congress (CRS
   found on WikiLeaks!)
                 Statutory Law 42 U.S. Code


CHAPTER 71—SOLAR ENERGY
CHAPTER 73—DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY SOURCES
CHAPTER 74—NONNUCLEAR ENERGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 77—ENERGY CONSERVATION
CHAPTER 78—NATIONAL PETROLEUM RESERVE IN ALASKA
CHAPTER 81—ENERGY CONSERVATION AND RESOURCE RENEWAL
CHAPTER 83—ENERGY EXTENSION SERVICE
CHAPTER 84—DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY
CHAPTER 88—URANIUM MILL TAILINGS RADIATION CONTROL
CHAPTER 91—NATIONAL ENERGY CONSERVATION POLICY
CHAPTER 92—POWERPLANT AND INDUSTRIAL FUEL USE
CHAPTER 93—EMERGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION
                          Statutory Law


CHAPTER 94—LOW-INCOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE
CHAPTER 95—UNITED STATES SYNTHETIC FUELS CORPORATION
CHAPTER 96—BIOMASS ENERGY AND ALCOHOL FUELS
CHAPTER 97—ACID PRECIPITATION PROGRAM AND CARBON DIOXIDE STUDY
CHAPTER 98—OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION RESEARCH AND
  DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER 99—OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION
CHAPTER 100—WIND ENERGY SYSTEMS
CHAPTER 101—MAGNETIC FUSION ENERGY ENGINEERING
CHAPTER 108—NUCLEAR WASTE POLICY
CHAPTER 134—ENERGY POLICY
CHAPTER 149—ENERGY POLICY ACT, 2005
U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
House Energy and Commerce Committee

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
• Electric Utility Companies
• Automobile Manufacturers
• Trucking firms

Congressional Research Service <Energy>
General Accountability Office <Energy>
                                 Administrative Law

Energy Production                              Energy Production and Use

Department of Energy                           Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Nuclear Regulatory Council                     Energy.gov (Dept of Energy)
10 CFR Energy

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management,             Dept of Transportation
Regulation and Enforcement                     23 CFR Highways
                                               49 CFR Transportation
Strategic Petroleum Reserve (Dept of Energy)
USA.gov <Coal Mining >                         Environmental Protection Agency
USA.gov <Uranium mining>
               Nuclear Energy (Almanac of Policy Issues)




Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE)

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission

The future role of nuclear power in the United States (NRDC)
Nuclear Facilities
                         Nuclear Waste (Wikipedia)


Radioactive Waste (Nuclear Regulatory Council)
Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board – an independent federal agency established
    by Congress in 1988. The Board's mandate under the Atomic Energy Act is to
    provide safety oversight of the nuclear weapons complex operated by the
    Department of Energy
Nuclear Waste Management in the United States (Nuclear Waste Technical Review
    Board)
Radioactive Waste Disposal: An Environmental Perspective (EPA)

Nuclear Waste Storage in Minnesota (Legislative Reference Library)
News for nuclear waste in Minnesota
                                    U. S. Code


TITLE 42 SUBCHAPTER I—DISPOSAL AND STORAGE OF HIGH-LEVEL
   RADIOACTIVE WASTE, SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, AND LOW-LEVEL
   RADIOACTIVE WASTE
10121. State and affected Indian tribe participation in development of proposed
   repositories for defense waste
Part A (sections 1031-45) Repositories for Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste
   and Spent Nuclear Fuel (LexisNexis Congressional U. S. Code (Service))
Part B—Interim Storage Program
Part C—Monitored Retrievable Storage
Part D—Low-Level Radioactive Waste
Part E—Redirection of Nuclear Waste Program
Part F—Benefits
Part G—Other Benefits
Part H—Transportation
Yucca Mountain, Nevada
    Regulation - 16 CFR 305 RULE CONCERNING DISCLOSURES
    REGARDING ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND WATER USE OF
                    CERTAIN HOME APPLIANCES
The Federal Trade Commission issued the Appliance Labeling Rule on Nov. 19 1979
(44 FR 66466) in response to a directive in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of
    1975 (as amended)
 Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975 Legislative History
The Rule covers eight categories of household appliances: refrigerators and
    refrigerator-freezers, freezers, dishwashers, clothes washers, water heaters, room
    air conditioners, furnaces, and central air conditioners
Subsequently, the Commission expanded the Rule’s coverage five times
• 1987 (central air conditioners, heat pumps, and certain new types of furnaces)
• 1989 (fluorescent lamp ballasts)
• 1993 (certain plumbing products)
• 1994 (certain lighting products, and pool heaters and certain other types of water
    heaters)
August 29 2007 72 FR 49948
    Regulation - 16 CFR 305 RULE CONCERNING DISCLOSURES
    REGARDING ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND WATER USE OF
                    CERTAIN HOME APPLIANCES


•   requires manufacturers of all these appliances to disclose specific energy
    consumption or efficiency information (derived from the Department of Energy test
    procedures, at the point of sale in the form of an "EnergyGuide" label and in
    catalogs
•   requires manufacturers to include, on labels, an energy consumption or efficiency
    figure and a "range of comparability"
•   range shows the highest and lowest energy consumption or efficiencies for all
    comparable appliance models so consumers can compare the energy consumption
    or efficiency of other models similar to the labeled model
                          Regulating Carbon Dioxide


Massachusetts V EPA 549 U.S. 497(Cornell University) 127 S. Ct. 1438 (2007)
Supreme Court sends carbon regulation back to the EPA (ARS Technica)
In the majority view, the "EPA’s steadfast refusal to regulate greenhouse gas emissions
    presents a risk of harm to Massachusetts that is both 'actual' and 'imminent.'"
The EPA's Prudent Response to Massachusetts v. EPA (Heritage Foundation)
Massachusetts v. EPA, Ignored: One Year Later, Back to Court We Go (Warming Law
    blog)
Carbon Dioxide (EPA) Climate Change Regulatory Initiatives

Proposed Endangerment and Cause or Contribute Findings for Greenhouse Gases
   Under Section 202(a) of the Clean Air Act
            Corporate “Players” – Energy Producers - Oil Gas

Performance Profiles of Major Energy          Occidental Petroleum Corporation Chevron
Producers 2009 (EIA) a comprehensive          Corporation Shell Oil Company CITGO
annual financial review and analysis of the   Petroleum Corporation Sunoco, Inc.
domestic and worldwide activities and         ConocoPhillips Company Tesoro Petroleum
operations of the major U.S.-based energy-    Corporation Devon Energy Corporation Total
producing companies                           Holdings USA, Inc. Dominion Resources
                                              Valero Energy Corporation El Paso
Public Companies Amerada Hess                 Corporation The Williams Companies, Inc.
Corporation Exxon Mobil Corporation           EOG Resources, Inc. XTO Energy, Inc.
Anadarko Petroleum Corporation Kerr-McGee     Equitable Resources, Inc.
Corporation Apache Corporation Lyondell
Chemical Company BP America, Inc.
Marathon Oil Corporation Burlington
Resources, Inc. Motiva Enterprises, L.L.C.
Chesapeake Energy Corporation
Standard Industrial Classification


       Corporation Breakdown
                    Corporate “Players” – Energy Users


All other corporations

Manufacturers of all kinds – automobiles to paper clips

Consumers of all kinds – who demand not only an automobile but a choice between
   various kinds of automobiles – and paper clips
                             Renewable Energy


DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
• Renewable Energy



•   Annual Energy Review 2011 Section 10 p.298 (EIA)
              Ethanol fuel in the United States (Wikipedia)


Department of Energy <Ethanol>
Biomass Program: Ethanol (DOE)

Ethanol Fuel (Alternative Energy)
Ethanol Facts (Renewable Fuels Association)
American Coalition for Ethanol



Google search <ethanol fuels>
LexisNexis Academic <ethanol>
                                Hydropower


National Hydropower Association
Water (Energy.gov)
Hydropower (Idaho National Laboratory)
Hydropower (Climate Neutral Research Campuses)
Hydropower Program (Bureau of Reclamation)
Hydroelectricity (EPA)

Bonneville Power Administration
Southeastern Power Administration
Southwestern Power Administration
Western Area Power Administration
Electricity
Coal Flow, 2011
Electricity Flow, 2011
                            Electric Utility Companies



Electricity in the United States (EIA)
Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability (DOE)
Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (DOE)



US Electric Utility Companies (Wikipedia)
Electric Utilities (wikinvest)
Electric Power Statistics (American Public Power Association)

								
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