Calvinism & Anabaptists
I. Calvin & Calvinism
Catholicism remained strong in Fr.
Huldrych Zwingli—Catholic priest-- Zurich, Switz.
Influenced by Erasmus & Luther
1520: attacked Catholic Church
Wanted personal faith of early Christianity & believers to have
control over the Church
1528: N. Switz. followed Zwingli, but war broke out in
south against Swiss Catholics
1531: Zwingli died in battle--agreement that each canton could
A. Calvin Formalizes Prot. Ideas
John Calvin (1509-1564)
Fr. Prot. who carried on Ref. work in Switz.
1536: published Institutes of the Christian Religion
a summary of Prot. theology
1536: settled in Geneva
Retained Luther’s reliance on faith & on the Bible
Men & women are sinful by nature
God decided before who would be saved, known as…?
The “elect” – people expected to follow the highest moral standards
B. Calvin Leads the Ref. in Switz.
Calvin = Geneva
Prohibited dancing, card playing, bright clothing, profanity
Calvinists—follow rules of Bible strictly, no work on
Sabbath, be thrifty, & work hard
Geneva = model city for Prots.
It should not be “forbidden to laugh, or to enjoy food,
or to add new possessions to old”
C. Calvinism Spreads
Calvinism spread to Fr. (Huguenots)
1562: war betw. Hugs. & Catholics
1572: Fr. royal fam. arranged marriage
Parisian massacre that set off more war
1598: Edict of Nantes: King Henry IV allowed
Hugs. to practice religion & gave equal rights
John Knox—Scottish preacher who visited Geneva
Brought Calvinism to Scotland
Churches governed by a group of laymen (presbyters)
Followers = Presbyterians
1560s: Calvinism became Scotland’s official religion
Deposed Mary Queen of Scots in favor of James
II. Other Prot. Reformers
Bible = source of all religious truth
People interpret differently---led to new Prot.
A. The Anabaptists
Only baptized those old enough to decide to be
Church & state should be separate (unlike Calvin)
Persecuted by both Prots. & Catholics
Forerunners of the Mennonites & Amish
Later influenced Quakers & Baptists (split from