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UNIVERSITY of WINDSOR 401 Sunset Avenue Windsor Ontario 519 253 3000 Welcome to the University of Windsor’s WHMIS Training Program Revised: January 2006 Revised by: Department of Occupational Health & Safety Reviewed by: Central Safety Committee Co Chairs H&S Department: 255-3000 Ext 2055 or 4521 Safety Manager: Emergency Cell: 819-4006 Campus Police 253-3000 Ext 1235 University of Windsor W orkplace H azardous Material I nformation S ystem UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR Training Agenda z Legislation z WHMIS and Consumer Symbols z MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet z Supplier and Workplace Labels University of Windsor Site Specific Training Agenda z First Aid z Fire & Explosion Hazards z Emergency Evacuation Procedures z Spill Reporting Procedure z Emergency Spill Numbers z Internal Health & Safety Links PURPOSE OF WHMIS LEGISLATION Define criteria for products to be classified as “controlled product” under WHMIS Establish that the supplier has primary responsibility for issuing labels & MSDS’s. (Material Safety Data Sheet) Establish classes of hazardous materials PURPOSE OF WHMIS LEGISLATION (cont'd.) Set out responsibilities of: Suppliers Set out responsibilities of: Employers Set out responsibilities of: Employees Protect manufacturers’ trade secrets APPLICABLE LEGISLATION WHMIS is implemented by 2 pieces of provincial legislation: Occupational Health and Safety Act WHMIS Regulations Labels MSDS Worker Education EXTERNAL & INTERNAL SUPPLIER’S RESPONSIBILITIES Determine which hazardous materials intended for use in the workplace are controlled products Label all controlled products Provide updated (not over 3 yrs old) Material Safety Data Sheets for controlled products. UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR EMPLOYER’S RESPONSIBILITIES Label containers of hazardous materials used in the workplace Provide Material Safety Data Sheets Provide Training WORKER’S RESPONSIBILITIES Must work safely Must use equipment, protective devices & clothing provided by the employer Must participate in training programs WORKER’S RIGHT TO KNOW You must be informed by the University of Windsor or your immediate Supervisor of any known hazards in your department WHMIS Regulations are an important part of your Right to Know. WHMIS Regulations give you the information you need to work safely with materials used in your department. RIGHT TO PARTICIPATE Workers have the right to participate in Health & Safety issues on campus. There is a Central Safety Committee (CSC) at the University of Windsor which meets quarterly to discuss various safety issues on campus. Your contact with the CSC is through your Department Safety Committee on campus Reps RIGHT TO REFUSE UNSAFE WORK Workers have the right to refuse work they believe is dangerous to their health or safety or the health or safety of another worker There are steps for refusing unsafe work setout in Part V of the Occupational H&S Act. The steps must be strictly followed. University of Windsor Work Refusal Procedure Inform immediate Supervisor of hazard. Supervisor attempts to resolve worker concerns. If unable to do so the Supervisor contacts worker Health & Safety representative. Refusal procedure (cont’d) If unable to resolve at this stage you can bring in the University Health & Safety Manager. If all the parties do not agree the next step is to contact the Ministry of Labour. PENALTIES Sec. 66 (1) Penalties - Every person who contravenes or fails to comply with, (a) a provision of this Act or the regulations; (b) an order or requirement of an inspector or a Director; or (c) an order of the Minister, is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of not more than $25,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than twelve months, or to both. (2) Idem - If a corporation is convicted of an offence under subsection (1), the maximum fine that may be imposed upon the corporation is $500,000 and not as provided therein. Video CLICK Here To View Video Close video player (x) to resume presentation CLASS A: COMPRESSED GAS a gas or liquid that boils at or below ordinary temperatures, in a pressurized container Compressed air Carbon dioxide (fire extinguishers) Propane Welding gases CLASS A GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES handle with care, do not drop cylinder keep cylinder away from potential ignition sources store containers in designated areas CLASS B: FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE six subdivisions in this category: - flammable gas (propane) - flammable liquids (alcohols) - combustible liquids (gasoline) - flammable solid (charcoal) - flammable aerosol (spray paints) - reactive flammable material (sodium) all capable of self-sustaining combustion in air with various degrees of intensity CLASS B GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES keep away from heat sources & other combustible materials never smoke around materials store in a cool, fire-proof area CLASS C: OXIDIZING MATERIALS may or may not burn themselves will release oxygen or another oxidizing substance thereby causing or contributing to the combustion of another material Hydrogen peroxide Oxygen gas Javex bleach CLASS C GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES keep away from combustible materials, & store in designated areas keep away from sources of ignition never smoke around materials wear proper protective equipment CLASS D1: ACUTE POISONS capable of causing rapid death at a low dosage or concentration Arsenic Anti freeze CLASS D1 GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES handle with extreme caution wear proper protective equipment; avoid contact with skin & eyes avoid inhaling; work in well-vented areas or wear respiratory protection equipment CLASS D2: OTHER TOXIC EFFECTS may eventually cause serious illness after repeated exposure to small amounts, or able to cause sensitization to further exposure Latex Lead Mercury CLASS D2 GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES avoid skin & eye contact; wear protective equipment avoid inhaling by working in well-vented areas store in designated areas only CLASS D3: BIOHAZARDOUS/ INFECTIOUS MATERIALS organisms believed to cause disease toxins of such an organism Hepatitis B HIV Salmonella CLASS D3 GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES take every measure to avoid contamination handle material only when fully protected handle materials in designated areas only CLASS E: CORROSIVE MATERIALS any solid, liquid, or gas that can destroy skin or eat through metals Hydroflouric acid Sulfuric Acid Caustic soda Cleaners & disinfectants – e.g Tilex CLASS E GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES keep containers tightly closed avoid skin & eye contact by wearing personal protective equipment avoid inhaling - use in well-vented area and or wear protective equipment CLASS F: DANGEROUSLY REACTIVE a substance that may undergo an unexpected change if subjected to heat, pressure, shock, or contact with water for example, producing heat, pressure, explosion, or toxic fumes Fibreglass repair kits & epoxy resins Nitro-glycerine Sodium CLASS F GENERAL HANDLING PROCEDURES keep away from heat open containers carefully; do not drop them store material in cool, fire-proof, designated area Departmental Material Safety Data Sheets To make this course more site specific to you and your department we will be reviewing examples of actual Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) from your department, building or work location Ensure you read and become familiar with the MSDS for any WHMIS controlled products you work with on a regular basis Contact your Supervisor if you are unable to access MSDS in your department or work location and one will be accessed or provided MSDS can also be accessed via the Chemical Control Center (CCC) Website or the Department of Occupational Health and Safety web site MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET It is required by WHMIS legislation, to provide more detailed information about a chemical. It is prepared by the manufacturer or supplier, and MUST contain the following: Product information Hazardous ingredients Physical / chemical properties Fire or explosion hazard Reactivity data Toxicological properties Preventative Measures First Aid measures Preparation information 3 TYPES OF HAZARDS REACTIVITY FLAMMABILITY HEALTH HAZARD RATING CHARTS REACTIVITY/FLAMMABILITY/HEALTH 0 Minimal Hazard 1 Slight Hazard 2 Moderate Hazard 3 Serious Hazard 4 Severe Hazard Hazard Assessment PRODUCT INFORMATION identify the product name & address of the supplier or manufacturer emergency telephone number describe the proper use of the product Product Information MSDS Manufacturer: WD-40 Company Telephone: Address: 1061 Cudahy Place (92110) Emergency only: 1-(800) 424-9300 P.O. Box 80607 (CHEMTREC) San Diego, California Information: (619) 275-1400 92138-0607 Chemical Name: Organic Mixture Trade Name: WD-40 Aerosol HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS lists all hazardous ingredients in the product provides concentration & toxicity of each hazardous ingredient of a controlled product II. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS Chemical Name CAS Number Percentage % Exposure Limit ACGIH/OSHA Aliphatic Petroleum 8052-41-3 45-50 100 ppm PEL Distillates Petroleum Base Oil 64742-65-0 15-25 5 mg/M3 TWA (mist) LVP Hydrocarbon 64742-47-8 12-18 1200 mg/M3 TWA Fluid Carbon Dioxide 124-38-9 2-3 5000 ppm PEL Non-hazardous ‹ 10 Ingredients PHYSICAL DATA describes the properties of the substance what it looks like how it will act in certain situations e.g. whether the material is a gas, liquid, or solid at room temperature, its’ smell, colour, etc. Physical Data Boiling Point: 323°F (minimum) Evaporation Rate: Not determined Vapor Density (air=1): Greater than 1 Vapor Pressure: 110 ±5 PSI @ 70°F Solubility in Water: insoluble Appearance: Light amber Specific Gravity (H20=1): 0.817 @ 72°F Odor: Characteristic odor Percent Volatile (volume): 74% VOC: 412 grams/liter (49.5%) FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARDS includes information on how likely the product is to ignite or explode under various conditions which type of extinguisher should be used IV. FIRE AND EXPLOSION Flash Point: 131°F Tag Closed Cup Flammable Limits: (Solvent Portion) [Lel] 1.0% [Uel] 6.0% Extinguishing Media: CO2, Dry Chemical, Foam. Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Contents Under Pressure Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: FLAMMABLE - U.F.C. level 3 AEROSOL REACTIVITY DATA some substances are unstable, reacting when heated/chilled or coming into contact with another product they may cause pressure build-up, increased temperature, formation of corrosive products, or toxic releases explains when the product is unstable, if at all, and with which materials the product may react REACTIVITY DATA Stability: Stable _X_ Unstable____ Conditions to avoid: NA Incompatibility: Strong oxidizing agents Hazardous decomposition products: Thermal decomposition may yield carbon monoxide and/or carbon dioxide. Hazardous polymerization: May occur ____ Will not occur__X__ TOXICOLOGICAL DATA provides information on how the product enters the body explains what its short (acute) and long (chronic) term health effects are HEALTH HAZARD / ROUTE(S) OF ENTRY Threshold Limit Value Aliphatic Petroleum Distillates (Stoddard Solvent) lowest TLV (ACGIH 100 ppm.) Symptoms of Overexposure Inhalation (Breathing): May cause anesthesia, headache, dizziness, nausea and upper respiratory irritation. Skin contact: May cause drying of skin and/or irritation. Eye contact: May cause irritation, tearing and redness. Ingestion (Swallowed): May caused irritation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Suspected Cancer Agent The components in this mixture have been found to be noncarcinogenic by NTP, Yes___ No__X_ IARC and OSHA PREVENTIVE MEASURES provides information on the measures to protect worker health & safety during the transportation, storage, use & disposal of the product, as well as emergency procedures includes information on engineering controls, and/or personal protective equipment needed to work safely with the product SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES Spill Response Procedures Spill unlikely from aerosol cans. Leaking cans should be placed in plastic bag or open pail until pressure has dissipated. Waste Disposal Method Empty aerosol cans should not be punctured or incinerated; bury in land fill. Liquid should be incinerated or buried inland fill. Dispose of in accordance with local, state and federal regulations. SPECIAL HANDLING INFORMATION Ventilation: Sufficient to keep solvent vapor less than TLV. Respiratory Protection: Advised when concentrations exceed TLV. Protective Gloves: Advised to prevent possible skin irritation. Eye Protection: Approved eye protections to safeguard against potential eye contact, irritation or injury. Other Protective Equipment: None required. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS Keep from sources of ignition. Avoid excessive inhalation of spray particles, do not take internally. Do not puncture, incinerate or store container above 120°F. Exposure to heat may cause bursting. Keep can away from electrical current or battery terminals. Electrical arcing can cause burn-through (puncture) which may result in flash fire, causing serious injury. Keep from children. TRANSPORTATION DATA Domestic Surface Description: Consumer Commodity Hazard Class: ORM-D ID No: None Label Required: Consumer commodity (ORM-D) FIRST AID MEASURES provides information on immediate treatment of anyone overexposed to a controlled product gives specific treatments for inhalation, ingestion, and absorption the University of Windsor has First Aid Stations, First Aid Kits, and Emergency eyewash stations throughout the campus, you should familiarize yourself with their locations the University of Windsor offers First Aid training on a regular basis the University of Windsor features a Health Services Clinic, which is located on the 2nd floor of the CAW centre, across from the UWSA First Aid First Aid Emergency Procedures Ingestion (Swallowed): Do not induce vomiting, seek medical attention. Eye Contact: Immediately flush eyes with large amounts of water for 15 minutes. Skin Contact: Wash with soap and water. Inhalation (Breathing): Remove to fresh air. Give artificial respiration if necessary. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Pre-existing medical conditions such as eye, skin and respiratory disorders may be aggravated by exposure. DANGER! Aspiration Hazard: If swallowed, can enter lungs and may cause chemical pneumonitis. Do not induce vomiting. Call Physician immediately. PREPARATION INFORMATION states the name & phone number of the person or group who prepared the MSDS & the date of preparation PREPARATION INFORMATION SIGNATURE: Peter Fougner TITLE: Director of Global Quality Assurance REVISION DATE: December, 2004 SUPERSEDES: November, 2003 Area MSDS Site specific review of MSDS will be completed by your Supervisor. Please review departmental MSDS’s that are on the Occupational Health & Safety Website. SUPPLIER LABELS A supplier label must be placed on any material, or container of material that: has been classified as a controlled product is intended for use in a workplace SUPPLIER LABEL GUIDELINES use a WHMIS border written in English & French legible and prominent distinct to anything else on the container durable and resistant updated to reflect changes in the MSDS SUPPLIER LABEL The supplier label must contain: product identifier supplier identifier MSDS statement hazard symbol risk phrases precautionary measures first aid measures TYPICAL SUPPLIER LABEL WORKPLACE LABEL Workplace labels are required for hazardous materials that are: produced in & required for use in the workplace decanted from the supplier’s original container for use in the workplace WORKPLACE LABEL (cont’d) A workplace label must be distinctive & it must contain the following information: product identifier safe handling instructions statement that an MSDS is available TYPICAL WORKPLACE LABEL EXAMPLE - UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR CCC LABEL TEMPLATE EXAMPLE - UNIVERSITY OF WINDSOR CCC WORKPLACE LABEL CONSUMER LABEL Consumer labels are used for household products. The outer border indicates the degree of hazard The centre symbol indicates the type of hazard See the handout provided by your Instructor, of a typical product used here at the University of Windsor, for additional information CONSUMER SYMBOLS CONSUMER LABEL (cont’d) HAZARD CONTROL: ENGINEERING 1. Source: 2. Path: - eliminate - general ventilation - substitute - local ventilation - isolate - barriers / shields / enclosures - wet methods - housekeeping HAZARD CONTROL: ADMINISTRATIVE rules & procedures which control the worker rather than the hazard rotating shifts/tasks to reduce average exposure levels cleaning of systems containing hazardous materials on off-shifts or weekends to reduce the number of affected employees HAZARD CONTROL: P.P.E. At the worker: - PPE, personal protective equipment ROUTES OF ENTRY 1. Inhalation 2. Absorption 3. Ingestion 4. Injection ACUTE vs. CHRONIC POISONING ACUTE POISONING -receiving too much at one time (short term exposure) CHRONIC POISONING -receiving too much in non-acute amounts, repeated over years (long term exposure) EMERGENCY EVACUATION PROCEDURES Every building at the University of Windsor has an approved evacuation plan, including posted evacuation routes and emergency exit locations - within the plan is a committee list indicating people who are responsible for the evacuation We will now review the approved evacuation plan for your building or department (If you are using the web based training module the evacuation plan can be accessed via the office in your department) Ensure you evacuate the building by the nearest exit & NEVER use elevators to evacuate a building No one is to re-enter the building for any reason once they have exited until the all clear has been given by the Building Fire Plan Manager Hazardous Spill Reporting Procedure If you have a small spill of a hazardous material in your department and you require information or assistance you should contact CCC (Chemical Control Centre) For larger or more toxic spills you should immediately evacuate the area following the approved evacuation plan, and notify Campus Police who will contact the appropriate people or agency. Campus Police EMERGENCY SPILL NUMBERS CCC Co-ordinator x3524 Haz. Mat. Tech. X3519 Health & Safety Department x2055 Emergency Cell Phone: 819-4006 Spills Reporting - MOEE 1-800-268-6060 Campus Police X1235 or Emergency 4444 (After hours and weekends) University of Windsor Site Specific Training Agenda cont’d University of Windsor Interactive Web Based WHMIS Training Web Site: http://athena.uwindsor.ca/units/hr/healthandsafety/whmistraining.nsf University of Windsor Chemical Control Centre searchable Chemical Inventory: http://athena.uwindsor.ca/ccc University of Windsor searchable MSDS database: http://athena.uwindsor.ca/ccc University of Windsor Health & Safety Department web site: http://athena.uwindsor.ca/units/hr/envhealth.nsf Health & Safety Web Page WHMIS Training Click here to take Quiz