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How can we avoid plagiarism? Tell where your information comes from. Use quotation marks. Always cite your source. Paraphrase. When to Quote 1. When language is especially vivid or expressive 2. When exact wording is needed for technical accuracy 3. When it is important to let the debates of an issue explain their positions in their own words 4. When the words of an important authority lend weight to an argument 5. When language of a source is the topic of your discussion (from The Bedford Handbook, page 597) Example Christine Haughney reports that “accidents caused by using the phones dropped by 75 percent” (A8). Christine Haughney reports that “accidents caused by using the phones dropped by 75 percent” (A8). Page number for Original author original quotation. The complete source is listed on the Works Cited page. In-class Practice Efforts by the music industry to stop Internet file sharing have been unsuccessful and, worse, divisive. Industry analysts share this view. Salon’s Scott Rosenberg, for example, writes that the only thing the music industry’s a) “laws have brought is an increased sense of community among Internet users” (2). b) “legal strategy has accomplished is to radicalize the community of online music fans” (2). c) “efforts have accomplished is a greater understanding between Internet users and musicians” (2). d) “propositions have brought is an increased cooperation among music lovers around the globe” (2). In-class Practice Not all writers lead solitary, sedentary lives. Novelist Alice Walker, for instance, is also a vocal and committed social activist. As Walker’s biographer Evelyn C. White argues, a)“Walker directed the screenplay of her novel, The Color Purple” (1). b)“Walker is the mother of one of the most influential people under the age of 40” (1). c) “Walker’s advocacy on behalf of the dispossessed has spanned the globe” (1). d)“Walker enjoys traveling, knitting, sailing, and Paraphrasing A Quick Illustration You probably paraphrase all the time. I’m so hungry. Let’s go out for dinner. Julie What did Julie say? She said she wants to go to a restaurant because she’s starved! Do one together. “He failed the test.” or “He hasn’t finished the project.” or “The car didn’t start.” Example of Paraphrasing Raul Fernandez: “The computer upstairs is broken due to the power outage” (39). Raul Fernandez reports that the loss of electricity caused the PC on the second floor to stop working (39). Page number for Original author original quotation. The with a signal complete source is phrase listed in the bibliography. Which sentence below is Point out Pitfalls the best paraphrase? George Tan: “Henry is very open about his illness” (26). A. Tan reports that Henry is open about his sickness (26). B. Tan reports that Henry wants to discuss the lab results from his recent testing (26). C. Tan reports that Henry’s disease is not something that he hides (26). How to Paraphrase 1. Be sure that you have a good understanding of the original sentence. 2. Use synonyms for the key words in the passage. 3. Change the word forms to help you alter the structure of the sentence. 4. Read the sentence, and then put it aside. Imagine that you are telling a friend what you just read. Paraphrasing Practice “Yet an expensive degree does not necessarily a literate citizen make” (Kingsbury 337). a) Discuss the meaning of this sentence with your partner. b) Together, choose synonyms for some of the key words. c) Write your own sentence with the same meaning.
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