Student Name: Class Period: The Grapes of Wrath, Ch. 3-4 (adapted from Mr. Clifford’s activity) The Tale of the Turtle and more… 1. In Chapter 3, a diversion from the Joad story, we again have the people/animal/machine triad. The turtle, carrying his own house on his back, gets to the other side slowly but surely, but the two drivers react differently to the animal. Explain how their reactions differ: 2. If a symbol is a thing that has metaphoric value beyond its literal meaning, what might the turtle symbolize? 3. List the words or phrases that describe the turtle and Jim Casy. Take special note of similarities. Turtle Jim Casy 4. Jim Casy reflects upon similarities and differences between himself and two animals: the turtle and the “yellow shepherd dog” (29-green spine edition). How are Jim Casy’s actions or habits similar to or different from those of these two animals? 5. How have Jim Casy’s views on sin changed since his days as an actively practicing preacher? How does Casy now define “the sperit”? Student Name: Class Period: 6. Below is an excerpt from a familiar poem: Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “The Problem.” Some literary critics point out that Steinbeck borrowed from Emerson in his unorthodox views on religion more generally, and on the soul in particular. Where in the poem and in the novel do you see evidence of this philosophical link? Use the space to the right of and below the poem to take notes on links to specific lines or passages from The Grapes of Wrath. These temples grew as grows the grass; 45 Art might obey, but not surpass. The passive Master lent his hand To the vast soul that o'er him planned; And the same power that reared the shrine Bestrode the tribes that knelt within. 50 Ever the fiery Pentecost Girds with one flame the countless host, Trances the heart through chanting choirs, And through the priest the mind inspires. The word unto the prophet spoken 55 Was writ on tables yet unbroken; The word by seers or sibyls told, In groves of oak, or fanes of gold, Still floats upon the morning wind, Still whispers to the willing mind. 60 7. We now know a bit more about why Tom Joad was in jail. What were the circumstances surrounding his crime? 8. Describe how Tom Joad feels about what his life was like in prison. 9. The way humans treat animals is significant throughout the novel. How have we seen humans treat animals and insects so far? What do we learn about how Tom Joad Sr. treats animals at the end of Ch. 4?
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