The Progressive Era
*Read each quote and then with your group come up
with one word that describes the quotes as a whole.
The art of progress is to preserve order amid change and to
preserve change amid order.
Alfred North Whitehead
You can judge your age by the amount of pain you feel when
you come in contact with a new idea
Pearl S. Buck
You cannot step twice into the same river, for other waters
are continually flowing in. ca. 500 BCE
Few will have the greatness to bend history itself; but each of
us can work to change a small portion of events, and in the
total of all those acts will be written the history of this
Robert F. Kennedy
Read the summary quietly to yourself when
instructed to do so.
Underline or highlight the correct answers to the
What is progressivism?
Change of society in every aspect of life (work,
city life, how they get supplies)
What are the goals of progressivism?
What did women gain in this era?
How did women’s lives change in the early
Who were the presidents during this era?
What policies did Teddy Roosevelt pursue?
Why did the Republican Party split, and what
was the result?
What progressive reforms did Woodrow
Wilson advance, and which did he do little or
nothing to achieve?
“lets apply it”
Each group will be given a topic.
As a team you will complete the chart and
understand the information that you research.
Create 5 complex questions that will help the
other groups better understand the
information that you have found.
Children’s Book on The Progressive Era
Directions: Create a children’s book to teach the class the information that you
learned in your guided reading. Use the following rubric guidelines to complete
Accurate information: All info covered in your book MUST be accurate. You
must convey the information so that a child would grasp the concepts. You
MUST cover all the expected info from your assigned section. You must also
have a “preview” for your book. 50 pts
Grammar: EDIT your work. Must use correct grammar and spelling. Writing must
Illustrations:Must have an illustration on every other page. Children LOVE
pictures. Must be neat and colorful to gain the kids’ attention! Illustrations must
complement the written text and be relevant.. There must be a title page with a
Team Work: MUST work cooperatively as a team. EVERY team member MUST
participate. Points will be deducted for teammates who are absent or sleeping.
Be a responsible teammate!15
by Upton Sinclair
President Teddy Roosevelt coined the term
after a character in Pilgrim’s Progress who
busies himself raking up muck and fails to
notice a heavenly crown hovering over him.
Why do you think this name would apply to
the reporters in the early 20th century?
This form of journalism began to uncover
corruption in the early 20th century.
Eventually authors began writing fictional
pieces to highlight corruption in society.
One of those authors was Upton Sinclair.
What was Sinclair uncovering
in his book The Jungle?
Sinclair on The Jungle
“I aimed at the public's heart, and by accident I hit it in
― Upton Sinclair
Based on this quote, what inferences can you make about the title of
As you read…
Use context clues to determine the meaning
of the underlined words.
Create a list with the terms and your inferred
Analogies = Relationship
Read the following statements.
The tumultuous storm clouds loomed over the farm as the family
rushed to the shelter nearby.
The vociferous students rushed the school board when the
announcement of cutting extracurricular activities was announced.
Which explanation shows the relationship between tumultuous and
vociferous as they are used in the context above?
a. Tumultuous is to restrained as vociferous is to calm.
b. Tumultuous is to noisy as vociferous is to bouncy.
c. Tumultuous is to fierce as vociferous is to disorderly.
d. Tumultuous is to peaceful as vociferous is to turbulent
Nativism : Chinese Exclusion Act ::
a. Famine : Immigration
b. Famine : Supply
c. Famine : Emptiness
d. Famine : Potato
Choose five (5) of the vocabulary terms from
The Jungle and create analogy questions.
Use the ACT format!
You may use a dictionary/ thesaurus for help.
Silent Discussion Questions
How does Jurgis react to the tour of
Durham’s meatpacking plant?
In your own words, describe how working in a
meatpacking plant affects Ona and Elzbieta.
In your opinion, which details in this excerpt
most convincingly highlight problems in the
meatpacking industry in the early 1900s?
Based on your reading of this excerpt, why
do you think Sinclair titled his novel The
Jungle? Support your response with specific
quotes made by Sinclair in The Jungle.
“Human beings suffer agonies, and their sad
fates become legends; poets write verses
about them and playwrights compose
dramas, and the remembrance of past grief
becomes a source of present pleasure - such
is the strange alchemy of the spirit.”
― Upton Sinclair, Dragon's Teeth
Progressivism: the change of society
Social Gospel and
Protecting Social Welfare
movement, YMCA, Illinois
Factory Act in 1893
Promoting Moral Reform WCTU led crusade for
Origins of Progressivism
American Socialist Party
Reformers apply scientific
Fostering Efficiency to the work place in order
to make workers more
productive and efficient
How was the local government cleaned up?
How did natural disasters help launch the movement to
reform local government?
Led to the adoption of the council-manager form of
government (duties were split up to help rebuild the
Many cities adopted this form of government
How did reform mayors clean up their local
Some concentrated on economics: fairer tax structure,
lowered fares for public transportation, rooted out
corruption, and set up a system of work relief for the
Some built schools, parks, and a municipal lighting
Citizens were encouraged play a more active role in
city government and question how the city was ran
How was the government reformed at the
How did reforms protect children?
The Keating-Owen Act in 1916: prohibited the
transportation across state lines of goods produced with
child labor (eventually declared the act unconstitutional)
Banned Child labor and set maximum hours
How did reforms change working conditions?
Limited women working days to 10 hrs
Men hrs were limited to 10hrs too
Won workers’ compensation
What kind of political reforms took place at the
Reformed elections: initiative-bill originated by the
people rather than lawmakers then voters instead of
the legislature, accepted or rejected the initiative by
referendum; the recall allowed elected officials to be
removed from office
The 17th amendment was passed and allowed the
direct election of US Senators; this gave Americans
more of a voice in the government
What was the woman’s place in Public life?
What kind of work was available to American
women before the Civil War?
Dedicated their time to the care of their homes and
(by the late 1900’s, poor women were forced to work to
support their families economically)
How did women’s pay compare with men’s pay in
Much lower but was growing in comparison
They worked where they could to help provide for their
How did women lead reform?
They got a higher education
Fought for women’s suffrage
What 3 ways did women fight for suffrage?
Convince the state legislature
Pursued court cases to test the 14th amendment
Pushed for a national constitutional amendment
(took 41 years to get the law passed)
Who is Teddy Roosevelt?
First modern president and would set the stage for
presidents to come
Believed he could influence the media and shape
He believed in what he called the “Square Deal”
How did Roosevelt’s intervention in a coal strike set
a precedent for federal arbitration?
He made them compromise instead of sending in the
military to solve it for them
The federal government was expected to play a more vital
role in settling labor disputes
What did he do to the trusts and railroads?
He broke up a lot of trust even though he didn’t believe all
trust were bad (enforced the Sherman Antitrust Act)
Established the Interstate Commerce Act, set up the
Interstate Commerce Commission and passed the Hepburn
Act to limit the number of free railroad passes
What legislation was passed during Roosevelt’s
presidency to protect citizens?
He set up the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food
and Drug Act
What did he do to protect the environment?
Conservation: preserved wilderness areas, federal
How did Taft get elected President?
Roosevelt hand picked him
What were Taft’s difficulties in office?
Signed the Payne- Returned reserved
Aldrich tariff despite land to public sale
public outcry and fired Pinchot
Contributed to the
cannon, Speaker of
split in the Republican
What were Wilson’s legislations that were
passed during his administration?
Federal trade Act
Clayton Antitrust Act
Federal Reserve Act
How did women finally win the right to vote?
Got support because of their work effort during
The 19th amendment won them the right to vote
(72 years after their first attempt)
What did Wilson do to support Civil Rights?
He promised to treat blacks equally and speak out
How did America’s entry into WWII affect the
Progressivism gradually ended because the
Americans focused on their entry into the war
What is Progressivism?
The change of society (economically, morally,
Was Progressivism successful?