Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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					Lord of the Flies by William Golding

          Presentation by: Mr. Lindgren
Bit o’ Background on Golding
 William Golding
   Born September 19, 1911
   Studies science at Oxford—mainly to please his father
   Gets sick of science and switches to English!
   Joins the British Navy during WWII. Faces battleships,
   submarines, and aircraft. The war severely sours his
   view on the human condition, and his literature reflects
   Lord of the Flies appears in 1954
   Golding wins the Nobel Prize for literature in 1982.
Important literary elements to watch
 One GIGANTIC theme, according to Golding himself,
 is the “attempt to trace the defects of society back to
 the defects of human nature.”
 Basically, Golding’s claim is that without structure and
 limits, man is inherently savage, or evil.
 There are other themes as well,
      but you will have to find
      them yourself!
Why so dark, Will?
 Based on previous information, why             would
 Golding write the penultimate pessimistic novel?

 WWII and the present state of the world, of course!
 Golding was surrounded with death and dismemberment
 for nearly five years of his life. That tends to mess with
 someone’s head.

 And in this frame of mind, Golding was determined to
 create a perfectly opposite world devised by authors like
 Thoreau in the 19th century, who pictured a utopian society
 where a better world was something that could be attained,
 even in an anarchical society.
Five symbols to watch…
Golding is a master of SYMBOLISM. Nearly
 everything on the island serves a deeper literary
 purpose. We’ll figure all of this out as well.
 1. Piggy’s specs (glasses)
 2. The conch (seashell)
 3. Jack’s mask
 4. The signal fire
 5. The severed head on a stick (no more details until
 later…duh duh DUHHHHH)
Plot introduction…
  Set in the not-too-distant future during a war that
  involves atomic bombs
  Their plane is shot down during a violent storm.
  All adults are killed, many children survive and
  are stranded on the island.

  The storm washes the plane away. The strip of
  land torn up and burned by the crash is called
  “the scar.”
I want to be on that island!!!
 Think about it…no adults, no adult rules, a
 beautiful tropical paradise! How could go
 anything go wrong?
   Oh, but it will. The island will become a mess of
   savagery, brutality, bloodshed, and pure,
   unadulterated evil.
Character introduction
   Somewhat charismatic “Fair-haired”
   “You could see now that he might make a boxer, as far as
   width and heaviness of shoulders went, but there was a
   mildness about his mouth and eyes that proclaimed no
   Pay close attention to his conflicts with Jack
   throughout the novel
   He is chosen to be chief, therefore must create
   and maintain the rules
   He understands right from wrong, but will he
   stick to that understanding throughout the novel?
Jack Merridew
 Same age or slightly older than Ralph
 “he was thin and bony; and his hair was red beneath the black cap.
 His face was crumpled and freckled, and ugly without silliness. Out
 of this face stared two light blue eyes, frustrated now, and turning, or
 ready to turn, to anger”
 From the beginning, Jack dislikes following rules
 Cares only for good times and hunting
 Watch his character development closely, keeping
 in mind that he is still attached to society’s rules at
 the start of the novel…

 One of the most memorable characters of the novel,
 Piggy’s physique and intelligence make him an outcast.
 Same age as Jack and Ralph, but he is very fat, he is the
 only child with glasses, and he has asthma.
 Somewhat whiny, and physically cannot work. This,
 combined with his unique physique, sets him up for ridicule.
 As you read, try to determine Golding’s message about
 human nature that lies in the way the children treat Piggy.
 He also knows right from wrong, but he will NEVER stray
 from that path.
 Quiet, shy boy. Very important to several themes
 of the novel.
 “He was a small, skinny boy, his chin pointed, and his eyes so bright
 they had deceived Ralph into thinking him delightfully gay and
 wicked. The coarse mop of black hair was long and swung down,
 almost concealing a low, broad forehead... [he was] Always darkish
 in color…”
 Introverted…doesn’t like crowds. Says odd things
 at odd times…the other kids think he’s batty.
 He makes the most important discovery of the
 novel, so pay attention to Simon!
 “a slight, furtive boy whom no one
      knew, who kept to himself with an
      Inner intensity of avoidance and secrecy... the shock of
      black hair, down his nape and low on his forehead,
      seemed to suit his gloomy face and made what had
      seemed at first an unsociable remoteness into
      something forbidding”

 Roger is sadistic; he enjoys inflicting pain. He and
 Jack have a close relationship, born from darkness
 and anarchy.
 “They breathed together, they
     grinned together, they
     were chunky and vital.
     They raised wet lips at Ralph, for they seemed
     provided with not quite enough skin, so that their
     profiles were blurred and their mouths pulled open.”
 The twins are so identical and inseparable that they
 are given one name.
 Their loyalty is integral to Ralph’s survival, but how
 far can their loyalty stretch?
The Littluns

 The ages of these boys range from 4-6. They
 don’t play a large role in the plot of the novel, but
 they are HUGE when it comes to symbolizing
 They are the ones who first see the Beast and
 are in constant fear of it, especially during the
 They are the “rest of society” and often go with
 the flow and do what the bigguns are doing.
Your homework tonight is:
 To complete the vocabulary assignment for
 chapters one through four. Remember, your
 sentences must express your understanding of
 the word clearly.
 To read chapter one and prepare for a quiz
 tomorrow at the beginning of the period.
   Following quizzes, there will almost ALWAYS be
   notes that summarize the chapter, so bring your

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