Teaching at a Distance
With Merging Technologies:
Managing the Mandate
"When I was a kid, I had to walk three miles each
way to school. The snow drifts were seven feet
high, and I had no shoes."
"Gee, Granddad, that's nothing. Today I had to
go to Paris for my French class, MIT for
computer science and the New York Stock
Exchange for economics"
Welcome to the world of distance learning.
- Paul Butera, Ameritech Magazine
Millions of Dollars of Private Investment
1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Percentage of Private Investment for
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
“The best current evidence is that
media are mere vehicles that deliver instruction
but do not influence student achievement
any more than the truck that delivers our
groceries causes changes in our nutrition.”
What is Telemedicine?
. . . the use of electronic information and
communications technologies to provide and
support health care when distance separates
Institute of Medicine, 1996
Redefinition of Distance
Institution based formal education where
the learning group is separated, and
where interactive telecommunications
systems are used to connect learners,
resources and instructors.
Equivalency Theory of Distance
"The more equivalent the learning
experiences of the distant learner are
to the learning experiences of the
traditional learner, the more equivalent
are the learning outcomes."
Anything that happens to or with
a student that promotes learning,
including what is observed, felt,
heard, or done.
Categories of Learning
Face to Face Distance Education
• Presentations • Discussions
• Laboratories • Messages
• Discussions • Presentations
• Lectures • Lectures
• Media • Reading/Viewing
• Teamwork • Exploration/Research
What Works – Distance Education
• Carefully planned instruction
• Structured note taking - interactive study
• Visualizations of concepts
• Less than 4 remote sites
• Almost anything that works in a regular
classroom - if it is planned
NSU Classroom @ NBHD