Basic Pistol Marksmanship by HC121030222115

VIEWS: 17 PAGES: 71

									                    NRA
               BB Gun /Air Rifle
            Home Course Instructions
              COURSE OUTLINE
              & LESSON PLANS

      NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION
                 Youth Programs
             11250 Waples Mill Road
          Fairfax, Virginia 22030-7400
 Telephone: (703) 267-1550; FAX: (703) 267-3999




Produced by the Youth Programs Department of the
         Education & Training Division
  A Publication of the National Rifle Association
                                                    1
See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.




                                                               2
See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.




                                                               3
See Note Page for Course Introduction, Policies and Conduct.




                                                               4
See note page for required materials and equipment




                                                     5
  Next Slide Starts the Presentation
 Follow the prompts on the note pages when
  presenting the lessons.




                                              6
        NRA
   BB Gun /Air Rifle
Home Course Instructions




                           7
          Orientation Goal

To provide beginning shooters with the
knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to shoot
an air rifle safely under the direct supervision of
an Adult.




                                                  8
NO AMMUNITION
        in the classroom

        NONE !
Firearms UNLOADED Action OPEN
       On the table in front of you
       No pellets/projectiles in the rifle




                                              9
             ADMINISTRATIVE ITEMS
   Policy Regarding no Ammunition in the Classroom
   Restrooms and Drinking Fountains
   Emergency Telephones and Exits
   Policy Regarding Refreshment/Snack
   Schedule for breaks and Lunch
   Air Conditioning and Heating Adjustments
   Policy Regarding Cell Phones or Pagers
   Handbooks



                                                      10
     Lesson I: Introduction to BB/Air
     Rifle Safety, Parts, and Operation
As a result of this lesson, participants will be
able to:
 State the goal of the BB/Air Rifle Home Course
  Instructions Class
 Name the three fundamental NRA rules of safe
  gun handling and demonstrate them with a
  specific air rifle model.
 Name the three major components of an BB gun
  Air Rifle and describe their functions.
 Safely demonstrate how to handle a specific BB
  gun or Air Rifle in a safe manner.               11
WHAT do you think is the PRIMARY
 concern when handling firearms?

              SAFETY!!!
 is ALWAYS the primary concern
  when handling firearms, whether
   the guns are located in the home,
      at the range or in the field!

                                   12
    Major Causes for Accidents

1. Ignorance – the lack of knowledge
   of firearm safety or operation

2. Carelessness – Failure to apply
   one’s knowledge when handling
   firearms!

                                       13
     Accidents?

What do you think are the major
   causes of gun accidents?




                                  14
   NRA Gun Safety Rules

 ALWAYS keep your gun pointed in a safe
  direction

 ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger
  until ready to shoot

 ALWAYS keep your gun unloaded until
  ready to use

                                            15
         Rifle Parts…Air Rifle
                                                     Barrel Break
                Pump Lever
                                                     Action




              Loading Port   Chamber       Rear             Front Sight
                                           Sight
              Grip                                 Barrel
       Comb                                                               Muzzle


Butt                                                                Piercing Tube
                                                     Forearm        Cap
       Toe       Trigger         Safety
                                          Pellet
                       Trigger Guard
                                          Magazine

                                                                              16
        Demonstrate Air Rifle
        Operation
Instructor demonstration only
  Simulate loading
  Cocking
  Firing “Dry-fire only”
       Check the Owner Manual to ensure you can dry-fire
        your air rifle.

  Unloading
During Live-fire on the range, your instructor will load
           and unload the air rifle for you.
                                                            17
         Review
         Lesson I – Safety, Parts & Operation

 Safety Gun Handling Rules
 Parts
 Operation

What are your Question?

Next lesson is the Introduction to
Ammunition and the Fundamentals
of Air Rifle Shooting
                                                18
 Ammunition and The Fundamentals of Air
 Rifle Shooting
As a result of this lesson, participants will be
able to:
 Identify the three items to check to determine the proper
  ammunition for their BB/Air Rifle
 Identify and define the two major types of air rifle
  malfunctions and explain how to respond safely when
  they occur.
 Determine the dominant eye.
 Explain the fundamentals of rifle shooting and
  demonstrate them from the benchrest position.

                                                              19
Ammunition
Parts of the Pellet


                      Head



                      Waist


                      Skirt




                              Picture from Federal Cartridge



                                                               20
                Air Rifle Ammunition
                Potential ammunition malfunctions
 Air Rifle MISFIRE: AN Air Rifle MISFIRE IS THE FAILURE OF
  THE GUN TO PROPEAL THE PELLET OUT OF THE CHAMBER
  OF THE GUN.
      Action to take:
         • THE GUN SHOULD BE KEPT POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION .
         • RAISE YOUR HAND TO NOTIFY THE RANGE SAFETY OFFICE YOU NEED HELP.
         • THE INSTRUCTOR WILL DIRECT YOU TO RECOCK THE GUN AND REFIRE.
 Air Rifle SQUIB LOAD: A SQUIB LOAD IS WHEN AN Air Rifle
  DEVELOPS LESS THAN NORMAL PRESSURE, AND RESULTS IN
  THE PELLET FAILING TO EXIT THE MUZZLE AND LODGING
  IN THE BORE.
      IF SIGNS OF A SQUIB LOAD ARE ENCOUNTERED:
        •   REDUCED NOISE
      Action to take:
         • THE GUN SHOULD BE KEPT POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION .
         • RAISE YOUR HAND TO NOTIFY THE RANGE SAFETY OFFICE YOU NEED HELP.
         • THE INSTRUCTOR WILL DIRECT YOU TO:

               OPEN THE ACTION OF THE Air Rifle
               CHECK THE BORE FOR PELLET.
               KEEP THE GUN POINTED IN A SAFE DIRECTION PUSH PELLET OUT OF   21
                BARRELL.
               RELOAD AND FIRE.
     Shooting Fundamentals
     Determining the Dominant Eye




 Extend arms forward and form opening between the hands
 With both eyes open, look at a distant object through opening
 Bring hands to face while looking at object – Opening will be aligned
  with the dominant eye
                                                                          22
               Bench Rest Position
 Feet flat on the ground with the
  legs relaxed.
 Seated directly behind the front
  support, leaning slightly
  forward.
 Butt of the air rifle in the
  shoulder close to neck.
 Elbows on the table to support
  the air rifle.
 Support hand under the
  Forearm.
 Trigger hand.
 Face firmly against the stock
  with eye looking straight down
  the sights.                        23
                 Prone Supported Position
 Position is 45 degrees off the firing line.
 Feet and legs are flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.
 Butt of the air rifle in the shoulder close to neck.
 Elbows on the ground to support the air rifle.
 Support hand under the Forearm.
 Trigger hand.

 Face firmly against the stock with eye looking straight down the sights.




                                                                             24
          Air Rifle Shooting
          Fundamentals
1. AIMING (sight alignment & sight picture)

   2. BREATH CONTROL

      3. HOLD CONTROL

         4. TRIGGER CONTROL

             5. FOLLOW-THROUGH

                                              25
    FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”
                 Notch Rear and Post Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS



Sight Alignment

With Post-and-Notch sights:
The tops of the front and rear sights are
   even                                              Sight Picture
                                            6 O'clock Hold on the Bullseye
The front post is centered in the rear
   notch
   FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”
               Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS




    Sight Alignment                                    Sight Picture
Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight            6 O'clock Hold on the Bullseye

The tops of the front is center in the rear
   sights aperture
   FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”
           Aperture Rear and Aperture Front Sight

FRONT SIGHT IS IN SHARP FOCUS




    Sight Alignment                                Sight Picture
Aperture Rear and Post Front Sight         Bullseye is center in the front
                                                  sight aperture
The front aperture is center in the rear
   sights aperture
   FUNDAMENTALS “Aiming”
                                   Scope

     FOCUS ON THE CROSS HAIRS




    Sight Alignment                               Sight Picture
Looking through the scope , You            Cross Hairs are centered on
   see the whole scope tube (not just               the target
   small hole in tube)
        Shooting Fundamentals
        Breath Control


Body movement while breathing can
produce gun movement that impairs
shooting.

  Stop breathing momentarily while firing the
   shot! (Respiratory pause, a moment between
   breaths)


                                                 30
       Shooting Fundamentals
       Hold Control


Body movement affects the shot.
   Hold your body still.
   Hold control allows you to maintain the
    proper sight picture and sight alignment
    during the process of firing the shot.




                                               31
        Shooting Fundamentals
        Trigger Control


 Trigger is moved straight to the rear in a
  smooth, continuous manner without disturbing
  the sight alignment.

 Gradually and evenly increasing pressure until
  the BB gun/Air Rifle fires.

   SURPRISE yourself when the gun shoots.

                                                   32
        Shooting Fundamentals
        Follow-Through

In Air Rifle Shooting:
 Follow-through means to maintain aiming
 (perfect sight alignment and acceptable
 sight picture), breath control, hold control,
 and trigger control until the gun settles
 back into the aiming area after firing.



                                                 33
             Shooting Fundamentals
             The Fundamentals…A Review

1. “Maintaining perfect sight alignment and acceptable sight
   picture.” – AIMING
2. “Stop breathing.” – BREATH CONTROL
3. “Holding still.” – HOLD CONTROL
4. “Moving only your trigger finger.” – TRIGGER CONTROL
5. maintain position, and continue aiming, breath control,
   hold control, and trigger control until the gun settles back
   into the aiming area after the shot is fired.” –
   FOLLOW-THROUGH
                                                                  34
      Most Important Fundamentals!
NOTE –
The TWO most IMPORTANT shooting
fundamentals are……..

  “Maintaining sight alignment” – AIMING

  “Moving only the trigger finger” – TRIGGER
   CONTROL


                                                35
          Review
          Lesson II – Safety, Parts & Operation

 Identify in the ammunition for your
  air rifle
 Ammunition malfunctions
 Eye dominance
 Fundamentals of shooting

What are your Question?

Next lesson is the Introduction
to Rifle Shooting from the Benchrest              36

Position
                Lesson III: Introduction to Air Rifle
                Shooting from the Benchrest Position
As a result of this lesson, participants will be
able to:
 Understand the range and range layout.
 Explain the three basic range commands, the procedures to
  be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops
  ammunition, and any applicable range rules which apply to
  the facility being used.
 Safely shoot a target from the benchrest position using the
  fundamentals of air rifle shooting.



                                                                37
    Range Safety Briefing

Range layout
   Ready Area
   Firing Line
   Target Area
   Back Stop
   Restroom

                            38
         Range Safety Briefing
NRA 3 Gun Safety Rules
 ALWAYS keep your gun pointed in a safe
  direction.

 ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until
  ready to shoot.

 ALWAYS keep your gun unloaded until ready to
  use.
                                                  39
            Range Safety Briefing
Range Commands
  “Load”
  “Commence Firing”
  “Cease Firing”
  Problem with Air Rifle




                                    40
RULES FOR USING AND STORING
A GUN
 When you are shooting -- whether hunting,
  recreational practicing, or competing -- these rules
  must always be followed:
   1. Know your target and what is beyond
   2. Know how to use your gun safely
   3. Be sure the gun is safe to operate
RULES FOR USING AND STORING A
GUN Continued”
 4. Use only the correct ammunition for your gun
 5. Wear eye and hearing protection as appropriate
 6. Never use alcohol or drugs before, or while shooting
 7. Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized
   persons
 8. Be aware that certain types of guns and many shooting
   activities require additional safety precautions.
              At The Firing Point
              Eight Steps in learning a shooting position

1. Study the characteristics of the position.
2. Practice the position without the air rifle. Focus on correct position
   of body
3. Practice the position with the air rifle.
4. Align position to the target. Adjust the position to the Natural Point
   of Aim.
5. Dry-fire at the blank target: Review Aiming, Breath Control, Hold
   Control, Trigger Control and Follow-through.
6. Live-fire at the Blank target -five shots
7. Adjust sight (Zero the rifle): Move the group to the center of the
   target.
8. Resume live fire exercise
                                                                            43
               Study the characteristics of
               the position.
 Feet flat on the ground with the
  legs relaxed.
 Seated directly behind the front
  support , leaning slightly
  forward.
 Butt of the air rifle in the
  shoulder close to neck.
 Elbows on the table to support
  the air rifle.
 Support hand under the
  Forearm.
 Trigger hand holds the grip.
 The entire weigh of your head
  should rest on the stock, with
  your eye looking straight                   44
  through the sights.
Practice the Position Without the Air
Rifle
 Pretend you have an invisible air rifle and focus on the correct
  position of your body.
      Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.
      Seated directly behind the front support, leaning slightly forward.
      Air Rifle butt firmly in your shoulder close to your neck.
      Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.
      Support hand under the rifle forearm.
      Firm grip on the air rifle with the trigger hand.
      Move your head to the approximate area of the gun stock.




                                                                             45
                Practice the position with the
                air rifle.
   ALWAYS keep your gun pointed in a safe direction

       Keep the air rifle pointed straight down range

   ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot
       Your trigger finger is straight and positioned along side the receiver

 Focus on correct position of your body.
       Feet flat on the ground with the legs relaxed.
       Sitting directly behind the front support, leaning slightly forward.
       Butt of the air rifle firmly against the shoulder close to your neck.
       Elbows on the table to support the air rifle.
       Support hand under the forearm of the air rifle.
       Firm grip on the air rifle with your trigger hand.
                                                                                   46
       Face firmly against the stock with eye looking straight down the sights.
              Align position to the target
              Natural point of aim
   ALIGN THE POSITION TO THE TARGET
          The area on the target that the air rifle naturally points
           to when the shooter relaxes in position.
       Shooter is pushing the air rifle into the middle of the target, when
         relaxed the rifle would naturally lay to the right of the center


Center
  of              Natural point of aim
target

Shooter is pulling the rifle into the middle of the target, when relaxed the air rifle
would naturally lay to the left of the center (some body adjustment may be
required)
                  Dry-fire
    Check your Natural Point of Aim
       Dry-fire at the blank target
          The blank target will help you to focus on sight alignment (the relationship
           between the front and rear sights)
          When the trigger breaks the whole position should not move! The front and
           rear sight should remain aligned!
    Fundamental of Shooting are:
    1.“Maintaining perfect sight alignment and acceptable sight picture.”
    2.“Stop breathing.” – respiratory pause
    3.“Holding still.” –
    4.“Moving only your trigger finger.” –
    5.“To maintain position, and continue aiming, breath control, hold control, and
    trigger control until the gun settles back into the aiming area after the shot is
    fired.” –
                                                                                          48
                 Live-fire at a blank target
 Exercise Requirements:
       From a benchrest or prone supported position
       Shoot five – three shot groups
       Each group must be small enough to be covered by a quarter to count.

  “Commence Firing”
        Inspect down range area prior to commencing fire to ensure no one is down
         range.

  “Cease Firing”
        Inspect each air rifle to ensure they empty prior to letting anyone go down
         range to change targets.



                                                                                       49
Resume live fire exercise
at Bullseye Target
  Resume live firing exercise
     Requirements:
          From a benchrest, or prone, supported position
          Shoot five – five shot groups
          Each five shot group must be smaller than a quarter and in the center of the
           bullseye to count.

      “Commence Firing”
           Inspect down range area prior to commencing shooting to ensure no one is
            down range.

      “Cease Firing”
           Inspect each air rifle to ensure it is empty prior to letting anyone go down
            range to change targets.

                                                                                           50
                                   Adjusting the sights
                                  “Zeroing the air rifle”
         Calling the shot, using the "Clock System."
         Locate the center of the group.
              Use the clock system to locate shots
         Move the rear in the direction you want to move the impact.
                 12   1               STEP 1          STEP 2        STEP 3
        11

10


9                                 3
                x
    8                         4

        7                 5           Rear Sight      Move left   Move Down
                 6
    Review
    Lesson III: Introduction to Air Rifle Shooting
    from the Benchrest Position

 What are the three basic range
  commands?
 8 NRA Rules to be followed when
  shooting and storing an air rifle
 What have you learned from your
  practice of the fundamentals of air
  rifle shooting?
What are your Questions?
Next lesson is the Introduction to
Cleaning, Storage, and Training
                                                     52
Opportunities
      Lesson IV: Introduction to Air Rifle Cleaning,
      Storage, and Training Opportunities
As a result of this lesson, participants will be
able to:
 Importance of Cleaning your firearm.
 Outline the three safety guidelines to be followed when cleaning an air
   rifle.
 Identify materials needed to clean an air rifle.
 Explain and demonstrate how to clean an air rifle safely.
 Name the NRA rule for safe firearm storage, and discuss options for applying
  this rule when storing an air rifle.
 Discuss the hygienic guidelines to be followed concerning exposure to
  airborne particulate lead, or cleaning solvents.
 Discuss the benefits of receiving additional air rifle training through the NRA
  Basic Firearm Training Program.




                                                                                    53
             Importance of Cleaning
             Purpose of Cleaning


 Remove metal fouling

 Remove rust & crud

 Protect the air rifle from rust, corrosion and wear

 Make sure air rifle is correctly assembled and functions properly




                                                                      54
          Air Rifle Cleaning
          Materials

1.   Gun Oil. (designed for Air Guns)
2.   Clean cloth.
3.   Small brush.
4.   Other materials as indicated by Owners Manual.




                                                      55
          Safety Guidelines While
          Cleaning

 The action must be
  open
 The gun must be
  unloaded
 BB’s and Pellets
  must not be present
  in the area




                                    56
Air Rifle Cleaning
Procedures
 1.   Consult your owners manual for the proper cleaning procedure for
      your air rifle.
 2.   Use small brush and solvent to clean other parts and metal
      surfaces. (Air Gun Solvent only)
 3.   Be careful to not get solvent on seals.
 4.   Wipe metal parts with a lightly oiled cloth.




                                                                         57
  Hygienic guideline to be followed for exposure to
  airborne particulate lead, or cleaning solvents
 Hygiene Considerations
   Avoid eating, drinking or putting anything in you mouth while shooting
    or cleaning BB/air guns
   After shooting and cleaning BB/air guns, wash hands and face with
    cold water and soap, before eating or drinking.
   Change clothes and shower after a shooting session




                                                                        58
              Air Rifle Storage
              NRA Rule: Store guns so they are not accessible to
              unauthorized persons

1. LOCK IT UP!                          Safe
- Lockable gun case or rug
- Trigger lock
- Any lockable box
2. Store guns and ammunition
   separately                                  Lock Box
       Locking gun case




                                                             59
               Next Steps
               Additional Training
 NRA Basic Rifle and Pistol Training Program Site
    www.nrainstructors.org
 Additional NRA Opportunities
    http://home.nra.org/#/nraorg/wall/education_training
 National Rifle Association Membership
    http://home.nra.org/#/nraorg/custom/membership_imagema
 Other shooting Activities
    Winchester/NRA Marksmanship Qualification Program
     www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmanship/index.asp




                                                               60
              Optional Slides
 Use the following slides to teach
      How to use a sling
      Prone Position with the sling
      Standing position
      Sitting position
      Kneeling position




                                       61
    THE LOOP SLING

 The loop sling takes longer to assume, but adds more support to the
  position.
                            PRONE POSITION
                                                                  2.
                                                                           3.
CONSISTENCY
1.   Head position                       4.
2.   Shooting hand                             1.
3.   Non-shooting hand                                   5.
4.   Rifle butt position
5.   Elbow support


                                                Left arm is extended
                              Spine is          elbow is close in,
     Left leg is parallel
                              straight          but not the under rifle
     to spine                                 Head
                                              level
Right leg is
parallel to left leg
                                                      Right arm
                             Right leg
                                                      is extended
                             drawn up
                                                      elbow is out to the right
       STANDING POSITION


                             Head level



Bone structure with the edition of a
support object can build a steadier
standing position than just using body
structure.
      STANDING POSITION

                                  1
Bone structure for support

                             4.

                                  2   3.

CONSISTENCY
                             5.
1. Head position
2. Shooting hand
3. Non-shooting hand
4. Rifle butt position
5. Elbow support
                 SITTING POSITION
CONSISTENCY in position                          1.              2.        3.
1.   Head position                          4.
2.   Shooting hand
3.   Non-shooting hand
4.   Rifle butt position
5.   Elbow support
                                                       5.

            1.        2.        3.     Cross-leg Supported Position
4.
                                                  4.        1.        2.        3.



                                5.
                                                                       Cross-
                           Cross-Leg
                                                                       Ankle
                           Position
                                           5.                          Position
            KNEELING
            POSITION
SUPPORTED
                 CONSISTENCY in position
KNEELING
                 1.   Head position
                 2.   Shooting hand
                 3.   Non-shooting hand
                 4.   Rifle butt position
                 5.   Elbow support

                         Bone structure with the
                         addition of a support
                         object

                         can build a steadier
                         kneeling position than just
                         using body structure.
      KNEELING
      POSITION Continued
CONSISTENCY in position
1.   Head position
2.   Shooting hand         SUPPORTED
3.   Non-shooting hand     KNEELING
4.   Rifle butt position
5.   Elbow support              1.     2.   3.

 Bone structure with
 the addition of a         4.
 support object                             3.

 can build a steadier                        5.
 kneeling position than
 just using body
 structure.
Winchester/NRA Marksmanship
Qualification Program
 A recreational shooting activity that provides
  incentive awards for developing and improving
  marksmanship skills.
 Progression is self-paced and scores are challenging
  but attainable.

 http://www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmansh
  ip/qualbook.pdf#page=22
 http://materials.nrahq.org/go/home.aspx
                                                         69
           Lesson Conclusion
 WHAT ARE YOUR QUESTIONS?

 Present the Home Course Instructions Air Rifle
  Completion Certificate.

 Thank you for participating in the firearms training
  programs of the National Rifle Association.



                                                         70
                  Air Rifle 3-Position
  In the American Rifleman Qualification Course, air rifle
  shooters have two courses to choose from.
    American Rifleman 3-Position Aggregate Course
    American Rifleman 3-Position Stage Skill Course


 http://www.nrahq.org/education/training/marksmanship/qualbo
  ok.pdf#page=22




                                                             71

								
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