COBOL is a high level programming language first developed by the CODASYL committee which stands for Conference on by hYjZu9vz



        By Rhonda Wright

   Common Business Oriented
Outline of Presentation
 History
 Strengths and Weaknesses
 Facts
 Evaluation
History of COBOL

 Developed   by the CODASYL
 Business applications
 Coding Forms
COBOL Design
                  Punched onto punch
                  loaded into the
                   computer using punch
                   card reader
Strengths of COBOL
   COBOL is in wide use
   English-like and self-documenting
   promotes code writing discipline
   inherently modular
   machine independent
   standardized
   regularly updated.
Weaknesses of COBOL
   wordy
   limited
   hard to learn
   slow
   75% of the world's business data is in COBOL. -
                    Gartner Group
     There are between 180 billion and 200 billion
    lines of COBOL code in use worldwide. - Gartner
      15% of all new applications (5 billion lines)
    through 2005 will be in COBOL. - Gartner Group
   CICS transaction volume (such as COBOL-based
    ATM transactions) grew from 20 billion per day
      in 1998 to 30 billion per day in 2002. - The
                     Cobol Report
Facts continued
   Replacement costs for COBOL systems, estimated at $25
    per line, are in the hundreds of billions of dollars. -
    Tactical Strategy Group
   There are 90,000 COBOL programmers in North America
    in 2002. Over the next four years there will be a 13%
    decrease in their number due to retirement and death. -
    Gartner Group
   There are at least 10,000 "Free Agent" COBOL
    programmers in the US today. - The Senior Staff
Facts Continued
   The most highly paid programmers in the next ten years
    are going to be COBOL programmers. - GIGA Group
   Any programmer with above average skills in COBOL can
    quickly learn the basics of Web Enabling, at home, through
    self-training. - Bill Lockhart, Legacy Reservist
   COBOL programmers could be the key to new IT. The
    legions of COBOL programmers who helped organizations
    get legacy applications ready for Y2K could find new
    work bringing those applications into the Internet age. -
    IEEE Computer, April 2000
COBOL Evaluation
 Good for a first programming language
 Big impact on other languages
    –   widely used today
    –   simple and understandable
    –   dominant programming language in the
        business computing domain

Cobol in an Open Source Future

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