YS_Y_Lesson_3_Importance_of_Skin_Care___Preventing_Pimples

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					Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



Objective
To help students understand why the majority of young people experience pimples or Acne
to some degree and the importance of a daily skin care routine to help prevent pimples.


 LEARNING ACTIVITIES                                             RESOURCES      TEACHING POINTS


 Discussion: The Importance of Daily Skin Care                                  Skin care is important for:
 • Introduce the importance of skin care. Talk about the                        • General health and wellbeing
   elements of caring for our bodies generally,                                 • Appearance
   ie: dental care, hair washing, etc.
                                                                                • Sun protection and avoiding harmful
 • Ask students why it is important to have a daily skin                          UV rays
   care routine?
                                                                                • To help prevent pimples
 • Discuss what students are currently doing to care for
                                                                                A daily skin care routine should include sun
   their skin
                                                                                protection and cleansing.
 • Discuss the importance of prevention and the range
   of options available to help prevent pimples


 Activity: What is your Skin Type?                               Worksheet      Students discover what type of skin they
 Everyones’ skin is different. Have students answer the          What is your   have and what type of skin care routine
 activity questions to find out their skin type. This may be     Skin Type?     they should investigate.
 done individually or in pairs.



 Discussion: Factors that Contribute to Pimples                                 Hormones: Adolescents are particularly
 and Skin Conditions                                                            prone to skin conditions because soon
 • Hormones (during puberty)                                                    after puberty hormonal changes in the
 • Hereditary                                                                   body increase the activity of the sebaceous
                                                                                glands.
 • Diet
                                                                                Hereditary: Some families are particularly
                                                                                prone to skin conditions whilst others
                                                                                are not.
                                                                                Diet: There are many myths about food
                                                                                and pimples. There is no evidence that diet
                                                                                plays an essential part in causing pimples
                                                                                therefore avoiding chocolate, for example,
                                                                                will not prevent pimples.




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                                                           20.
Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples

 LEARNING ACTIVITIES                                              RESOURCES            TEACHING POINTS


Discussion: Puberty                                               Information Sheet    Definition: What is Acne?
• Discuss what the key signs of puberty are, including            Puberty: A Time of   Acne is a skin condition that develops in the
  pimples and Acne                                                Change               pores of the skin around the hair follicles and
• What is Acne?                                                   Overhead             oil-producing glands. It is characterised by
                                                                  What is Acne?        the appearance of pimples, blackheads and
• The various degrees of Acne – mild, moderate
                                                                                       whiteheads on the face, neck, chest and back.
  and severe
                                                                                       • Mild Acne
Read through Puberty: A Time of Change information
                                                                                         Over the infected area. Most common form
sheet.
                                                                                         of Acne and can be helped with products
                                                                                         bought from a supermarket or chemist.
Refer to the What is Acne? overhead.
                                                                                       • Moderate Acne
                                                                                         Over the face, back or chest. Moderate
                                                                                         Acne may be treated by your doctors
                                                                                         recommendation.
                                                                                       • Severe Acne
                                                                                         Treated by a doctor or a skin specialist.




Activity: Pimples                                                 Overhead
Gauge students’ level of understanding about pimples              Pimples -
by participating in a true or false activity. Discuss the         True or False
answers.                                                          Teaching Points &
                                                                  Answers

Discussion: What Causes Pimples?                                  Overhead             Around 90% of young people get pimples
Refer to the overhead to describe what causes the                 What Causes          at some time! For the majority this will be in
majority of young people to experience pimples                    Pimples?             a mild form, but in around 15% of cases the
to some degree.                                                                        skin condition will be severe.
                                                                                       Pimples almost always begin at puberty and
                                                                                       affect the 10 to 30 year age group, (peaking
                                                                                       at 14-17 years for girls and 16-19 years for
                                                                                       boys). Majority experience pimples only for a
                                                                                       short period.

Go through Top Tips for Teenagers overhead.                       Overhead             Summarise key points for students to hep
                                                                  Top Tips for         prevent and treat pimples.
                                                                  Teenagers

Activity: Persuasive Communication                                                     Have students explore how skin care
Divide students into groups and ask them to create their                               advertising may be targeted at them and
own advertising campaign targeted at their age group. The                              how advertising works.
advertisement should focus on what their peers want in a
skin care product. They may create an imaginary product or
do an advertising campaign for an existing skin care product.
The campaign could include a magazine ad, radio spot or TV
commercial. Discuss students campaigns.


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                                                            21.
                                                                                                                           Worksheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



What is your Skin Type?
Does your face look shiny or feel oily?                                      All Over                      T-zone*           Rarely


Do you have breakouts on your back,                                         Frequently
                                                                                                                          With Irritation
                                                                                                   Sometimes/Never
chest or neck?                                                                                                             Afterwards


Do you have breakouts or blackheads in                                      Frequently             Sometimes/Never
                                                                                                                         With Irritation
the T-zone*?                                                                                                              Afterwards


                                                                       Large Uneven                 A Combination of
Which of the following do you have?                                   Pores In T-zone*             Fine & Large Pores
                                                                                                                        Small, Fine Pores


Do some skin care products make your                                     Rarely/Never                   Sometimes             Often
face react with redness, rash and itchiness?
Does your skin get dry or burn from                                      Rarely/Never                   Sometimes             Often
using soap and other skin care products?
Do you experience dry, itchy patches                                     Rarely/Never                   Sometimes             Often
of skin on your face?
*The T-zone is the area above your eyebrows and down the length of your nose and chin that makes up a T-shape.

Total the number of answers of each colour. The colour with the greatest number of answers is your skin
type. If you have a tie between sensitive and any other skin type then your type is sensitive. If you have a tie
between combination and oily, your type is combination.

What types of skin care products are best for your skin?
Normal/Combination Skin: Use a face wash to clean without stripping all of your skin’s natural oil.
Consider using an oil-free moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores.
Dry/Sensitive Skin: Use a gentle face wash or cleanser which contains very little or no alcohol,
perfume or colour, to clean without stripping all of your skin’s natural oil. You may also want to use an
oil-free moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores.
Oily Skin: Use pads or an astringent lotion specially formulated for oily skin. Choose an oil-free
moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores.


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                                                                      22.
                                                                                     Information sheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



Puberty – A Time of Change
Puberty is a time of growing up. It is a time of great change and happens to everyone. It starts when
your body produces special chemicals called hormones. An increase in hormone production can lead to
sudden changes, not only in your body and outward appearance, but also in your emotions.

Why do we get pimples during puberty?
During puberty the oil glands in your skin become more active, producing excess amounts of an oily
substance called sebum. Skin care is incredibly important during this time.
Pimples are a natural occurrence, they start when pores become blocked with dead skin cells and dirt,
slowing down the flow of sebum to the skin’s surface. Bacteria can then develop in the clogged pore,
causing a pimple.
In fact, around 90% of young people get pimples at some point in time.

Don't worry!
The changes taking place in your body are completely natural and are certainly nothing to worry about.
The good news is that you can do something about your pimples and it’s not complicated, just a little
common sense in your daily routine.

You don't have to wait to grow out of it!




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                                              23.
                                                                                       Information sheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



What is Acne?
Acne is a skin condition that develops in the pores of the skin around the hair follicles and oil-producing
glands. It is characterised by the appearance of pimples, blackheads and whiteheads on the face, neck,
chest and back.



           MILD ACNE                       MODERATE ACNE                        SEVERE ACNE




  Over the infected area. Most        Over the face, back or              Visit a doctor or a skin
  common form of Acne and             chest. Moderate Acne may            specialist for help.
  can be helped with products         be treated by your doctor’s
  bought from a supermarket           recommendation.
  or chemist.




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                                               24.
                                                                                      Information sheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



Pimples – True or False
Please indicate whether you think the questions are true or false. There is space to write notes
below each question.

    1      Scrubbing skin hard will prevent pimples.                               True or False



   2       Squeezing pimples gets rid of them faster.                               True or False



   3       Chocolate and greasy foods cause pimples.                                True or False



   4       Pimples aren't contagious.                                               True or False



   5       Stress can cause pimples.                                                True or False



   6       Blackheads are black because of dirt.                                   True or False



   7       Pimples only affect teenagers.                                          True or False



   8       Wearing makeup can cause pimples.                                       True or False



   9       Pimples can be hereditary.                                               True or False



  1O       There is nothing that can be done for pimples.                          True or False


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                                               25.
                                                                                              Information sheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



Pimples / Teaching Points & Answers
       Although daily cleansing can help prevent pimples, hard scrubbing can make
  1    pimples worse. Having pimples does not mean someone doesn’t wash enough.                    False


       Picking at pimples can cause irritation and sometimes even scarring.
  2    So, tempting as it may be, fingers off!                                                     False


       It is now believed that diet is not a cause of Acne. However, a well balanced
  3    diet is very important for overall health and wellbeing.                                    False


       Pimples are not contagious.
  4                                                                                                True


       Stress can contribute to skin problems. Although it does not cause pimples,
  5    it may make them worse.                                                                     False


       Blackheads are caused when the sebum (oil) in a blocked pore is exposed to
  6    air and oxidises (turns black), hence the name blackhead.                                   False


       Pimples can affect anyone in the age range of 10 to 30, though people
  7    suffer most in their teens.                                                                 False


       Although makeup rarely causes pimples, it is important to choose products that
  8    won’t block up the pores. Very greasy makeup is not a good idea, nor are thick              False
       layers of makeup because they keep the skin from breathing. In general, it is better
       for young skin not to be covered with foundation. On the occasions when makeup is
       worn, make sure the skin is cleansed thoroughly afterward to remove it all.


       Some families are more prone to suffer from pimples than others.
  9                                                                                                True


       A daily cleansing routine with face wash can help prevent pimples.
 1O                                                                                                False


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                                               26.
                                                                                                 Information sheet

  Lesson 3
  Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



  What causes Pimples?
                           BLACKHEAD                                                     PIMPLE
                                                                                     Pore
                              Pore


 Epidermis


   Dermis




Subcutaneous
   Tissue




               Normally, oil produced by sebaceous glands flows up through the hair follicles or pores
      1        to the skin’s surface.


               When the amount of oil increases, it can combine with dead skin cells within the
     2         follicles to clog pores. This blockage, also called a plug, allows Acne bacteria to thrive.
               The resulting redness and swelling means a pimple has formed.


               Plugs exposed to air appear as blackheads (it’s not dirt that makes blackheads dark!).
     3         Whiteheads are closed plugs, underneath the skin. They are the more serious of the
               two as they can become irritated.




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                                                      27.
                                                                               Information sheet

Lesson 3
Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples



Top Tips for Teenagers
Prevention
       By following a good daily cleansing routine you can go a long way towards
  1    preventing pimples! Cleansing your skin should become second nature.
       Prevention is always better than cure.

      Your skin should be washed twice daily with water and a face wash to
 2    reduce pimples.


 3    Don't be afraid to ask for help.


 4    Look after your general health and wellbeing.



Treatment

  1    Help treat pimples by using a specific pimple cream.


       If your skin becomes dry, red, itchy or flakey, reduce treatment or use an
  2    oil-free moisturiser.


  3    Do not squeeze, pick or pop pimples! This can lead to irritation.


       Be patient, don't expect pimples to disappear overnight. Establish a daily
  4    cleansing routine.

       In severe Acne cases, visit your doctor or skin care specialist who can recommend
  5    other options to help treat your pimples..

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                                         28.

				
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