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Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples Objective To help students understand why the majority of young people experience pimples or Acne to some degree and the importance of a daily skin care routine to help prevent pimples. LEARNING ACTIVITIES RESOURCES TEACHING POINTS Discussion: The Importance of Daily Skin Care Skin care is important for: • Introduce the importance of skin care. Talk about the • General health and wellbeing elements of caring for our bodies generally, • Appearance ie: dental care, hair washing, etc. • Sun protection and avoiding harmful • Ask students why it is important to have a daily skin UV rays care routine? • To help prevent pimples • Discuss what students are currently doing to care for A daily skin care routine should include sun their skin protection and cleansing. • Discuss the importance of prevention and the range of options available to help prevent pimples Activity: What is your Skin Type? Worksheet Students discover what type of skin they Everyones’ skin is different. Have students answer the What is your have and what type of skin care routine activity questions to find out their skin type. This may be Skin Type? they should investigate. done individually or in pairs. Discussion: Factors that Contribute to Pimples Hormones: Adolescents are particularly and Skin Conditions prone to skin conditions because soon • Hormones (during puberty) after puberty hormonal changes in the • Hereditary body increase the activity of the sebaceous glands. • Diet Hereditary: Some families are particularly prone to skin conditions whilst others are not. Diet: There are many myths about food and pimples. There is no evidence that diet plays an essential part in causing pimples therefore avoiding chocolate, for example, will not prevent pimples. Proudly sponsored by 20. Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples LEARNING ACTIVITIES RESOURCES TEACHING POINTS Discussion: Puberty Information Sheet Definition: What is Acne? • Discuss what the key signs of puberty are, including Puberty: A Time of Acne is a skin condition that develops in the pimples and Acne Change pores of the skin around the hair follicles and • What is Acne? Overhead oil-producing glands. It is characterised by What is Acne? the appearance of pimples, blackheads and • The various degrees of Acne – mild, moderate whiteheads on the face, neck, chest and back. and severe • Mild Acne Read through Puberty: A Time of Change information Over the infected area. Most common form sheet. of Acne and can be helped with products bought from a supermarket or chemist. Refer to the What is Acne? overhead. • Moderate Acne Over the face, back or chest. Moderate Acne may be treated by your doctors recommendation. • Severe Acne Treated by a doctor or a skin specialist. Activity: Pimples Overhead Gauge students’ level of understanding about pimples Pimples - by participating in a true or false activity. Discuss the True or False answers. Teaching Points & Answers Discussion: What Causes Pimples? Overhead Around 90% of young people get pimples Refer to the overhead to describe what causes the What Causes at some time! For the majority this will be in majority of young people to experience pimples Pimples? a mild form, but in around 15% of cases the to some degree. skin condition will be severe. Pimples almost always begin at puberty and affect the 10 to 30 year age group, (peaking at 14-17 years for girls and 16-19 years for boys). Majority experience pimples only for a short period. Go through Top Tips for Teenagers overhead. Overhead Summarise key points for students to hep Top Tips for prevent and treat pimples. Teenagers Activity: Persuasive Communication Have students explore how skin care Divide students into groups and ask them to create their advertising may be targeted at them and own advertising campaign targeted at their age group. The how advertising works. advertisement should focus on what their peers want in a skin care product. They may create an imaginary product or do an advertising campaign for an existing skin care product. The campaign could include a magazine ad, radio spot or TV commercial. Discuss students campaigns. Proudly sponsored by 21. Worksheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples What is your Skin Type? Does your face look shiny or feel oily? All Over T-zone* Rarely Do you have breakouts on your back, Frequently With Irritation Sometimes/Never chest or neck? Afterwards Do you have breakouts or blackheads in Frequently Sometimes/Never With Irritation the T-zone*? Afterwards Large Uneven A Combination of Which of the following do you have? Pores In T-zone* Fine & Large Pores Small, Fine Pores Do some skin care products make your Rarely/Never Sometimes Often face react with redness, rash and itchiness? Does your skin get dry or burn from Rarely/Never Sometimes Often using soap and other skin care products? Do you experience dry, itchy patches Rarely/Never Sometimes Often of skin on your face? *The T-zone is the area above your eyebrows and down the length of your nose and chin that makes up a T-shape. Total the number of answers of each colour. The colour with the greatest number of answers is your skin type. If you have a tie between sensitive and any other skin type then your type is sensitive. If you have a tie between combination and oily, your type is combination. What types of skin care products are best for your skin? Normal/Combination Skin: Use a face wash to clean without stripping all of your skin’s natural oil. Consider using an oil-free moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores. Dry/Sensitive Skin: Use a gentle face wash or cleanser which contains very little or no alcohol, perfume or colour, to clean without stripping all of your skin’s natural oil. You may also want to use an oil-free moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores. Oily Skin: Use pads or an astringent lotion specially formulated for oily skin. Choose an oil-free moisturiser that won’t re-clog your pores. Proudly sponsored by 22. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples Puberty – A Time of Change Puberty is a time of growing up. It is a time of great change and happens to everyone. It starts when your body produces special chemicals called hormones. An increase in hormone production can lead to sudden changes, not only in your body and outward appearance, but also in your emotions. Why do we get pimples during puberty? During puberty the oil glands in your skin become more active, producing excess amounts of an oily substance called sebum. Skin care is incredibly important during this time. Pimples are a natural occurrence, they start when pores become blocked with dead skin cells and dirt, slowing down the flow of sebum to the skin’s surface. Bacteria can then develop in the clogged pore, causing a pimple. In fact, around 90% of young people get pimples at some point in time. Don't worry! The changes taking place in your body are completely natural and are certainly nothing to worry about. The good news is that you can do something about your pimples and it’s not complicated, just a little common sense in your daily routine. You don't have to wait to grow out of it! Proudly sponsored by 23. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples What is Acne? Acne is a skin condition that develops in the pores of the skin around the hair follicles and oil-producing glands. It is characterised by the appearance of pimples, blackheads and whiteheads on the face, neck, chest and back. MILD ACNE MODERATE ACNE SEVERE ACNE Over the infected area. Most Over the face, back or Visit a doctor or a skin common form of Acne and chest. Moderate Acne may specialist for help. can be helped with products be treated by your doctor’s bought from a supermarket recommendation. or chemist. Proudly sponsored by 24. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples Pimples – True or False Please indicate whether you think the questions are true or false. There is space to write notes below each question. 1 Scrubbing skin hard will prevent pimples. True or False 2 Squeezing pimples gets rid of them faster. True or False 3 Chocolate and greasy foods cause pimples. True or False 4 Pimples aren't contagious. True or False 5 Stress can cause pimples. True or False 6 Blackheads are black because of dirt. True or False 7 Pimples only affect teenagers. True or False 8 Wearing makeup can cause pimples. True or False 9 Pimples can be hereditary. True or False 1O There is nothing that can be done for pimples. True or False Proudly sponsored by 25. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples Pimples / Teaching Points & Answers Although daily cleansing can help prevent pimples, hard scrubbing can make 1 pimples worse. Having pimples does not mean someone doesn’t wash enough. False Picking at pimples can cause irritation and sometimes even scarring. 2 So, tempting as it may be, fingers off! False It is now believed that diet is not a cause of Acne. However, a well balanced 3 diet is very important for overall health and wellbeing. False Pimples are not contagious. 4 True Stress can contribute to skin problems. Although it does not cause pimples, 5 it may make them worse. False Blackheads are caused when the sebum (oil) in a blocked pore is exposed to 6 air and oxidises (turns black), hence the name blackhead. False Pimples can affect anyone in the age range of 10 to 30, though people 7 suffer most in their teens. False Although makeup rarely causes pimples, it is important to choose products that 8 won’t block up the pores. Very greasy makeup is not a good idea, nor are thick False layers of makeup because they keep the skin from breathing. In general, it is better for young skin not to be covered with foundation. On the occasions when makeup is worn, make sure the skin is cleansed thoroughly afterward to remove it all. Some families are more prone to suffer from pimples than others. 9 True A daily cleansing routine with face wash can help prevent pimples. 1O False Proudly sponsored by 26. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples What causes Pimples? BLACKHEAD PIMPLE Pore Pore Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous Tissue Normally, oil produced by sebaceous glands flows up through the hair follicles or pores 1 to the skin’s surface. When the amount of oil increases, it can combine with dead skin cells within the 2 follicles to clog pores. This blockage, also called a plug, allows Acne bacteria to thrive. The resulting redness and swelling means a pimple has formed. Plugs exposed to air appear as blackheads (it’s not dirt that makes blackheads dark!). 3 Whiteheads are closed plugs, underneath the skin. They are the more serious of the two as they can become irritated. Proudly sponsored by 27. Information sheet Lesson 3 Importance of Skin Care & Preventing Pimples Top Tips for Teenagers Prevention By following a good daily cleansing routine you can go a long way towards 1 preventing pimples! Cleansing your skin should become second nature. Prevention is always better than cure. Your skin should be washed twice daily with water and a face wash to 2 reduce pimples. 3 Don't be afraid to ask for help. 4 Look after your general health and wellbeing. Treatment 1 Help treat pimples by using a specific pimple cream. If your skin becomes dry, red, itchy or flakey, reduce treatment or use an 2 oil-free moisturiser. 3 Do not squeeze, pick or pop pimples! This can lead to irritation. Be patient, don't expect pimples to disappear overnight. Establish a daily 4 cleansing routine. In severe Acne cases, visit your doctor or skin care specialist who can recommend 5 other options to help treat your pimples.. Proudly sponsored by 28.
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